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Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒulju ˈpɾɛstʃiz dʒi awbuˈkɛɾki]; March 15, 1882 – February 9, 1946) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer and politician. He was the last elected President of Brazil of the period known as República Velha, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930. Júlio Prestes was the only politician who was elected President of Brazil to be impeded of taking office. He was the last person born in São Paulo to be elected President of Brazil until the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018.

Júlio Prestes
Retrato Júlio Prestes.jpg
President of Brazil

Did not take office[a]
Vice PresidentVital Soares
Preceded byWashington Luís
Succeeded byMilitary Junta of 1930
13th President of São Paulo
In office
July 14, 1927 – May 21, 1930
Vice PresidentHeitor Teixeira Penteado
Preceded byCarlos de Campos
Succeeded byHeitor Teixeira Penteado
Federal Deputy for São Paulo
In office
May 3, 1923 – July 13, 1927
State Deputy of São Paulo
In office
April 7, 1909 – April 7, 1923
Personal details
Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque

March 15, 1882
Itapetininga, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
DiedFebruary 9, 1946(1946-02-09) (aged 63)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyRepublican Party of São Paulo

On June 23, 1930 he became the second Brazilian person to be covered on the Time magazine.[1]


Early careerEdit

Prestes graduated with a Law degree from the Law School of São Paulo in 1906 (today's Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo). He married with Alice Viana Prestes, and had three children with her.

He started his political career in 1909, when he was elected State Representative in São Paulo by the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP). He was reelected several times until 1923, defending the public employee in São Paulo.

As a State representative, he introduced legislation that created the Court of Auditors of São Paulo and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnology of University of São Paulo. He was the author of the law that incorporated the Sorocabana Railroad to the São Paulo State patrimony.

In Revolution of 1924, he fought on the Coluna Sul, with Ataliba Leonel and Washington Luís, expelling the rebels of the region of Sorocaba.

Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos de Campos
13th President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Pedro Manuel de Toledo
Preceded by
Washington Luís
President of Brazil

Succeeded by
Military Junta of 1930


  1. ^ Júlio Prestes, elected on 1 March 1930, never took office due to the 1930 coup that deposed his predecessor Washington Luís.


  1. ^ "Júlio Prestes na capa da revista americana Time".

External linksEdit