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Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒulju ˈpɾɛstʃiz dʒi awbuˈkɛɾki]; March 15, 1882 – February 9, 1946) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer and politician. He was the last elected President of Brazil of the period known as República Velha, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930. Júlio Prestes was the only politician who was elected President of Brazil to be impeded of taking office. He was the last person born in São Paulo to be elected President of Brazil until the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018.
|President of Brazil|
Did not take office[a]
|Vice President||Vital Soares|
|Preceded by||Washington Luís|
|Succeeded by||Military Junta of 1930|
|13th President of São Paulo|
July 14, 1927 – May 21, 1930
|Vice President||Heitor Teixeira Penteado|
|Preceded by||Carlos de Campos|
|Succeeded by||Heitor Teixeira Penteado|
|Federal Deputy for São Paulo|
May 3, 1923 – July 13, 1927
|State Deputy of São Paulo|
April 7, 1909 – April 7, 1923
Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque
March 15, 1882
Itapetininga, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
|Died||February 9, 1946 (aged 63)|
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
|Political party||Republican Party of São Paulo|
Prestes graduated with a Law degree from the Law School of São Paulo in 1906 (today's Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo). He married with Alice Viana Prestes, and had three children with her.
He started his political career in 1909, when he was elected State Representative in São Paulo by the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP). He was reelected several times until 1923, defending the public employee in São Paulo.
As a State representative, he introduced legislation that created the Court of Auditors of São Paulo and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnology of University of São Paulo. He was the author of the law that incorporated the Sorocabana Railroad to the São Paulo State patrimony.
Carlos de Campos
| 13th President of São Paulo
Pedro Manuel de Toledo
| President of Brazil
Military Junta of 1930
- Júlio Prestes, elected on 1 March 1930, never took office due to the 1930 coup that deposed his predecessor Washington Luís.