List of political parties in Pakistan

Pakistan is a multi-party democracy. The country has many political parties and many times in past the country is ruled by coalition government.

The Parliament of Pakistan is bicameral, consisting of the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Senate.

Brief history and overviewsEdit

The military-dominated Establishment has directly ruled Pakistan for nearly half of its existence since its creation in 1947, while frequently exerting covert dominance over the political leadership during the remainder.[1][2] The Establishment in Pakistan includes the key decision-makers in the country's military and intelligence services, national security, as well as its foreign and domestic policies, including the state policies of aggressive Islamization during the military dictatorship of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. However, the military establishment later reversed its support of political Islam under General Pervez Musharraf, who pursued enlightened moderation in the 2000s, leading Pakistan to join the War on Terror.

Till 1990, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) was the only major party of Pakistan. After Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto died, Benazir Bhutto took control and they remained a strong position throughout Pakistan. In 1990, Nawaz Sharif of Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI) won the elections. Two major parties were in Pakistan. After IJI dissolved and Nawaz Sharif founded Pakistan Muslim League (N), PPP and PML(N) were the major two parties of Pakistan. In 1993, Peoples Party won the election again. In 1996, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was formed. In 2013, PTI took part in the elections and won 35 seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan. After the 2018 Pakistan elections, PTI became the government and became one of the three major parties of Pakistan.

In 2019, Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) was formed of many parties remove Establishment's involvement in politics.

Gilgit-BaltistanEdit

Pakistan Peoples Party won the first Gilgit-Baltistan elections and was the only major party of Gilgit-Baltistan with 20 seats out of 33. However in 2015, Pakistan Muslim League (N) won 15 seats and became the major party of Gilgit-Baltistan and PPP only received one seat in the Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly. However in the 2020 elections, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) won 16 seats and became the only major party of Gilgit-Baltistan with PPP winning 3 and PML(N) winning two seats.

Currently in Gilgit-Baltistan, any party can win and any party can go down.

National Assembly and Senate membersEdit

Party Flag Date of foundation Political position Leader National Assembly Senate
Tehreek-e-Insaf   1996 Centre Imran Khan  
156 / 342
28 / 100
Muslim League (N)   1993 Centre-right Shehbaz Sharif  
84 / 342
18 / 100
Peoples Party   1967 Centre-left Bilawal Bhutto  
56 / 342
21 / 100
Muttahida Qaumi Movement[3][4][5][6]   2017 Centre to Centre-left Khalid Maqbool  
7 / 342
3 / 100
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal
Mainly:
  Jamaat-e-Islami
  JUI-F
  2002 Right-wing to far- right  
 
15 / 342
Muslim League (Q)   2002 Centre to Centre-right Shujaat Hussain  
5 / 342
1 / 100
Awami National Party   1986 Centre-left to left-wing Asfandyar Wali  
1 / 342
2 / 100
Milli Awami Party   1989 Centre to centre-left Mahmood Achakzai  
0 / 342
2 / 100
National Party   2003 Centre-left Abdul Malik Baloch  
0 / 342
2 / 100
Balochistan National Party   1996 Left-wing Akhtar Mengal  
4 / 342
1 / 100
Balochistan Awami Party   2018 Centre Jam Kamal Khan  
5 / 342
12 / 100
Grand Democratic Alliance   2018 Centre Sibghatullah Rashdi
3 / 342
1 / 100
Awami Muslim League Pakistan   2008 Centre Sheikh Rashid Ahmed  
1 / 342
0 / 100
Jamhoori Wattan Party   Left-wing Nawabzada Shahzain Bugti
1 / 342
0 / 100
Independent
N/A
4 / 342
3 / 100

Unrepresented partiesEdit

This is the list of registered parties that areare currently unrepresented in Parliament and Provincial Assemblies.[7]

Party Flag Date of foundation Political position Leader National Assembly Senate
Islami Tehreek Pakistan   2012 Right-wing Sajid Ali Naqvi   N/A N/A
Jamiat Ahle Hadith   1986 Far-right Sajid Mir   N/A N/A
Pak Sarzameen Party   2016 Far-right Mustafa Kamal   N/A N/A
Pasban Pakistan   2015 Single-issue Altaf Shakoor   N/A N/A
Awami Workers Party   2012 Left-wing Yousuf Mastikhan N/A N/A
All Pakistan Muslim League   2010 Centre to centre-right Pervez Musharraf   N/A N/A
Barabri Party Pakistan   2018 Jawad Ahmad N/A N/A
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S)   1980 Far-right Hamid Ul Haq Haqqani[8] N/A N/A
Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan   1948 Shah Owais Noorani[9]   N/A N/A
Jamote Qaumi Movement   1996 Mir Abdul Majid Abro N/A N/A
Pakistan Awami Tehreek   1989 Centrism
Fiscal: Centre-left
Social: Centre-right
Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri   N/A N/A
Justice and Democratic Party   2015 Far-right Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry   N/A N/A
Pakistan Muslim League (J)   1988 Muhammad Iqbal Dar[7] N/A N/A
Pakistan Muslim League (Z)   2002 Far-right Ijaz-ul-Haq N/A N/A
Pakistan Peoples Party (Shaheed Bhutto) 1997 Ghinwa Bhutto N/A N/A
Pakistan Peoples Party Workers   2014 Centre-left Safdar Ali Abbasi N/A N/A
Qaumi Watan Party   2012 Centre-left Aftab Ahmad Sherpao   N/A N/A
Mustaqbil Pakistan   2010 Nadeem Mumtaz Qureshi   N/A N/A
Sindh United Party   2006 Syed Jalal Mehmood Shah N/A N/A
Pakistan Sunni Tehreek 1990 Sarwat Ejaz Qadri[10] N/A N/A
Sunni Ittehad Council 2009 Sahibzada Hamid Raza[7] N/A N/A
Pakistan Awami Raj Party   Jamshed Dasti N/A N/A
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (Gulalai)   2018 Ayesha Gulalai N/A N/A
All Pakistan Minorities Alliance   Paul Bhatti   N/A N/A
Sunni Tehreek 1990 Ahmad Bilal Qadri[7] N/A N/A
Qomi Awami Tehreek   1970 Left-wing to far-left Rasul Bux Palejo   N/A N/A
Bahawalpur National Awami Party   2010 Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi N/A N/A
Muhajir Qaumi Movement Pakistan   1990 Afaq Ahmed N/A N/A

Dissolved partiesEdit

Party Flag Date of foundation Date of dissolution Political position Founder
Muslim League   1947 1958 Big tent Muhammad Ali Jinnah  
Republican Party 1955 1958 Big tent Feroz Khan Noon  
Pakistan Socialist Party 1948 1958 Left-wing
Azad Pakistan Party 1949 Left-wing Mian Iftikharuddin
National Awami Party   1957 1967 Left-wing Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani  
National Awami Party (Wali)   1967 1986 Left-wing Khan Abdul Wali Khan  
Convention Muslim League 1962
Council Muslim League 1962
Muslim League (Qayyum) 1970 Abdul Qayyum Khan
All Pakistan Awami Muslim League 1950 1971 Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy  
Muslim League   1962 1971 Ayub Khan  
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad   1988 1990 Right-wing Nawaz Sharif  
Pakistan Muslim League (Jinnah)   1995 2004 Manzoor Wattoo  
National Peoples Party   1986 2013 Far-right Mustafa Jatoi  
Millat Party   1997 2004 Farooq Leghari  
Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati   2007 2016 Maulvi Asmatullah
Pakistan Peoples Muslim League 2009 2013 Arbab Ghulam Rahim
Tehreek-e-Tahaffuz-e-Pakistan 2012 2013 Abdul Qadeer Khan  
Pakistan Muslim League (Qayyum)   1970
Tehreek-e-Istiqlal   1970 2012 Asghar Khan  
Sindh National Front   1989 2017 Mumtaz Bhutto
Awami Jamhuri Ittehad Pakistan   2012 2015 Liaqat Khan Tarakai  
Khaksar movement   1931 Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi
Qaumi Inqilabi Party 1987 Left-wing
Sindh Hari Committee 1930 Left-wing G. M. Syed  
Tehreek-e-Jafaria   1979 Arif Hussain Hussaini  
Ganatantri Dal   1953 1957 Mahmud Ali
Haji Mohammad Danesh
Labour Party Pakistan   1986 2012 Left-wing to Far-left
Pakistan Mazdoor Kissan Party 1974 Afzal Shah Khamosh
Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party 1995 2015 Far-left Afzal Shah Khamosh

Unregistered partiesEdit

Party Flag Date of foundation Political position Leader
Aam Aadmi Party (Pakistan)   2014 Arslan Ul Mulk
Mazdoor Kisan Party   1968 Far-left Wazir Muhammad Majboor
Pakistan Christian Congress   1985 Centre-right Nazir S Bhatti
Pakistan Women Muslim League 2013
Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party   1991 Left-wing Qadir Magsi
Pakistan Green Party   2002 Liaquat Ali Shaikh
Majlis-e-Ahrar-ul-Islam 1929 Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari
Syed Faiz-ul Hassan Shah
Chaudhry Afzal Haq
Communist Party of Pakistan   1948 Far-left Jameel Ahmad Malik

Provincial Assembly membersEdit

This is the list of parties that are currently represented in Provincial Assemblies of Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan, KPK and Gilgit Baltistan Assembly:

Party Flag Provincial Assembly
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf  
  • Sindh
    30 / 168
  • Punjab
    181 / 371
  • Balochistan
    7 / 65
  • KPK
    94 / 145
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    22 / 33
Pakistan Muslim League (N)  
  • Punjab
    166 / 371
  • Balochistan
    1 / 65
  • KPK
    7 / 145
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    3 / 33
Pakistan Peoples Party  
  • Sindh
    99 / 168
  • Punjab
    7 / 371
  • KPK
    5 / 145
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    5 / 33
Jamaat-e-Islami  
  • Sindh
    1 / 168
  • KPK
    3 / 145
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)  
  • Balochistan
    11 / 65
  • KPK
    15 / 145
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    1 / 33
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)  
  • Punjab
    10 / 371
  • KPK
    1 / 145
Muttahida Qaumi Movement–Pakistan  
  • Sindh
    21 / 168
Awami National Party  
  • Balochistan
    4 / 65
  • KPK
    12 / 145
Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party  
  • Balochistan
    1 / 65
Balochistan National Party  
  • Balochistan
    10 / 65
Balochistan Awami Party  
  • Balochistan
    24 / 65
  • KPK
    4 / 145
Grand Democratic Alliance  
  • Sindh
    14 / 168
Jamhoori Wattan Party  
  • Balochistan
    1 / 65
Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan  
  • Sindh
    3 / 168
BNP (Awami)  
  • Balochistan
    3 / 65
Hazara Democratic Party  
  • Balochistan
    2 / 65
Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen  
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    1 / 33
Balawaristan National Front  
  • Gilgit Baltistan
    1 / 33
Pakistan Rah-e-Haq Party  
  • Punjab
    1 / 371

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shah, Saeed (19 August 2019). "Pakistan Extends Powerful Army Chief's Term". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  2. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (2015). The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience. Oxford University Press. p. 586. ISBN 978-0-19-023518-5. The civil-military establishment ruled Supreme for 60 years - from 1947 to 2007 - by crushing or betraying social movements and preventing the development of society.
  3. ^ "MQM is a liberal and democratic party: Altaf." Daily Times, Pakistan 26 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Farooq Sattar vows to fight for Printing Press Quarters residents" The Express Tribune, 30 August 2018. Retrieved 02 September 2020.
  5. ^ Haq F. "Rise of the MQM in Pakistan: Politics of Ethnic Mobilisation." Asian Survey, University of California Press 1 November 1999 35(11) p990 – 1004 doi=10.1525/as.1995.35.11.01p00677 Accessed 3 August 2009.
  6. ^ "Pakistan: Human rights crisis in Karachi." Archived 4 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine Amnesty International 1 February 1996. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d "List of Political Parties". www.ecp.gov.pk. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Maulana Sami's son named JUI-S acting chief". The Express Tribune. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  9. ^ "PM Imran Khan will have to resign: Shah Owais Noorani | SAMAA". Samaa TV. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Sunni Tehrik becomes a political party". dawn.com. Retrieved 13 June 2021.

External linksEdit