Júlio Prestes

Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒulju ˈpɾɛstʃiz dʒi awbuˈkɛɾki]; 15 March 1882 – 9 February 1946) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer and politician. He was the last elected President of Brazil of the period known as the Old Republic, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930. Prestes was the only politician to be elected President of Brazil and then impeded from taking office.[1] He was also the last person born in São Paulo to be elected president until the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018.

Júlio Prestes
Retrato Júlio Prestes.jpg
President-elect of Brazil
In role
21 May 1930 – 24 October 1930
Vice PresidentVital Soares (elect)
Preceded byWashington Luís
Succeeded byMilitary Junta (interim)
President of São Paulo
In office
14 July 1927 – 21 May 1930
Vice PresidentHeitor Teixeira Penteado
Preceded byCarlos de Campos
Succeeded byHeitor Teixeira Penteado
Federal Deputy for São Paulo
In office
14 May 1923 – 14 July 1927
State Deputy of São Paulo
In office
7 April 1909 – 7 April 1923
Personal details
Born
Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque

15 March 1882
Itapetininga, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
Died9 February 1946(1946-02-09) (aged 63)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyPRP
Signature

On June 23, 1930, he became the second Brazilian featured on the cover of Time magazine.[2]

Early careerEdit

Prestes graduated with a law degree from the Law School of São Paulo (today the Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo) in 1906. He married Alice Viana Prestes and had three children with her.

He started his political career in 1909, when he was elected State Representative in São Paulo by the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP). He was re-elected several times until 1923, and became noted for his defense of the public employee in São Paulo.

As a State Representative, he introduced legislation that created the Court of Auditors of São Paulo and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnology of the University of São Paulo. He was the author of the law that incorporated the Sorocabana Railroad in the São Paulo State patrimony.

In the Revolution of 1924, Prestes fought on the Coluna Sul, with Ataliba Leonel and Washington Luís, expelling the rebels of the region of Sorocaba.

Political offices
Preceded by 13th President of São Paulo
1927–1930
Succeeded by
Preceded by President-elect of Brazil
1930
Succeeded by
Military Junta (interim)

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Uruguay - The struggle for national identity". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  2. ^ "Júlio Prestes na capa da revista americana Time". Time.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009.

External linksEdit