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Pakistan Muslim League (Q)

The Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid e Azam Group) Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ (ق)‎; Acronyms: PML(Q), PML-Q, PMLQ) is a centre-nationalist[citation needed] political party in Pakistan. As of the 2018 Parliamentary election, it has a representation of 5 seats. It previously served as an ally of former Prime minister Raja Pervez Ashraf's then government, and led a joint election campaign in 2013 alongside Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in Punjab and Balochistan provinces against its rival Pakistan Muslim League (N), a fiscal conservative and centre-right force.

Pakistan Muslim League
پاکستان مسلم لیگ

PML
PresidentShujaat Hussain
Secretary-GeneralTariq Bashir Cheema
SpokespersonKamil Ali Agha
FounderMian Muhammad Azhar
Shujaat Hussain
Founded20 July 2002 (16 years ago) (2002-07-20)
Split fromPakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
HeadquartersParliament lodges, Parliament House, Islamabad
Youth wingPML Youth Wing
PML Minorities WingKalpana Devi
IdeologyPakistani nationalism
Conservatism[1]
Political positionCentre-right[2]
ColorsLight Green
SloganLive, let live... Giving hope to the hopeless
Senate
0 / 104
National Assembly
5 / 342
Punjab Assembly
10 / 371
Sindh Assembly
0 / 168
KPK Assembly
0 / 124
Balochistan Assembly
0 / 65
Azad Kashmir Assembly
0 / 49
Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly
0 / 33
Election symbol
Tractor (General Election 2018)

Its leadership and members were once part of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) presided by former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. After the 1997 general elections, political differences arose that ultimately led to the creation of a faction inside the party. The dissidents, led by Shujaat Hussain, called for strong and vocal support for the 1999 military coup d'état staged and led by then-Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Pervez Musharaff. In 2002, dissident leaders launched the party, focused on President Pervez Musharraf’s government. It later became an integral part of Musharraf's government and appointed their own Prime minister, Shaukat Aziz.

Dissident leader Shujaat Hussain was named party president, while the party began the annihilation of PML(N)'s structure. Full advantage was taken by Musharraf, who granted opportunities to the party with a goal of exclusive support of the government and to diminish the public support of Sharif.

National security adviser Tarik Aziz had played a pivotal role who "had engineered the idea in advance of the elections of 2002 of converting the PML(N)'s centre-right ideology back to centrism, PML(Q), the Q standing for "Quaid-e-Azam".[3] However the idea collapsed when PML (N) emerged as the largest conservative front and the largest opposition party.[4] The party suffered many setbacks thereafter when its membership began to disintegrate after forming a separate bloc with close association with the PML-N, including the Like-Minded and Avami League blocs and second, the former president's bloc.[4] Senior members joined PML-N, while the junior leadership defected to the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI).[4]

In September 2010, PML (Q) joined its similar ideological faction, PML-F, forming the Pakistan Muslim League (Pir Pagara), but this was short-lived when in May 2011 the party joined the Yousaf Raza Gillani led-government to fulfill the gap left by its rival PML-N.[5][6] However, the party announced its resignation from the Parliament, citing the failure of the Pakistan Peoples Party to resolve the energy crisis as the reason, which had direct impact on the federal government. The situation become better by giving relief in fuel prices on 15th June 2012.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The founder of PML (Q) is Mian Muhammad Azhar. It attracted influential members such as the Chaudhary's of Gujrat, Pervaiz Elahi and Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain. 75% of its elected members are former "big men" of the Zia ul Haq and Nawaz Sharif governments. PML-N factions broke away in 2001 under NAB's pressure to form PML (Q). They were staunch Musharraf supporters and consider him their mentor. Although, he was sometimes mistakenly cited as a member, he was never part of the party.

Split from PML-NEdit

PML (Q) started as a small group of half a dozen like-minded people in the Nawaz Sharif-led faction of PML-N, including Azhar, Khurshid Kasuri, Syeda Abida Hussain and her husband Syed Fakhar Imam. Azhar remained party president initially before he joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Musharraf asked Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervez Elahi to "galvanise and reinvent the Muslim League".[3] Several well known leaders later joined the PML (Q) while Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was president. PML(Q) launched on 20 August 2002.[3]

2002 general electionsEdit

During the 20 October 2002 legislative elections, the party won 25.7% votes and 126 out of 342 members.

Developments during PML(Q) Government (2002–2007)Edit

Some economic and social development indicators:

  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP), grew from $63 billion in 1999 to $162 billion, at an average of 7%.
  • Per capita income increased to $925 from $435.
  • Revenue collection, which was at around Rs. 300 billion in 1999, crossed a record Rs. 1 trillion.
  • Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP), which hovered around Rs. 80 billion during the 1988–99 period, reached Rs. 520 billion.
  • Foreign direct investment (FDI), which was around $300 million in 1999, grew to $6.5 billion.
  • Remittances were at a record $5.5 billion.
  • Exports rise from $9 billion to $17 billion.
  • Foreign Exchange reserves $16 billion.
  • Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) index rose to 14,000 from 1000 in 1999.

However, opponents point to all the achievements where over 10 years, at time of strong global economic growth, low oil prices and relative to other countries the achievements were average, particularly since a massive balance of payments crises began in 2008.

United PMLEdit

In May 2004, various PML factions and other political parties merged with PML-Q to form a united Pakistan Muslim League (PML), thus leaving out only the Nawaz Sharf-led faction. They included former President Farooq Leghari's Millat Party, Jahan Zaib Awan, National Peoples Party, Arbab Ghulam Rahim's Sindh Democratic Alliance, Hamid Nasir Chattha's PML (Junejo), Pir Pagara's PML (Functional), Manzoor Wattoo's PML (Jinnah), and Ijaz-ul-Haq's PML (Zia).[8] Later on, the Pir Pagara led faction called the PML-Functional again parted ways with the united PML, which reduced the number of parties called Pakistan Muslim League to three: PML-Q, PML-N and PML-F.

Wings of PMLQEdit

As a major political party, the PMLQ has several active wings:

  • Federal Capital Wing
  • Ulma e Mashaikh Wing
  • Hussain Lovers Wing
  • Women Wing
  • Minorities Wing
  • Human Rights Wing
  • Lawyers Wing
  • Youth Wing
  • Labour Wing
  • Culture Wing
  • Sports Wing

2008 general electionsEdit

The Pakistan Muslim League (Q) contested the February 2008 legislative election with other allied parties including Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (F), and National Peoples Party.[9] It was believed that the party wanted former Punjab Chief Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi to become Prime Minister. The PML (Q) lost major parliamentarians in the 2008 election, gaining only 49 elected seats, defeated by the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the PML (N).

PML (Q) Secretary-General Mushahid Hussain Syed said that, although the party had performed "far below expectations", it accepted defeat in the election "with grace" and would become an opposition party. In this election PML-Q was the second largest vote-getter.

2013 general electionsEdit

PML (Q) contested the 2013 election in alliance with PPP. The party won only 2 seats in national assembly, along with 8 seats in Punjab assembly and 4 seats in Balochistan assembly. In Sindh and KPK assemblies, they were shut out, cadging only 3.11% of popular vote, relegating it from number two to number six in terms of votes.

2018 general electionsEdit

PML (Q) contested the 2018 election. The party won 3 seats in national assembly, along with 10 seats in Punjab assembly and 1 seat in KPK assembly.

Party leadership and visionEdit

As of 2017 Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was president of PML-Q. He was elected unopposed. Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed is the secretary general, also unopposed.[citation needed]

'Like-minded group' break awayEdit

A rift within party leadership emerged with a faction calling themselves the 'Like-minded' bloc, who opposed the Chaudhry's of Gujrat leadership bid.

The new faction announced that Hamid Nasir Chattha would be the chairman, Salim Saifullah the president, and Humayun Akhtar Khan the secretary general. Other prominent leaders to join this parallel set-up includes (former foreign ministers) Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri (appointed as chairman of the steering committee) former information and organising secretary PML-Q Azeem Chaudhary, former member parliament Asiya Azeem, Gohar Ayub Khan and Kashmala Tariq.[10][11]

In February 2010, the mainstream PML-Q was further affected by the resignation of Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq, and the revival of his Pakistan Muslim League (Z) party.

AlliancesEdit

Party President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi consistently supported Musharraf. They were faithful to the general in even the most adverse circumstances.[12]

Shujaat Hussain's father Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi was initially a supporter of President Ayub Khan, but when Amir Mohammad Khan favoured some of his local opponents, he parted ways with Ayub's Convention Muslim League. He opposed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and later joined Zia's government. He was killed allegedly by Al-Zulfikar organisation for his support to General Zia. After Zahoor's death, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain continued to support Zia and his Islamization policies. Once the establishment parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1999, Hussain and Zahoor came to the rescue of stability and saw their new party PML (Q) win the general elections of 2002. Both the Chaudhry brothers were accused of financial scandals, including the Cooperative Scandal, sugar scandal and bank loan defaults, but none of them were ever proven or even pursued by the government. Nowadays, the Q-league has been reduced to a minor party as their vote-bank has been devoured by both Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[13]

Other leadersEdit

Prominent leaders of PMLQ are as below

Electoral historyEdit

National Assembly electionsEdit

Election date Party leader Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of seats
2002 Mian Muhammad Azhar Not released 25.7%
142 / 342
2008 Shujaat Hussain 8,007,218 23.12%
60 / 341
2013 Shujaat Hussain 1,409,905 3.11%
2 / 342
2018 Shujaat Hussain 517,408 0.97%
5 / 342

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Pakistan's political parties explained". CNN. 18 February 2008.
  2. ^ "Explainer: Pakistan's main political parties". Al-Jazeera. 6 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "IN THE LINE OF FIRE A Memoir According to Time magazine, Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf". scribd. 26 March 2009. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010.
  4. ^ a b c Bukhari, Irfan (25 March 2011). "PML-Q: Musharraf's brainchild fractured, failing". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  5. ^ "PML-Q announces merger with PML-F". Dawn Newspaper. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010.
  6. ^ "Chaudhrys in new League with Pir Pagara". The Express Tribune. 19 September 2010.
  7. ^ "New life for govt; MQM & PML-Q announce return to coalition". PakTribune. 6 October 2011.
  8. ^ Mumtaz, Ashraf (20 May 2004). "Parties to inform EC about merger with PML". Dawn Newspaper.
  9. ^ "MQM, PML-Q, PML-F, NPP finalise 'friendly election adjustments'". The News International.Template:Deadlink fixed
  10. ^ "Split in PML-Q ranks over party leadership". Dawn Newspaper. 5 July 2009. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009.
  11. ^ "PML-Q (like-minded) chooses Salim as president". GEO.tv. 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012.
  12. ^ Amir, Ayaz (26 September 2003). "The problem of spine in Pakistani politics". Dawn Newspaper.
  13. ^ Adil, Adnan (July 2004). "In His Prime". Newsline. Archived from the original on 26 November 2007.

External linksEdit