Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
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The Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines (Filipino: Ispiker ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas) is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives, as well as the fourth highest and most powerful official of the Government of the Philippines.
|Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines|
Ispiker ng Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Philippine House of Representatives
Flag of the House of Representatives
|Appointer||Elected by the Philippine House of Representatives|
|Term length||3 Years|
|Inaugural holder||Sergio Osmeña|
|Formation||October 16, 1907|
|Succession||Third in the Presidential Line of Succession|
|Website||Speaker of the House|
The Speaker is elected by a majority of all of the Representatives from among themselves. The Speaker is the third and last in line in succession for the presidency, after the President of the Senate of the Philippines, and Vice President of the Philippines.
A Speaker may be removed from office in a coup, or can be replaced by death or resignation. In some cases, a Speaker may be compelled to resign at the middle of a Congress' session after he has lost support of the majority of congressmen; in that case, an election for a new Speaker is held. Despite being a partisan official, the Speaker (or whoever is presiding) does not vote unless in breaking ties in accordance with the Rules of the House of Representatives.
The incumbent House Speaker is former Senator and Secretary of Foreign Affairs Alan Peter Cayetano from Taguig-Pateros under the 18th Congress of the Philippines. He was elected on July 22, 2019, and is the 22nd person to serve as Speaker.
When the Office of the Speaker is vacant (usually at the beginning of a new Congress), the Secretary-General of the House sits as the Speaker until a person is elected. A Speaker is usually elected via majority vote via roll call of the Representatives, after nomination at the start of each new Congress. Usually, despite the current multi-party system used, only two representatives are nominated, with nominations being agreed upon before each Congress during caucuses between the administration and opposition coalitions, with the chosen candidate of the majority coalition being almost certain to win by a large margin. The two competing candidates by tradition vote for each other; those who voted for the speaker-elect is assigned as the "majority" coalition while those who didn't are the minority coalition, with the losing candidate usually being named as Minority Leader.
In the 2013 election, there were three candidates for the speakership. In this case, the candidates didn't vote for each other, and the second-placed candidate became Minority Leader and headed the minority bloc. The third-placed candidate became the leader of the "independent minority" bloc. Only the majority and minority blocs were given seats in committees. There was a chance that neither candidate would get a majority of votes; it is undetermined on what should be done if that happened.
According to Section 15 of Rule 4 of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the duties and powers of the Speaker as the political and administrative head of the House are as follows:
a. prepare the legislative agenda for every regular session, establish systems and procedures to ensure full deliberation and swift approval of measures included therein, and may, for the purpose, avail of the assistance of the Deputy Speakers, the Majority Leader, the Chairpersons of the standing committees and other Members of the House;
b. conduct regular monthly caucus of all Members or groups thereof or as often as may be necessary to discuss priority measures and to facilitate dialogue, consensus and action on issues and concerns affecting the House and the performance of its functions;
c. exercise general supervision over all committees and, in furtherance thereof, conduct regular monthly meetings with the Chairpersons and Vice-Chairpersons of all standing and special committees to set legislative targets, review performance in the attainment of targets, ensure that the priority legislative measures of committees are attuned to the legislative agenda of the House, and resolve such other issues and concerns that affect the operations and performance of the committees;
d. as far as practicable, establish an efficient information management system in the House utilizing among others, modern digital technology, that can:
1. facilitate access to and dissemination of data and information needed in legislation inclusive of facilitating real time translation of plenary proceedings in the major Philippine dialects and languages;
2. provide a simplified and comprehensive process of gathering, recording, storage and retrieval of data and information relating to activities and proceedings of the House;
3.sustain a public information program that will provide accessible, timely and accurate information relating to the House, its Members and officers, its committees and its legislative concerns inclusive of facilitating, as far as practicable, broadcast coverage of plenary and committee proceedings;
e. establish an efficient and effective system to monitor and evaluate the performance of legislative tasks and duties of the House, its Members and its committees;
f. establish coordinative linkages with the Senate of the Philippines to efficiently monitor and facilitate Senate action on House measures pending with the same;
g. preside over the sessions of the House and decide all questions of order subject to appeal by any Member who may explain the appeal in not more than five (5) minutes: Provided, That the appeal shall not be subject to debate, and no explanation of vote shall be allowed in case of nominal voting;
h. designate a Member as temporary presiding officer after informing the Deputy Speakers: Provided, That any such designation shall be effective for one session day only;
i. take appropriate measures as may be deemed advisable or as the House may direct, to preserve order and decorum in the session hall, the galleries, lobbies, chambers, offices, corridors and premises of the House;
j. sign all acts, resolutions, memorials, writs, warrants and subpoenas that may be issued by or upon order of the House;
k. perform administrative functions such as, among others:
k1. appointment of personnel of the House with authority to delegate this power;
k2. suspension, dismissal or imposition of other disciplinary measures on House personnel in accordance with Civil Service rules: Provided, That the suspension or dismissal of the Secretary General and the Sergeant-at-Arms shall take effect only upon the concurrence of the majority of all the Members;
k3. consolidation or splitting of vacant positions carrying salaries and wages which may be increased or reduced in the process, and/or creation of new positions in accordance with the General Appropriations Act: Provided, That the total amount involved shall not exceed the total amount appropriated for the salaries and wages of the personnel of the House; and
k4. implementation of merit-based policies and programs on personnel recruitment, training and development, promotions, incentives and benefits to ensure that the House has a corps of competent professionals able to provide needed legislative support services;
l. prepare the annual budget of the House with the assistance of the Committee on Accounts;
m. in consultation with the Committee on Rules, prepare the rules and regulations governing public access to personal data and related information, including statements of assets and liabilities, of Members of the House;
n. in consultation with the Minority Leader, shall develop through an appropriate entity of the House a system for drug testing in the House of Representatives, which may provide for the testing of any Member, officer, or employee of the House, and otherwise shall be comparable in scope to the system for drug testing in the executive branch, Provided, That the expenses of the system may be paid from applicable accounts of the House for official expenses; and
o. require the submission of performance reports at the end of every regular session and fiscal year from the committee chairpersons, the Secretary General and the Sergeant-at-Arms, and such other reports as may be required from all concerned officers and offices of the House.
And according to Section 16 of the Rule 4 of the Rules of the House, the Speaker must "be the permanent head of delegation and representative of the House in all international parliamentary gatherings and organizations: Provided, that the Speaker may designate any Member to be the representative of the Speaker. The Speaker shall also determine, upon the recommendation of the Majority Leader, in consultation with the Chairperson of the Committee on Inter-Parliamentary Relations and Diplomacy, who shall constitute the House delegation to any international conference or forum of parliamentarians and legislators and the secretariat support staff to be mobilized for the purpose."
List of SpeakersEdit
In some lists that count only the Speakers of the House of Representatives, the Speakers of the Batasang Pambansa are excluded; in that case, subtract 2 from every number from Mitra onwards.
|1||Sergio Osmeña||Nacionalista||Cebu-2nd||1st Legislature||October 16, 1907–February 11, 1922||Insular Government|
|2||Manuel Roxas||Capiz-1st||Sixth||February 11, 1922–1934|
|3||Quintín Paredes||Abra||Tenth||1934–November 15, 1935|
|4||Gil Montilla||Negros Occidental||First||November 25, 1935–December 30, 1938||Commonwealth|
|5||José Yulo||Negros Occidental||Second||January 24, 1939–December 30, 1941|
|During the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, the Commonwealth went into exile in the United States and the National Assembly was dissolved. It was replaced by the unrelated National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Republic.||Second Republic|
|6||Benigno Aquino, Sr.||KALIBAPI||Tarlac At-Large||National Assembly||October 17, 1943–February 2, 1944|
|After the liberation, the winners of the 1941 elections were finally able to assume their positions.||Commonwealth|
|7||José Zulueta||Nacionalista||Iloilo-1st||First Commonwealth Congress||June 9, 1945–December 20, 1945|
|After the restoration of the Commonwealth, new elections were held to elect new members of the House of Representatives.|
|8||Eugenio Pérez||Liberal||Pangasinan-2nd||Second||May 25, 1946–July 4, 1946|
|First Congress||July 5, 1946–December 30, 1949||Third Republic|
|Second||December 30, 1949–December 30, 1953|
|9||José Laurel Jr.||Nacionalista||Batangas-3rd||Third||January 25, 1954–December 30, 1957|
|10||Daniel Romualdez||Leyte-4th||Fourth||January 27, 1958–March 9, 1962|
|11||Cornelio Villareal||Liberal||Capiz-2nd||March 9, 1962–February 2, 1967|
|(9)||José Laurel Jr.
|Nacionalista||Batangas-3rd||February 2, 1967–April 1, 1971|
|Liberal||Capiz-2nd||April 1, 1971–September 23, 1972|
|Following the declaration of martial law, the sitting president, Ferdinand Marcos ruled by decree and possessed legislative power until the election of the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978. The Interim Batasang Pambansa was replaced the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984.||Second Dictatorship|
|12||Querube Makalintal||KBL||NCR||Interim Batasan||June 12, 1978–June 30, 1984|
|13||Nicanor Yñiguez||Southern Leyte||Regular Batasan||July 23, 1984–March 25, 1986|
|After the People Power Revolution where Marcos was overthrown, president Corazon Aquino abolished the Regular Batasang Pambansa and ruled by decree (executive order and proclamations only), possessing legislative powers until after the ratification of the 1987 Constitution, where the bicameral Congress was restored.|
|14||Ramon Mitra Jr.||LDP||Palawan-2nd||Eighth||July 27, 1987–June 30, 1992||Fifth Republic|
|15||Jose de Venecia Jr.||Lakas||Pangasinan-4th||Ninth||July 27, 1992–June 30, 1998|
|16||Manuel Villar, Jr.||LAMMP||Las Piñas||Eleventh||July 27, 1998–November 13, 2000|
|17||Arnulfo Fuentebella||NPC||Camarines Sur-3rd||November 13, 2000–January 24, 2001|
|18||Feliciano Belmonte Jr.||Lakas
|Quezon City-4th||January 24, 2001–June 30, 2001|
|(15)||Jose de Venecia Jr.
|Pangasinan-4th||Twelfth||July 23, 2001–February 5, 2008|
|19||Prospero Nograles||Davao City-1st||Fourteenth||February 5, 2008–June 30, 2010|
|(18)||Feliciano Belmonte Jr.
|Liberal||Quezon City-4th||Fifteenth||July 26, 2010–June 30, 2016|
|20||Pantaleon Alvarez||PDP-Laban||Davao del Norte-1st||Seventeenth||July 25, 2016–July 23, 2018|
|21||Gloria Macapagal Arroyo||Pampanga-2nd||July 23, 2018–June 30, 2019|
|22||Alan Peter Cayetano||Nacionalista||Taguig-Pateros||Eighteenth||July 22, 2019–incumbent|
Speakers per regionEdit
List of speakers per partyEdit
Living former Speakers of the HouseEdit
Currently there are six living former Speakers of the House:
Legend: A person's name in boldface means that the person is an actively serving Member of the House of Representatives.