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Nationwide opinion polling for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

This is a list of nationwide public opinion polls that have been conducted relating to the Democratic primaries for the 2020 United States presidential election. The persons named in the polls are declared candidates or have received media speculation about their possible candidacy.

Given the large number of candidates, the scores of certain low-polling and infrequently-polled candidates have been combined within the "other" column; their exact scores may be viewed by viewing the footnotes associated with each poll. The polls included are among Democrats or Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents, and do not include Republican-leaning independents. Open-ended polls are included and marked with an asterisk (*), but closed-ended versions of such polls are listed where possible. If multiple versions of polls are provided, the version used for debate qualification is prioritized, then the version among likely voters, then registered voters, then adults.

BackgroundEdit

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) has determined that candidates may qualify for the first two Democratic primary debates either by polling at 1% or higher in at least three national or early-state (Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, and South Carolina) polls sponsored or conducted by designated organizations (in different regions if by the same organization) published after January 1, 2019 up until June 12, 2019, or by a fundraising threshold requiring at least 65,000 unique donors with at least 200 in 20 different states. Should more than 20 candidates meet either threshold, then candidates meeting both thresholds will be given highest priority for entry into the debates, followed by those with the highest polling average and those with the most donors. The pollsters and sponsors of polls designated for consideration by the DNC are the Associated Press, ABC News, CBS News, CNN, The Des Moines Register, Fox News, the Las Vegas Review-Journal, Monmouth University, NBC News, The New York Times, National Public Radio, Quinnipiac University, Reuters, the University of New Hampshire, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and Winthrop University.[1] Open-ended polls do not count towards the polling threshold.[2] Only top-line polling results count toward the threshold.[3]

For the third and fourth primary debates, candidates will be required to meet both polling and fundraising thresholds. Prior considerations were only polls between June 28 and August 28, 2019 and increased to 4 qualifying polls at 2% support, now excluding surveys sponsored by the Las Vegas Review-Journal and Reuters; the latter requirement has also been increased, to 130,000 unique donors with at least 400 in 20 different states.[4]

Active
campaign
Exploratory
committee
Withdrawn
candidate
Midterm
elections
Debate
Iowa
caucuses
Super
Tuesday
Democratic
convention
Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign 

Michael Avenatti has been included in national Democratic primary polls and expressed interest in running. Other individuals who have been included in national Democratic primary polls but have either ruled out their candidacy or not expressed interest in running include: Stacey Abrams, Michael Bloomberg, Sherrod Brown, Mark Cuban, Andrew Cuomo, Al Franken, Eric Garcetti, Eric Holder, Tim Kaine, Jason Kander, Joe Kennedy III, John Kerry, Mitch Landrieu, Terry McAuliffe, Chris Murphy, Gavin Newsom, Michelle Obama, Deval Patrick, Howard Schultz, Oprah Winfrey, and Mark Zuckerberg.

Polling aggregationEdit

The following graph depicts the evolution of the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators since December 2018.

 
Source of poll aggregation Date
updated
Dates
polled
Joe
Biden
Elizabeth
Warren
Bernie
Sanders
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Andrew
Yang
Beto
O'Rourke
Amy
Klobuchar
Cory
Booker
Others Undecided[a]
270 to Win Oct 21, 2019 Oct 10 – 21, 2019[b] 29.4% 24.6% 15.2% 5.8% 5.6% 2.2% 2.2% 2.0% 2.0% 6.0%[c] 5.0%
RealClear Politics Oct 22, 2019 Oct 6 – 20, 2019 29.2% 24.8% 15.2% 6.0% 5.4% 2.2% 2.4% 2.0% 2.0% 5.5%[d] 5.3%
The Economist Oct 22, 2019 [e] 25.1% 25.6% 15.2% 5.8% 5.1% 2.9% 1.9% 1.8% 1.2% 4.0%[f] 11.4%
Average 27.9% 25.0% 15.2% 5.9% 5.4% 2.4% 2.2% 1.9% 1.7% 5.3%[g] 7.1%

National pollingEdit

   – Debate qualifying poll as designated by the Democratic National Committee (DNC)

October 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
Morning Consult Oct 16-Oct 20 11,521 (LV) ± 1% 30% 6% 6% 3% 18% 21% 3% 14%[i]
Ipsos/Reuters Oct 17–Oct 18 566 (RV) 24% 5% 4% 3% 15% 17% 2% 13%[j] 16%
HarrisX Oct 11–Oct 18 1,839 (LV) ± 2.3% 34% 4% 5% 3% 16% 18% 2% 9%[k] 10%
Morning Consult Oct 16 2,202 (LV) ± 2% 31% 6% 7% 2% 18% 21% 3% 14%[l]
SurveyUSA Oct 15-16 1,017 (LV) ± 3.7% 32% 5% 7% 2% 17% 22% 2% 7%[m] 4%
Oct 15 Fourth Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Oct 13–Oct 15 623 (LV) 25% 6% 5% 2% 13% 28% 2% 9%[n] 6%
Quinnipiac University Oct 11–Oct 13 505 (RV) ± 5.3% 27% 8% 4% 2% 11% 30% 2% 8%[o] 8%
Public Religion Research Institute Oct 10–Oct 13 436 (RV) 25% 4% 7% 1% 17% 16% 3% 8%[p] 19%
Morning Consult Oct 7–Oct 13 15,683 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 5% 6% 3% 19% 21% 3% 13%[q]
HarrisX Oct 4–Oct 11 1,841 (LV) ± 2.3% 35% 5% 6% 3% 15% 18% 2% 8%[r] 8%
Fox News Oct 6–Oct 8 484 (LV) ± 4.5% 32% 4% 5% 3% 17% 22% 2% 10%[s] 4%
YouGov/Economist Oct 6–Oct 8 598 (LV) 25% 5% 5% 1% 13% 28% 3% 10%[t] 8%
The Hill/HarrisX Oct 6–Oct 7 446 (RV) ± 4.6% 31% 4% 6% 4% 17% 15% 2% 10%[u] 12%
Quinnipiac University Oct 4–Oct 7 646 (RV) ± 4.7% 26% 4% 3% 1% 16% 29% 3% 7%[v] 8%
Morning Consult Sep 30–Oct 6 16,529 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 5% 6% 3% 19% 21% 3% 13%[w]
Avalanche Strategy/Civiqs Oct 1–Oct 4 1,043 (LV) [x] 27% 7% 6% [x] 12% 29% [x] [x] [x]
Raycroft Research Oct 1–Oct 4 7,402 (LV) 18% 4% 3% 6% 17% 26% 6% 20%[y]
HarrisX Sep 27–Oct 4 1,815 (LV) ± 2.3% 35% 4% 6% 2% 13% 19% 2% 9%[z] 9%
YouGov Blue/
Data for Progress
Sep 23–Oct 4 1,276 (LV) 23% 6% 5% 2% 15% 36% 3% 5%[aa]
IBD/TIPP Sep 26–Oct 3 341 (RV) 26% 7% 3% 2% 10% 27% 3% 4%[ab] 16%
YouGov/Economist Sep 28–Oct 1 602 (LV) 22% 7% 5% 3% 14% 26% 3% 9%[ac] 8%

September 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
GW Politics / YouGov Sep 26–Sep 30 582 (LV) 18% 1% 5% 5% 1% 21% 28% 3% 12%[ad] 8%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 26–Sep 30 1,136 (RV) 21% 1% 4% 4% 2% 16% 15% 3% 4%[ae] 22%
Morning Consult Sep 23–Sep 29 16,274 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 19% 21% 3% 11%[af]
Monmouth University Sep 23–Sep 29 434 (RV) ± 4.7% 25% 1% 5% 5% 1% 15% 28% 2% 5%[ag] 10%
HarrisX[note 1] Sep 20–Sep 27 2,780 (LV) ± 2.3% 30% 2% 4% 5% 3% 16% 16% 2% 11%[ah] 13%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 23–Sep 24 495 (RV) 22% 1% 4% 4% 1% 14% 17% 1% 8%[ai] 22%
Harvard-Harris Sep 22–Sep 24 693 (RV) 28% 2% 3% 6% 3% 16% 17% 3% 7%[aj] 9%
YouGov/Economist Sep 22–Sep 24 608 (LV) 25% 0% 7% 6% 2% 16% 25% 2% 7%[ak] 10%
Emerson College Sep 21–Sep 23 462 (RV) ± 4.6% 25% 2% 6% 4% 1% 22% 23% 8% 8%[al]
Quinnipiac University Sep 19–Sep 23 561 (RV) ± 4.9% 25% 0% 7% 3% 2% 16% 27% 2% 6%[am] 13%
David Binder Research Sep 19–Sep 22 1,200 (LV) ± 2.8% 34% 3% 5% 7% 3% 15% 17% 2% 9%[an] 5%
Morning Consult Sep 16–Sep 22 17,377 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 19% 20% 3% 12%[ao]
The Hill/HarrisX Sep 20–Sep 21 440 (RV) ± 4.7% 31% 2% 5% 5% 4% 16% 14% 2% 12%[ap] 11%
Sep 20 de Blasio withdraws from the race
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 16-Sep 20 2,692 (A) 19% 2% 3% 4% 3% 17% 12% 3% 13%[aq] 23%
HarrisX Sep 13–Sep 20 1,831 (RV) ± 2.3% 32% 3% 5% 6% 3% 15% 17% 2% 8%[ar] 9%
Zogby Analytics Sep 16–Sep 17 601 (LV) ± 4.0% 31% 4% 6% 5% 3% 17% 17% 2% 7%[as] 6%
Fox News Sep 15–Sep 17 480 (LV) ± 4.5% 29% 3% 5% 7% 4% 18% 16% 2% 5%[at] 8%
YouGov/Economist Sep 14–Sep 17 603 (LV) 25% 2% 8% 5% 3% 15% 19% 3% 8%[au] 8%
NBC News/
Wall Street Journal
Sep 13–Sep 16 506 (LV) ± 4.4% 31% 2% 7% 5% 1% 14% 25% 4% 8%[av] 2%
SurveyUSA Sep 13–Sep 16 1,017 (LV) ± 3.4% 33% 4% 5% 6% 4% 17% 19% 3% 3%[aw] 6%
Civiqs Sep 13–Sep 16 1,291 (LV) ± 3.1% 24% 1% 7% 6% 2% 14% 30% 2% 6%[ax] 7%
Morning Consult Sep 13–Sep 15 7,487 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 6% 4% 20% 18% 3% 10%[ay]
HarrisX[note 1] Sep 6–Sep 13 2,808 (LV) ± 2.3% 31% 2% 4% 6% 3% 16% 12% 3% 12%[az] 11%
Sep 12 Third Democratic primary debate
Civiqs Sep 10–Sep 12 1,784 (LV) 23% 1% 7% 7% 2% 15% 28% 2% 6%[ba] 7%
Democracy Corps Sep 7–Sep 11 241 (LV) 30% 4% 4% 4% 1% 21% 19% 2% 8%[bb] 5%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 9–Sep 10 557 (RV) 22% 3% 4% 4% 2% 16% 11% 3% 7%[bc] 20%
YouGov/Economist Sep 8–Sep 10 632 (LV) 24% 2% 5% 6% 1% 17% 24% 2% 11%[bd] 10%
McLaughlin & Associates Sep 7–Sep 10 454 (LV) 28% 4% 6% 6% 3% 21% 12% 2% 11%[be] 9%
CNN/SSRS Sep 5–Sep 9 908 (RV) ± 4.3% 24% 2% 6% 8% 5% 17% 18% 2% 10%[bf] 6%
The Hill/HarrisX Sep 7–Sep 8 454 (RV) ± 3.1% 27% 3% 4% 7% 3% 15% 11% 5% 10%[bg] 15%
Morning Consult Sep 2–Sep 8 17,824 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 7% 3% 21% 16% 3% 9%[bh]
L.A. Times/USC Aug 12–Sep 8 2,462 (LV) ± 2.0% 28% 2% 4% 8% 3% 13% 11% 2% 4%[bi] 24%
YouGov/FairVote [1] Sep 2–Sep 6 1,002 (LV) 27% 2% 6% 8% 3% 16% 24% 2% 11%[bj]
HarrisX[note 1] Aug 30–Sep 6 2,878 (LV) 30% 2% 5% 7% 3% 18% 13% 2% 10%[bk] 12%
ABC News/
Washington Post
Sep 2–Sep 5 437 (A) ± 5.5% 27% 1% 4% 7% 3% 19% 17% 3% 4%[bl] 6%
YouGov/Economist Sep 1–Sep 3 518 (LV) 26% 1% 6% 5% 1% 14% 21% 3% 12%[bm] 12%
Morning Consult Aug 26–Sep 1 16,736 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 3% 5% 8% 3% 20% 16% 3% 10%[bn]

August 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Andrew
Yang
Other Undecided
HarrisX Aug 23–Aug 30 3,114 (RV) 31% 3% 3% 6% 3% 15% 11% 2% 12%[bo] 12%
IBD/TIPP Aug 22–Aug 30 360 (RV) 28% 4% 5% 6% 0% 12% 24% 1% 3%[bp] 15%
Claster Consulting Aug 28–Aug 29 752 (RV) 22% 3% 3% 5% 4% 19% 14% 2% 10%[bq] 21%
Aug 28 Gillibrand withdraws from the race
Harvard-Harris Aug 26–Aug 28 985 (RV) 32% 3% 4% 7% 4% 16% 13% 2% 6%[br] 11%
YouGov/Economist Aug 24–Aug 27 1093 (RV) ± 3.1% 25% 2% 5% 8% 2% 14% 21% 2% 8%[bs] 12%
Emerson College Aug 24–Aug 26 627 (RV) ± 3.9% 31% 3% 3% 10% 2% 24% 15% 4% 8%[bt]
Change Research Aug 23–Aug 26 874 (LV) ± 3.3% 19% 3% 9% 6% 3% 22% 29% 2% 7%[bu]
Quinnipiac University Aug 21–Aug 26 648 (RV) ± 4.6% 32% 1% 5% 7% 1% 15% 19% 3% 6%[bv] 11%
Suffolk University/
USA Today
Aug 20–Aug 25 424 (LV) ± 4.8% 32% 2% 6% 6% 2% 12% 14% 3% 2%[bw] 21%
Morning Consult Aug 19–Aug 25 17,303 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 8% 3% 20% 15% 2% 9%[bx]
The Hill/HarrisX Aug 23–Aug 24 465 (RV) 30% 2% 4% 4% 3% 17% 14% 2% 9%[by] 15%
Aug 23 Moulton withdraws from the race
HarrisX Aug 16–Aug 23 3,132 (RV) 28% 4% 3% 8% 4% 17% 10% 2% 10%[bz] 13%
Aug 21 Inslee withdraws from the race
Echelon Insights Aug 19–Aug 21 479 (RV) 30% 4% 3% 11% 4% 19% 11% 1% 1%[ca] 14%
YouGov/Economist Aug 17–Aug 20 559 (LV) 22% 2% 7% 8% 3% 19% 17% 1% 7%[cb] 12%
Monmouth University Aug 16–Aug 20 298 (RV) ± 5.7% 19% 4% 4% 8% 2% 20% 20% 3% 7%[cc] 10%
CNN/SSRS Aug 15–Aug 18 402 (RV) ± 6.1% 29% 2% 5% 5% 3% 15% 14% 1% 10%[cd] 10%
Morning Consult Aug 12–Aug 18 17,115 (LV) 31% 3% 5% 9% 3% 20% 15% 3% 8%[ce]
Aug 16 Hickenlooper withdraws from the race
HarrisX Aug 9–Aug 16 3,118 (RV) 29% 2% 4% 7% 4% 15% 11% 2% 10%[cf] 13%
Fox News Aug 11–Aug 13 483 (LV) ± 4.5% 31% 3% 3% 8% 2% 10% 20% 3% 10%[cg] 8%
YouGov/Economist Aug 10–Aug 13 592 (LV) 21% 2% 5% 8% 5% 16% 20% 1% 8%[ch] 11%
Morning Consult Aug 5–Aug 11 17,117 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 5% 9% 3% 20% 14% 2% 13%[ci]
The Hill/HarrisX Aug 9–Aug 10 451 (RV) 31% 1% 4% 7% 4% 16% 10% 1% 14%[cj] 10%
HarrisX Aug 2–Aug 9 3,088 (RV) 28% 3% 4% 7% 3% 16% 10% 1% 12%[ck] 16%
YouGov/Economist Aug 3–Aug 6 573 (LV) 22% 1% 8% 8% 2% 13% 16% 2% 12%[cl] 14%
Aug 6 Gravel withdraws from the race
SurveyUSA Aug 1–Aug 5 999 (LV) ± 4.1% 33% 1% 8% 9% 1% 20% 19% 0% 1%[cm] 7%
Ipsos/Reuters Aug 1–Aug 5 1,258 (A) ± 3.0% 22% 3% 4% 6% 2% 18% 9% 2% 13%[cn] 21%
Quinnipiac University Aug 1–Aug 5 807 (RV) ± 4.1% 32% 2% 5% 7% 2% 14% 21% 1% 3%[co] 10%
Change Research Aug 2–Aug 4 1,450 ± 3.0% 23% 2% 9% 7% 2% 23% 26% 2% 4%[cp]
Public Policy Polling Aug 1–Aug 4 588 ± 4.0% 36% 4% 4% 10% 12% 13% 2% 4%[cq] 14%
Morning Consult Aug 1–Aug 4 9,845 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 3% 6% 9% 3% 19% 15% 2% 10%[cr]
Pew Research Center* Jul 22–Aug 4 1,757 (RV) ± 2.9% 26% 1% 5% 11% 1% 12% 16% 1% 9%[cs] 18%
HarrisX [2] Jul 31–Aug 2 914 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 3% 3% 8% 3% 16% 8% 2% 13%[ct] 13%
Morning Consult Aug 1 2,419 (LV) ± 2.0% 32% 3% 6% 10% 3% 18% 15% 2% 9%[cu]
Harvard CAPS/Harris Jul 31–Aug 1 585 34% 2% 4% 9% 3% 17% 8% 1% 5%[cv] 14%
IBD/TIPP Jul 25–Aug 1 350 (RV) 30% 2% 6% 11% 1% 12% 17% 0% 7%[cw] 10%

July 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Jul 31 Second night of the Second Democratic primary debate
Morning Consult Jul 31 2,410 (LV) ± 2.0% 34% 6% 10% 2% 19% 14% 14%[cx]
Jul 30 First night of the Second Democratic primary debate
YouGov/Economist Jul 27–30 629 (LV) 26% 5% 10% 2% 13% 18% 11%[cy] 11%
Emerson College Jul 27–29 520 ± 4.2% 33% 6% 11% 4% 20% 14% 11%[cz]
HarrisX Jul 27–29 884 (RV) 32% 3% 7% 4% 15% 9% 14%[da] 14%
The Hill/HarrisX Jul 27–28 444 (RV) ± 4.7% 34% 5% 9% 4% 20% 12% 9%[db] 8%
Quinnipiac University Jul 25–28 579 (RV) ± 5.1% 34% 6% 12% 2% 11% 15% 6%[dc] 12%
McLaughlin & Associates Jul 23–28 468 28% 3% 10% 4% 15% 9% 18%[dd] 14%
Morning Consult Jul 22–28 16,959 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 5% 12% 3% 18% 13% 18%[de]
Democracy Corps Jul 18–28 471 31% 8% 12% 2% 22% 15% 10%[df] 3%
Echelon Insights Jul 23–27 510 ± 4.2% 33% 5% 11% 3% 14% 10% 9%[dg] 16%
Change Research Jul 23–26 1,204 ± 2.8% 20% 9% 15% 2% 20% 22% 12%[dh]
USC Dornsife/Los Angeles Times Jul 12–25 1,827 ± 3.0% 28% 5% 10% 3% 11% 10% 6%[di] 25%
Fox News Jul 21–23 455 (LV) ± 4.5% 33% 5% 10% 2% 15% 12% 15%[dj] 7%
YouGov/Economist Jul 21–23 600 (LV) - 25% 6% 9% 2% 13% 18% 16%[dk] 11%
Morning Consult Jul 15–21 17,285 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 5% 13% 3% 18% 14% 10%[dl]
HarrisX Jul 15–17 910 (RV) 26% 4% 10% 4% 14% 9% 11%[dm] 18%
YouGov/Economist Jul 14–16 572 (LV) 23% 7% 10% 2% 13% 15% 13%[dn] 14%
NBC News/SurveyMonkey Jul 2–16 5,548 (RV) ± 2.0% 25% 8% 14% 3% 16% 16% 14%[do] 5%
Morning Consult Jul 8–14 16,504 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 5% 13% 3% 19% 14% 10%[dp]
TheHillHarrisX Jul 12–13 446 (RV) ± 3.1% 29% 1% 11% 3% 16% 9% 13%[dq] 17%
Jul 9 Steyer announces his candidacy
NBC News/Wall Street Journal Jul 7–9 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 26% 7% 13% 2% 13% 19% 10%[dr] 8%
YouGov/Economist Jul 7–9 592 (LV) 22% 6% 15% 1% 12% 18% 11%[ds] 13%
Jul 8 Swalwell withdraws from the race
Emerson College Jul 6–8 481 ± 4.4% 30% 5% 15% 4% 15% 15% 16%[dt]
Morning Consult Jul 1–7 16,599 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 6% 14% 3% 19% 13% 15%[du]
YouGov/Economist Jun 30 – Jul 2 631 (LV) 21% 9% 13% 3% 10% 18% 11%[dv] 12%
Ipsos/Reuters Jun 28 – Jul 2 1,367 ± 3.0% 22% 3% 10% 3% 16% 9% 9%[dw] 21%
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress Jun 27 – Jul 2 1,522 23% 7% 17% 2% 15% 22% 10%[dx]
HarrisX Jun 29 – Jul 1 882 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 4% 13% 3% 14% 9% 15%[dy] 12%
ABC News/Washington Post Jun 28 – Jul 1 460 (A) ± 5.5% 29% 4% 11% 2% 23% 11% 13%[dz] 6%
Change Research Jun 28 – Jul 1 1,185 ± 2.9% 18% 10% 21% 2% 17% 22% 8%[ea]
Quinnipiac University Jun 28 – Jul 1 554 (RV) ± 5.0% 22% 4% 20% 1% 13% 14% 7%[eb] 12%

April–June 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Pete
Buttigieg
Kamala
Harris
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
CNN/SSRS Jun 28–30 656 (RV) ± 4.7% 22% 3% 4% 17% 3% 14% 15% 8%[ec] 9%
HarrisX Jun 28–30 909 (RV) ± 3.4% 28% 2% 4% 11% 3% 14% 8% 10%[ed] 15%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 27–30 2,485 (LV) ± 2% 31% 2.5% 5.9% 16.8% 2.1% 16.8% 14.4% 6.7%[ee] 3.9%
Harvard-Harris Jun 26–29 845 34% 3% 3% 9% 2% 15% 11% 10%[ef] 9%
Morning Consult [3] Jun 27–28 2,407 (LV) ± 2% 33% 3% 6% 12% 2% 19% 12% 13%[eg]
Jun 27 Second night of the first Democratic primary debate
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 26–27 2,041 (LV) ± 2% 33.7% 3.6% 4.8% 6.6% 3.1% 17.8% 17.7% 9.6%[eh] 3.3%
Jun 26 First night of the first Democratic primary debate
YouGov Blue/Data for Progress Jun 25–26 1,402 30% 2% 7% 7% 3% 16% 24% 7%[ei]
HarrisX Jun 24–26 892 (RV) ± 3.4% 29% 1% 3% 6% 4% 17% 9% 12%[ej] 15%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 19–26 7,150 (LV) ± 1% 38.5% 2.8% 6.9% 7.9% 3.9% 16.3% 12.7% 5.3%[ek] 5.5%
Echelon Insights Jun 22–25 484 32% 2% 9% 6% 3% 15% 11% 6%[el] 19%
YouGov/Economist Jun 22–25 522 (LV) 24% 2% 5% 7% 3% 15% 18% 11%[em] 12%
Emerson College Jun 21–24 457 ± 4.5% 34% 3% 6% 7% 1% 27% 14% 8%[en]
McLaughlin & Associates Jun 18–24 459 34% 2% 6% 6% 4% 17% 11% 11%[eo] 12%
Morning Consult Jun 17–23 16,188 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 6% 4% 19% 13% 15%[ep]
Jun 22 Sestak announces his candidacy
Change Research Jun 19–21 1,071 24% 2% 13% 8% 2% 22% 22% 5%[eq]
YouGov/Economist Jun 16–18 576 (LV) 26% 2% 9% 7% 4% 13% 14% 9%[er] 15%
Monmouth University Jun 12–17 306 ± 5.6% 32% 2% 5% 8% 3% 14% 15% 7%[es] 11%
Morning Consult Jun 10–16 17,226 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 11% 12%[et]
The Hill/HarrisX Jun 14–15 424 (RV) ± 4.8% 35% 3% 4% 5% 6% 13% 7% 10%[eu] 17%
Suffolk University/USA Today Jun 11–15 385 ± 5.0% 30% 2% 9% 8% 2% 15% 10% 5%[ev] 17%
WPA Intelligence (R)[A] Jun 10–13 1,000 ± 3.1% 35% 3% 8% 9% 4% 14% 10% 3%[ew] 13%
Fox News Jun 9–12 449 (LV) ± 4.5% 32% 3% 8% 8% 4% 13% 9% 9%[ex] 10%
YouGov/Economist Jun 9–11 513 (LV) 26% 2% 8% 6% 3% 12% 16% 8%[ey] 14%
Quinnipiac University Jun 6–10 503 ± 5.4% 30% 1% 8% 7% 3% 19% 15% 5%[ez] 13%
Change Research Jun 5–10 1,621 ± 2.6% 26% 1% 14% 8% 3% 21% 19% 7%[fa]
Morning Consult Jun 3–9 17,012 (LV) ± 1.0% 37% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 11% 14%[fb]
Ipsos/Reuters May 29 – Jun 5 2,525 30% 2% 5% 6% 4% 15% 8% 7%[fc] 13%
YouGov/Economist Jun 2–4 550 (LV) 27% 2% 9% 8% 2% 16% 11% 8%[fd] 15%
Avalanche Strategy May 31 – Jun 3 1,109 29% 13% 12% 4% 17% 16%
The Hill/HarrisX Jun 1–2 431 (RV) ± 4.7% 35% 3% 8% 4% 4% 16% 5% 5%[fe] 17%
Morning Consult May 27 – Jun 2 16,587 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 19% 10% 15%[ff]
CNN/SSRS May 28–31 412 ± 6.0% 32% 3% 5% 8% 5% 18% 7% 12%[fg] 8%
Harvard-Harris May 29–30 471 36% 3% 5% 8% 4% 17% 5% 9%[fh] 12%
Morning Consult May 20–26 16,368 (LV) ± 1.0% 38% 3% 7% 7% 4% 20% 9% 13%[fi]
HarrisX May 23–25 881 (RV) ± 3.4% 33% 3% 5% 6% 3% 15% 7% 8%[fj] 14%
Echelon Insights May 20–21 447 38% 2% 5% 5% 5% 16% 5% 9%[fk] 16%
Change Research May 18–21 1,420 ± 2.6% 31% 2% 9% 8% 4% 22% 15% 8%[fl]
Monmouth University May 16–20 334 ± 5.4% 33% 1% 6% 11% 4% 15% 10% 8%[fm] 9%
Quinnipiac University May 16–20 454 ± 5.6% 35% 3% 5% 8% 2% 16% 13% 5%[fn] 11%
Morning Consult May 13–19 14,830 (LV) ± 1.0% 39% 3% 6% 8% 4% 19% 9% 13%[fo]
The Hill/HarrisX May 18–19 448 (RV) ± 4.6% 33% 1% 6% 6% 5% 14% 8% 8%[fp] 19%
May 16 de Blasio announces his candidacy
May 14 Bullock announces his candidacy
Fox News May 11–14 469 (LV) ± 4.5% 35% 3% 6% 5% 4% 17% 9% 10%[fq] 8%
Ipsos/Reuters May 10–14 1,132 ± 3.0% 29% 2% 4% 6% 6% 13% 6% 10%[fr] 16%
Emerson College May 10–13 429 ± 4.7% 33% 1% 8% 10% 3% 25% 10% 12%[fs]
HarrisX May 8–13 2,207 (RV) ± 3.1% 39% 4% 5% 6% 5% 20% 8% 11%[ft]
Morning Consult May 6–12 15,342 (LV) ± 1.0% 39% 3% 6% 8% 5% 19% 8% 12%[fu]
McLaughlin & Associates May 7–11 360 30% 5% 4% 7% 5% 19% 7% 13%[fv] 13%
Zogby Analytics May 2–9 463 37% 3% 7% 5% 5% 15% 6% 11%[fw] 10%
GBAO May 1–5 800 ± 3.5% 36% 3% 5% 6% 4% 13% 8% 3%[fx] 22%
Morning Consult Apr 29 – May 5 15,770 (LV) ± 1.0% 40% 3% 6% 7% 5% 19% 8% 12%[fy]
The Hill/HarrisX May 3–4 440 (RV) ± 5.0% 46% 3% 8% 6% 3% 14% 7% 14%[fz]
May 2 Bennet announces his candidacy
Harvard-Harris Apr 30 – May 1 259 44% 3% 2% 9% 3% 14% 5% 6%[ga] 11%
254 34% 5% 4% 4% 8% 17% 3% 15%[gb] 9%
Quinnipiac University Apr 26–29 419 ± 5.6% 38% 2% 10% 8% 5% 11% 12% 4%[gc] 8%
HarrisX Apr 26–28 741 (RV) ± 3.7% 33% 3% 5% 5% 5% 16% 6% 10%[gd] 13%
CNN/SSRS Apr 25–28 411 ± 5.9% 39% 2% 7% 5% 6% 15% 8% 10%[ge] 7%
Morning Consult Apr 22–28 15,475 (LV) ± 1.0% 36% 3% 8% 7% 5% 22% 9% 14%[gf]
Apr 25 Biden announces his candidacy
ABC News/Washington Post* Apr 22–25 427 (A) ± 5.5% 17% 1% 5% 4% 4% 11% 4% 10%[gg] 35%
Ipsos/Reuters Apr 17–23 2,237 24% 3% 7% 6% 6% 15% 5% 13%[gh] 21%
Apr 22 Moulton announces his candidacy
Morning Consult Apr 15–21 14,335 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 4% 9% 8% 6% 24% 7% 12%[gi]
Echelon Insights Apr 17–19 499 26% 3% 7% 6% 9% 22% 3% 6%[gj] 18%
Change Research Apr 12–15 2,518 ± 2.2% 21% 4% 17% 7% 9% 20% 8% 15%[gk]
5% 21% 10% 14% 26% 10% 14%[gl]
Monmouth University Apr 11–15 330 ± 5.4% 27% 2% 8% 8% 4% 20% 6% 5%[gm] 14%
3% 11% 11% 6% 27% 8% 7%[gn] 20%
USC Dornsife/LAT Mar 15 – Apr 15 2,196 ± 2.0% 27% 2% 2% 7% 7% 16% 4% 9%[go] 27%
Apr 14 Buttigieg announces his candidacy
Emerson College Apr 11–14 356 ± 5.2% 24% 2% 9% 8% 8% 29% 7% 14%[gp]
Morning Consult Apr 8–14 12,550 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 4% 7% 9% 8% 23% 7% 14%[gq]
6% 9% 12% 11% 35% 10% 19%[gr]
Apr 8 Swalwell announces his candidacy
Apr 8 Gravel announces his candidacy
Morning Consult Apr 1–7 13,644 (LV) ± 1.0% 32% 4% 5% 9% 8% 23% 7% 14%[gs]
The Hill/HarrisX Apr 5–6 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 36% 6% 4% 9% 7% 19% 6% 14%[gt]
Apr 4 Ryan announces his candidacy

January–March 2019Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Michael
Bloomberg
Cory
Booker
Hillary
Clinton
Kamala
Harris
Amy
Klobuchar
Michelle
Obama
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
HarrisX Mar 29–31 743 (RV) ± 3.7% 29% 4% 6% 2% 6% 18% 5% 9%[gu] 16%
Morning Consult Mar 25–31 12,940 (LV) ± 1.0% 33% 4% 8% 3% 8% 25% 7% 12%[gv]
Mar 28 Messam announces his candidacy
Harvard-Harris Mar 25–26 263 35% 1% 4% 5% 2% 7% 17% 6% 10%[gw] 13%
273 26% 0% 3% 11% 11% 1% 5% 18% 5% 5%[gx] 12%
Quinnipiac University Mar 21–25 559 ± 5.1% 29% 2% 8% 2% 12% 19% 4% 6%[gy] 14%
McLaughlin & Associates Mar 20–24 447 28% 3% 8% 8% 1% 8% 17% 5% 7%[gz] 16%
Morning Consult Mar 18–24 13,725 (LV) ± 1.0% 35% 4% 8% 2% 8% 25% 7% 12%[gv]
Fox News Mar 17–20 403 ± 5.0% 31% 4% 8% 1% 8% 23% 4% 9%[ha] 11%
Emerson College Mar 17–18 487 ± 4.4% 26% 3% 12% 1% 11% 26% 8% 13%[hb]
Mar 1 Gillibrand announces her candidacy
CNN/SSRS Mar 14–17 456 ± 5.7% 28% 3% 12% 3% 11% 20% 6% 11%[hc] 5%
Morning Consult Mar 11–17 13,551 (LV) ± 1.0% 35% 4% 8% 2% 8% 27% 7% 10%[hd]
Mar 14 O'Rourke announces his candidacy
Change Research Mar 8–10 1,919 36% 3% 9% 2% 7% 24% 9% 10%[he]
5% 17% 3% 14% 36% 13% 10%[hf]
HarrisX Mar 8–10 740 (RV) ± 3.7% 27% 4% 8% 2% 6% 19% 4% 8%[hg] 16%
Morning Consult Mar 4–10 15,226 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 4% 10% 3% 7% 27% 7% 12%[hh]
Mar 5 Bloomberg announces that he will not run
Mar 4 Clinton announces that she will not run
Monmouth University Mar 1–4 310 ± 5.6% 28% 2% 5% 10% 3% 6% 25% 8% 5%[hi] 8%
2% 6% 15% 3% 7% 32% 10% 7%[hj] 15%
Mar 1 Hickenlooper announces his candidacy
GBAO Feb 25 – Mar 3 817 28% 3% 9% 2% 7% 20% 5% 4%[hk] 22%
Morning Consult Feb 25 – Mar 3 12,560 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 2% 4% 11% 3% 6% 27% 7% 11%[hl]
Mar 1 Inslee announces his candidacy
Morning Consult Feb 18–24 15,642 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 2% 4% 10% 3% 7% 27% 7% 13%[hm]
D-CYFOR Feb 22–23 453 39% 2% 4% 8% 8% 2% 3% 14% 5% 3%[hn] 11%
Harvard-Harris Feb 19–20 337 37% 3% 2% 10% 6% 22% 4% 5%[ho] 10%
346 30% 2% 5% 10% 10% 4% 19% 4% 1%[hp] 13%
Feb 19 Sanders announces his candidacy
The Hill/HarrisX Feb 17–18 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 25% 5% 4% 12% 2% 25% 6% 11% 5% 5%[hq]
Morning Consult Feb 11–17 15,383 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 2% 5% 11% 4% 7% 21% 8% 11%[hr]
Emerson College Feb 14–16 431 ± 4.7% 27% 2% 9% 15% 5% 4% 17% 9% 12%[hs]
Bold Blue Campaigns Feb 9–11 500 ± 4.5% 12% <1% <1% 11% 1% 7% 9% 3% 9%[ht] 48%
Feb 10 Klobuchar announces her candidacy
Feb 9 Warren announces her candidacy
McLaughlin & Associates Feb 6–10 450 25% 2% 3% 7% 8% 1% 6% 16% 5% 14%[hu] 15%
Morning Consult Feb 4–10 11,627 (LV) ± 1.0% 29% 2% 5% 13% 3% 7% 22% 8% 11%[hv]
Morning Consult Jan 28 – Feb 3 14,494 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 2% 4% 14% 2% 6% 21% 9% 9%[hw]
Morning Consult/Politico Feb 1–2 737 (RV) ± 4.0% 29% 2% 5% 14% 2% 5% 16% 6% 7%[hx] 13%
Feb 1 Booker announces his candidacy
Monmouth University Jan 25–27 313 ± 5.5% 29% 4% 4% 11% 2% 7% 16% 8% 8%[hy] 9%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 25–27 685 (RV) ± 4.0% 33% 2% 3% 10% 1% 6% 15% 6% 10%[hz] 15%
Morning Consult Jan 21–27 14,381 (LV) ± 1.0% 31% 3% 3% 11% 2% 7% 21% 9% 9%[ia]
Jan 25 Ojeda withdraws from the race
ABC News/Washington Post* Jan 21–24 447 ± 5.5% 9% <1% 1% 1% 8% 1% 2% 3% 4% 2% 11%[ib] 43%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 18–22 694 (RV) ± 4.0% 26% 2% 4% 9% 2% 6% 16% 6% 11%[ic] 18%
Jan 21 Harris announces her candidacy
Emerson College Jan 20–21 355 ± 5.2% 45% 7% 8% 3% 1% 3% 5% 3% 25%[id]
19% 43% 38%[ie]
Zogby Analytics Jan 18–20 410 ± 4.8% 27% 8% 1% 6% 6% 18% 9% 5%[if] 21%
25% 5% 3% 5% 17% 4% 12% 5% 5%[ig] 20%
Morning Consult Jan 14–20 14,250 (LV) ± 1.0% 30% 4% 3% 6% 2% 8% 23% 11% 9%[ih]
Harvard-Harris Jan 15–16 479 23% 5% 3% 7% 8% 21% 4% 8%[ii] 15%
488 24% 5% 2% 10% 4% 9% 13% 5% 6%[ij] 17%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11–14 674 (RV) ± 4.0% 32% 1% 2% 6% 1% 8% 15% 9% 9%[ik] 18%
Jan 11 Gabbard announces her candidacy
Morning Consult Jan 7–13 4,749 (LV) ± 2.0% 31% 4% 3% 7% 2% 8% 23% 11% 8%[il]
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 4–6 699 (RV) ± 4.0% 27% 1% 3% 12% 3% 2% 7% 16% 4% 7%[im] 15%

October–December 2018Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[h]
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Michael
Bloomberg
Cory
Booker
Hillary
Clinton
Kamala
Harris
Michelle
Obama
Beto
O'Rourke
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Other Undecided
Change Research Dec 13–17 2,968 21% 2% 4% 5% 8% 21% 16% 7% 18%[in]
Morning Consult/Politico Dec 14–16 706 (RV) ± 4.0% 25% 2% 3% 13% 3% 8% 15% 3% 13%[io] 15%
McLaughlin & Associates Dec 10–14 468 17% 2% 9% 3% 16% 11% 18% 4% 10%[ip] 11%
CNN/SSRS Dec 6–9 463 ± 5.6% 30% 3% 5% 4% 9% 14% 3% 15%[iq] 9%
Emerson College Dec 6–9 320 26% 9% 15% 22% 7% 22%[ir]
Harvard-Harris Nov 27–28 449 28% 4% 4% 3% 7% 21% 5% 4%[is] 18%
459 25% 2% 3% 13% 2% 9% 15% 4% 5%[it] 15%
Nov 25 Ojeda announces his candidacy
Morning Consult/Politico Nov 7–9 733 (RV) ± 4.0% 26% 2% 3% 4% 8% 19% 5% 12%[iu] 21%
The Hill/HarrisX Nov 5–6 370 (RV) ± 5.0% 30% 5% 5% 16% 5% 20% 5% 14%
Change Research Oct 24–26 23% 5% 6% 10% 10% 18% 9% 8%[iv]
CNN/SSRS Oct 4–7 464 ± 5.5% 33% 4% 5% 9% 4% 13% 8% 16%[iw] 6%

Before October 2018Edit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Cory
Booker
Hillary
Clinton
Andrew
Cuomo
Kirsten
Gillibrand
Kamala
Harris
Michelle
Obama
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Oprah
Winfrey
Other Undecided
2018
Zogby Analytics Aug 6–8 576 ± 4.1% 27% 4% 3% 2% 5% 16% 7% 7%[ix] 31%
GQR Research Jul 19–26 443 30% 8% 5% 28% 13% 8%[iy] 9%
Harvard-Harris Jun 24–25 533 32% 6% 18% 1% 1% 2% 16% 10% 16%[iz]
Zogby Analytics Jun 4–6 495 ± 4.4% 21% 4% 4% 1% 5% 19% 6% 10% 2%[ja] 29%
Saint Leo University May 25–31 19% 2% 4% 2% 4% 9% 4% 15% 15%[jb] 21%
Zogby Analytics May 10–12 533 ± 4.2% 26% 3% 2% 1% 4% 18% 8% 14% 5%[jc] 22%
Civis Analytics Jan 2018 29% 27% 17%
Harvard-Harris Jan 13–16 711 27% 4% 13% 2% 1% 4% 16% 10% 13% 10%
USC Dornsife/LAT Dec 15 – Jan 15 1,576 ± 3.0% 28% 3% 19% 2% 5% 22% 11% 5%[jd]
RABA Research Jan 10–11 345 ± 5.0% 26% 21% 18% 20% 15%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jan 10–11 22% 3% 4% 7% 17% 16% 16% 9%[je]
Emerson College Jan 8–11 216[citation needed] 27% 3% 3% 2% 23% 9% 15%[jf] 19%
GQR Research Jan 6–11 442 26% 6% 29% 14% 8% 12%[jg] 6%
2017
Zogby Analytics Oct 19–25 682 ± 3.8% 19% 2% 1% 3% 22% 18% 8% 7%[jh] 20%
Zogby Analytics Sep 7–9 356 ± 5.2% 17% 3% 3% 6% 28% 12% 9%[ji] 23%
Gravis Marketing Jul 21–31 1,917 21% 4% 1% 2% 6% 8%[jj] 43%
2016
Public Policy Polling Dec 6–7 400 ± 4.9% 31% 4% 2% 3% 24% 16% 7%[jk] 14%

Head-to-head pollsEdit

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin
of error
Joe
Biden
Pete
Buttigieg
Kirsten
Gillibrand
Kamala
Harris
Bernie
Sanders
Elizabeth
Warren
Oprah
Winfrey
Undecided
HarrisX[note 1] Oct 4-6, 2019 803 (LV) 41% 41% 18%
41% 40% 19%
42% 39% 20%
38% 42% 19%
40% 36% 24%
42% 40% 18%
Morning Consult Sep 20-22, 2019 635 (LV) 52% 37% 12%
45% 38% 17%
38% 49% 13%
Fox News Sep 15-17, 2019 480(LV) ± 4.5% 53% 37% 7%
FairVote/YouGov Sep 2-6, 2019 1002(LV) ± 3.3% 51% 40% 7%
43% 49% 6%
36% 55% 7%
63.5% 36.5%
60.4% 39.6%
44.6% 55.4%
34.6% 65.4%
20.7% 79.3%
42.3% 57.7%
24.6% 75.4%
Echelon Insights Aug 19-21, 2019 479 (RV) 55% 31% 14%
55% 35% 10%
52% 32% 16%
HarrisX Aug 16-18, 2019 909 (RV) 42% 38% 19%
44% 38% 18%
39% 41% 20%
35% 42% 23%
38% 33% 30%
43% 37% 21%
Echelon Insights Jul 23-27, 2019 510 (RV) 56% 33% 11%
58% 29% 12%
54% 35% 10%
HarrisX Jun 28–30, 2019 909 (RV) ± 3.4% 40% 41% 20%
41% 40% 19%
41% 40% 19%
39% 41% 20%
34% 35% 31%
41% 36% 23%
Echelon Insights Jun 22–25, 2019 484 57% 27% 16%
56% 26% 18%
HarrisX May 28–30, 2019 881 (RV) ± 3.4% 41% 38% 20%
43% 41% 16%
39% 41% 20%
37% 42% 21%
37% 40% 23%
Echelon Insights May 20–21, 2019 447 65% 17% 19%
63% 20% 17%
61% 25% 14%
66% 19% 15%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11–16, 2018 689 (RV) ± 4.0% 54% 31% 15%
23% 44% 34%
46% 37% 17%
35% 39% 26%

Favorability ratingsEdit

Net favorability (favorable − unfavorable)

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Elizabeth
Warren
Kamala
Harris
Joe
Biden
Bernie
Sanders
Pete
Buttigieg
Cory
Booker
Julián
Castro
Beto
O'Rourke
Amy
Klobuchar
Andrew
Yang
Tom
Steyer
Tulsi
Gabbard
Steve
Bullock
Michael
Bennet
John
Delaney
Wayne
Messam
Tim
Ryan
Joe
Sestak
Marianne
Williamson
Bill
de Blasio
Kirsten
Gillibrand
Jay
Inslee
John
Hickenlooper
Eric
Swalwell
Seth
Moulton
Mike
Gravel
Morning Consult Oct 16, 2019 51% 35% 48% 55% 43% 31% 19% 29% 25% 29% 13% 8% 5% 11% 5% 9% -5%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Oct 15-16, 2019 54.3% 28.4% 48.6% 45.3% 33.5% 25.3% 8.2% 17% 15% 14.5% 2% -6.7%
YouGov/Economist Oct 13-15, 2019 63% 39% 45% 48% 43% 37% 31% 37% 27% 31% 8% 5% 9% 12% 1% -2% 1% 1% -11%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Oct 7-14, 2019 52.1% 30.7% 47.4% 43.1% 31% 26.3% 11.6% 22.6% 11.8% 14.2% -0.8% 2.2%
HarrisX Oct 12-13, 2019 53% 38% 62% 44% 34% 31% 20% 31% 16% 21% 13% 11%
Quinnipiac Oct 11-13, 2019 70% 60% 54%
Morning Consult Oct 7-13, 2019 51% 36% 55% 57% 33% 31% 16% 28% 20% 25% 10% 11% 5% 4% 3% 3% -2%
Fox News Oct 6–8, 2019 63% 41% 58% 63% 38% 35% 34%
YouGov/Economist Oct 6-8, 2019 66% 36% 40% 55% 42% 41% 27% 29% 23% 33% 7% 0% 8% 8% -3% 0% 3% 1% -17%
Morning Consult Sep 30-Oct 6, 2019 54% 38% 53% 55% 34% 33% 17% 31% 20% 23% 8% 11% 3% 9% 0% 5% -2%
Monmouth Sep 23–29, 2019 66% 42% 52% 56% 41% 25%
Quinnipiac Sep 19–23, 2019 64% 34% 53% 47% 39% 31% 7% 25% 22% 13% -1%
YouGov/Economist Sep 14–17, 2019 60% 30% 41% 43% 44% 35% 8% 38% 23% 24% 2% 33% 2% 9% -5% -8% -6% -6% -17% -11%
HarrisX Sep 14-16, 2019 49% 37% 64% 53% 35% 33% 14% 33% 14% 17%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Sep 12-16, 2019 52.9% 32.5% 47.1% 44.3% 35.8% 29.4% 9.6% 31.2% 11.8% 14.5%
HarrisX Sep 10-11, 2019 50% 34% 60% 58% 30% 33% 27% 34% 24% 27%
Ipsos/FiveThirtyEight Sep 5-11, 2019 48.5% 31.4% 45.7% 44% 32.2% 26.7% 19.8% 23.9% 8.1% 14.8%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 9-10, 2019 57.6% 48.18% 72.9% 73.92% 32.66% 34.5% 22.94% 39.42% 24.48% 26.98% 15.08% 16.52% 10.4% 11.34% 14.04% 5.76% 16.43% 6.76% 13.44% 20.91%
NPR/PBS/Marist Sep 5–8, 2019 64% 39% 49% 39% 41% 38% 26% 29% 17% 19% -1%
ABC/Washington Post Sep 2–5, 2019 63% 47% 65% 70% 41%
YouGov/Economist Sep 1–3, 2019 60% 39% 36% 50% 30% 34% 31% 34% 10% 31% 0% 3% 2% 8% -1% -3% 0% -3% -10% -9%
YouGov/Economist Aug 24–27, 2019 64% 50% 48% 55% 48% 41% 42% 42% 29% 32% 8% 12% 7% 12% -3% 1% -2% 3% -3% -1% 26%
Echelon Insights Aug 19-21, 2019 42% 43% 59% 55% 28%
Monmouth Aug 16–20, 2019 52% 39% 41% 40% 29% 35% 22% 19% 9% 12% -16% 9% -6% -11%
Morning Consult Aug 12-18, 2019 48% 37% 52% 55% 36% 34% 23% 36% 19% 23% 10% 10% 6% 8% 3% 6% 0% -2% 20% 9% 0%
HarrisX Aug 14-15, 2019 40% 51% 45% 25% 21% 6% 10% 4% 3% 2% 0% 23% 8% -3%
HarrisX Aug 13-14, 2019 46% 25% 17% 29% 14% 2% 6% 8% 0% 9%
Fox News Aug 11–13, 2019 71% 61% 66% 75%
Morning Consult Aug 5-11, 2019 47% 36% 57% 53% 32% 29% 21% 34% 20% 21% 11% 12% 7% 7% 2% 6% 1% -4% 18% 9% 9% 3%
YouGov/Economist Aug 3–6, 2019 53% 30% 39% 43% 40% 36% 31% 28% 20% 23% 4% 4% 6% 11% -3% 2% -1% -3% -9% -8% 17% 16% 6% -2% -1%
Morning Consult Aug 1-4, 2019 46% 30% 55% 52% 33% 26% 24% 23% 20% 19% 8% 12% 5% 8% 2% 1% 0% -7% 17% 9% 6% 2%
Public Policy Polling Aug 1-4, 2019 35% 26% 59% 36% 24% 27% 20% 13% 12% 9% <7% <7% <7% 7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7% <7%
HarrisX Jul 28-29, 2019 43% 61% 38% 30% 18% 18% 10% 9% 12% 13% 8% 22% 12% 14% 13%
HarrisX Jul 27-28, 2019 49% 29% 22% 27% 15% 11% 10% 14% 9% 8% 9%
Morning Consult Jul 22-28, 2019 45% 41% 56% 52% 33% 30% 23% 27% 21% 15% 9% 9% 5% 7% 3% 4% -3% -5% 21% 9% 9% 3%
Democracy Corps Jul 18-28, 2019 43% 39% 51% 31%
Echelon Insights Jul 23-27, 2019 46% 50% 59% 57% 38%
Morning Consult Jul 15-21, 2019 45% 44% 54% 51% 33% 31% 21% 26% 20% 14% 7% 11% 5% 9% 5% 4% -2% -3% 22% 8% 8% 2%
Morning Consult Jul 8-14, 2019 46% 40% 51% 52% 34% 30% 24% 25% 16% 12% 7% 4% 5% 2% 2% -7% -4% 18% 7% 8% 5% 0%
Gallup Jul 1–12, 2019 46% 43% 52% 55% 33% 31% 21% 18% 18% 1%
YouGov/Economist[jl] Jul 7–9, 2019 55% 49% 47% 41% 40% 35% 35% 28% 24% 4% 6% 6% 10% -2% -6% 4% 1% -16% 1% 20% 11% 3% 9% -1% 1%
Morning Consult Jul 1-7, 2019 50% 41% 56% 57% 35% 30% 25% 26% 20% 12% 7% 4% 6% 3% 3% -2% -3% 13% 9% 5% 6% 9%
CNN/SSRS Jun 28–30, 2019 52% 50% 51% 49% 37% 26% 34%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 26-30, 2019 60.8% 54.1% 54.8% 57.8% 37.6% 40.4% 35.4% 24.2% 23.1% 13.5% 9.1% 7.2% 3% 5.1% -4.8% -1.7% 19.6% 7.2% 4% 7.3%
HarrisX Jun 28-29, 2019 40% 51% 45% 26% -4% 4% 3% -6% -6% -4% 16% -4% 10% -4% -1%
HarrisX Jun 27-28, 2019 52% 32% 32% 29% 18% 12% 9% 17% 7% 17%
Morning Consult Jun 27-28, 2019 51% 41% 50% 44% 37% 33% 25% 20% 19% 10% 4% 7% 6% 1% 4% -1% -6% 15% 4% 10% 4% 1%
HarrisX Jun 26-27, 2019 42% 63% 49% 32% 17% 7% 8% 6% 6% 8% 24% -8% 11% 4% 8%
HarrisX Jun 25-26, 2019 42% 30% 19% 40% 22% 10% 12% 14% 2% 11%
Morning Consult/FiveThirtyEight Jun 19-26, 2019 49.9% 44.9% 60.4% 56.7% 35.2% 33.9% 20% 35.9% 19.9% 15.2 5.8% 8.6% 6.8% 7.7% 4.2% -2.1% 21% 9.1% 7.5% 9.8%
Echelon Insights Jun 22-25, 2019 46% 40% 64% 53% 33%
Morning Consult Jun 17-23, 2019 44% 37% 60% 57% 32% 29% 18% 32% 22% 13% 6% 7% 6% 4% 4% 4% -2% 19% 7% 9% 7% 4%
Morning Consult Jun 10-16, 2019 45% 40% 62% 56% 33% 34% 18% 34% 20% 13% 6% 7% 10% 6% 5% 6% 0% 22% 11% 9% 10% 3%
WPA Intelligence (R) Jun 10-13, 2019 57% 63% 71% 55% 48% 49% 50%
Morning Consult Jun 3-9, 2019 43% 40% 62% 55% 31% 33% 17% 33% 20% 11% 7% 6% 7% 6% 9% 6% -2% 21% 10% 8% 9% 4%
YouGov/Economist Jun 2-4, 2019 55% 54% 54% 47% 42% 47% 30% 38% 26% 13% 0% 6% 10% 3% 2% 9% 3% 7% 26% 16% 11% 21% 7% -1%
Morning Consult May 27-Jun 2, 2019 40% 38% 61% 55% 32% 31% 16% 33% 19% 10% 4% 3% 4% 4% 5% 3% 0% 18% 6% 5% 6% 4%
CNN/SSRS May 28–31, 2019 52% 43% 65% 61% 33% -2% 3% -3%
Morning Consult May 20-26, 2019 36% 40% 62% 57% 29% 32% 15% 35% 19% 10% 5% 4% 4% 5% 1% 3% 0% 22% 9% 7% 8% 2%
Echelon Insights May 20-21, 2019 38% 43% 72% 53% 33%
Change Research May 18-21, 2019 67% 56% 48% 50% 38% 25% 40% 20% 14% 7% 2% 0% 0% 1% -7% 18% 12% 5% 13% 1%
Monmouth May 16–20, 2019 46% 49% 57% 44% 24% 28% 18% 21% 22% -1% 7% 0% 11% 1% -6% 0% 0% -9% 11% 9% 11% 11% 2% -5%
Quinnipiac May 16–20, 2019 45% 46% 65% 50% 34% 36% 19% 21% 20% 3% -2% 2% 7% 5% 0% 2% 3% -22% 14% 12% 6% 8% -3%
Morning Consult May 13-19, 2019 41% 37% 62% 58% 31% 33% 15% 36% 18% 9% 5% 4% 5% 5% 4% 3% 1% 18% 7% 7% 7% 2%
Morning Consult May 6-12, 2019 36% 38% 63% 57% 31% 31% 17% 31% 16% 10% 6% 1% 5% 5% 0% 6% 19% 8% 7% 8% 1%
Morning Consult Apr 29-May 5, 2019 40% 38% 61% 55% 29% 31% 15% 31% 19% 7% 6% 3% 4% 2% 18% 7% 7% 1%
Gallup Apr 17–30, 2019 40% 42% 60% 57% 30% 31% 26%
CNN/SSRS Apr 25–28, 2019 69% 26% 3% 14% 3% -5%
Morning Consult Apr 22-28, 2019 39% 37% 62% 58% 27% 32% 16% 33% 16% 8% 5% 2% 5% 2% 18% 8% 8% 2%
Morning Consult Apr 15-21, 2019 36% 37% 61% 59% 29% 32% 16% 36% 15% 10% 5% 3% 5% 3% 18% 10% 7%
Change Research Apr 12-15, 2019 52% 51% 56% 45% 52% 43% 31% 49% 22% 8% 7% 6% 2% 0% 2% 2% 15% 9% 5% 14%
Echelon Insights April 17-19, 2019 27% 54% 62% 24% 32%
Monmouth Apr 11–15, 2019 32% 40% 56% 44% 29% 24% 31% 14%
Morning Consult Apr 8-14, 2019 35% 36% 60% 58% 23% 31% 16% 35% 16% 10% 5% 4% 4% 1% 16% 8% 9%
Morning Consult Apr 1-7, 2019 35% 34% 60% 57% 20% 33% 14% 35% 19% 5% 6% 3% 3% 0% 19% 6% 7%
Morning Consult Mar 25-31, 2019 37% 36% 67% 63% 14% 31% 15% 32% 18% 5% 3% 4% 20% 8% 8%
Morning Consult Mar 18-24, 2019 34% 36% 68% 60% 11% 33% 14% 33% 15% 5% 2% 3% 18% 7% 7%
CNN/SSRS Mar 14–17, 2019 60% 33% 36% 13% 8% 5%
Morning Consult Mar 11-17, 2019 38% 35% 65% 60% 8% 28% 17% 34% 15% 5% 3% 3% 18% 7% 6%
Change Research Mar 8-10, 2019 62% 49% 71% 53% 57%
Morning Consult Mar 4-10, 2019 36% 40% 68% 60% 6% 30% 13% 36% 15% 5% 2% 3% 18% 5% 4%
Monmouth Mar 1–4, 2019 30% 42% 63% 53% 31% 26% 13% 0% 6% 4% -6% 7%
Morning Consult Feb 25-Mar 3, 2019 35% 41% 68% 60% 6% 31% 13% 35% 15% 5% 2% 3% 18% 5% 4%
Gallup Feb 12–28, 2019 35% 42% 71% 33% 21% 22%
Morning Consult Feb 18-24, 2019 37% 35% 64% 60% 5% 28% 15% 33% 18% 4% 2% 4% 17% 2% 5%
Morning Consult Feb 11-17, 2019 39% 40% 67% 61% 5% 34% 15% 32% 22% 3% 3% 2% 21% 2% 4%
Morning Consult Feb 4-10, 2019 34% 41% 69% 57% 4% 31% 13% 31% 15% 2% 0% 3% 18% 5% 5%
Morning Consult/Politico Feb 1-2, 2019 43% 43% 74% 61% 38% 37% 18%
CNN/SSRS Jan 30–Feb 2, 2019 41% 43% 4% 16% 2% 15%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 25-27, 2019 45% 41% 69% 55% 3% 26% 26% 12%
Monmouth Jan 25–27, 2019 40% 33% 71% 49% 2% 33% 15% 32% 15% 0% 12% 9% 16% 3% 4%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 18-22, 2019 46% 38% 66% 58% 30% 33% 15% 22%
HarrisX Jan 15-16, 2019 3% 12% 9%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 11-14, 2019 39% 35% 68% 57% 30% 29% 15%
NPR/PBS/Marist Jan 10–13, 2019 36% 26% 64% 29% 30% 13% 29% 13% 8%
Morning Consult/Politico Jan 4-6, 2019 33% 27% 71% 59% 26% 30% 8%
HarrisX Jan 3-4, 2019 48% 37% 64% 52% 45% 22% 38% 21% 20% 25%
Change Research December 14-17, 2018 61% 53% 80% 65% 50% 27% 63% 28% 20% 4% 14%
CNN/SSRS December 6-9, 2018 38% 31% 66% 64% 30% 34%
Morning Consult/Politico November 7-9, 2018 32%
GQR Research July 21-26, 2018 34% 53% 57%
RABA Research January 10-11, 2018 53% 72% 57%
Public Policy Polling December 3-6, 2016 46% 67% 67% 19% 0% 9%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Partisan clients
  1. ^ Poll sponsored by Club for Growth Action
Additional candidates
  1. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined
  2. ^ 270 to Win reports the date each poll was released, not the dates each poll was administered.
  3. ^ Steyer with 1.4%; Bennet and Gabbard with 1.0%; Castro with 0.8%; Delaney, Ryan, and Williamson with 0.5%; Bullock with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  4. ^ Gabbard and Steyer with 1.2%; Bennet with 1.0%; Castro with 0.8%; Ryan and Williamson with 0.5%; Bullock with 0.3%; Delaney, Messam, and Sestak not reported
  5. ^ The Economist aggregates polls with a trendline regression of polls rather than a strict average of recent polls.
  6. ^ Gabbard with 1.0%; Castro with 0.8%; Williamson with 0.5%; Bennet and Steyer with 0.4%; Bullock, Delaney, and Ryan with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  7. ^ Gabbard with 1.1%; Steyer with 1.0%; Bennet and Castro with 0.8%; Williamson with 0.5%; Delaney and Ryan with 0.4%; Bullock with 0.3%; Messam and Sestak with 0.0%
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  9. ^ Booker with 3%; Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer, Williamson and someone else with 1%
  10. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Messam, and Ryan with 0%; can't/won't vote with 3%; other with 2%
  11. ^ Booker and Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Gabbard and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; other and would not vote with 0%
  12. ^ Booker, Klobuchar and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Williamson and someone else with 1%
  13. ^ Booker and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, and Steyer with 1%; "some other Democrat" with 1%
  14. ^ Booker, Gabbard and Klobuchar wth 2%; Bennet, Delaney, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  15. ^ Booker, Klobuchar and Steyer with 2%; Bennet and Castro with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  16. ^ Booker with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%; refused with 1%
  17. ^ Booker with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  18. ^ Booker with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; other and would not vote with 0%
  19. ^ Booker and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock with less than 0.5%; Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0%
  20. ^ Bullock and Klobuchar with 2%; Booker, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Messam, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; "would not vote" with 2%
  21. ^ Klobuchar and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Castro, Gabbard, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Messam and other with 0%; Bullock and Sestak with no voters
  22. ^ Booker and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  23. ^ Booker with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; someone else with 2%
  24. ^ a b c d e The result for this listing has not yet been released for the poll in question.
  25. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Klobuchar and Bennet with 1%; Steyer with 0%; others and undecided with 14%
  26. ^ Booker with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 0%
  27. ^ Booker with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  28. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar and "Someone else" with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, Messam, Ryan and Steyer with 0%; Delaney, Sestak and Williamson with no voters
  29. ^ Bennet, Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; would not vote with 3%
  30. ^ Gabbard with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, and Sestak with 0%
  31. ^ Bennet, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  32. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Someone else with 2%
  33. ^ Williamson with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Bennet and Ryan with 0%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard and Sestak with less than 1%
  34. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Messam and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  35. ^ Steyer with 2%; Castro, Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%; won't vote with 3%
  36. ^ Castro and Steyer with 2%; Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%; "won't vote" with 3%
  37. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Messam, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%
  38. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, and Steyer with 0%; "Someone else" with 2%
  39. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet and Gabbard with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  40. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Messam and Sestak with 0%; someone else with 1%
  41. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Someone else with 2%
  42. ^ "Other" with 1%; Castro with 3%; Klobuchar with 2%; Gabbard, Bennet, Delaney, Steyer, Messam, and Ryan with 1%; Sestak, Bullock and Williamson with 0%
  43. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; Messam, Sestak and Steyer with 0%; can't/won't vote with 6%; other with 3%
  44. ^ Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar and Steyer with 1%; Messam, Ryan, Sestak and Williamson with 0%
  45. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; "Someone else" and Castro with 2%
  46. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Delaney and Steyer with 1%; Williamson with 0%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Messam, Ryan and Sestak with less than 0.5%
  47. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Castro, Bennet, Williamson, Bullock and Delaney with 1%; de Blasio, Steyer, Ryan, Messam and Sestak with 0%
  48. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Gabbard, Delaney, Steyer, Bennet, de Blasio and Castro with 1%; Bullock, Ryan and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  49. ^ "Some Other Democrat", Castro and Klobuchar with 1%
  50. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar, Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Ryan and Williamson with 0%
  51. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet and de Blasio with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  52. ^ Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Sestak and Steyer with 1%; Messam, and Williamson and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 0%
  53. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro, Klobuchar, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Delaney and Steyer with 0%
  54. ^ Klobuchar and Gabbard with 2%; "Other", Castro, Williamson and Ryan with 1%; Bennet with 0%; de Blasio, Delaney, Steyer, Bullock, Messam and Sestak with less than 0.5%
  55. ^ "Other" with 2%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, Steyer, Castro and Ryan with 1%; Williamson, Sestak, Bullock, Messam, de Blasio and Bennet with 0%
  56. ^ Castro and Williamson with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Messam, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  57. ^ Castro, Gabbard and Williamson with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Klobuchar and Ryan with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  58. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Delaney and Sestak with less than 0.5%; "Someone else" with 1%
  59. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Sestak, Steyer, and Other with 1%; de Blasio, Messam, Ryan, Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  60. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  61. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro with 0%; others with 2%
  62. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Messam and Sestak and with 0%
  63. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Messam, Sestak and someone else with 0%; would not vote with 1%
  64. ^ de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with less than 0.5%, Other with less than 0.5%
  65. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Castro and de Blasio with 2%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Klobuchar, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  66. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%, de Blasio with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  67. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, Sestak, and Steyer with 1%; Messam with 0%
  68. ^ "Someone else", Klobuchar and Castro with 1%; Williamson, Gabbard, Bennet, Inslee, and Hickenlooper with 0%; Ryan, de Blasio, Delaney, Bullock, Gillibrand, Moulton, Messam, Sestak and Steyer with less than 0.5%
  69. ^ Other with 6%; Klobuchar with 2%; Williamson & Castro with 1%; Steyer with 0%
  70. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar, Castro, Steyer, Delaney and other with 1%; Williamson, Gillibrand, Messam, and Ryan with 0%
  71. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Messam, and Sestak with 0%
  72. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; Someone else with 1%
  73. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Klobuchar, Williamson and Steyer with 1%; Delaney, Bennet, de Blasio, Sestak, Bullock and Gillibrand with 0%
  74. ^ Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  75. ^ Castro and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Messam, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  76. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1% or less; Someone else with 2%
  77. ^ Bullock with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, Messam, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Sestak with 0%
  78. ^ Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Messam, Moulton and Sestak with 0%
  79. ^ Gabbard with 1%; Castro, Klobuchar, Gillibrand, Bennet, Delaney, de Blasio, Bullock, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson, Messam and Moulton with 0%
  80. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, and Inslee with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer and Williamson with 0%
  81. ^ Castro and Williamson with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gillibrand, Delaney, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  82. ^ Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak and Williamson with 0%; Others with 2%
  83. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Inslee and Moulton with 0%; Someone else with 2%
  84. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bullock, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  85. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Steyer and Williamson with 1%; "other" with 1%; Messam and Sestak with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, and Ryan with less than 0.5%
  86. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Klobuchar, Castro, Gillibrand, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan and Sestak with 0%
  87. ^ Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  88. ^ Bullock, Castro, Klobuchar and Williamson with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Moulton with 0%
  89. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  90. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Inslee, and Steyer with 1%; Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and WIlliamson with 0%
  91. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  92. ^ Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  93. ^ Castro, Gabbard, and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Inslee, Hickenlooper, Delaney, Williamson, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Sestak and Steyer with 0%
  94. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Moulton, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson, Inslee, Steyer, Gravel, Bennet, de Blasio and Delaney with 0%
  95. ^ Bennet and Klobuchar with 2%
  96. ^ Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton with 0%; others with 1%
  97. ^ "Other" with 7%; Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; de Blasio, Messam, Moulton and Sestak with 0%; Williamson, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Steyer, Bullock, Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan and Delaney with less than 0.5%
  98. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Moulton, Messam, and Sestak with 0%
  99. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Moulton with 0%; others with 1%
  100. ^ Castro, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Steyer with 1%; Bloomberg, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  101. ^ Gabbard, Klobuchar, Inslee and Ryan with 1%; others with 3%
  102. ^ Booker with 3%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, Steyer, Williamson and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Moulton and Ryan with 0%; others with 2%
  103. ^ Booker, Castro, and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  104. ^ Steyer and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Gabbard, and Gillibrand with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  105. ^ Castro and Steyer with 2%; Bennet, Booker, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  106. ^ Booker, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  107. ^ Yang with 2%; Booker, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Steyer with 0%
  108. ^ Booker with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Steyer, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Klobuchar, Messam, and Moulton with <1%
  109. ^ Booker with 3%; Yang with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  110. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Booker, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Bennet, and Ryan with 0%; others with 1%
  111. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, and Yang with 1%; others with 2%
  112. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Booker, Castro, Gillibrand, and Gravel with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  113. ^ Booker, Castro, de Blasio, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Steyer, and Williamson with 0%
  114. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Booker and Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, and Steyer with 1%; Moulton and Sestak with 0%; Bennet, Bullock, Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Ryan and Williamson with less than 0.5%
  115. ^ Castro with 3%; Booker, Gabbard, and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Bullock, Klobuchar, and Steyer with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  116. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Steyer, Moulton and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  117. ^ Booker with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Gabbard, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  118. ^ Booker with 3%; de Blasio with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Steyer, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%
  119. ^ Booker with 3%; Castro and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%
  120. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Swalwell, Moulton and Williamson with <1%; others with 2%
  121. ^ Booker, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Sestak, Steyer, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  122. ^ Yang with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Castro, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar and Williamson with 1%; others with 0%
  123. ^ Booker, Castro and Gabbard with 2%; Bullock, de Blasio, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  124. ^ Yang with 3%; Booker and Gabbard with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Swalwell with 1%; de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  125. ^ Booker with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Inslee, and Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  126. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 0%
  127. ^ Yang with 2%; Booker, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  128. ^ Booker and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  129. ^ Booker and Castro with 2%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Sestak with 0%; others with 0%
  130. ^ Castro with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Booker, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Yang and Williamson with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with less than 0.5%
  131. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bennet, Booker, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, and Swalwell with 0%
  132. ^ Booker with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  133. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Messam with 0%; others with 2%
  134. ^ Castro with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  135. ^ Castro with 1.7%; Yang with 0.8%; Klobuchar and Gabbard with 0.6%; Bennet and Gillibrand with 0.5%; Delaney and Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Ryan with 0.3%; de Blasio and Inslee with 0.2%; Swalwell and Williamson with 0.1%; others with 0.3%
  136. ^ Gabbard with 2%; Bloomberg, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  137. ^ Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  138. ^ Castro with 2.5%; Yang with 1.3%; Klobuchar with 0.9%; Gabbard, Gillibrand and Ryan with 0.7%; de Blasio, Delaney, and Inslee with 0.6%; Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Bennet with 0.3%; Swalwell with 0.1%; Williamson with 0%; someone else with 0.2%
  139. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  140. ^ Inslee with 2%; Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Moulton, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Gabbard, Gravel, Messam, Ryan, Sestak, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  141. ^ Yang with 1%; Gillibrand with 0.8%; Castro and Gabbard with 0.6%; Inslee with 0.5%; Hickenlooper with 0.4%; Bennet, Delaney, Klobuchar, Ryan and Swalwell with 0.2%; Williamson with 0.1%; de Blasio with 0%; someone else with 0.3%
  142. ^ De Blasio, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  143. ^ Gabbard with 3%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  144. ^ Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 3%
  145. ^ De Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  146. ^ Yang with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  147. ^ Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Sestak, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  148. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  149. ^ Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  150. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Inslee, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  151. ^ Castro with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Klobuchar, Messam, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  152. ^ Bullock, Castro, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  153. ^ Castro, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Moulton with <1%; de Blasio, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  154. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Ryan with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with less than 0.5%; Williamson with 0%; others with <1%
  155. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, Swalwell, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, and Williamson with 0%
  156. ^ Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  157. ^ Abrams, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  158. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  159. ^ De Blasio, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  160. ^ De Blasio with 2%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  161. ^ Bennet, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Williamson with 1%; Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Yang with 0%; others with 1%
  162. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Moulton and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  163. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Delaney, Hickenlooper, and Williamson with <1%; Bullock, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  164. ^ Bloomberg, Castro, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  165. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio, Inslee, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  166. ^ Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 0%
  167. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Messam, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  168. ^ Abrams and Yang with 2%; de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  169. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Castro, de Blasio, Gabbard, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with <1%; Bullock, Gravel, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 0%
  170. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  171. ^ Bennet, Bullock, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Inslee, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  172. ^ Castro, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Moulton, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  173. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Swalwell with less than 0.5%; Moulton with 0%; others with less than 0.5%
  174. ^ Bennet, Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  175. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Bennet, Gabbard, Gravel, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  176. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%
  177. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Moulton, and Swalwell with 0%; others with 2%
  178. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gillibrand, Gravel, Moulton, and Ryan with 1%; Bullock, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%
  179. ^ Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 1%; others with <1%
  180. ^ Castro and Klobuchar with 1%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 0%; others with 1%
  181. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Inslee and Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  182. ^ Bennet, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Ryan, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; Gravel, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Messam, and Moulton with 0%; others with 4%
  183. ^ Bloomberg and Klobuchar with 2%; Delaney and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 0%
  184. ^ Clinton with 6%; Bloomberg and Yang with 2%; Delaney, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, and Ryan with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  185. ^ Castro, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with <1%
  186. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Gravel, Klobuchar, Moulton, and Swalwell with 1%; Inslee, Messam, Ryan, Williamson, and Yang with 0%; others with 0%
  187. ^ Gabbard and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with 1%; de Blasio and Ryan with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Hickenlooper, Messam, and Moulton with 0%; others with <1%
  188. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 1%; Moulton with 0%; others with 2%
  189. ^ Clinton and Michelle Obama with 2%; Klobuchar and Trump with 1%; Bennet, Bloomberg, Castro, Hickenlooper, Barack Obama, Schultz, and Yang with <1%; others with 4%
  190. ^ Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Inslee, Messam, Swalwell, and Williamson with 0%; others with 6%
  191. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and Ryan with 1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with 2%
  192. ^ Yang with 2%; Castro, Delaney, and Klobuchar with 1%; Bennet, de Blasio, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; others with 1%
  193. ^ Abrams with 4%; Gabbard, Klobuchar, and Yang with 2%; Castro, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; Bennet, Delaney, Gillibrand, McAuliffe, Messam, and Williamson with 0%
  194. ^ Klobuchar and Yang with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with 1%; Delaney and Messam with 0%
  195. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; de Blasio and Klobuchar with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, McAuliffe, Messam, Moulton, Swalwell, Williamson, and Yang with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, Gabbard, and Ryan with 0%; others with 1%
  196. ^ Hickenlooper and Klobuchar with 2%; de Blasio and Yang with 1%; Castro, Gillibrand, Inslee, McAuliffe, Messam, Moulton, Ryan, Swalwell, and Williamson with <1%; Bennet, Bullock, Delaney, and Gabbard with 0%; others with 1%
  197. ^ Hickenlooper with 2%; Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Klobuchar, and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  198. ^ Castro and Yang with 3%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gravel, Klobuchar, Ryan, and Swalwell with 1%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Messam, and Williamson with 0%; others with 2%
  199. ^ Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  200. ^ Klobuchar with 3%; Gillibrand, Ryan, and Yang with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 1%; others with 3%
  201. ^ Gillibrand and Klobuchar with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee, Ryan, and Yang with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 2%
  202. ^ Gillibrand and Klobuchar with 2%; Castro and Yang with 1%; Delaney and Gabbard with 0%; others with 8%
  203. ^ Buttigieg with 3%; Castro, Delaney, Gillibrand, Williamson and Yang with 1%; Gabbard, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 0%; others with 1%
  204. ^ a b Buttigieg with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  205. ^ Buttigieg and Gabbard with 2%; Avenatti, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; others with 0%
  206. ^ Buttigieg and Yang with 2%; Castro with 1%; Avenatti, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, and Inslee with 0%; others with 0%
  207. ^ Buttigieg with 4%; Castro and Hickenlooper with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Inslee, Williamson and Yang with <1%; others with 1%
  208. ^ Buttigieg with 3%; Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Williamson with 1%; Castro, Cuomo, de Blasio, Gabbard, Inslee, McAuliffe and Yang with 0%
  209. ^ Gillibrand with 2%; Buttigieg, Castro, de Blasio, Delaney, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Bullock, Gabbard, McAuliffe and Swalwell with <1%; Hickenlooper with 0%; others with 1%
  210. ^ Buttigieg with 3%; Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Gillibrand with 0%; others with 5%
  211. ^ Kerry with 4%; Buttigieg, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, and McAuliffe with <1%; Bullock with 0%; others with 2%
  212. ^ Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Inslee with 1%; Bullock and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  213. ^ Buttigieg and Inslee with 2%; Bennet, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bullock, Cuomo, de Blasio, Delaney, McAuliffe, Moulton, Swalwell and Williamson with 0%
  214. ^ Castro, Inslee and Yang with 2%; Buttigieg, Gabbard, Gillibrand and Hickenlooper with 1%; Delaney and Williamson with 0%
  215. ^ Delaney with 2%; Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and Yang with 1%; Buttigieg, Gabbard, and Williamson with 0%; others with 1%
  216. ^ Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Inslee and McAuliffe with 1%; others with 3%
  217. ^ Brown, Castro, de Blasio, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Buttigieg, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with <1%
  218. ^ Brown with 2%; Castro, de Blasio, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Yang with 1%; Bennet, Buttigieg, Gabbard, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe and Williamson with <1%; Bullock and Delaney with 0%; others with <1%
  219. ^ Brown, Castro and Gabbard with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  220. ^ Brown, Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper and Holder with 1%; Delaney, Inslee and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  221. ^ Brown, Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder and McAuliffe with 1%; Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  222. ^ Delaney and Gabbard with 1%; Buttigieg, Castro, and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  223. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard and Gillibrand with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 1%
  224. ^ Avenatti, Castro, Gabbard, and Gillibrand with 0%; others with 1%
  225. ^ Brown with 1%; others with 4%
  226. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, and Inslee with 0%; others with 3%
  227. ^ Brown with 3%; Gabbard with 2%; Castro and Gillibrand with 1%; Buttigieg and Delaney with 0%; others with 6%
  228. ^ Abrams with 5%; Gillibrand with 3%; Brown with 1%; Castro with <1%
  229. ^ Winfrey with 5%; Brown, Castro, Cuomo, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Patrick, and Zuckerberg with 1%; Buttigieg, de Blasio, Delaney, Gabbard, Holder, Inslee, Kaine, McAuliffe, and Yang with 0%
  230. ^ Brown with 2%; Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Holder with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 0%; others with 3%
  231. ^ Castro with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, and Inslee with 0%
  232. ^ Brown with 2%; Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Kerry with 1%; Bullock, Buttigieg, Castro, Delaney, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Newsom with 0%; others with 2%
  233. ^ Brown, Castro, Gabbard, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Yang with 1%; Delaney, Inslee, and McAuliffe with <1%; Buttigieg with 0%; others with 1%
  234. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Kerry with 1%; Buttigieg, Delaney, Gabbard, Garcetti, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  235. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney, Gabbard, and Inslee with 0%
  236. ^ Trump with 4%; Bullock, Pelosi, and Winfrey with 1%; Brown, Castro, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Johnson, Kennedy, Kucinich, Lee, Scott, Sinema, and Warner with <1%; others with 4%
  237. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gabbard, Hickenlooper, and Kerry with 1%; Delaney, Garcetti, Holder, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 2%
  238. ^ Castro with 8%; Brown with 4%; Delaney and Gabbard with 2%; Gillibrand and Ojeda with 1%; others with 6%
  239. ^ Castro with 12%; Gillibrand with 9%; Delaney with 8%; Ojeda with 7%; Gabbard with 3%
  240. ^ Brown and Gillibrand with 2%; Delaney with 1%; Castro, Gabbard, and McAuliffe with 0%
  241. ^ Brown with 2%; Castro, Delaney, and Gillibrand with 1%; Gabbard and McAuliffe with 0%
  242. ^ Castro and Gillibrand with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney and Inslee with 0%
  243. ^ Gabbard and Gillibrand with 2%; Castro with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 3%
  244. ^ Castro with 2%; Gabbard and Gillibrand with 1%; Avenatti with 0%; others with 2%
  245. ^ Brown, Delaney, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and Kerry with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Garcetti, Inslee, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  246. ^ Castro with 2%; Brown, Bullock, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, and McAuliffe with 1%; Delaney and Inslee with 0%
  247. ^ Kerry with 2%; Brown, Gillibrand, and Inslee with 1%; Bullock, Castro, Cuomo, Delaney, Garcetti, Hickenlooper, Holder, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 2%
  248. ^ Kennedy with 5%; Klobuchar with 3%; Brown and Castro with 2%; Cuomo, Gillibrand, Holder, Kerry, Steyer, and Swalwell with 1%; Delaney, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%
  249. ^ Kerry with 2%; Brown, Castro, Cuomo, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, Klobuchar, and Newsom with 1%; Bullock, Delaney, McAuliffe, and Schultz with 0%; others with 3%
  250. ^ Winfrey with 3%; Brown with 2%; Gillibrand, Hickenlooper, Holder, Klobuchar, and Patrick with 1%; de Blasio, Kaine, Schultz, and Zuckerberg with 0%
  251. ^ Kerry with 4%; Klobuchar with 3%; Brown, Bullock, Gillibrand, Holder, Inslee, and McAuliffe with 1%; Castro, Garcetti, and Hickenlooper with <1%; Delaney and Steyer with 0%; others with 2%
  252. ^ Brown with 7%; others with 15%
  253. ^ Avenatti with 2%; others with 2%
  254. ^ Avenatti with 1%; others with 4%
  255. ^ Brown, Bullock, Castro, Cuomo, Garcetti, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, Newsom, and Schultz with 1%; Avenatti, Delaney, Holder, and Patrick with 0%; others with 3%
  256. ^ Kennedy with 8%
  257. ^ Kerry with 5%; Holder with 3%; Garcetti with 2%; Avenatti, Gillibrand, Klobuchar, and Patrick with 1%; Bullock and Delaney with <1%; others with 2%
  258. ^ Brown and Holder with 2%; Delaney, McAuliffe, and Patrick with 1%
  259. ^ "A governor, like Terry McAuliffe of Virginia, Steve Bullock of Montana or John Hickenlooper of Colorado" and Schultz with 2%; Steyer and Landrieu with 1%; others with 2%
  260. ^ Bloomberg with 3%; others with 12%
  261. ^ Holder and McAuliffe with 1%; Brown and Patrick with 0%
  262. ^ Holder with 6%; Bullock and Landrieu with 3%; Brown and Murphy with 1%; McAuliffe and Patrick with 0%; others with 1%
  263. ^ Brown, Holder, and Patrick with 1%; McAuliffe with 0%
  264. ^ Klobuchar with 1%; others with 4%
  265. ^ Steyer with 1%; others with 8%
  266. ^ Kander with 4%; Klobuchar with 2%; others with 9%
  267. ^ "A woman senator like Kamala Harris or Kirsten Gillibrand" with 5%; "Moderate Governors John Hickenlooper or Terry McAuliffe" and "A cultural figure like Tom Hanks or Dwayne 'the Rock' Johnson" with 2%; "A businessman like Tom Steyer or Howard Schultz", "A young lawmaker like Chris Murphy or Julian Castro", and "A mayor of a major city like Bill DeBlasio or Antonio Villaraigosa" with 1%; others with 0%
  268. ^ Zuckerberg with 4%; McAuliffe with 2%; Klobuchar with 1%
  269. ^ Zuckerberg with 7%; Klobuchar and McAuliffe with 1%
  270. ^ Cuban with 7%; Klobuchar with 1%
  271. ^ Franken with 3%; Brown with 2%; Castro with 0%
  272. ^ This poll's favourability ratings were the last to be calculated using the "Democratic Party member" subsample. All YouGov/Economist polls' favourability ratings after this date are calculated with the "Democratic Primary Voter" subsample.
  1. ^ a b c d 'Likely voters' here combines the 'likely voter' and 'definite voter' categories in the linked poll.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "DNC Announces Details For The First Two Presidential Primary Debates". Democratic National Committee. February 14, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  2. ^ Montellaro, Zach (June 6, 2019). "Who's in — and out — of the first Democratic debates". Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  3. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (September 9, 2019). "Who will make the fourth Democratic debate?". Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  4. ^ Verhovek, John (May 29, 2019). "ABC News to host 3rd Democratic primary debate in September as DNC announces higher qualifying threshold". ABC News. Retrieved May 29, 2019.

External linksEdit