Michael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign

The 2020 presidential campaign of Michael Bloomberg, a businessman and former mayor of New York City, began when he filed a statement of candidacy with the Federal Election Commission for the office of President of the United States as a member of the Democratic Party on November 21, 2019.[7] His principal campaign committee was called "Mike Bloomberg 2020, Inc."[8] The campaign officially launched on November 24, 2019, in Virginia, later than most other candidates for the Democratic nomination.[9]

Michael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign
Campaign2020 United States presidential election (Democratic primaries)
AffiliationDemocratic Party
EC formedNovember 21, 2019
AnnouncedNovember 24, 2019[1]
SuspendedMarch 4, 2020[2]
Headquarters229 West 43rd Street (8th floor), New York City[3]
Key peopleKevin Sheekeycampaign manager
Kelly Mehlenbacher – deputy COO[4]
Howard Wolfson
Jason Schecter
ReceiptsUS$1,119,411,494.07[5][6] (12/31/2019)
SloganRebuild America
Fighting for our future
A new choice for Democrats
Mike Will Get It Done
I like Mike
(archived - December 30, 2019)

Prior to launching his campaign, Michael Bloomberg had been vocal in encouraging the Democratic Party to field a candidate with the best chance of defeating incumbent President Donald Trump. His political positions had included gun control, climate change prevention, and city innovation. Bloomberg opted not to compete in the early states of Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina, instead beginning his campaign with the Super Tuesday states. He financed his campaign personally and refused donations. He spent over five hundred million dollars of his own money on his campaign, one of the greatest single campaign expenditures in American history.[10] His campaign heavily relied on advertising, including the use of nationally aired television ads, social media influencers, and billboards in high-visibility locations.

Bloomberg dropped out of the race on March 4, 2020, after winning only the territory of American Samoa on Super Tuesday while missing the 15% threshold for proportional delegates in several states.[2] He subsequently endorsed former Vice President Joe Biden for the nomination, and announced an effort to use his campaign infrastructure to support Biden's primary bid and the eventual nominee.[11] His lack of success among voters was attributed to poor debate performances, his former approval of stop-and-frisk in New York City and allegations of a sexist working environment at his company, Bloomberg LP.[12]



Michael Bloomberg is a billionaire businessman who ran as a Republican for Mayor of New York City in 2001, serving from 2002 to 2013. At various times in his life, he has been a Democrat, a Republican and an Independent. On March 5, 2019, Bloomberg announced that he would not run for president in 2020; instead he encouraged the Democratic Party to "nominate a Democrat who will be in the strongest position to defeat Donald Trump".[13] Sometime during the spring of 2019, Bloomberg also founded Hawkfish, a data and tech start-up focused on supporting Democratic candidates. The company was reportedly active in Virginia and Kentucky elections before shifting focus to the Bloomberg campaign.[14] On October 14, 2019, a day before the Democratic Party's fourth presidential debate, it was reported that Bloomberg was "still looking at" entering the race if Joe Biden were to drop out, but that "nothing can happen unless Biden drops out", according to an unnamed source reported to be close to the situation.[15] Fellow billionaire Warren Buffett had expressed his approval of a potential Bloomberg presidential campaign as early as February 2019.[16][17]

Activities prior to campaign launch


In March 2019, Bloomberg originally announced that he would not run for president.[18]

However, on November 7, 2019, Bloomberg changed his mind and announced that he was taking steps to enter the 2020 United States presidential election, and on November 8 he officially filed for the Alabama Democratic presidential primary.[19][20][21] After qualifying in Michigan, on November 12, he filed his candidacy for the Arkansas primary.[22] On November 13, he applied for the Tennessee ballot.[23] On November 19, he gave three separate transactions of $106,500 to the Democratic National Committee along with $800,000 to the Democratic Grassroots Victory Fund.[24]

Bloomberg has said he will begin his campaign with the Super Tuesday states, not competing in Iowa or New Hampshire.[25] He did not attend his company's second annual New Economy Forum in Beijing on November 20, a sign that his developing presidential campaign was now "dead serious".[26] The summit was on the same day as one of the Democratic presidential primary debates in Atlanta.[27] He missed the deadline to file in New Hampshire, thus reinforcing his planned strategy to focus on the Super Tuesday states on March 3,[28] Another sign of his presidential run came when the University of Minnesota cancelled Bloomberg's scheduled lecture at the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs on December 5, 2019, saying that it could be unlawful and against university policy to host him for such a lecture if he is a candidate.[29] Bloomberg's "Everytown for Gun Safety" political bloc had previously contributed large sums of money to many Democrats running in the 2018 Minnesota statewide and legislative elections.[29]

Headquartered at facilities provided by Bloomberg Philanthropies, the campaign's staff at pre-launch included senior advisors Howard Wolfson, communications adviser Jason Schecter, advertising creator Bill Knapp, pollster Doug Schoen along with sometimes Bloomberg Philanthropies CEO Patti Harris and political consultants Brynne Craig, Mitch Stewart, and Dan Wagner;[30][31] and, at launch, Kevin Sheekey (communications, government relations & marketing head for Bloomberg LP) was campaign manager.[32]

On November 21, 2019, Bloomberg filed a statement of candidacy with the Federal Election Commission to declare himself as a Democratic candidate for president,[8] though he said this was not a formal announcement, but a step towards making one if he decides to run.[33]

2020 presidential campaign


Bloomberg officially declared his candidacy on November 24, 2019, during a campaign event in Virginia[34][35] as well as in a campaign spot touting himself as a "doer and a problem solver" broadcast on YouTube.[9] The campaign subsequently kicked off a television advertising campaign in about 100 markets within the Super Tuesday states, which are to contribute about 40 percent of total pledged delegates at the Democratic National Convention.[36] On that date, his personal website, mikebloomberg.com, was repurposed for the presidential campaign.[37]

In December 2019, Bloomberg hired Texas Democratic Party Vice Chair Carla Brailey as a senior campaign adviser and in January 2020, he hired California Democratic Party Vice Chair Alexandra Rooker for a senior advisory role. Both are superdelegates to the Democratic National Convention.[38]

Bloomberg announced that he would finance his campaign personally and would not accept donations.[39] In addition to spending on advertising, Bloomberg's campaign set aside between $15 million to $20 million to register a half million voters in five battleground states that had swung to Trump in 2016.[40]

Bloomberg News


According to editor-in-chief John Micklethwait of Bloomberg News, because of Bloomberg's ownership of the News (which refrains from investigating its owner) as well as his candidacy in the Democratic Party primaries, it will likewise refrain from investigating rival candidates throughout the primaries.[41][42][43][44][45][46] If "credible journalistic institutions" publish investigative reporting about any of the candidates, the News will "either publish those articles in full or summarize them," Micklethwait said.[47] The Bloomberg Industry Group union, which does not represent News journalists, protested the ban;[48] former Washington bureau chief Megan Murphy said it was "staggering" for the news outlet to prevent "an army of unbelievably talented reporters and editors from covering massive, crucial aspects of one of the defining elections of our time";[49] and the Trump administration decredentialed News reporters from attending further 2020 Trump campaign events.[50]

The Atlantic notes that over the years, there have been numerous reports about the sexist work environment at Bloomberg News.[51]

Despite its promise not to investigate Bloomberg's presidential rivals, the news agency published a blistering report[52] on the Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren campaigns and spending on Amazon office supplies ($233,348.51 and $151,240.90 respectively, in nine months). Sanders campaign speechwriter David Sirota joined journalists in slamming the report.[53] The article notes that Michael Bloomberg has not yet released his first campaign spending report.[52]

Spending and advertising

Bloomberg speaking at a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona, in February 2020

Bloomberg decided on an unconventional primary strategy: not to compete in the four states that have primaries or caucuses in February, but to focus his efforts on the multi-state primary elections in March on what is known as Super Tuesday.[54] Following the Iowa caucuses, after a delay in reporting the results produced a chaotic and uncertain outcome, he decided to double his television advertising in all the markets where he was already spending and to increase his campaign staff to 2,000 people.[55]

In the fourth quarter of 2019, Bloomberg spent $188 million on his presidential campaign, including $132 million on television ads, $8.2 million on digital ads, $3.3 million on polling, $1.5 million on rent, and $757,000 on airfare, including $646,000 for a private jet. By the end of January 2020, Bloomberg spent $300 million on his campaign and by February 2020 had exceeded $500 million.[56][10] This caused the total spending in the presidential primary on behalf of all candidates to exceed $1 billion by February, an unprecedented figure for such an early point in a US presidential election.[10]

Television ads


The campaign launched campaign ads in markets in every state nationally on December 4, 2019.[57] By December 31, 2019 – five weeks after declaring his candidacy – he had spent or committed $200 million on advertising, producing "an onslaught of campaign commercials with no precedent in Democratic politics".[58]

Bloomberg spent $10 million on a 60-second ad slot during Super Bowl LIV that aired on February 2, 2020.[59]

Digital and social media campaigns


Bloomberg's digital campaign set aside $100 million for anti-Trump social media ads in swing states.[40] By January 2020, Bloomberg spent an estimated $15 million on pay-per-click Google ads promoting his campaign on search results for terms including "impeachment", "climate change", and "gun safety".[60] In January 2020, Bloomberg spent $8.53 million in targeted Facebook ads.[61]

In addition to digital ads, Bloomberg's campaign recruited social media influencers to advertise online. The campaign used Tribe, a content marketplace for brands to solicit content from social media personalities, to offer a $150 payment to influencers who post a video or a still image with overlay text in support of Bloomberg.[62] Bloomberg's campaign worked with Meme 2020, a social media company led by Jerry Media CEO Mick Purzycki, to pay popular Instagram accounts to post "self-aware ironic" memes about Bloomberg.[63] In February 2020, the campaign hired 500 "deputy digital organizers", who are paid $2,500 per month to promote Bloomberg on their personal social media accounts and in text messages to their contact lists.[64]



In February 2020, Bloomberg's campaign purchased billboard space in Las Vegas, Nevada and Phoenix, Arizona ahead of President Trump's campaign rallies in the two cities.[65] The billboards, placed in high-visibility locations along Trump's potential motorcade route and outside the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas, displayed phrases including "Donald Trump cheats at golf", "Donald Trump eats burnt steak", "Donald Trump lost the popular vote", and "Donald Trump went broke running a casino."[66]



Bloomberg led the midnight vote in the tiny townships of Dixville Notch, New Hampshire. Although not on the ballot in the 2020 New Hampshire Democratic primary, Bloomberg received three write-in votes in Dixville Notch: two in the Democratic primary and one in the Republican primary.[67][68]

"Super Tuesday" results and suspension of campaign


In the March 3, 2020 "Super Tuesday" primaries, Bloomberg finished in third or fourth place in most of the 14 states involved, picking up a total of 61 delegates out of the more than 1,000 that were available.[69] On March 4, 2020, Bloomberg suspended his campaign, stating, "I'm a believer in using data to inform decisions. After yesterday's results, the delegate math has become virtually impossible – and a viable path to the nomination no longer exists." Bloomberg then endorsed Joe Biden.[70]

Following the suspension of his campaign, Bloomberg donated money to nonprofits which register people of color to vote. This includes a $2 million donation to Collective Future, a group that registers black voters, and a $500,000 donation to Voto Latino, which registers young Latinos as voters.[71]

Criticism and controversies


Transphobic comments


In 2020, Buzzfeed News unearthed video footage from 2019 of Bloomberg at a Bermuda Business Development Agency gathering, where he questioned the effectiveness of Democratic politicians campaigning on transgender rights, saying "If your conversation during a presidential election is about some guy wearing a dress and whether he, she, or it can go to the locker room with their daughter, that's not a winning formula for most people." These comments were widely criticized as transphobic for referring to transgender individuals as "it" and "some guy in a dress." Bloomberg claimed that this comment "was a poor attempt to describe how some who oppose transgender equality think about this issue" and that "those words do not reflect my unwavering support for equality for transgender Americans.” A Bloomberg spokesperson responded to critics by pointing out that Bloomberg "signed a sweeping transgender civil rights bill into law" in April 2002.[72][73][74][75]

Prison phone bank


The Intercept reported on December 24, 2019,[76] that the Bloomberg campaign had unwittingly used prison labor to support the campaign. Call center ProCom was contracted to make calls through a third-party vendor; two of the company's call centers are located in state prisons in Oklahoma. Female inmates at the Dr. Eddie Warrior Correctional Center called voters in California, ending the calls by revealing that the calls were paid for by the Bloomberg campaign but without mentioning they originated in a prison. The Bloomberg campaign acknowledged the calls but said they were unaware the calls originated in a prison and they have since severed ties with the company.[77][78]

ProCom said the company pays the Oklahoma minimum wage of $7.25 an hour to the Oklahoma Department of Corrections, which then pays the people working in the call centers. Documents from the Department of Corrections indicate they pay a maximum monthly wage for the incarcerated of either $20.00 or $27.09 per month.[76]

Plagiarized campaign materials


In February 2020, an analysis by The Intercept found that the Bloomberg campaign had plagiarized portions of its published policy proposals from news outlets, research publications, non-profit organizations, and policy groups without attribution.[79][80] The report found that sections of the campaign's fact sheets for its plans on maternal care, LGBTQ equality, mental health, infrastructure, economy, tax policy, and mental health contained exact passages – ranging from individual sentences to full paragraphs – pulled from sources including CNN, CBS, Time, the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, the American Medical Association, Everytown for Gun Safety, and Building America's Future Educational Fund, the latter two of which Bloomberg co-founded or financed.[80]

In response to the report, Bloomberg's campaign released a statement asserting that the lack of attribution resulted from its use of the email service, MailChimp, that it used to distribute the campaign material, explaining that MailChimp does not support footnote citations formatting.[81] The campaign added, "When we announce policy platforms, we put together detailed fact sheets with context and supporting background, so that reporters understand the problem we're trying to solve with our policy...We have since added citations and links to these documents."[82]

Former mayoralty of New York City


"Stop and frisk" approval


On February 5, 2015, Bloomberg made comments at the Aspen Institute[83][84] and, while addressing issues of minority rights, policing policy, and gun control, Bloomberg had said that police should confiscate guns of minorities between ages 15 and 25. "These kids think they're going to get killed anyway because all their friends are getting killed. So they just don't have any long-term focus or anything. It's a joke to have a gun. It's a joke to pull a trigger." He has stated that police should "throw them up against the wall and frisk them."[85] Bloomberg's approval of stop-and-frisk policies in New York City during his mayoralty has received widespread condemnation from the public and police alike. He eventually disavowed the controversial practice after announcing his campaign.[86] Bloomberg stated at one point that "One of the unintended consequences is people say, 'Oh my God, you are arresting kids for marijuana. They're all minorities.' Yes, that's true. Why? Because we put all the cops in the minority neighborhoods. Yes, that's true. Why do you do it? Because that's where all the crime is."[85]

The comments were criticized by many as racist, including President Trump, who tweeted "WOW, BLOOMBERG IS A TOTAL RACIST!"[87][88][89]

Bloomberg subsequently claimed that "I inherited the police practice of stop-and-frisk, and as part of our effort to stop gun violence it was overused. By the time I left office, I cut it back by 95%, but I should've done it faster and sooner. I regret that and I have apologized." This claim has been disputed by many in the media, who point to Bloomberg's past statements and actions as Mayor as evidence that he supported and expanded the practice.[90][91]

National co-chair of Sanders's campaign Nina Turner called for Bloomberg to drop out of the race over the issue.[92] Sanders said at a February 16 dinner in Las Vegas, "Regardless of how much money a multibillionaire candidate is willing to spend on his election, we will not create the energy and excitement we need to defeat Donald Trump if that candidate pursued, advocated for and enacted racist policies like stop-and-frisk, which caused communities of color in his city to live in fear."[93][94]

Comments regarding redlining


In 2008 at the height of the housing/banking crisis, Bloomberg said at a university forum that the crisis "all started when there was a lot of pressure on banks to make loans to everyone," even in poor neighborhoods, so that "banks started making more and more loans where the credit of the person buying the house wasn't as good as you would like."[95] When a video of these comments was published in February 2020, they were widely interpreted as saying that he had blamed the crisis at least in part on the end of redlining.[96][97] In response, a Bloomberg spokesman said that Bloomberg had always opposed redlining and fought against it as mayor.[95]

Allegedly profane or sexist comments; nondisclosure agreements


A booklet of quotes attributed to Bloomberg, titled The Wit and Wisdom of Michael Bloomberg was created as a gift to him in 1990. Some quotes included by the Washington Post include lewd and sexist comments directed at Bloomberg employees; One example described Bloomberg Terminals as computers that "will do everything, including give you [oral sex]. I guess that puts a lot of you girls out of business."

A former Bloomberg saleswoman also alleged that Bloomberg once joked that "All of you girls line up to give him [oral sex] as a wedding present." Her lawsuit also alleged that when Bloomberg saw a woman he was attracted to, he would say "I'd f*** that in a second." In a quote relating to an actress he was attracted to, Bloomberg is quoted as saying "If women wanted to be appreciated for their brains, they’d go to the library instead of to Bloomingdale's."[98]

Bloomberg has received criticism during the February debate for disallowing women who had settled suits against his company to publicly air their grievances. On February 21, Bloomberg said that three women employed by his company, the only ones whose complaints related to him, would be released if desirous from their nondisclosure agreements.[99][100][101][102]

Twitter troll accounts


Twitter had suspended 70 troll accounts that posted content in support of Bloomberg's presidential campaign. A Twitter spokesperson told TIME that it has "taken enforcement action on a group of accounts for violating our rules against platform manipulation and spam."[103] Twitter said that Bloomberg's campaign violated Twitter's rules against "creating multiple accounts to post duplicative content," "posting identical or substantially similar Tweets or hashtags from multiple accounts you operate" and "coordinating with or compensating others to engage in artificial engagement or amplification, even if the people involved use only one account."[104]

Edited debate footage


On February 20, 2020, Bloomberg's official Twitter account shared a manipulated video of the previous night's Democratic debate in Las Vegas. The video featured Bloomberg saying "I'm the only one here that's ever started a business. Is that fair?" followed by a series of clips from various moments of the debate, which were edited together to appear as if Bloomberg's question was followed by 20 seconds of silence from the other candidates.[105] Bloomberg's campaign responded to criticism by saying that the video was intended to be "tongue-in-cheek".[106]



Bloomberg had declared his candidacy after most of the 2019 primary debates organized by the Democratic National Committee.[107][108] After declaring, he failed to meet the requirements to participate in the December 2019 and January 2020 debates, as the DNC required participating candidates to demonstrate at least 4-percent support in at least four separate national polls approved by the DNC (or 6 percent in two early state polls), in addition to donations "from at least 200,000 unique donors overall, and a minimum of 800 unique donors in at least 20 states."[109] Various national polls conducted in December found that Bloomberg's candidacy registered at around four percent support.[110][111][112][113][114] however he did not meet the donor threshold, as he was not accepting contributions.[115][116]

By early January 2020, Bloomberg was found by Real Clear Politics to have reached about 5.6% support nationally,[116][117] but he again failed to meet the donors requirement for the January debate.[118][119][120][121]

On January 13, Bloomberg stated that "People often ask me, 'Why aren't you in the debates? It's simple: the party requires candidates to have a certain number of donations, but I've never accepted a nickel from anyone. Unlike President Trump, I've always been independent of the special interests. I hope the DNC changes its rules – I'd gladly participate – but I'm not going to change my principles."[122] During the January debate, he tweeted an image of his face on a meatball and other odd photos, which were poorly received by social media users.[123][124]

On January 31, 2020, the DNC changed its eligibility rules, eliminating the individual-donor threshold. This allowed Bloomberg to participate in future debates by merely meeting polling requirements.[125]

February 19, 2020 debate


On February 18, 2020, Bloomberg qualified to participate in the February 19 debate in Nevada.[126] Bloomberg's debut debate performance was poorly received, with some pundits saying that his performance was "among the worst in the history of presidential debates." He was widely criticized for his answers regarding stop-and-frisk, workplace harassment, and allegations of harassment by female employees, many of whom were bound by non-disclosure agreements.[127] Elizabeth Warren, as well as Joe Biden, challenged him to release the women from the non-disclosure agreements, to which he refused.[128] It is reported that there are at least 64 women named in at least 40 lawsuits alleging sexual harassment or gender discrimination at Bloomberg LP.[128][129]

After the debate, at a rally in Salt Lake City, Utah, Bloomberg stated that "Trump was the real winner of Las Vegas debate" and claimed that "If we choose a candidate who appeals to a small base like Senator Sanders, it will be a fatal error." Bloomberg's campaign staff manager Kevin Sheekey claimed that the night was actually a success for Bloomberg, stating that "You know you are a winner when you are drawing attacks from all the candidates. Everyone came to destroy Mike tonight, it didn't happen. Everyone wanted him to lose his cool. He didn't do it. He was the grownup in the room."[130]

Political positions


Bloomberg, who has said in an editorial he believes climate change cannot await favorable political winds, has funded Beyond Carbon, modeled on the effort he had previously co-founded along with the Sierra Club, Beyond Coal, which he credits as contributing to the closing of half of the U.S.'s coal-fired power stations.[131][132]

He has advocated for greatly expanding U.S. healthcare programs to create essentially a hybrid single-payer healthcare he has dubbed "'Medicare for all' for people that are uncovered."[131]

Bloomberg's "All-In Economy" agenda,[133] especially focused on assisting mid-sized cities in the economically lagging American heartland in their becoming economic growth generators,[134][135] would include increased federal funding for community-colleges, technical training programs, and job-creating research and development endeavors that "invest in college partnerships and apprenticeships that connect people with identifiable jobs and career paths";[136] provide to workers, whether gig work, contract and franchise employees, union organizing and collective bargaining rights;[136] increase to the national minimum wage to $15 an hour;[137][134][138] increase to the Earned Income Tax Credit; and, creating "Business Resource Centers" to assist entrepreneurs.[136]

Bloomberg's Greenwood Initiative aims to redress historic and institutional economic injustices that have affected Black Americans. The plan is focused on closing the economic gap between white and Black Americans by driving economic empowerment and helping to create generational wealth.[139]

Bloomberg said that he is open to spending 1 billion dollars to support the Democratic candidate in the presidential election, even if it will be Bernie Sanders or Elizabeth Warren.[140] In February, the Sanders campaign declined financial help from Bloomberg should it receive the nomination and Bloomberg's spokesperson said Bloomberg would not assist a candidate who did not desire his assistance.[141] Bloomberg also said that he will not run ads against his rivals in the Democratic primaries.[140] Though on February 17, Bloomberg ran an attack ad against Sanders's supporters accusing them of using online bullying tactics to mute criticism of their candidate. The ad showed screenshots of alleged Sanders supporters using memes, alleged threatening texts, and other tweets.[142]

Private spending toward policy goals


Part of Bloomberg's long-time political modus operandi is funding of various nonprofits in support of such issues he supports as gun control (Bloomberg is the primary funder of Everytown for Gun Safety),[143] climate-change prevention,[144][145] and city innovation.[146]

Campaigning in Philadelphia in January 2020, referencing $80 million he spent supporting Congressional candidates in the 2018 midterm elections,[147] Bloomberg said, "I supported 24 candidates who were good on guns and good on environment, and 21 of them won, and that flipped the House. So if it wasn't for that, you wouldn't have [Speaker] Pelosi and you wouldn't have impeachment."[148]



Bloomberg has faced criticism by a few media outlets for "buying endorsements".[149][150][151] According to HuffPost, the presidential candidate donated millions of dollars to the Congressional candidates before later receiving their endorsements.[152] Charities controlled by Michael Bloomberg, such as Bloomberg Philanthropies, have reportedly given grants and training to city mayors throughout the country soon forming a network of mayors willing to support his campaign.[153] One incident reported by the Detroit Free Press had Bloomberg receiving an endorsement from Wayne County Executive Warren Evans after his campaign hired Evans's wife.[154]

Post campaign


Bloomberg suspended his campaign on March 4, 2020, and he endorsed the Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign.[155] On March 20 he announced that he would transfer $18 million to the Democratic National Committee (DNC). He made a $2 million donation to the black voter registration group Collective Future and $500,000 for Voto Latino to register new voters. He has pledged to spend $15 million to $20 million to register voters in five purple states. In addition, he announced a $2 million donation to the progressive group Swing Left to help Democrats in competitive races. He donated $5 million to Stacey Abrams's Fair Fight 2020 to encourage voter-registration and oppose voter-suppression measures.[156]

Despite having promised his campaign staff they would be guaranteed jobs through November, on March 20 Bloomberg announced he was laying off his staff, although some may be hired by the DNC or other campaigns. The announcement came during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.[157] Former staff filed a class-action suit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on March 23. The Bloomberg campaign noted that some former staffers had already been hired by the DNC and all former staffers were guaranteed health care coverage through April.[158] On April 27, 2020, Bloomberg announced that he would pay health care costs for campaign workers through November 2020.[159]


  1. ^ Peoples, Steve (November 24, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg launches Democratic presidential bid". AP News. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Sheth, Eliza Relman, Sonam. "Mike Bloomberg drops out of the 2020 presidential race". Business Insider. Retrieved March 4, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Cadelago, Chris (December 30, 2019). "Bloomberg campaign moves headquarters to Times Square". Politico. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  4. ^ Calder, Rich (November 28, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg swipes top staffer from Kamala Harris' presidential campaign".
  5. ^ "MIKE BLOOMBERG 2020, INC. - committee overview".
  6. ^ "Form 3P for Mike Bloomberg 2020, Inc". docquery.fec.gov.
  7. ^ "Campaign 2020: Bloomberg Files Campaign Paperwork, No Word Yet On Run For White House". WLNY. Associated Press. November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Bloomberg, Michael R. "FEC Form 2 Statement of Candidacy" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Burns, Alexander (November 24, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Joins 2020 Democratic Field for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c Henney, Megan (February 28, 2020). "Boosted by Bloomberg, 2020 ad spending topples $1B". Fox Business. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  11. ^ "Michael Bloomberg Plans New Entity to Boost Biden and Defeat Trump". Bloomberg. March 5, 2020 – via www.bloomberg.com.
  12. ^ Greenfield, Jeff (March 4, 2020). "What Bloomberg Got Wrong". POLITICO.
  13. ^ Peoples, Steve; Pace, Julie (March 5, 2019). "Ex-NYC Mayor Bloomberg won't run for president in 2020". AP News. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  14. ^ Brian, Schwartz. "Mike Bloomberg is plowing millions of dollars into a secretive tech firm he founded months ago as he seeks the White House". CNBC.
  15. ^ Schwartz, Brian (October 14, 2019). "Mike Bloomberg keeps talking to allies about running for president as Joe Biden struggles against Elizabeth Warren". CNBC. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  16. ^ Belvedere, Matthew (February 25, 2019). "Warren Buffett: I would support Mike Bloomberg for president if he were to run in 2020". CNBC. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  17. ^ Marcin, Tim (February 25, 2019). "Billionaire Warren Buffett Says Billionaire Michael Bloomberg 'Would Be a Very Good President'". Newsweek. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  18. ^ Burns, Alexander (March 5, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Will Not Run for President in 2020". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 22, 2023.
  19. ^ Calia, Mike; Schwartz, Brian (November 7, 2019). "Mike Bloomberg is preparing to enter the Democratic presidential primary". CNBC. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  20. ^ Brusk, Steve; Merica, Dan (November 10, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg files to run in Alabama Democratic primary". CNN. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  21. ^ Viser, Matt; Scherer, Michael. "Billionaire and ex-New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg is taking steps to run for president". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  22. ^ Merica, Dan; Alesci, Cristina (November 12, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg visits Arkansas to file for state's Democratic presidential primary". CNN. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  23. ^ Kruesi, Kimberly (November 13, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg requests Tennessee presidential ballot petition". The Tennessean. Associated Press. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  24. ^ Blest, Paul (January 31, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg Gave the DNC $300K Two Days Before He Entered the 2020 Race". Vice. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  25. ^ Pace, Julie (November 17, 2019). "Bloomberg won't file to get on New Hampshire primary ballot". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Associated Press. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  26. ^ Smith, Ben (November 15, 2019). "Mike Bloomberg Won't Attend His Company's China Summit As His Possible Campaign Gets Serious". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  27. ^ Gibson, Ginger; Martina, Michael (November 15, 2019). "Bloomberg to skip his own China forum next week as he mulls presidential run". Reuters. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  28. ^ Axelrod, Tal (November 15, 2019). "Bloomberg does not file to run in New Hampshire primary". The Hill. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  29. ^ a b Bakst, Brian (November 15, 2019). "U of M cancels Bloomberg appearance". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  30. ^ "Bloomberg builds an all-star political team — and he might not even run". Washington Post.
  31. ^ Debenedetti, Gabriel (November 11, 2019). "Even Bloomberg Supporters Worry a Run Would 'Hand the Nomination to Warren'". Intelligencer.
  32. ^ "Bloomberg Campaign Chief Kevin Sheekey: Trump Is On The "Path To Victory," This Is A Campaign Against Trump". Real Clear Politics.
  33. ^ Karson, Kendall (November 21, 2019). "Former NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg files with FEC to run for president". ABC News. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  34. ^ Burns, Alexander (November 25, 2019). "At First 2020 Campaign Stop, Bloomberg Boasts What His Money Can Do". The New York Times.
  35. ^ Morrison, Jim; Schneider, Gregory S. "First stop on Bloomberg's presidential campaign: Virginia, where he spent millions to help Democrats". The Washington Post.
  36. ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". transcripts.cnn.com.
  37. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20191124191220/http://www.mikebloomberg.com/ Wayback Machine capture on November 24, 2019 2:12PM ET (the capture from earlier that day still showed his personal site)
  38. ^ Lacy, Akela (February 28, 2020). "Bloomberg has hired the Vice Chairs of the Texas and California Democratic Primaries". The Intercept. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  39. ^ "Michael Bloomberg vows to refuse donations as presidential bid looms". The Guardian. Associated Press. November 23, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  40. ^ a b Niquette, Mark (November 26, 2019). "Bloomberg Takes Untested Path to 2020, Skipping Key Contests". Bloomberg News. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  41. ^ @oliverdarcy (November 25, 2019). "Bloomberg Editor-in-Chief John Micklethwait just sent this note to staffers: "There is no point in trying to claim that covering this presidential campaign will be easy for a newsroom that has built up its reputation for independence in part by not writing about ourselves..."" (Tweet). Retrieved December 4, 2019 – via Twitter.
  42. ^ Farhi, Paul. "Bloomberg, the news company, begins to ponder how to cover Bloomberg, the would-be candidate". Washington Post.
  43. ^ Tracy, Marc (November 24, 2019). "Bloomberg News Sets Out How It Will Cover Its Owner". The New York Times.
  44. ^ Sullivan, Margaret. "Mike Bloomberg just stabbed the journalistic heart of his news organization". Washington Post.
  45. ^ "Bloomberg News Says It Won't Cover Owner's Presidential Campaign Or His Rivals". NPR.org.
  46. ^ "Bloomberg No News". The Wall Street Journal. November 26, 2019.
  47. ^ "Column: How Michael Bloomberg's presidential candidacy harms journalism". Los Angeles Times. November 25, 2019.
  48. ^ @GuildatBIG (November 25, 2019). "Our statement regarding #Bloomberg's editorial decision not to investigate Democratic Presidential candidates @business @BBGIndustry @BLaw @environment @BGOV @tax" (Tweet). Retrieved December 4, 2019 – via Twitter.
  49. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (December 2, 2019). "Trump Bars Bloomberg News Journalists From Campaign Events". The New York Times.
  50. ^ "Bloomberg News banned from Trump campaign» NYTimes to film endorsement process» Must-reads: addiction and homelessness". Poynter. December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  51. ^ Garber, Megan (September 19, 2018). "'I'd Do Her': Mike Bloomberg and the Underbelly of #MeToo". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  52. ^ a b Soper, Spencer (December 23, 2019). "Sanders, Warren Campaigns Spend the Most On Amazon While Trashing It". Bloomberg.com.
  53. ^ Wulfsohn, Joseph A. (December 24, 2019). "Bloomberg News slammed for 'hit piece' on Sanders, Warren despite vow not to investigate 2020 Democrats". Fox News.
  54. ^ Finnegan, Michael (February 1, 2020). "Trump and Bloomberg run dueling Super Bowl ads and trade insults". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  55. ^ Medina, Jennifer; Burns, Alexander (February 4, 2019). "Bloomberg Plans to Double Ad Spending After Iowa Caucus Problem". The New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
  56. ^ Allsion, Bill; Niquette, Mark (January 31, 2020). "Bloomberg Spends Record Amount on Campaign in Fourth Quarter". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  57. ^ "Bloomberg spending tens of millions more on new ad campaign". AP NEWS. December 4, 2019.
  58. ^ Burns, Alexander; Goldmacher, Shane (January 31, 2020). "Bloomberg Fueled His Campaign With $200 Million From His Own Fortune". The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  59. ^ Poggi, Jeanine (January 19, 2020). "Fox isolates Trump and Bloomberg Super Bowl ads: sources". Ad Age. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  60. ^ Stephen, Bijan (January 3, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg has spent nearly $15 million to be in your Google search results". The Verge. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  61. ^ Dzhanova, Yelena (January 13, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg spent $826,000 on Facebook ads on Saturday, the biggest single-day total of any 2020 candidate". CNBC. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  62. ^ Bixby, Scott (February 7, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg Is Paying 'Influencers' to Make Him Seem Cool". Daily Beast. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  63. ^ Lorenz, Taylor (February 13, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg's Campaign Suddenly Drops Memes Everywhere". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  64. ^ Murdock, Jason (February 20, 2020). "Bloomberg to pay hundreds of people $2,500 a month to praise him on their personal social media feeds: report". Newsweek. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  65. ^ Perry, Tim (February 21, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg trolls Trump with billboards as Trump campaigns in West". CBS News. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  66. ^ Johnson, Marty (February 21, 2020). "Bloomberg to troll Trump with billboards during Phoenix and Las Vegas visits: report". The Hill. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  67. ^ de Silva, Chantal (February 11, 2020). "Klobuchar Leads New Hampshire Midnight Vote; Bloomberg wins support despite not being on ballot". Newsweek. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  68. ^ Baker, Billy (February 11, 2011). "Dixville Notch Goes for Bloomberg". Boston Globe. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  69. ^ "Election 2020 — Democratic Delegate Count", RealClearPolitics, March 5, 2020
  70. ^ Steinhauser, Paul, and Kelly Phares, "Mike Bloomberg suspends presidential campaign after Super Tuesday flop", Fox News, March 4, 2020
  71. ^ Gamboa, Suzanne; Allen, Jonathan (March 12, 2020). "Bloomberg donates $500,000 to register Latino voters". NBC News. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  72. ^ Holden, Dominic (February 18, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg Referred To Transgender People As "It" And "Some Guy Wearing A Dress" As Recently As Last Year". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  73. ^ "'Some guy wearing a dress': Bloomberg reference to transgender people in 2019 video prompts outcry". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  74. ^ Ennis, Dawn. "Michael Bloomberg Is Sorry For Calling Trans Women 'It' But Won't Say Who He Apologized To". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2024.
  75. ^ Holden, Dominic (February 18, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg Referred To Transgender People As "It" And "Some Guy Wearing A Dress" As Recently As Last Year". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved April 3, 2024.
  76. ^ a b Washington, John (December 24, 2019). "Mike Bloomberg Exploited Prison Labor to Make 2020 Presidential Campaign Phone Calls". The Intercept.
  77. ^ Wulfsohn, Joseph A. (December 24, 2019). "Bloomberg unwittingly 'exploited' prisoners to make phone calls on behalf of 2020 campaign: report". Fox News.
  78. ^ Johnson, Jake (December 25, 2019). "Bloomberg Says Explosive Report on His Campaign's Use of Prison Labor Is 'Fundamentally Accurate'". Common Dreams.
  79. ^ Gettys, Travis (February 7, 2020). "Bloomberg campaign plagiarized portions of its policy plans: report". Salon. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  80. ^ a b Lacy, Akela (February 6, 2020). "Bloomberg plagiarized parts of at least eight of his plans". The Intercept. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  81. ^ Perper, Rosie (February 7, 2020). "Bloomberg campaign appears to have plagiarized parts of 8 campaign policies". Insider Inc. Business Insider. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  82. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (February 7, 2020). "Bloomberg campaign amends policy plans after report of plagiarism". CNN. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  83. ^ "Bloomberg defends record on crime after uproar over 2015 stop-and-frisk comments". www.cbsnews.com. February 12, 2020.
  84. ^ Allyn, Bobby (February 11, 2020). "'Throw Them Against The Wall And Frisk Them': Bloomberg's 2015 Race Talk Stirs Debate". NPR.org.
  85. ^ a b Herchenroeder, Karl (February 16, 2015). "Michael Bloomberg blocks footage of Aspen Institute appearance". www.aspentimes.com.
  86. ^ Timiraos, Nick (November 18, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg Apologizes for 'Stop-and-Frisk' Policing". Wall Street Journal – via www.wsj.com.
  87. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Haberman, Maggie (February 11, 2020). "Trump Takes On Bloomberg and Once Again Hijacks a News Cycle". The New York Times.
  88. ^ "Trump calls Bloomberg a 'total racist' over stop and frisk, which the president has supported". NBC News. February 11, 2020.
  89. ^ "Bloomberg buffeted by recording of him discussing crime, minorities". Reuters. February 12, 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  90. ^ Qiu, Linda (February 11, 2020). "Responding to Critics, Bloomberg Omits Role in Expanding Stop-and-Frisk". The New York Times.
  91. ^ Parti, Tarini (February 11, 2020). "Bloomberg Reiterates Regret Over Stop-and-Frisk Practice After New Audio Surfaces". Wall Street Journal – via www.wsj.com.
  92. ^ "In US South, Bloomberg Aims to Move Past Stop-And-Frisk Remarks". Voice of America. February 13, 2020.
  93. ^ "Sanders and Bloomberg exchange blows as Democratic race heats up". news.yahoo.com. February 17, 2020.
  94. ^ Mann, Ken Thomas and Ted (February 16, 2020). "Democratic Candidates Sharpen Criticisms of Bloomberg". Wall Street Journal – via www.wsj.com.
  95. ^ a b Merica, Dan; Kenny, Caroline (February 14, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg said in 2008 that end of 'redlining' was to blame for financial crisis". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  96. ^ Brooks, Khristopher J. (February 19, 2020). "Redlining's legacy: Maps are gone, but the problem hasn't disappeared". CBS News. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  97. ^ Scott, Eugene (February 20, 2020). "Bloomberg's views on redlining could remain an issue for black voters". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  98. ^ "Inside Mike Bloomberg's years-long battle against women's allegations of profane, sexist comments". Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  99. ^ "Bloomberg : 3 women can be released on non-disclosure deals". AP NEWS. February 21, 2020.
  100. ^ "Michael Bloomberg Seeks Debate Redemption While Bernie Sanders Faces Attack". news.yahoo.com. February 25, 2020.
  101. ^ Lewis, Amanda Becker (February 22, 2020). "'Not good enough,' Warren says of Bloomberg's non-disclosure agreement pledge". Reuters – via www.reuters.com.
  102. ^ "Inside Mike Bloomberg's years-long battle against women's allegations of profane, sexist comments". Washington Post.
  103. ^ "Twitter Has Reportedly Suspended 70 Pro-Bloomberg Accounts for Violating Its Platform Manipulation Policy". TIME. February 22, 2020.
  104. ^ "Twitter is suspending 70 pro-Bloomberg accounts, citing 'platform manipulation'". Los Angeles Times. February 21, 2020.
  105. ^ Gstatler, Morgan (February 20, 2020). "Bloomberg faces criticism for tweet showing altered debate moment". Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  106. ^ Gallagher, Fergal (February 21, 2020). "Bloomberg video with added crickets would be 'Manipulated Media' under new Twitter rules". ABC News. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
  107. ^ Feller, Madison (November 19, 2019). "When Are the 2020 Democratic Primary Debates, and How Can I Watch Them?". Elle. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  108. ^ "DNC Announces Framework for the 2020 Democratic Presidential Primary Debates". Democratic National Committee. December 20, 2018. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  109. ^ Still, Ashlyn (November 19, 2019). "Who has qualified for the December Democratic debate". The Washington Post.
  110. ^ "Support for Elizabeth Warren drops to lowest since August in White House race: Reuters/Ipsos poll". Reuters. December 6, 2019.
  111. ^ Allott, Daniel (December 5, 2019). "Steve Bullock exits: Will conservative Democrats follow?". The Hill.
  112. ^ Siders, David (November 10, 2019). "Poll: Bloomberg's potential run is a flop with voters so far". Politico. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
  113. ^ "QU Poll Release Detail". QU Poll. October 4, 2023.
  114. ^ Cummings, William. "Despite late entry, polls find ex-NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg in fifth place ahead of Kamala Harris". USA TODAY.
  115. ^ Mark, David (December 19, 2019). "The Democratic debate won't include Michael Bloomberg, but that's still a win for him". NBC News. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  116. ^ a b Kiefer, Francine (December 19, 2019). "Michael Bloomberg is everywhere – except on debate stage". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  117. ^ Bonn, Tess (January 3, 2020). "Bloomberg rises to third place alongside Warren in national poll". The Hill.
  118. ^ Epstein, Reid J.; Astor, Maggie; Stevens, Matt (December 20, 2019). "January Debate Will Be Harder to Qualify For, D.N.C. Announces". The New York Times.
  119. ^ Boehm, Eric (December 30, 2019). "Bloomberg, Steyer Showing Money Can't Buy Elections After Failed $200 Million Ad Blitz". Reason. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  120. ^ Montellaro, Zach (November 25, 2019). "Why Bloomberg doesn't care about skipping the Democratic debates". Politico. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  121. ^ "Democrats attack Bloomberg for running imperial campaign". POLITICO. January 8, 2020.
  122. ^ Bloomberg, Michael (January 13, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg: Starting with Iowa and New Hampshire hurts Democrats and helps Trump". CNN. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
  123. ^ Feuerherd, Ben (January 14, 2020). "'Meatball Mike' Bloomberg has a weird night on Twitter during Democratic debate". New York Post. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  124. ^ Silverstein, Jason (January 14, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg campaign posts surreal tweets as counterprogramming to Democratic debate". CBS News. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  125. ^ "DNC overhauls debate requirements, opening door for Bloomberg". Politico. January 31, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  126. ^ Scanlan, Quinn (February 19, 2020). "6 candidates to face off in Las Vegas debate, including Bloomberg for the 1st time: DNC". ABC News. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  127. ^ Opinion, The New York Times (February 20, 2020). "Opinion | Winners and Losers of the Democratic Debate". The New York Times.
  128. ^ a b "The Democrats gave Mike Bloomberg what he deserved". theweek.com. February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  129. ^ Bassett, Laura (February 13, 2020). "Why Is Bloomberg's Long History of Egregious Sexism Getting a Pass?". GQ. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  130. ^ "Bloomberg: Trump was the 'real winner' of Las Vegas debate". www.msn.com. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  131. ^ a b Astor, Maggie (November 8, 2019). "Where Michael Bloomberg Stands on the Issues". The New York Times.
  132. ^ "Our Highest Office, My Deepest Obligation". Bloomberg News. March 5, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  133. ^ "The All-In Economy | Mike Bloomberg for President". www.mikebloomberg.com.
  134. ^ a b Ip, Greg (January 8, 2020). "Bloomberg Puts Geographic Inequality on the 2020 Agenda". Wall Street Journal.
  135. ^ Foroohar, Rana (January 10, 2020). "Is Bloomberg the billionaire we need?". Financial Times.
  136. ^ a b c Hess, Abigail (January 8, 2020). "Bloomberg says the economy is the way he will take on Trump—and his future VP pick will be responsible for education". CNBC.
  137. ^ "In Minnesota, Michael Bloomberg tries to show how a former New York mayor would fight for rural interests". Star Tribune.
  138. ^ Bloomberg, Michael R. "Mike Bloomberg: Trump has been great for people like me — but I'll be great for you". MarketWatch.
  139. ^ "Economic Justice | Mike Bloomberg for President". www.mikebloomberg.com. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  140. ^ a b Mark, Michelle (January 12, 2020). "Michael Bloomberg says he'll spend $1 billion to defeat Trump, even if it means supporting Bernie Sanders or Elizabeth Warren". Business Insider. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  141. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (February 25, 2020). "Sanders' campaign rejects Bloomberg's help in general election: 'It's a hard no'". NBC News. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  142. ^ Fredericks, Bob (February 17, 2020). "Mike Bloomberg blasts 'Bernie Bros' in new campaign ad". New York Post.
  143. ^ "Dem contender Bloomberg's gun control group helps city sue firearms-maker". Yahoo Finance. January 8, 2020.
  144. ^ Grunwald, Michael (May 26, 2015). "Inside the war on coal". The Agenda.
  145. ^ John, Jeff St (June 7, 2019). "Bloomberg Commits $500M to Close All US Coal Plants by 2030, Halt New Natural Gas Plants". Greentech Media.
  146. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (January 7, 2020). "The Real Power of Bloomberg's Money". The Atlantic.
  147. ^ Ferris, Sarah; Barrón-López, Laura (January 16, 2020). "Bloomberg makes his case to Dems on Capitol Hill". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  148. ^ Parti, Tarini; Alpert, Lukas I. (January 16, 2020). "The Bloomberg Effect: Huge Spending Transforms 2020 Campaign Dynamics". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  149. ^ Cheadle, Harry (February 14, 2020). "Here's How Much You Can Make if You Sell Out for Bloomberg". Vice. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  150. ^ Feldman, Brian (February 19, 2020). "Facebook's Election Rules Are No Match for Bloomberg's Billions". New York Magazine. Intelligencer. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  151. ^ Fernholz, Tim (February 14, 2020). "Bloomberg is running the billionaire vote-buying campaign we expected from Trump". Quartz. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  152. ^ Redden, Molly (February 11, 2020). "Bloomberg Spent Millions To Put Them In Congress. Now, They're Endorsing Him". HuffPost. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  153. ^ Burns, Alexander; Kulish, Nicholas; Goldmacher, Shane (December 14, 2019). "'Mayors for Mike': How Bloomberg's Money Built a 2020 Political Network". The New York Times. Stockton, California. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  154. ^ Spangler, Todd (February 19, 2019). "Report: Michael Bloomberg hired Warren Evans' wife before endorsement". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  155. ^ Michael Bloomberg Drops Out of 2020 Race — And Backs Joe Biden BY ALANA ABRAMSON, Time, 4 March 2020, retrieved 24 Mar 2020
  156. ^ Michael Bloomberg Campaign Transfers $18 Million to DNC to Beat Trump By Mark Niquette, Bloomberg.com, 20 Mar 2020
  157. ^ Mike Bloomberg Lays Off Entire Campaign Staff And Scales Back Election Spending Plans By Kevin Robillard, Paul Blumenthal, and Molly Redden, HuffPost, 20 Mar 2020
  158. ^ Former Staffers Sue Bloomberg Campaign After Layoffs By Ja'han Jones, HuffPost, 23 Mar 2020
  159. ^ Bowden, John (April 27, 2020). "Bloomberg to pay health care costs for campaign workers through November". The Hill. Retrieved April 27, 2020.