Paulista Republican Party

  (Redirected from Republican Party of São Paulo)

The Paulista Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Paulista, PRP), sometimes translated as the Republican Party of São Paulo,[1] was a Brazilian political party founded on April 18, 1873 during the Itu Convention and sparked the first modern republican movement in Brazil.

Paulista Republican Party
Partido Republicano Paulista
Historical leader(s)Prudente de Morais,
Campos Sales,
Rodrigues Alves,
Washington Luís,
Júlio Prestes
FoundedApril 18, 1873 (1873-04-18)
DissolvedDecember 2, 1937 (1937-12-02)
HeadquartersSão Paulo
NewspaperCorreio Paulistano
IdeologyRepublicanism
Federalism
Regionalism
Agrarianism
Coffee with Milk Politics
Conservative liberalism
Secularism
Political positionCentre-right

HistoryEdit

Initially a band of revolutionaries supported by a local newspaper, the PRP was created by liberal professionals (lawyers, doctors, engineers etc.) and, more importantly by important rural landowners from São Paulo. The primary objective of the party was to implement a republican federation in Brazil, with a weak central government, giving a degree of autonomy to the states, which did not exist during the Imperial era.

The proclamation of the Brazilian Republic on November 15, 1889, initiated a new order of political power in Brazil, which was to be called República Velha, and the country was to be governed by presidents strongly influenced by powerful landowners. The presidents were always candidates of the PRP or of the PRM from the state of Minas Gerais, with both being supported by powerful landowners. This policy was to be nicknamed "coffee with milk politics" (política do café com leite), alluding to the fact that São Paulo state made its wealth through exporting coffee, and Minas Gerais was famous for producing milk.

With the new republican regime, the PRP was no longer a band of revolutionaries, as it was during the Empire, but an institution dedicated to a form of bureaucracy that would dictate government policy until 1930, when Getúlio Vargas assumed control and abolished the PRP and the PRM.

Electoral resultsEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Running mate Colligation First round Second round Result Sources
Votes % Votes %
1891 Prudente de Morais (PRP) None None 97 41.45% (#2) - - Lost  N [2]
None Floriano Peixoto (Independent) None 153 65.38% (#1) - - Elected  Y
None Prudente de Morais (PRP) None 12 5.13% (#3) - - Lost  N
1894 Prudente de Morais (PR Federal) None PR Federal; PRP 290,883 88.38% (#1) - - Elected  Y [3]
None Manuel Vitorino Pereira (PR Federal) PR Federal; PRP 266,060 78.36% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1898 Campos Sales (PRP) None PRP; PRM 420,286 91.52% (#1) - - Elected  Y [4]
None Rosa e Silva (PR Federal) PR Federal; PRP; PRM 412,074 89.45% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1902 Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None PRP; PRM 592,038 93.30% (#1) - - Elected  Y [5]
None Silviano Brandão (PRM) PRM; PRP 563,734 87.83% (#1) - - Elected  Y
None Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None 4 0.0006% - - Lost  N
1906 Afonso Pena (PRM) None PRM; PRP 288,285 97.92% (#1) - - Elected  Y [6]
Campos Sales (PRP) None None 95 0.032% (#3) - - Lost  N
None Nilo Peçanha (PRF) PRF; PRM; PRP 272,529 92.96% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1910 Ruy Barbosa (PRP) None None 222,822 31.51% (#2) - - Lost  N [7]
None Manuel Joaquim de Albuquerque Lins (PRP) None 219,106 35.00% (#2) - - Lost  N
1914 Venceslau Brás (PRM) None PRM; PRP; PPR; PRF 532,107 91.58% (#1) - - Elected  Y [8]
None Urbano Santos (PRM) PRM; PRP; PPR; PRF 556,127 96.21% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1918 Rodrigues Alves (PRP) None PRP; PRM 386,467 99.03% (#1) - - Elected  Y [9]
None Delfim Moreira (PRM) PRM; PRP 382,491 99.42% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1919 Epitácio Pessoa (PRM) None PRM; PRP 286,373 70.96% (#1) - - Elected  Y [10]
Ruy Barbosa (PRP) None None 116,414 28,85% (#2) - - Lost  N
1922 Artur Bernardes (PRM) None PRM; PRP 466,972 59.46% (#1) - - Elected  Y [11]
Washington Luís (PRP) None None 149 0.01% (#4) - - Lost  N
None Urbano Santos (PRM) PRM; PRP 447,595 56.85% (#1) - - Elected  Y
None Washington Luís (PRP) None 368 0.03% (#3) - - Lost  N
1926 Washington Luís (PRP) None PRP; PRM 688,528 99.70% (#1) - - Elected  Y [12]
None Fernando de Melo Viana (PRM) PRM; PRP 685,754 99.62% (#1) - - Elected  Y
None Washington Luís (PRP) None 208 0.030% (#5) - - Lost  N
1930 Júlio Prestes (PRP) None PRP; PRB 1,091,709 59.39% (#1) - - Elected  Y [13]
None Vital Soares (PRB) PRB; PRP 1,079,360 59.67% (#1) - - Elected  Y
1934 None None None - - - - - [14]

Main representativesEdit

See alsoEdit

João de Sousa Campos (1813–1880)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "14. Brazil (1910-present)". University of Central Arkansas. Retrieved 2021-11-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Brasil, CPDOC-Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação História Contemporânea do. "PARTIDO REPUBLICANO PAULISTA (PRP)". CPDOC - Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  3. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  4. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  5. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  6. ^ "1945". 2012-04-26. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  7. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  8. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  9. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  10. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  11. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  12. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  13. ^ "1945". archive.vn. 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  14. ^ "Governo Constitucional de Getúlio Vargas (1934-1937) - História". InfoEscola (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-07-23.