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Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves

Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (Portuguese pronunciation: [frɐ̃ˈsisku dʒi ˈpawlɐ roˈdriɡis ˈawvis]; 7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s. Rodrigues Alves was elected President of Brazil in 1902 and served until 1906.

Rodrigues Alves
Rodrigues Alves 3.jpg
5th President of Brazil
In office
15 November 1902 – 14 November 1906
Vice PresidentSilviano Brandão (elect)
None (1902–1903)
Afonso Pena (1903–1906)
Preceded byCampos Sales
Succeeded byAfonso Pena

Did not take office
Vice PresidentDelfim Moreira (elect)
Preceded byVenceslau Brás
Succeeded byDelfim Moreira
Other positions
5th and 9th President of São Paulo
In office
1 May 1912 – 1 May 1916
Vice PresidentCarlos Augusto Pereira Guimarães
Preceded byAlbuquerque Lins
Succeeded byAltino Arantes
In office
1 May 1900 – 13 February 1902
Vice PresidentDomingos de Morais
Preceded byFernando Prestes
Succeeded byDomingos de Morais
Minister of Finance
In office
15 November 1894 – 20 November 1896
PresidentPrudente de Morais
Preceded byCassiano do Nascimento
Succeeded byBernardino de Campos
In office
26 November 1891 – 31 August 1892
PresidentFloriano Peixoto
Preceded byGonçalves de Faria
Succeeded byGonçalves de Faria
President of the São Paulo Province
In office
19 November 1887 – 27 April 1888
MonarchPedro II
Preceded byCount of Parnaíba
Succeeded byDutra Rodrigues
Personal details
Born(1848-07-07)7 July 1848
Guaratinguetá, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
Died16 January 1919(1919-01-16) (aged 70)
Rio de Janeiro, Distrito Federal, Brazil
Political partyConservative Party (before 1889)
Republican Party of São Paulo (1889-1919)
Spouse(s)Ana Guilhermina Borges
ProfessionLawyer, politician

During this term he remodeled the then Brazilian capital, Rio de Janeiro, an effort punctuated by the 1904 "Vaccine Revolt". He was elected president for a second term in 1918, but died in the influenza pandemic before assuming power, on 16 January 1919. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Delfim Moreira.


Rodrigues Alves was born in the city of Guaratinguetá, São Paulo. He graduated as a lawyer from the Faculdade de Direito do Largo de São Francisco, São Paulo, in 1870. His public career started as councilman in his native city, from 1866 to 1870. He became prosecutor in 1870. In 1872 he became a member of the state house of representatives until 1879. Also during the period of the Empire of Brazil, he took office as president of the province of São Paulo, from 1887 til 1888. After the proclamation of the Republic, he was a member of the Constitutional Assembly, and also a member of the house of representatives (1891/1893). He occupied the position of Treasury Secretary twice, from 1891 to 1892 and from 1894 to 1896.

Rodrigues Alves and his children, 1913.

He assumed his second mandate as state president in São Paulo from 1 May 1900 to 13 February 1902). On February 13 he resigned to run for Brazil's presidency.

He was elected to rule as Brazil's 5th president from 1902 to 1906. He distinguished himself as a great city planner and public financier. He applied his experience in the re-urbanization of the capital of the Republic, Rio de Janeiro.

He ran again for the presidency in 1918, won the election with over 99% of the vote, and was scheduled to take office on 15 November 1918. He was unable to do so because of illness, and he died on 16 January 1919, a victim of the Spanish flu epidemic of 1918–1919.[1]

40 years later in 1959, his grand-nephew, Carlos Alberto Alves de Carvalho Pinto, assumed his title of state president in São Paulo where he was the president of the state for 4 years.


  1. ^ Frank D. McCann (2004), Soldiers of the Pátria: a history of the Brazilian Army, 1889–1937, Stanford University Press, ISBN 978-0-8047-3222-2

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
The Count of Parnaíba
President of the
São Paulo Province

Succeeded by
Dutra Rodrigues
Preceded by
Fernando Prestes
President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Domingos de Morais
Preceded by
Campos Sales
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Afonso Pena
Preceded by
Albuquerque Lins
President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Altino Arantes
Preceded by
Venceslau Brás
President of Brazil (elect)
Did not take office
Succeeded by
Delfim Moreira