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List of prime ministers of Pakistan

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Flag of the Prime Minister of Pakistan

The prime minister of Pakistan (Urdu: وزِیرِ اعظم‎ — Wazīr-ē Aʿẓam, Urdu pronunciation: [ʋəˈziːr-ˌeː ˈɑː.zəm]; Turkish lit. "Grand Vizier"), is the popularly elected politician who is the chief executive of the Government of Pakistan.[1] The prime minister is vested with the responsibility of running the administration through his appointed federal cabinet, formulating national policies to ensure the safeguard of the interests of the nation and its people through the Council of Common Interests as well as making the decision to call nationwide general elections for the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan.[2][3][4]

Since 1947, Pakistan has had eighteen prime ministers, aside from the appointed caretaker prime ministers who were only mandated to oversee the system until the election process was finished. In Pakistan's parliamentary system, the prime minister is sworn-in by the President and usually is the Chairman or/ the President of the party or coalition that has a majority in the National Assembly– the lower house of Pakistan Parliament.

After the Partition of India on the midnight of 14/15 August 1947, Pakistan followed the British system by creating the post of prime minister based at the Prime Minister's Secretariat.[3][4] The then Governor-General of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, took advice from the Founding Fathers of the nation and appointed Liaquat Ali Khan to establish and lead his administration on 15 August 1947.[5] Before the presidential system in 1960, seven prime ministers had served between 1947 until martial law in 1958. In 1971, the office was again revived but ceased to exist shortly.[6][7] Executive powers and authority was given to the prime minister when the full set of the Constitution of Pakistan was promulgated in 1973 but the post was ceased from its effective operations after another martial law in 1977.[8][9] After the general elections held in 1985, the office came to its existence.[6] Between 1988–99, the office was held by Benazir Bhutto of the PPP and Nawaz Sharif of PML(N), each holding the office for two non-consecutive terms between 1988 and 1999: Bhutto during 1988–90 and 1993–96;[10] and Sharif during 1990–93 and 1997–99.[11][12]

After the general elections held in 2002, Zafarullah Khan Jamali was invited to form his administration as its prime minister.[13] After the Supreme Court of Pakistan's ruling to disqualify Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani in 2012, the business of his administration was looked after by Raja Pervez Ashraf until the caretaker administration was setup under Mir Hazar Khan Khoso.[14][15][3][4]

The premiership of I. I. Chundrigar was the shortest in Pakistan's history, serving only 55 days of his term. At approximately five years and four months in total, Sharif is the longest-serving prime minister.[3][16] Sharif was re-elected for a third non-consecutive term on 5 June 2013, which is a record in the history of Pakistan.[17][18] The national politics in Pakistan was mostly dominated by the army department of the Pakistan Armed Forces throughout its history, but it is now dominated by the political parties.[13]

KeyEdit

Prime MinistersEdit

List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan
Term Number Portrait Name Took office Left office Tenure Elections Political party
(Alliance)
Note(s)
1   Liaquat Ali Khan 14 August 1947 16 October 1951
(assassinated)
4 Years,
2 Months,
2 Days,
Muslim League Following advice given by the founding father of the nation, Governor-General Muhammad Ali Jinnah appointed and invited the Finance Minister Liaquat Ali Khan to set up and run his administration in 1947. He was assassinated in 1951, and Khawaja Nazimuddin took the office.[5][19]
2   Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin 17 October 1951 17 April 1953 1 Year,
6 Months,
Muslim League Nazimuddin became Prime Minister of Pakistan after the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951.[19] He left the office when Governor-General Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved his government in 1953.[3]
3   Mohammad Ali Bogra 17 April 1953 12 August 1955 2 Years,
3 Months,
26 Days,
Muslim League A diplomat and relatively unknown personality to Pakistani politics, Bogra established the Ministry of Talents but his administration was dismissed in 1955 by the Governor-General after the legislative elections in 1954.[3]
4   Chaudhry Mohammad Ali 12 August 1955 12 September 1956 1 Year,
1 Month,
Muslim League A first appointment from the coalition of Muslim League, Awami League and the Republican Party, he was removed by his own party following the successful vote of no-confidence movement.[3]
5 Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy 12 September 1956 17 October 1957 1 Year,
1 Month,
5 Days,
Awami League Popular for his wit in law, Suhrwardy resigned due to the loss of control over his party and support from the coalition partners in his administration.[3]
6   Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar 17 October 1957 16 December 1957 1 Month,
29 Days,
Muslim League Shortest tenured Prime Minister, Chundrigar established his administration but removed in mere 55 days into his term amid a vote of no-confidence movement led by majority votes of the Republican Party and Awami League.[3]
7   Sir Feroze Khan Noon 16 December 1957 7 October 1958 9 Months,
21 Days,
Republican Party A lawyer, Sir Feroze Khan's administration collapsed after his party's own President Iskander Mirza enforced martial law in 1958 in a view of extending his term of office[20][21]
7 October 1958 – 7 December 1971
8   Nurul Amin 7 December 1971 20 December 1971 13 Days, 1970 Pakistan Muslim League After the general elections in 1971, Amin was invited to be appointed as Prime Minister under Yahya administration; yet he was also the first and the only Vice President of Pakistan from 1970 to 1972, leading Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.[3]
20 December 1971 – 14 August 1973
9   Zulfikar Ali Bhutto 14 August 1973 5 July 1977 3 Years,
10 Months,
21 Days,
1977 Pakistan Peoples Party Bhutto resigned as president to become the empowered Prime Minister after the Constitution was repromulgated, which established a parliamentary system of government. He was deposed in the martial law in 1977 by his appointed army chief, General Zia, in July 1977.[9][22]
5 July 1977 – 24 March 1985
10   Muhammad Khan Junejo 24 March 1985 29 May 1988 3 Years,
2 Months,
5 Days,
1985 Pakistan Muslim League
(Independent)
Junejo was elected as the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan in non-party based elections in 1985, therefore he was elected on an Independent ticket but he served the Pakistan Muslim League while before entering in office and during office. He was dismissed by the president after Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.[3]
29 May 1988 – 2 December 1988
11   Benazir Bhutto 2 December 1988 6 August 1990 1 Year,
8 Months,
4 Days,
1988 Pakistan Peoples Party Bhutto became the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party, in 1982. Six years later, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.[10][23]
12   Nawaz Sharif 6 November 1990 18 July 1993 2 Years,
7 Months,
4 Days,
1990 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was elected as the 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November 1990.[24] President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved his government in April 1993, which was later on reinstated by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[11] Sharif survived a serious constitutional crisis when President Khan attempted to dismiss him under article 58-2b, in April 1993, but he successfully challenged the decision in the Supreme Court.[11] Sharif resigned from the post negotiating a settlement that resulted in the removal of President as well, in July 1993.[25]
13   Benazir Bhutto 19 October 1993 5 November 1996 3 Years,
17 Days,
1993 Pakistan Peoples Party Bhutto was re-elected for a second term, in 1993. She survived an attempted coup d'état in 1995. Bhutto's government was dismissed by president Farooq Leghari in November 1996.[26][27]
14   Nawaz Sharif 17 February 1997 12 October 1999 2 Years,
7 Months,
25 Days.
1997 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was re-elected as Prime Minister with an exclusive mandate from all over Pakistan for a non-consecutive second term, in February 1997.[12][28] His government was deposed by General Pervez Musharraf in October 1999, and Martial law was imposed in the entire country.[16][29]
12 October 1999 – 23 November 2002
15   Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali 23 November 2002 26 June 2004 1 Year,
7 Months,
3 Days,
2002 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Jamali was elected as the Prime Minister of Pakistan in November 2002. He continued the foreign and economic policies of Pervez Musharraf but could not complete his term and resigned from the post in June 2004.[13]
26 June 2004 – 30 June 2004
16   Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 30 June 2004 26 August 2004 1 Month,
27 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Parliament elected Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain as the Prime Minister and to serve a 50-day period before the Shaukat Aziz, permanently replaces him.[30]
26 August 2004 – 28 August 2004
17   Shaukat Aziz 28 August 2004 15 November 2007 3 Years,
2 Months,
18 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Aziz took the office of Prime Minister of Pakistan in August 2004. He left the office at the end of the parliamentary term, in November 2007, and became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan who left the seat after completion of parliamentary term.[31]
18   Yousaf Raza Gillani 25 March 2008 19 June 2012 4 Years,
2 Months,
25 Days.
2008 Pakistan Peoples Party Gillani was elected as prime minister in March 2008. He was disqualified from his seat in the parliament in April 2012 by the Supreme Court for contempt of court.[32]
19   Raja Pervaiz Ashraf 22 June 2012 24 March 2013 9 Months,
2 Days,
Pakistan Peoples Party Ashraf assumed the post of Prime Minister in June 2012, after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges.[14]
20   Nawaz Sharif 5 June 2013 28 July 2017 4 Years,
1 Month,
23 Days,
2013 Pakistan Muslim League (N) On 5 June 2013, Sharif took office for a third non-consecutive term after winning 192/342 seats with clear majority.[17][18] He was disqualified on 28 July 2017 by the Supreme Court of Pakistan as a result of the Panama Papers case.[33]
29 July 2017 – 1 August 2017
21   Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
1 August 2017 31 May 2018 10 months Pakistan Muslim League (N) Parliament elected Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as the Prime Minister after the impeachment of Nawaz Sharif. His term expired on May 31, 2018 alongside the dissolution of the National Assembly to facilitate a caretaker government in place until the 25 July general election.[34]
22[n 1]   Imran Ahmed Khan Niazi
18 August 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 31 days 2018 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf General elections were held on the 25th July 2018, which resulted in the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf winning 157/342 seats. making a coalition Government of 178 members including PTI, MQM, BAP and others. On August 18, 2018, Imran Khan was sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan.

CaretakersEdit

List of Caretakers
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Tenure Political party
(Alliance)
Note(s)
1st Caretaker   Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi[40]
(1931–2009)
6 August 1990 6 November 1990 3 Months, National Peoples Party Jatoi was appointed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister.[3]
2nd Caretaker   Balakh Sher Mazari[3]
(1928–)
18 April 1993 26 May 1993 1 Month,
8 Days,
Pakistan Peoples Party Appointed by the President Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister, Mazari's term ended when the Supreme Court overturned the Presidential order and restored Sharif's government.[3]
3rd Caretaker   Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi[3]
(1930–2016)
18 July 1993 19 October 1993 3 Months,
1 Day,
Independent After Sharif's resignation in July 1993, Qureshi was appointed as the caretaker Prime Minister.
4th Caretaker Malik Meraj Khalid[41]
(1916–2003)
5 November 1996 17 February 1997 3 Months,
12 Days,
Independent Khalid was appointed as a caretaker Prime Minister after the dismissal of Bhutto's government in November 1996.[3]
5th Caretaker   Muhammad Mian Soomro[42]
(1950–)
16 November 2007 24 March 2008 4 Months,
8 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Soomro took the office as caretaker Prime Minister in November 2007.[42]
6th Caretaker   Mir Hazar Khan Khoso[43]
(1929–)
25 March 2013 5 June 2013 2 Months,
11 Days,
Independent Khoso was appointed by the Election Commission of Pakistan on 24 March,[44] and took oath on 25 March 2013.[45]
7th Caretaker   Nasirul Mulk
(1950–)
1 June 2018 18 August 2018 2 Months,
18 Days,
Independent Nasirul Mulk was appointed as a consensus between the incumbent Prime Minister, Abbasi, and opposition leader, Khurshid Shah, on 28 May. He took the oath of office on 1 June 2018.[46]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ignoring the 7 caretaker Prime Ministers, Imran Khan is the 19th person to be Prime Minister of Pakistan. However Benazir Bhutto's two non-consecutive terms (1988 - 1990 and 1993 - 1996) and Nawaz Sharif's three non-consecutive terms (1990 - 1993, 1997 - 1999 and 2013 - 2017) are usually counted separately. As a result some sources count Khan as 19th Prime Minister,[35][36] but most count him as 22nd.[37][38][39] This counting system does not treat Nawaz Sharif's two periods in office in 1993 (separated by Balakh Sher Mazari's brief stint as caretaker) as separate terms.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Article 153(2a)-153(2c) in Chapter 3: Special Provisions, Part V: Relations between Federation and Provinces in the Constitution of Pakistan.
  2. ^ "Prime minister". BBC News. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Tasleem, Nauman (27 June 2004). "20 prime ministers since independence". Daily Times. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ a b c "Prime ministers". World Statesmen. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  5. ^ a b Mughal, M Yakub. "Special Edition (Liaqat Ali Khan)". The News International. Daily Jang. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ a b "Parliamentary history". National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  7. ^ Nagendra Kr. Singh (2003). Encyclopaedia of Bangladesh. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 9–10. ISBN 978-81-261-1390-3.
  8. ^ "The constitution of the islamic republic of pakistan" (pdf). National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b Pakistan: Zia and After. Abhinav Publications. 1989. pp. 20–35. ISBN 978-81-7017-253-6. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Obituary: Benazir Bhutto". BBC News. 27 December 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "Profile: Nawaz Sharif". BBC News. 11 December 2000. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  12. ^ a b Akbar, M.K. "Pakistan under Nawaz Sharif". Pakistan Today. New Delhi, India: Mittal Publications. p. 230. ISBN 81-7099-700-3. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile: Zafarullah Khan Jamali". BBC News. 26 June 2004. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  14. ^ a b Rebecca Santana; Chris Brummitt; Zarar Khan (22 June 2012). "Raja Pervaiz Ashraf Is Pakistan's New Prime Minister". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ "Yousuf Raza Gilani is sent packing". Dawn. Herald. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  16. ^ a b "World: South Asia: Pakistan army seizes power". BBC News. 12 October 1999. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Nawaz Sharif calls for an end to US drone strikes". BBC News. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  18. ^ a b Nangiana, Umer (6 June 2013). "Unprecedented return: He is back". The Express Tribune. Agence France-Presse (AFP). Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Death anniversary of Khawaja Nazimuddin". Radio Pakistan. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. ^ Nagendra Kr. Singh (2003). Encyclopaedia of Bangladesh. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 9–10. ISBN 978-81-261-1390-3.
  21. ^ "Ouster of President Iskander Mirza". Story Of Pakistan. 1 June 2003. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  22. ^ Ali, Hasan (19 August 2008). "4 military dictators among 14 heads of state under Officers' Club of Revolutionary Armed Forces". Daily Times. Retrieved 16 January 2013.[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ Muhammad Najeeb in Rawalpindi & Hasan Zaidi in Karachi (28 December 2007). "Benazir Bhutto: Daughter of Tragedy". India Today. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  24. ^ John, Wilson; Vikram Sood and Akmal Hussain (2009). Pakistan's economy in historical perspective: The Growth, Power and Poverty. Pakistan: the struggle within. New Delhi and Washington, D.C.: Dorling Kindersly (Pvt) limited, India and the Library of Congress. p. 220. ISBN 978-81-317-2504-7. Retrieved 27 October 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  25. ^ Dutt, Sanjay (2009). "1993 Elections". Inside Pakistan: 52 years oulook. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 267. ISBN 81-7648-157-2. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  26. ^ Ranjha, Khalid (1 June 1995). "Altaf accuses Benazir of 'racism'". DawnWireService. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  27. ^ Burns, John F (5 November 1996). "Pakistan's Premier Bhutto is put under house arrest". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  28. ^ Hassan, Syed Shoaib (12 March 2009). "Profile: Nawaz Sharif". BBC News. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  29. ^ Dugger, Celia W. (14 October 1999). "Pakistan Calm After Coup; Leading General Gives No Clue About How He Will Rule". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  30. ^ Qaisar, Rana (29 June 2004). "Chaudhry Shujaat set to become 19th PM". Daily Times. Archived from the original on 21 May 2005. Retrieved 21 October 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ "Soomro takes oath as Pakistan's caretaker PM". Xinhua News Agency. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  32. ^ Khan, Iftikhar A. (19 June 2012). "Yousuf Raza Gilani is sent packing". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  33. ^ Bhatti, Haseeb (28 July 2017). "Nawaz Sharif steps down as PM after SC's disqualification verdict". Dawn.
  34. ^ Zahra-Malik, Mehreen (29 July 2017). "Ousted Pakistan Leader Passes Baton to Brother, Shehbaz Sharif". Asia-Pacific: The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  35. ^ Sreemoy Talukdar (27 July 2018). "Imran Khan as Pakistan PM: India need not take PTI chief's insincere 'peace overtures' seriously". Firstpost. Retrieved 18 August 2018. The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chief, who is poised to take over as Pakistan's 19th prime minister,
  36. ^ Naila Inayat (15 August 2018). "Famed cricketer turned prime minister faces widespread corruption in his effort to fix Pakistan". The Washington Times. Retrieved 18 August 2018. ... Imran Khan, the legendary cricketer turned politician who is now slated to become Pakistan's 19th prime minister,
  37. ^ "Imran Khan elected 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan". The News International. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  38. ^ "Imran Khan sworn-in as 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan". Dunya News. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  39. ^ "Imran Khan takes oath as 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan". The Times Of India. 18 August 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Ex-PM Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi passes away". Daily Times. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2012.[permanent dead link]
  41. ^ F. Burns, John (15 November 1996). "Caretaker Premier leads Pakistan into 90 days of no frills". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  42. ^ a b "Soomro takes oath as Pakistan's caretaker PM". Xinhua News Agency. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  43. ^ "ECP selects Mir Hazar Khan Khoso as caretaker PM". Dawn. Herald. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  44. ^ "Justice (r) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso named interim PM of Pakistan". The Express Tribune. AFP/Web Desk. 24 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  45. ^ "Pakistan's caretaker PM Mir Hazar Khan Khoso sworn in". BBC News. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  46. ^ "Former CJP Nasirul Mulk to be caretaker PM". Dawn. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.

External linksEdit