Pir of Pagaro VII

Sayyid Shah Mardan Shah-II widely known as Pir of Pagaro VII Sindhi: پير پاڳارو, (Urdu: پیر پگارا ; 22 November 1928 – 10 January 2012) was the spiritual leader of Hurs and president of political party Pakistan Muslim League (F). He was commonly known in Pakistan as Pir Sahib Pagara and Pir Shaab. He was an influential figure in Pakistani politics and the leader of Hur Force in Pakistan who also participated in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. He was also a first-class cricketer.[1] He died on 10 January 2012 in London, due to liver infection.

Pir Paggara
Sindhi: پير پاڳارو
Urdu: پیر پگارا
President of Pakistan Muslim League (F)
In office
1985 – 10 January 2012
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPir of Pagaro VIII
Former Member National Assembly of Pakistan
Personal details
Born(1928-11-22)22 November 1928
Pir Jo Goth, Sindh, British India
Died10 January 2012(2012-01-10) (aged 83)
London, United Kingdom
Political partyPakistan Muslim League (F)
Other political
Pakistan Muslim League
(pre 1980s)
ChildrenPir of Pagaro VIII (son)
Pir Sadaruddin Shah (son)
Alma materUniversity of Liverpool

Personal lifeEdit

Pir Pagara is a title given to the leader of the Muslim Sufi order of Hurs in Sindh province of Pakistan. It comes from the Persian word "Pir" (elder or "saint") and the Sindhi word "Pagaro", which means Chieftain's Turban. The seventh Pir Pagara was Pir Syed Mardan Shah II.[2] He was born in Pir Jo Goth, Sindh in 1928. Pir Pagara spent a major part of his life engaged in Pakistan's politics. His father Pir Sayyid Sibghatullah Shah II was hanged on 20 March 1943 by the colonial government due to his involvement in the Hur Movement.[3][4][5]

Political careerEdit

After the defeat of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah by Ayub Khan in the presidential contest, Mohtarma declared the Muslim League functional and made Pir Pagaro the head of Muslim League. He was nominated as the first president of the United Muslim League as well. He was Chief of Pakistan Muslim League-Functional (PML-F), and spiritual leader of the 'Hur' jamaat. He was one of the most influential and respected political personalities of Pakistan.[6] His predictions on Pakistan's politics were sometimes quoted in the media.[7] He was usually visited by many senior politicians of Pakistan such as Sheikh Rasheed,[8] Chaudhry Shujaat,[9] Raza Haroon[10] and Shah Mehmood Qureshi.[11]


Usually referred to in cricket literature as the Pir of Pagaro, he was influential in the early years of Pakistan's cricket development in the 1950s. Before Pakistan's first tour of England in 1954 he had a grass pitch constructed in his garden so that the Pakistan players, who had to play most of their cricket at the time on matting pitches, could practise in something similar to English conditions.[12] He re-founded the Sind Cricket Association,[13] captained Sind in the first-ever match in the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy in November 1953,[14] and organized and captained a team under his name against the MCC in 1955-56.[15]


Pir Pagara was admitted to Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) on 24 November 2011, for the treatment of infected lungs. According to doctors, he was in a very serious condition and was therefore put on a ventilator and flown to London on a special air ambulance on 5 January, along with a physician and family members.[16][17]

He died on 10 January 2012 of a liver infection. His body was returned to Pakistan on the following day. Many political parties in Pakistan, including the Hurs, sent their condolences to the family.[18][16][19][20][21] He was buried in his native Pir Jo Goth village alongside his ancestors.[22][23]

He was succeeded by his son Syed Sibghatullah Shah Rashdi III, known informally as Raja Saeen', both as the Pir Pagara and leader of Pakistan Muslim League (F).[24][25]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pir Pagara ESPN Profile as cricketer
  2. ^ "Personal Life of Pir ShahabPagara". Archived from the original on 5 September 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  3. ^ Death Syed Shah Mardan's father
  4. ^ Personal Life of Peer Sahib Pagara
  5. ^ Pir Pagara Interview for MG Magazine Archived 15 July 2012 at archive.today
  6. ^ Influential Personality of Pakistan
  7. ^ Pagara persists with political predictions
  8. ^ Former Minister MNA Sheikh Rashid meeting with Pir Pagara
  9. ^ Former Minister MNA Chaudhry Shujaat meeting with Pir Pagara[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "MNA Raza Haroon meeting with Pir Pagara". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  11. ^ Former Foreign Minister MNA Shah Mahmood Qureshi meeting with Pir Pagara
  12. ^ Berry, Scyld (2015). Cricket: The Game of Life. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 169–70. ISBN 978-1-473-61859-6.
  13. ^ Wisden 2013, pp. 233-34.
  14. ^ "Bahawalpur v Sind 1953-54". CricketArchive. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Pir of Pagaro's XI v Marylebone Cricket Club 1955-56". CricketArchive. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  16. ^ a b Pir Pagara died in London 10 January 2012
  17. ^ Pir Pagara unwell, may head to London
  18. ^ Pir Sahib Pagara Dies In England
  19. ^ News of Pir Pagaro Death
  20. ^ Prime Minister of Pakistan's Condolence message to Family
  21. ^ Pir Pagara Died Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Pir Pagaro - Printed on Daily The Nation : January 12, 2012". Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  23. ^ Pir Pagara passes away on The News
  24. ^ Tunio, Hafeez (11 January 2012). "Pir Pagara passes away: The political oracle goes silent". The Express Tribune. Pakistan. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  25. ^ "The son also rises". Dawn. Pakistan. Retrieved 4 May 2013.

External linksEdit

Preceded by Pir Pagara
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Post Created
Leader of Pakistan Muslim League (F)
Succeeded by