Refrontolo (Venetian: Refróntol) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Treviso in the Italian region Veneto, located about 50 kilometres (31 miles) north of Venice and about 30 km (19 mi) north of Treviso, representing the third smallest municipality by number of inhabitants (1,732) in the province, preceded only by Portobuffolé and Monfumo. It is located in a hilly viewpoint between Quartier del Piave and Montello, and it is crossed by the Prosecco and Conegliano-Valdobbiadene Hills Wine Road (Italian: Strada del Prosecco e Vini dei Colli Conegliano e Valdobbiadene) established in 1966. The municipality is in fact famous for the production of the Marzemino wine (called Colli di Conegliano Refrontolo Passito DOCG). Since July 7, 2019, Refrontolo's hills have been inscribed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site as The Prosecco Hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene (Italian: Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene).

Refrontolo
Refróntol
Rex Frondium, Roncus Frondium (Latin)
Comune di Refrontolo
MENA transcription(s)
 • Arabicرفرونتولو
 • RomanizationRfrwntwlw
Rfruntwlw
Rfrwntulw
Rfruntulw
Rfrwntwlu
Rfruntwlu
Rfrwntulu
Rfruntulu
 • ArmenianՌեֆրոնտոլո
 • RomanizationṚefrondolo
Ṙefrontolo
Rrefrvontvolvo
Asian transcription(s)
 • CyrillicРефронтоло
 • RomanizationRyefrontolo
 • Katakanaレフロントロ
 • RomanizationRefurontoro
 • Traditional雷夫龙托洛
 • Simplified雷夫龙托洛
 • PinyinLéifūlóngtuōluò
Panorama di Refrontolo - Foto di Paolo Steffan.jpg
Refrontolo is located in Italy
Refrontolo
Refrontolo
Refrontolo (Italy)
Coordinates: 45°54′50″N 12°15′04″E / 45.9139°N 12.251°E / 45.9139; 12.251[notes 1]
Terna Group28.679 (Nove 71 - Pieve)
28.680 (Pieve - Trevignano)
28.792 (Nervesa - Nove 71)
Union European Union
Country Italy
Region Veneto
ProvinceFlag of Brescia.svg Treviso
Treviso DomainJanuary 2, 1266 (Oath to Podestà)
Collalto FiefdomFebruary 3, 1312
IncorporationDecember 22, 1807 (Napoleon)
Frazione1810
Autonomy1889
Frazione1928
AutonomyApril 26, 1946
Founded byHuman Settlement
Named forFrom the Latin Ronco (deforested, tillaged), and Frontulo (a topographic indication referring to a wooded area), meaning a village between wooded hills
SeatRefrontolo, Pieve di Soligo
Località
9 Località
  • Boschi
  • Case Sparse
  • Crevada
  • Federa
  • Fornaci
  • Lot
  • Mire
  • Molinetto della Croda
  • Rorè
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyMunicipal Council
 • MayorMauro Canal (Per Refrontolo)
 • Deputy MayorRoberto Collodel
 • AssessorPaola Lorenzon
 • SeatsPer Refrontolo [8]
Passione Comune [3]
Area
 • Municipality5.03 sq mi (13.04 km2)
 • Rank2,470th
Elevation709 ft (216 m)
Highest elevation
1,250 ft (380 m)
Lowest elevation
279 ft (85 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Municipality1,702
 • Estimate 
(2011)
1,824
 • Rank3,338th
 • Density340/sq mi (130/km2)
  • Rank4,675th
DemonymsRefrontolani
Refrontolesi
Foreigners
 • Romanians33.33%
 • Ukrainians09.72%
 • Bosnians05.56%
 • Britons05.56%
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal Code
31020
Dialing Code0438
GeocodeTV
ISO 3166 codeIT
License PlateI
ISTAT Code026065
CatastoH220
Patron SaintMargaret the Virgin
Saint DayJuly 20
Sister CityÉquemauville
Seismic Zone2
Climatic AreaE
Degree Day2,623
WebsiteComune di Refrontolo
Official nameThe Prosecco Hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene (Italian: Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene)
LocationItaly
Part ofCore Zone, Buffer Zone
IncludesHilly land (not necessarily coinciding with the administrative boundaries) falling within the Valdobbiadene, Miane, Farra di Soligo, Pieve di Soligo, Follina, Cison di Valmarino, Refrontolo, San Pietro di Feletto, Revine Lago, Tarzo, Vidor, and Vittorio Veneto municipal areas for the Core Zone, in addition to Conegliano, Susegana, and San Vendemiano municipalities for the Buffer Zone
CriteriaCultural: V
Reference1571
Inscription2019 (43rd Session)
Extensions1,302.76 ha
EndangeredNo
Area20,334.2 ha
Buffer zone43,988.2 ha
WebsiteConegliano Valdobbiadene
Coordinates45°57′11″N 12°13′34″E / 45.953028°N 12.226111°E / 45.953028; 12.226111
Historically Part Of
Dummy flag.png Venetic People6th–1st c. BCE
Flag of Rome with SPQR.svg Roman Republic238BCE–27BC
Flag of Rome with SPQR.svg Roman Empire027CE–471CE
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Byzantine Empire471CE–476CE
Dummy flag.png Kingdom of Italy476CE–493CE
Dummy flag.png Ostrogothic Kingdom493CE–553CE
Dummy flag.png Lombard Kingdom568CE–774CE
Flag of Brescia.svg March of Treviso???CE–697CE
Flag of Veneto.svg Republic of Venice0697CE–1797CE
Flag of Italy.svg Cisalpine Republic1797CE–1802CE
Flag of Italy.svg Italian Republic1802CE–1805CE
Flag of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.svg Kingdom of Italy1805CE–1814CE
Flag of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia.svg Lombardy–Venetia1815CE–1866CE
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Kingdom of Italy1861CE–1946CE
Flag of Italy.svg Italian Republic1946CE–Present

Refrontolo borders the following municipalities: Cison di Valmarino, Pieve di Soligo, San Pietro di Feletto, Susegana, Tarzo.

DemographicsEdit

OverviewEdit

In 2016 the natural growth rate of Refrotolo was -6.9, with 11 newborns, 23 deceased, and thus a natural balance of -12. The people entering Refrontolo from other municipalities were 43 (39 were instead leaving), the ones entering from abroad were 7 (5 were leaving Italy), while 1 was written in the registry because of administrative corrections (3 removed), for a total migratory balance of 4, and a migration rate of 2.3. Overall the total growth rate was decreasing (-4.6), and with a population of 1,747 on January the 1st, and 1,739 on December the 31st, the average number of people living in the municipality was 1,743.

Refrontolo's Population From 1861 To 2018
Year Population Households ±
N. ±% ♂% N. Size Births Deaths Δ
N. ±% N. ±% N. ±% N. ±%
1871 1,310 −−−−−− −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1881 1,290 −1.50% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1901 1,469 +13.9% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1911 1,882 +28.1% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1921 2,177 +15.7% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1931 2,271 +4.30% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1936 2,163 −4.80% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1951 2,072 −4.20% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1961 1,686 −18.6% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1971 1,582 −6.20% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1981 1,662 +5.10% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
1991 1,708 +2.80% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
2001 1,805 +5.70% −−−−− −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −− −−−−−−− −−−
2002 1,802 −0.28% 51.4% −−− −−−−−− −−− −−−−−− 19 −−−−−−− 14 −−−−−−− +05
2003 1,809 +0.39% 51.5% 680 −−−−−− 2.66 −−−−−− 11 −42.11% 17 +21.43% −06
2004 1,820 +0.61% 51.2% 689 +1.32% 2.64 −0.75% 18 +63.64% 11 −35.29% +07
2005 1,800 −1.10% 50.6% 686 −0.44% 2.62 −0.76% 21 +16.67% 16 +45.45% +05
2006 1,798 −0.11% 50.7% 691 +0.73% 2.6 −0.76% 14 −33.33% 13 −18.75% +01
2007 1,793 −0.28% 50.8% 696 +0.72% 2.58 −0.77% 17 +21.43% 20 +53.85% −03
2008 1,799 +0.33% 50.5% 707 +1.58% 2.54 −1.55% 21 +23.53% 20 ±00.00% +01
2009 1,815 +0.89% 49.6% 717 +1.41% 2.53 −0.39% 06 −71.43% 14 −30.00% −08
2010 1,863 +2.64% 49.7% 717 ±0.00% 2.6 +2.77% 17 +183.33% 16 +14.29% +01
2011 1,814 −2.63% 49.7% 729 +1.67% 2.49 −4.23% 13 −23.53% 13 −18.75% ±00
2012 1,797 −0.94% 49.4% 730 +0.14% 2.46 −1.20% 22 +69.23% 22 +69.23% ±00
2013 1,786 −0.61% 49.4% 726 −0.55% 2.46 ±0.00% 10 −54.55% 15 −31.82% −05
2014 1,764 −1.23% 49.4% 716 −1.38% 2.46 ±0.00% 15 +50.00% 21 +40.00% −06
2015 1,747 −0.96% 49.2% 711 −0.70% 2.46 ±0.00% 08 −46.67% 17 −19.05% −09
2016 1,739 −0.46% 49.5% 708 −0.42% 2.46 ±0.00% 11 +37.50% 23 +35.29% −12
2017 1,732 −0.40% −−−−− 710 +0.28% 2.44 −0.81% 07 −36.36% 16 −100.0% −09
2018 1,702 −1.73% −−−−− 711 +0.14% 2.39 −2.05% 07 ±00.00% 24 +22.47% −17
Migratory Flow
Year From To Net Migration Rate Aliens
Italy Abroad Other Italy Abroad Other Abroad Total N. % ♂%
2002 29 02 00 41 00 00 +02 −10 −−− −−−− −−−−−
2003 53 10 00 50 00 00 +10 +13 −−− −−−− −−−−−
2004 48 08 00 45 07 00 +01 +04 −−− −−−− −−−−−
2005 23 02 00 47 03 00 −01 −25 060 3.3% 51.7%
2006 33 13 00 49 00 00 +13 −03 065 3.6% 49.2%
2007 56 03 00 61 00 00 +03 −02 067 3.7% 52.2%
2008 44 08 00 45 02 00 +06 +05 076 4.2% 47.4%
2009 56 05 00 37 00 00 +05 +24 084 4.6% 44.0%
2010 73 08 00 31 03 00 +05 +47 102 5.5% 45.1%
2011 50 11 04 55 18 00 −07 −08 093 5.1% 43.0%
2012 40 15 04 59 12 05 +03 −17 109 6.1% 42.2%
2013 39 06 15 55 10 01 −04 −06 105 5.9% 42.9%
2014 41 05 08 56 10 04 −05 −16 102 5.8% 43.1%
2015 34 01 03 36 06 04 −05 −08 090 5.2% 38.9%
2016 43 07 01 39 05 03 +02 +04 074 4.3% 35.1%
2017 30 05 01 32 01 01 +04 +02 −−− −−−− −−−−−
2018 33 06 02 46 03 05 +03 −13 −−− −−−− −−−−−

EconomyEdit

The locality is particularly suited for wine production, thanks to the presence of constant currents of fresh and dry air that allow the natural drying of the grapes. In the municipality there are in fact fourteen wineries, and one of them is also a bottler. Typical, being the viticulture a rooted and integrated practice of the area, are the vineyards, historically cultivated as espaliers. Other forms of traditional and/or historical cultivation are the Sylvoz (espalier), overturned, and double-inverted. Cultivated vines are Prosecco, Marzemino, Verdiso Zentil, and Manzoni Bianco 6.0.13. The density of the vines is 2,500 Ha.

Refrontolo Passito DOCGEdit

Marzemino has a centuries-old history, and distant origins. Also known in Veneto with the synonyms of Berzamino, Barzemin and Bassamino, it would later spread to Lombardy, Emilia, Friuli, and Trentino. It is believed that the Marzemino vine spread in Carinthia thanks to the Roman colonists, taking its name from Marzimin, a village in that region, and that from this area the cultivation subsequently extended to the Venetian regions. In the fifteenth century Marzemino was known throughout Padania and Friuli; in the Adige valley it was introduced by the militias of the Republic of Venice in the period of its maximum expansion. In fact, towards the middle of the sixteenth century the wine produced from this vine was one of the most appreciated among noble families, and it is precisely Marzemino that is mentioned in the second act of the famous opera Don Giovanni by Mozart, with the phrase "Versa il vino! Eccellente Marzimino!" (the quote is a clear reference to the Treviso area and not to the Trentino one, and everything is proven by the origin of Lorenzo Da Ponte, author of the libretto of Mozart's opera, who lived as a young man on these hills).

Today the Treviso vine is known as Marzemino of Refrontolo, from which the Refrontolo Passito is produced, and it is the drying technique that differentiates it from all the other varieties, making it unique and sought after as a "black pearl" in an area suited for white wines.

Refrontolo Passito is found within the Colli di Conegliano Refrontolo Passito DOCG zone, in a very limited area defined by the municipalities of Pieve di Soligo, San Pietro di Feletto, and in particular by the hills of Refrontolo, where the old biotype of Marzemino of Refrontolo is cultivated, since it is the only one that produces suitable grapes to obtain Refrontolo Passito. The Marzemino grapes are harvested in October, and they must be at least 95%, while the remaining 5% can be non-aromatic red grapes recommended or authorized by the province of Treviso. Subsequently the grapes are placed on traditional racks where they dry up until the week of Christmas in order to reach a minimum alcoholic strength of 14 degrees. The maximum yield of grapes into wine must not exceed 45%. The vinification is then followed by maturation in small oak barrels with various decantations up until it becomes clear for its bottling in spring. An aging in the bottle for at least three months precedes the release on the market, which cannot take place before March 1 after the harvest. Only about thirty companies produce the “pearl”, for an annual production of about 160,000 0.75cl-bottles, which are difficult to find, as admirers try to grab at least a few bottles of this excellence.

Refrontolo Passito is a structured and balanced red dessert wine, from grapes partially dried on racks of a beautiful deep ruby red color, with a characteristic and marked scent of blackberries. It should be accompanied by desserts with a not very high sugar content, therefore it perfectly combines with dry pastries, tart with plum jam, sbrisolona cake, but also with blue cheeses. It should be served at a temperature of 14-15°, and it presents itself as pleasant and moderately sweet, rich in aroma and flavors, with a well-centered alcohol content and a very pleasant level of acidity. It can be considered mature in 10–12 months of life.

CultureEdit

FolkloreEdit

The bòna manEdit

The tradition of New Year's greetings, involving above all the little ones, who, visiting the homes of relatives and acquaintances, received, in exchange of a greeting nursery rhyme (the bòna man), some sweets or some change. The custom was also widespread among the adults, and generally consisted of seasonal nuts.

'L panevìnEdit

Fire ritual that still takes place, above all thanks to the initiative of the Pro Loco, on the evening of January 5, the epiphany's eve. Now practiced with folkloristic accents, once a tradition, rich in cultural meanings, consisting of different phases.

'L porzhèl de Sant'AntoniEdit

It was a pig, donated by a devotee, who soon became accustomed to going around the houses of the village, where it received the lavadura. It was then killed on the day of Saint Anthony, January 17, put up for auction, and the proceeds donated to the poorest or to charitable works.

CarnevalEdit

Neighboring families, or those of the same district, were used to gather at the sound of an accordion, to dance and consume crostoi, frìtoe, and castagnòle. On the last Thursday of the carnival (dióba zhozhoèr) pieces of lard (zhózoi), or other pieces of pork, were offered to the beggars, who stuck them on wooden skewers, while during the last Friday of the carnival (vèndre gnocolèr), gnocchi were a must for the villagers.

San ValentinEdit

The festivity is summarized in the proverb: San Valentin, the naranzhe picade al spin, translatable into Valentine's Day, the oranges attached to the thorn; lovers picked up a branch of hawthorn, and stuck an orange into each thorn. The homage was then placed, during the night, on the threshold of the beloved's house.

OrganizationsEdit

Organization Type Notes
A.V.I.S. - Sez. di Pieve di Soligo e Refrontolo Volunteering Blood Donation
ASD Refrontolo Calcio Sports Club Football Club
Associazione Animalista Mici Felici Volunteering Animal Rescue Group
Associazione Due Cuori per la Vita Grassroots Health Promotion
Associazione Lyra Cultural Center Music
Associazione Molinetto della Croda Volunteering Museum
Associazione Musicale "Giovani Accordi" e "Piccolo Coro" di Refrontolo Cultural Center Musical Ensemble
Associazione Pro Loco Grassroots Pro Loco
Circolo Ricreativo Arcobaleno Cultural Center After-School Activity
Comitato Refrontolo-Brasile Volunteering Interculturalism
Gruppi Familiari Al-Anon - Forza e Speranza per Amici e Familiari di Alcolisti Volunteering Alcoholics Anonymous
Gruppo Alpini di Refrontolo Corps Alpini
Gruppo Marciatori Sports Club Racewalking
Legambiente del Vittoriese Volunteering Legambiente
Protezione Civile - Gruppo di Refrontolo Volunteering Protezione Civile
Riserva Zona Alpi Sports Club Hunting
Squadra Palio delle Botti di Refrontolo Grassroots Competitive Barrel Rolling

GovernmentEdit

The municipality has its own functions, and those conferred by the state and regional laws, according to the principle of subsidiarity. It contributes to the determination of the objectives contained in the plans and the programs of the state and the regions and, within the boundaries of its legal competence, provides for their specification and implementation, as well as for the exercise of all the functions suitable to satisfy the interests and needs of the community, with the aim of reaching and consolidating, with a programming method, those values that allow a better quality of life, in compliance with the state and regional laws. The municipality can also carry out its functions through the activities that can be adequately exercised by the autonomous initiative of the citizens and their social formations.

The municipal governing body is composed by the Municipal Council, the City Committee, and the Mayor.

Municipal CouncilEdit

  Per Refrontolo   Passione Comune
Name Role Body(ies) Assignment(s)
Mauro Canal Mayor Mayor Urban Planning, Housing Authority, HR, Agriculture and Economic Development, Environment, Civil Defense, Immigration Service, Government Budget
Roberto Collodel Deputy Mayor City Committee, Municipal Council Public Works, Transport Infrastructure, Public Security and Law Enforcement, Preservation, Data Management, Levies
Paola Lorenzon Assessor City Committee, Municipal Council Social Services, Youth Program, Sport, Culture, Education, Associationism, Tourism
Federica Meneghel Councilor Municipal Council Majority Leader, Environment (adjunct), Tourism (adjunct)
Gabriella Campodall'Orto Councilor Municipal Council
Andrea Della Colletta Councilor Municipal Council Agriculture and Economic Development (adjunct), Preservation (adjunct)
Ylenia Meneghin Councilor Municipal Council Sport (adjunct)
Francesca Doimo Councilor Municipal Council Immigration Service (adjunct), Associationism (adjunct), Levies (adjunct)
Gianpiero De Diana Councilor Municipal Council Minority Leader
Es Saadiya Barouz Councilor Municipal Council
Nicola Attilio Bottega Councilor Municipal Council
Historical Councilors
1868: Andrea Sanzovo (Substitute), Antonio Calcinoni (Substitute), Antonio Lava, Antonio Lorenzon, Giacomo Morona, Giovanni Bottega, Giovanni Tittonel, Girolamo Negri, Giuseppe Baldo, Gregorio Lorenzon (City Committee), Luigi Antoniazzi, Luigi Donadel, Paolo Pros, Pietro De Stefani (City Committee).
1890:[notes 5] Celeste Bottega, Ernesto Nascinben, Giacomo De Noni, Luigi Donadel, Giacomo Meneghetti, Gino Spada, Giovanni De Anna, Giuseppe Corradini, Giuseppe Pollesel (Chancellor), Italo Galli, Pasquale Fortran, Pietro Colles, Pietro Soldan, Pietro Stefanelli, Vincenzo Bottega.
1909:[notes 6] Angelo Tormena, Aristide Serra, Bortolo Brait, Celeste Meneghin, Giovanni Bottega, Giuseppe Corradin, Giuseppe De Lozzo, Giuseppe Lorenzon, Giuseppe N.N. Francesco Lava, Luigi Donadel, Natale Meneghetti, Nicolò Spada, Pietro Ceschin, Pietro Stefanelli.
1917: Aristide Serra, Benvenuto Pol, Bortolo Brait, Deodato Lorenzon, G. B. Faustino Brunetti, Giovanni Bottega, Giovanni De Lotto, Giovanni Donadel, Giuseppe Corradini, Giuseppe De Lozzo, Giuseppe Meneghin, Giuseppe Pilla (son of Angelo), Leone De Toffoli, Natale Meneghetti, Nicolò Spada, Pietro Ceschin.
1946: Adolfo De Luca, Annibale Trentin, Bernardino Lot, Celso Busetti, Emilio Zaccaron, Giacomo De Noni, Giovanni De Martin, Giuseppe Bottega, Giuseppe Donadel, Isidoro Lot, Leone Morgan, Luigi Lorenzon, Pietro De Nardo.
1951: Antonio Collodel, Augusto Lorenzon, Giovanni Bernardi, Domenico Lorenzon, Giovanni De Martin, Giovanni Introvigne, Giuseppe Liessi, Giuseppe Meneghetti, Gregorio De Stefani, Italo Cesca, Luigi Lorenzon, Luigi Zanco, Silvio Lot, Vittore Casagrande.
1956: Abramo Lorenzon, Alessio De Noni, Enrico Miotto, Erminio Ceschin, Giovanni De Luca, Giovanni Lorenzon, Giuseppe Zanutto, Guerrino Balbinot, Leopoldo Fortran, Mario Fortran, Pier Luigi De Stefani, Pietro Bottega, Regina Meneghetti, Renato Nadalin.
1960: Abramo Lorenzon, Alessio De Noni, Antonio Della Colletta, Antonio Lorenzon, Bernardo Lot, Daniele Collodel, Enrico Miotto, Giuseppe Lorenzon, Gregorio De Stefani, Guerrino Balbinot, Livio Zaccaron, Regina Meneghin, Rino Granzotto, Vito Dalle Ceste.
1964: Alessio De Noni, Bernardo Lot, Erminio Ceschin, Germano Collodel, Gino Callegher, Giovanni De Martin, Giovanni Lorenzon, Guerrino Balbinot, Livio Zaccaron, Mansueto Bernardi, Pier Luigi De Stefani, Pietro Lorenzon, Regina Meneghetti, Rino Granzotto.
1970: Alvise Dal Vecchio, Antonio Cesca, Arvedo Benedetti, Bruno Biasi, Ferdinando Lot, Germano Collodel, Giacinto Tomasi, Giovanni Lorenzon, Livio Zaccaron, Luigi De Stefani, Mansueto Bernardi, Pier Luigi De Stefani, Pietro Lorenzon, Sergio Antoniazzi.
1975: Angelo Lot, Antonio son of G. Lorenzon, Antonio N.N. V. Lorenzon, Bernardo Lot, Domenico Rosolen, Ennio Lot, Giuseppe Zanutto, Livio Zaccaron, Luigi De Martin, Luigino Antoniazzi, Margherita Meneghetti, Maria Lucchetta, Renzo Liessi, Sante Toffoli.
1980: Angelo Lot, Antonio Lorenzon, Beniamino De Stefani, Carlo Bertollo, Domenico Rosolen, Ferdinando Bortolotto, Guseppe Zanutto, Livio Zaccaron, Luciano Nannini, Luisa De Stefani, Margherita Meneghetti, Mario Zanzotto, Renzo Liessi, Sante Toffoli.
1985: Antonio Lorenzon, Carlo Bertollo, Gino Lot, Giuseppe Bottega, Giuseppe Zanutto, Leo Zara, Luciano Nannini, Paolo De Stefani, Paolo Miotto, Pier Luigi De Stefani, Pierluigi Bernardi, Pietro Lorenzon, Raffaele De Noni, Sergio Lot.
1990: Carlo Bertollo, Claudio Lucchet, Elena Lucia Antoniazzi, Enrico Dalle Ceste, Ferdinando Bortolotto, Giannino Bernardi, Gino Lot, Giuseppe Bottega, Leo Zara, Paolo Miotto, Pierluigi Bernardi, Raffaele De Noni, Roberto Morgan, Sergio Lot.
1995: Anna De Nadai, Claudio Lucchet, Elena Lucia Antoniazzi, Giuseppe Liessi, Orietta Lot, Pietro Lorenzon, Quanito Zambon, Raffaele De Noni, Roberto Morgan, Sante Toffoli, Valeria Dal Vecchio, Valter Bastianel.
1999: Carlo Bertollo, Carlo Callegher, Claudio Lucchet, Elena Lucia Antoniazzi,[notes 7] Federica Trevisanello, Giampiero De Luca, Giuseppe Liessi, Giuseppe Sossai, Manlio Boscheratto, Quanito Zambon, Roberto Collodel, Roberto Morgan, Rosa Rizzo.
2009: Alberto Dalle Ceste, Andrea Della Colletta, Bruno Piol, Claudio Lucchet, Luca Lorenzetto, Luciano Salvador, Maria Pia Orecchia, Mauro Canal, Mirko Della Colletta, Pietro Lorenzon, Renzo Zanet, Serena Antoniazzi.
2014: Barbara Teo, Cristina Foltran, Elisabetta Cadamuro, Fabio Tittonel, Luca Bernardi, Mauro Canal, Mirko Della Colletta, Nicola Antoniazzi, Pasquale Lorenzon, Roberto Collodel, Roberto De Stefani.
2019: Andrea Della Colletta, Es Saadiya Barouz, Federica Meneghel, Francesca Doimo, Gabriella Campodall'Orto, Gianpiero De Diana, Nicola Attilio Bottega, Paola Lorenzon, Roberto Collodel, Ylenia Meneghin.

MayorEdit

The mayor is the body responsible for the municipal administration, and performs functions of representation, presidency, and superintendency, and eventually of Government Officer as established by the Legislative Decree 267/2000, which also defines the procedures for his election, the cases of incompatibility and ineligibility to the office, its status, and the causes of termination and forfeiture of office.

Administrative dutiesEdit

The mayor has competences and powers of direction, supervision and control of the activity of the assessors, and of the management and executive bodies, by the issuance of directives to the municipal secretary, the general manager, if appointed, and to the managers of the administrative services, verifying the compliance of the administrative management results in accordance with the given guidelines.

He appoints the members of the municipal council, choosing among them the deputy mayor, and has the power to revoke them by giving motivated communication to the council; he also appoints the managers of the public administration, assigning and defining the needed executive offices and the external collaboration assignments according to the criteria established by the articles 109 and 110 of the Legislative Decree 267/2000, as well as by the municipal statute and regulations.

Moreover he promotes and takes initiatives to ensure that the offices, services, special companies, institutions, and joint stock companies belonging to the municipality carry out their activities according to the guidelines indicated by the municipal council, or the objectives defined by the City Committee, summons the conference between the representatives of all the interested parties in order to verify the possibility of realizing the program agreement and promoting its conclusion (even at the request of one or more of the interested parties), and has initiative and liaison powers with the bodies of popular participation in the local administration, calling meetings for referenda on matters of exclusive local competence, and thus setting up the office for the referenda operations.

List of mayors of RefrontoloEdit

[notes 8][notes 9]

  Undocumented   Public Administration   Centre   League/League-FI   Centre-Left
Mayor Period Affiliation
Corrado Stefanelli 1868[notes 10][notes 11][notes 12] 1890 Undocumented
Nicolò Spada 1890 1909 Undocumented
G. B. Faustino Brunetti 1909 1914 Undocumented
Giuseppe Corradini 1917 1917 Undocumented
Arturo Marchetti[notes 13][notes 14][notes 15] 1918 1919 Undocumented
Giuseppe Pilla 1921 1926 Undocumented
Pietro Colles[notes 16] 1927 1927 PNF
Lorenzo Toffano[notes 17] 8 November 1945[notes 18] 11 April 1946 Prefecture
Gregorio De Stefani[notes 19] 1 August 1946 7 June 1951 Undocumented
Angelo Fregolent 7 June 1951 15 June 1956 Undocumented
Isidoro Lorenzon 16 June 1956 21 November 1960 Undocumented
Renzo Liessi 22 November 1960 11 December 1964 Undocumented
Renzo Liessi 12 December 1964 14 July 1970 Undocumented
Renzo Liessi 15 July 1970 16 July 1975 Undocumented
Quanito Zambon 17 July 1975 15 July 1980 Undocumented
Quanito Zambon 16 July 1980 17 June 1985 Undocumented
Pietro Lorenzon 18 June 1985 1 June 1990 Undocumented
Pietro Lorenzon 2 June 1990 22 April 1995 Undocumented
Carlo Bertollo 23 April 1995 12 June 1999 Civic List
Sante Toffoli 13 June 1999 12 June 2004 Civic List
Mariagrazia Morgan 13 June 2004 6 June 2009 Insieme per Refrontolo
Mariagrazia Morgan 7 June 2009 24 May 2014 Per Refrontolo
Loredana Collodel 25 May 2014 25 May 2019 Progetto Refrontolo
Mauro Canal 26 May 2019 Incumbent Per Refrontolo

TimelineEdit

Notable peopleEdit

TriviaEdit

Essential bibliographyEdit

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  • Archivio di Stato di Venezia. Refrontolo: Notifiche al Censo Provvisorio del Catasto Napoleonico del 1812. Atti Preparatori al Catasto Austriaco (in Italian). Venice.
  • Archivio Comunale di Refrontolo. Delibere della Giunta e del Consiglio Comunale dal 1919 al 1927 e dal 1946 al 2003. Fogli di Famiglia, Vecchia Anagrafe 1890-1924 (in Italian). Refrontolo.
  • Archivio Parrochiale di Santa Margherita di Refrontolo. Registri Parrochiali dei Battesimi, dei Matrimoni e dei Morti dal 1624. Bollettino Parrochiale (Anni 1973-2003) (in Italian). Refrontolo.
  • Alpago Novello, L.; Trevisi, L.; Zava, A. (1882). Monografia Agraria dei Distretti di Conegliano, Oderzo e Vittorio. Atti della Giunta Agraria per l'Inchiesta Agraria e sulle Condizioni della Classe Agricola (in Italian). Vol. V, Tome II. Rome.
  • Vv.Aa. (1997). Pieve di Soligo e la Gastaldia di Solighetto dal Medioevo all'Età Contemporanea (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Battistella, O.; Lazzari, A.; Garzoni, T. (1927). Guida di Treviso e Provincia: Nuovo Indicatore Commerciale, Industriale, Professionale, Amministrativo, con Notizie Storico-Artistiche (Biennio 1926-27) (in Italian). Treviso.
  • Bevilacqua, Silvia (2001). Arte per il Sacro nel Quartier del Piave e nel Feletto (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Canova. ISBN 978-8884090614.
  • Boerio, Giuseppe (1856). Dizionario del Dialetto Veneziano (in Italian). Venezia: G. Cecchini Royal Press.
  • Cengarle, Federica; Chittolini, Giorgio; Varanini, Gian Maria (1995). Castelli tra Piave e Livenza. Atti del III Convegno (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: Schede d'Archivio. pp. 185-206 [Per Una Storia delle Fortificazioni della Valmareno e del Quartier del Piave nel Medioevo (Secoli XI-XIV), G. P. Cagnin].
  • Ceschin, C. (1934). Refrontolo: Memorie e Ricordi (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1980). Il Quartier del Piave e della Val Mareno: Storie e Leggende (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: TIPSE.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1982). El Panevin: Tradizioni Popolari del Quartier del Piave e della Val Mareno (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Nuova Stampa 3.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1984). Personaggi Illustri del Quartier del Piave e della Val Mareno (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Nuova Stampa 3.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1987). Il Quartier del Piave Nel Primo Novecento (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Nuova Stampa 3.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1988). Gli Anni della Grande Guerra nel Quartier del Piave (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Nuova Stampa 3.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico (1989). Prosecco: Assolo di Vino (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Dall'Anese, Enrico; Martorel, Paolo (1991). Il Quartier del Piave e la Valle del Soligo: Guida Storico-Artistica (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Da Lozzo, Celeste (1991). L'Attività Mineraria: Storia di Un Percorso sulla Dorsale Collinare Molinetto, San Zuanet e le Grotte Carsiche tra Refrontolo e San Pietro di Feletto (in Italian). Feltre: Nuova Stampa 3.
  • Zerbi, Myriam; Esposito, Mario; Reale, Isabella, eds. (2003). Emma Ciardi: Pittrice Veneziana tra '800 e '900 (Personaggi tra Ombra e Sole) (in Italian). Treviso: Canova. ISBN 978-8884090706.
  • Faldon, Nilo (1977). Rua di Feletto (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: TIPSE.
  • Bechevolo, Rino (1993). Faldon, Nilo (ed.). Diocesi di Vittorio Veneto (in Italian). Padova: Gregoriana Libreria Editrice.
  • Federici, Domenico Maria (1803). Memorie Trevigiane sulle Opere di Disegno dal Mille e Cento al Mille Ottocento, per Servire alla Storia delle Belle Arti d'Italia (in Italian). Venezia: Andreola. ISBN 978-1271436477.
  • Federici, F. (1966). Giocondo Protti: Un Profeta della Biologia. Clinica Europea, Attualità di Medicina (in Italian). Vol. V, N. 2. Rome.
  • Carpenè, Camillo (1969). Floriani, Abramo (ed.). Ombre e Luci dal Diario Inedito di Mons. Camillo Carpenè (8 settembre 1943 - 30 Aprile 1945) (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: TIPSE.
  • Franceschi, Antonio (1878). Un Fatto dei Collalto del Secolo XVI, Ovvero Estinzione della Linea del Conte Collaltino (in Italian). Treviso.
  • Molà, Luca; Mueller, Reinhold C.; Zanier, Claudio (2000). La Seta in Italia dal Medioevo al Seicento: dal Baco al Drappo. Presente Storico (in Italian). Venice: Fondazione Giorgio Cini. pp. 89-122 [La Contabilità Come Fonte: La Trattura della Seta nel Contado Trevigiano (Secolo XVII), Danilo Gasparini]. ISBN 978-8831774420.
  • La Gazzetta di Treviso (18–19 July 1878). Giornale Quotidiano Liberale-Progressista (in Italian). Province of Treviso.
  • Lorenzon, Pietro (2001). Il Molinetto della Croda Patrimonio della Comunità di Refrontolo, 1997-2001 (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Lorenzon, Pietro (2002). Associazione Pro Loco di Refrontolo: 1962-2002, 40 Anni di Attività (Storia, Tradizioni, Aneddoti, Curiosità) (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo.
  • Mietto, Paolo; Sauro, Ugo (2000). Grotte del Veneto: Paesaggi Carsici e Grotte del Veneto (in Italian). Vago: La Grafica. ISBN 978-8898513512.
  • Michelon, Bruno; Tomasi, Giovanni (2003). Gente di Tarzo (in Italian). Godega di Sant'Urbano: Dario De Bastiani Editore. ISBN 978-8884660411.
  • Mies, Giorgio (1989). Santi Nell'Arte tra Piave e Livenza (in Italian). Treviso: Sinistra Piave Servizi Editore.
  • Monterumici, Domenico (1870). Annuario Statistico-Amministrativo della Provincia di Treviso (in Italian). Treviso: Luigi Priuli Press.
  • Monterumici, Domenico (1886). Invasione Colerica (1885-86) nella Provincia di Treviso: Studio Statistico-Amministrativo (in Italian). Treviso.
  • Morgan, Ernesto (1996). Il Molinetto della Croda Racconta... Memorie di Ernesto Morgan (in Italian). Pieve di Soligo: Nuova Stampa.
  • Olivieri, Dante (1914). Saggio di Una Illustrazione Generale della Toponomastica Veneta (in Italian). Città di Castello.
  • Passolunghi, Pier Angelo (1985). Archivio per Susegana (in Italian). Treviso: Grafiche Marini.
  • Passolunghi, Pier Angelo (1987). I Collalto: Linee, Documenti, Genealogie per Una Storia del Casato (in Italian and Latin). Treviso: B&M Edizioni.
  • Passolunghi, Pier Angelo (2002). Le Contee di Collalto e di San Salvatore: Gli Statuti del 1581-83 e Altre Norme Inedite. Collana Fondazione Castello San Salvatore (in Italian). Cornuda: Castello S. Salvatore. ISBN 978-8890083402.
  • Pellegrini, Giovan Battista (1987). Ricerche di Toponomastica Veneta. Rete ita di Cultura Popolare (in Italian and Venetian). Padova: CLESP.
  • Perin, Giuseppe (1993). Refrontolo: Famiglie e Cognomi dal 1624 (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto.
  • Perin, Giuseppe (1998). Refrontolo: Volti e Immagini del Passato (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto.
  • Rizzi, Paolo (2000). Mostra Retrospettiva di Angelo Lorenzon. Catalog (in Italian). Mestrino.
  • Rorato, Giampiero (2002). Il Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene. Enoica (in Italian). Sona: Morganti Editori. ISBN 978-8887549324.
  • Ruzza, Vincenzo (1992). Dizionario Biografico Vittoriese e della Sinistra Piave. Sistema Bibliotecario del Vittoriese (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: Dario De Bastiani Editore.
  • Spada, Mario (1992). Diario dell'Invasione: Refrontolo 9 Novembre 1917 - 30 Ottobre 1918 (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto.
  • Titonel, Damira (2001). La Libertà Va Conquistata: Un'Emigrante Trevigiana nella Resistenza Francese (A Cura di Carmela Mantone). Nord Est (in Italian). Caselle: Cierre Edizioni. ISBN 978-8883141263.
  • Tomasi, Giovanni (1983). Dizionario del Dialetto di Revine. Serie Dizionari (in Italian). Vol. II. Belluno: Istituto Bellunese di Ricerche Sociali e Culturali.
  • Tomasi, Giovanni (1998). La Diocesi di Ceneda: Chiese e Uomini dalle Origini al 1586 (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto: Diocese of Vittorio Veneto.
  • Varnier, P. (1994). Refrontolo nella Storia (in Italian). Vittorio Veneto.
  • Verci, Giambatista B. (1979–1983). Storia della Marca Trevigiana e Veronese 1739-1795. 20 Volumes Collected in 10 Tomes (in Italian) (Anastatic Reprint (1786 Edition) ed.). Bologna: Arnaldo Forni.
  • Vv.Aa. (2001). Ville Venete: la Provincia di Treviso (a Cura di Chiovaro Simonetta). Ville Venete (in Italian). Venezia: Marsilio. ISBN 978-8831777629.
  • Zamboni, Alberto (1983). Le Origini del Cristianesimo tra Piave e Livenza, da Roma a Carlo Magno. L'Azione (in Italian). Vol. Toponomastica e Storia Religiosa Fino al IX Secolo [5]. Vittorio Veneto: TIPSE. pp. 45–78.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Coordinates referencing the Municipal Building located at Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, 1 45°55′32″N 12°12′29″E / 45.925555°N 12.207983°E / 45.925555; 12.207983.
  2. ^ The last election took place on May 26th, 2019.
  3. ^ The measure is defined as above the sea level from the point where the Municipal Building is located. The minimum and maximum values of the municipal territory were processed by ISTAT, and they were based on the digital land model (DEM), and on the data collected in the last census survey.
  4. ^ Composition of the top 50% foreigners residing in the municipality.
  5. ^ April 14, 1901.
  6. ^ According to data relative to October 10, 1909, June 15, 1913, and June 2, 1914.
  7. ^ Junta Member, Visiting Assessor
  8. ^ Until 1999 the name of the mayor and the list of councilors are reported in alphabetical order, regardless of the electoral list in which they were elected.
  9. ^ Until the Fascist period the data are very fragmented.
  10. ^ Refrontolo also includes the fraction of Barbisano.
  11. ^ Conegliano electoral district.
  12. ^ 8 Political Electors, 135 Administrative Electors.
  13. ^ From Casalecchio di Reno
  14. ^ Prefectural Commissioner of Pieve di Soligo, Refrontolo, and Susegana municipalities.
  15. ^ Prefectural Deputy Commissioner, Oscar Borrello, acting, A. Meneghetti and G. Bottega
  16. ^ Podestà
  17. ^ Prefectural Commissioner. Assistance of the municipal secretary Giuseppe Flais.
  18. ^ With a prefectural decree, on November 8, 1945, the municipality of Refrontolo is reconstituted.
  19. ^ From the 12th of April 1946, to the 01st of August 1946, the role of mayor had been held by Adolfo De Luca.

ReferencesEdit