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List of political parties in Brazil

Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), the Social Liberal Party (PSL) and the Democrats (DEM) together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.

Since 1982 Brazilian political parties have been given an electoral number to make it easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, two-digit numbers were assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Often political parties change their names but retain their number.

Summary of parliamentary PartiesEdit

In the Federal SenateEdit

As of February 2019[2]

  • 13 seats: MDB
  • 9 seats: PSD
  • 6 seats: DEM, PP, PT
  • 8 seats: PODE, PSDB
  • 4 seats: PDT, PSL
  • 3 seats: PPS, PROS, PSB, REDE
  • 2 seats: PL
  • 1 seat: PRB, PSC
  • 1 seat: Independent

In the Chamber of DeputiesEdit

As of February 2019[3]

  • 55 seats: PT
  • 54 seats: PSL
  • 39 seats: PP
  • 38 seats: PL
  • 36 seats: PSD
  • 34 seats: MDB
  • 32 seats: PSB
  • 31 seats: PRB
  • 30 seats: PSDB
  • 28 seats: DEM, PDT
  • 13 seats: SD
  • 12 seats: PODE
  • 11 seats: PTB
  • 10 seats: PSOL, PROS
  • 8 seats: NOVO, CIDA, PSC, PCdoB
  • 7 seats: AVANTE
  • 5 seats: PATRI
  • 4 seats: PV
  • 1 seat: PMN, REDE, Without Political Party

Current partiesEdit

Party name (Portuguese) Party name (English) Abbrev. TSE number Foundation date Registration date Number of members Ideology Position Relevant People
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro Brazilian Democratic Movement MDB 15 1965 30 June 1981 2,398,324 Syncretic politics; Centrism; Populism;Semiprecidentialism (minority) Centre Michel Temer
Partido dos Trabalhadores Workers' Party PT 13 1980 11 February 1982 1,589,260 Social democracy; Lulism; Labour movement; Syndicalism Centre-left to left-wing Luís Inácio Lula da Silva; Dilma Rousseff; Gleisi Hoffmann; Fernando Haddad
Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira Brazilian Social Democracy Party PSDB 45 1988 24 August 1988 1,443,769 Social democracy; Social liberalism; Christian democracy; Economic liberalism; Anti-petism (minority) Centre Fernando Henrique Cardoso; Aécio Neves
Progressistas Progressives PP 11 1995 16 November 1995 1,436,720 Conservative liberalism; Liberal conservatism; Classical liberalism; Conservatism Right-wing Paulo Maluf; Ciro Nogueira
Partido Democrático Trabalhista Democratic Labour Party PDT 12 1979 10 November 1981 1,248,632 Nationalism; Democratic socialism; Labour movement; Brizolism; Populism Centre-left Ciro Gomes; Leonel Brizola; Carlos Lupi
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro Brazilian Labour Party PTB 14 1981 3 November 1981 1,191,746 Centrism; Populism; Federalism; Nationalism; Getulism (historical) Centre Roberto Jefferson; Ivete Vargas
Democratas Democrats DEM 25 1985 11 September 1986 1,095,712 Economic liberalism; Liberal conservatism; Christian humanism Centre-right Rodrigo Maia; Davi Alcolumbre
Partido Liberal Liberal Party PL 22 2006 19 December 2006 796,764 Nationalism; Liberal conservatism Centre-right José Tadeu Candelária
Partido Socialista Brasileiro Brazilian Socialist Party PSB 40 1947 1 July 1988 644,663 Social democracy; Democratic socialism Centre-left Eduardo Campos
Cidadania Citizenship CDN 23 1992 19 March 1992 479,886 Social democracy; Social liberalism; LGBT Rights Centre-left Roberto Freire
Partido Social Cristão Social Christian Party PSC 20 1985 29 March 1990 417,221 Clericalism; Conservatism Right-wing to far-right Pastor Everaldo
Partido Comunista do Brasil Communist Party of Brazil PCdoB 65 1962 23 June 1968 389,407 Communism; Marxism-Leninism Left-wing to far-left Manuela d'Ávila
Republicanos Republicans REP 10 2005 25 August 2005 383,684 Christian democracy; Social conservatism Centre-right Marcos Pereira
Partido Verde Green Party PV 43 1986 30 September 1993 374,606 Environmental Movement; Parliamentarism; Green politics; Syncretic politics Centre-left Eduardo Jorge
Partido Social Liberal Social Liberal Party PSL 17 1994 2 June 1998 354,387 Conservativism; Social conservatism; Christian right; Militarism; Economic liberalism; Anti-communism; Brazilian nationalism; Monarchism (minority) Right-wing to far-right Luciano Bivar
Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party PSD 55 2011 27 September 2011 311,706 Centrism; Syncretic politics; Economic liberalism Centre to centre-right Gilberto Kassab
Partido da Mobilização Nacional Party of National Mobilization PMN 33 1984 25 October 1990 222,750 Left-wing nationalism; Agrarianism Centre-left to left-wing Antonio Carlos Bosco Massarollo
Partido Trabalhista Cristão Christian Labour Party PTC 36 1985 22 February 1990 196,558 Liberal conservatism; Christian democracy; [[Labour movement Centre-right Daniel Tourinho
Avante Avante AVANTE 70 1989 11 October 1994 184,816 Centrism; Populism; Labour movement; Nationalism Centre Luís Tibé
Democracia Cristã Christian Democracy DC 27 1995 5 August 1997 184,225 Christian democracy Centre-right José Maria Eymael
Solidariedade Solidarity SD 77 2013 24 September 2013 161,914 Labour movement; Humanist Movement Centre-left Paulinho da Força
Podemos We Can PODE 19 1945 2 October 1997 158,777 Labour movement; Populism Centre Renata Abreu
Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro Brazilian Labour Renewal Party PRTB 28 1994 28 March 1995 134,606 Nationalism; Labour movement; Conservatism; Anti-communism; Janism Right-wing to far-right Hamilton Mourão; Levy Fidelix
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade Socialism and Liberty Party PSOL 50 2004 15 September 2005 122,396 Democratic socialism; Left-libertarianism; Anti-capitalism; LGBT Rights Left-wing to far-left Luciana Genro; Guilherme Boulos
Partido Republicano da Ordem Social Republican Party of the Social Order PROS 90 2010 24 September 2013 85,599 Economic liberalism; Social conservatism;Republicanism Centre-left Eurípedes de Macedo Júnior; Fernando Collor de Mello
Patriota Patriot PATRI 51 2011 19 June 2012 68,687 Conservatism; Anti-globalization movement; Brazilian nationalism; Christian democracy Right-wing to far-right Cabo Daciolo; Adilson Barroso
Partido Novo New Party NOVO 30 2011 15 September 2015 48,892 Economic liberalism; Right-libertarianism Right-wing João Amoedo; Ricardo Salles
Partido da Mulher Brasileira Party of the Brazilian Women PMB 35 2015 29 September 2015 42,619[4] Anti-feminism; Women's rights Centre to centre-right Suêd Haidar Nogueira
Rede Sustentabilidade Sustainability Network REDE 18 2013 23 September 2015 24,036 Environmental Movement; Green politics; Social democracy; Third Way Centre to Centre-left Marina Silva; Joênia Wapichana
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado United Socialist Workers' Party PSTU 16 1972 19 December 1995 17,361 Trotskyism; Morenism; Labour movement Far-left José Maria de Almeida; Vera Lúcia
Partido Comunista Brasileiro Brazilian Communist Party PCB 21 1922 25 March 1922 14,847 Communism; Socialism; Marxism-Leninism; Anti-capitalism Far-left Ivan Pinheiro; Edmilson Costa; Mauro Iasi
Partido da Causa Operária Factory Workers' Cause Party PCO 29 1995 30 September 1997 3,585 Trotskyism; Communism; Socialism; Anti-capitalism; Marxism-Leninism; Labour movement Far-left Rui Costa Pimenta; Pedro Paulo de Abreu

Non-registeredEdit

Waiting for registration in the Superior Electoral Court:

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. Foundation date Ideology Position
Partido Comunista Revolucionário - Unidade Popular pelo Socialismo Revolutionary Communist Party - Popular Unity for Socialism PCR-UP May 1966 Communism, Marxism-Leninism Far-left
Partido Nacional Corinthiano Corinthians National Party PNC 2012 Corinthianism, Antiautoritarism Left-wing
Libertários Libertarians LIBER 20 June 2009 Libertarianism, Minarchism, Anarcho-capitalism Right-wing
Partido dos Servidores Públicos e dos Trabalhadores da Iniciativa Privada do Brasil Public Servers and Private Initiative Workers' of Brasil Party PSPB 2007 Socialism, Labour movement Far-left
Partido da Real Democracia Parlamentar Royal Parliamentary Democracy Party RDP 9 November 2013 Monarchism, Conservatism, Nationalism, Parliamentarism Right-wing to far-right
Partido Pirata do Brasil Pirate Party of Brazil PIRATAS 28 July 2012 Pirate politics, Freedom of information Centre
Aliança Renovadora Nacional New National Renewal Alliance ARENA 1 July 2012 Conservatism, Nationalism, Economic liberalism, Meritocracy Right-wing
Partido dos Conservadores Conservatives' Party PACO 2003 Conservatism, Anti-communism, Judeo-Christianism Right-wing
União Democrática Nacional (Nova) National Democratic Union (New) UDN 2014 Conservatism, Economic liberalism Right-wing
Partido Político dos Animais Animals' Political Party ANIMAIS 2016 Animal Rights, Animal Welfare, Environmental Movement, Green Politics Centre-Left
Aliança pelo Brasil Alliance for Brazil APB 12 November 2019 Conservatism, Brazilian nationalism, Anti-communism, Right-wing populism Right-wing to far-right
Aliança Nacional National Alliance AN Separatism, Independentism[disambiguation needed], Federalism Centre
Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista Marxist–Leninist Communist Party PCML Marxism-Leninism, Stalinism Far-left

FormerEdit

Recently absorbed or merged partiesEdit

Abbrev. Name (Portuguese) Name (English) TSE number Ideology Merged in Year
PSD Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party 41 Centrism, Social democracy PTB 2002
PGT Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores General Party of the Workers 30 Centrism, Social democracy PL 2002
PST Partido Social Trabalhista Social Labour Party 18 Centrism PL 2002
PAN Partido dos Aposentados da Nação Party of the Nation's Retirees 26 Centrism PTB 2006
PL Partido Liberal Liberal Party 22 Centrism, Populism PR 2006
PRONA Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order 56 Nationalism, Populism PR 2006
PRP Partido Republicano Progressista Progressive Republican Party (Brazil) 44 Conservatism Patriota 2018
PPL Partido Pátria Livre Free Fatherland Party 54 Left-wing nationalism Communist Party of Brazil 2018
PHS Partido Humanista da Solidariedade Humanist Party of Solidarity 31 Centre-right Podemos 2018

HistoricalEdit

Abbrev. Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Ideology Lifetime
PCB Partido Comunista Brasileiro Brazilian Communist Party Communism 1922–1992
PL Partido Libertador Liberator Party Federalism 1928-1937, 1945-1965
AIB Ação Integralista Brasileira Brazilian Integralist Action Integralism, Fascism 1933–1938
PRP Partido de Representação Popular Popular Representation Party Integralism, National conservatism 1945–1966
PTB Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro Brazilian Labour Party Nationalism, Populism 1945–1966;
PSD Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party Conservatism, Populism 1945–1966
UDN União Democrática Nacional National Democratic Union Conservatism 1945–1966
PDC Partido Democrata Cristão Christian Democratic Party Christian democracy, Conservatism 1945-66; 1985–1993
PSP Partido Social Progresista Progressive Social Party Conservatism, Populism 1947–1966
ARENA Aliança Renovadora Nacional National Renewal Alliance Party Conservatism, Nationalism 1966–1979
MDB Movimento Democrático Brasileiro Brazilian Democratic Movement Centrism 1966–1979
PDS Partido Democrático Social Democratic Social Party Conservatism 1979–1993
PRN Partido da Reconstrução Nacional National Reconstruction Party Centrism, Populism 1989–2000
PPR Partido Progressista Reformador Reform Progressive Party Conservatism, Christian democracy 1993–1995

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Freedom House report on Brazil, 2007
  2. ^ Full list of Senators ordered by Party, Brazilian Senate website. (in Portuguese) Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  3. ^ Full list of Deputies, Brazilian Chamber of Deputies website. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Eleitores filiados". Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (in Portuguese). Retrieved 25 July 2018.