The Quaid-e-Azam Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket competition in Pakistan. With few exceptions, it has been staged annually since it was first played during the 1953/54 season. Domestic cricket in Pakistan has undergone many reorganisations, with the number of teams and matches in the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy changing regularly. Since the 2019–20 season it has been contested by six regional teams, having previously been variously contested by associations[a] or departments,[b] or a combination of the two.
|Administrator||Pakistan Cricket Board|
|Number of teams||6|
|Current champion||Central Punjab (2nd title) and|
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (1st title)
|Most successful||Karachi cricket teams (20 titles)|
Named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, who was known as 'Quaid-e-Azam' (Great Leader), the trophy was introduced in the 1953-54 season to help the selectors pick the squad for Pakistan's Test tour of England in 1954. Five regional and two departmental teams competed in the first competition: Bahawalpur, Punjab, Karachi, North-West Frontier Province, Sindh, Combined Services and Pakistan Railways.
The Quaid-e-Azam Trophy has been contested by a variety of teams representing regional cricket associations and departments, which were run by companies, institutions and government departments, and offered employment for their players. Most commonly a mixture of the two have competed together, but on many occasions the competition has been contested exclusively by regional or departmental teams. Due to their strength in depth, several regional associations have entered multiple teams, starting in 1956–57 when Karachi, Punjab and East Pakistan each had two teams. The competition's format has seldom remained unchanged from one season to the next. It was a knockout tournament for the first two seasons, and again in 1959/60, from 1963/64 to 1968/69, and from 1970/71 to 1978/79. At other times it has been contested in one or more round robin groups with another group stage, knockout or single final match between the top sides in each group, and as a two division league system with a knockout and/or final and promotion and relegation. Even when the system remained constant, the composition of teams from the regions and departments often changed. Karachi teams have won the trophy 20 times, the most by any team.
In a major overhaul of domestic cricket in Pakistan, ahead of the 2019–20 season the Pakistan Cricket Board announced a new structure which removed the traditional regions and departments, with six newly formed regional teams contesting the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy.
Structure since 2019–20Edit
On 31 August 2019, the PCB introduced a new structure of the tournament, in which six newly formed regional teams will play a total of thirty-one matches, each team playing ten matches. The teams competing are Balochistan, Central Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Northern, Sindh and Southern Punjab. On 3 September 2019, the PCB confirmed all of the squads for the tournament.
The PCB also updated the playing conditions for the tournament, including removing the mandatory coin toss and the possibility of extending the final by an extra day, if needed. The visiting team's captain will have the choice to bowl first if they wish. If not, then the coin toss will take place as before. This practice has been used in England since the 2016 County Championship season. If the final ends in a draw, the winner will be declared on the basis of a first innings lead. However, if the first innings for both teams have not been completed, an extra day will be used. In the event that both teams do not complete their first innings, they will both be declared the winners of the tournament.
Points are awarded at the conclusion of each match during the season.
- Won: 16 points
- Lost: 0 points
- Draw: 5 points
- Tie: 9 points
- Batting points: First Innings only up to 110 overs – first point at 200 runs, second point at 250 runs, third point at 300 runs, fourth point at 350 runs, fifth point at 400 runs
- Bowling points: First Innings only up to 110 overs – first point at 3 wickets, second point at 6 wickets, third point at 9 wickets
Winners and competition detailsEdit
|Season||Winning team(s)||Runner-up||Number of teams||Total
|1954–55||Karachi||Combined Services||9||7||2||8||knockout; semi-finals|
|1956–57||Punjab||Karachi Whites||13||11||2||18||4 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1957–58||Bahawalpur||Karachi C||15||13||2||26||4 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1958–59||Karachi||Combined Services||12||9||3||16||4 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1960–61||Not held due to the holding of inaugural Ayub Trophy.|
|1961–62||Karachi Blues||Combined Services||15||13||2||28||4 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1962–63||Karachi A||Karachi B||16||13||3||27||4 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1963–64||Karachi Blues||Karachi Whites||15||13||2||14||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1964–65||Karachi Blues||Lahore||26||18||8||24||knockout; semi-finals|
|1965–66||Not held due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.|
|1966–67||Karachi||Pakistan Railways||7||6||1||6||knockout; semi-finals|
|1967–68||Not held due to the 1966–67 competition extending until November 1967.|
|1969–70||PIA||PWD||20||15||5||34||5 round-robin groups; pre-semi-final|
|1970–71||Karachi Blues||Punjab University||20||11||9||19||knockout; semi-finals|
|1971–72||Not held due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.|
|1972–73||Pakistan Railways||Sind||7||4||3||6||knockout; semi-finals|
|1973–74||Pakistan Railways||Sind||7||4||3||6||knockout; semi-finals|
|1974–75||Punjab A||Sind A||10||6||4||9||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1975–76||National Bank||Punjab A||10||6||4||9||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1976–77||United Bank||National Bank||12||6||6||11||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1977–78||Habib Bank||National Bank||12||6||6||11||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1978–79||National Bank||Habib Bank||12||4||8||11||knockout; quarter-finals|
|1979–80||PIA||National Bank||11||3||8||18||4 groups; final round-robin|
|1981–82||National Bank||United Bank||10||3||7||45||round-robin|
|1982–83||United Bank||National Bank||10||3||7||45||round-robin|
|1983–84||National Bank||United Bank||10||0||10||45||round-robin|
|1984–85||United Bank||Pakistan Railways||12||2||10||33||2 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1986–87||National Bank||United Bank||12||4||8||66||round-robin|
|1987–88||PIA||United Bank||13||4||9||39||2 round-robin groups; semi-finals|
|1988–89||ADBP||Habib Bank||8||0||8||29||round-robin; final|
|1989–90||PIA||United Bank||8||0||8||57||round-robin; final|
|1990–91||Karachi Whites||Bahawalpur||8||8||0||31||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1991–92||Karachi Whites||Lahore||9||9||0||39||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1992–93||Karachi Whites||Sargodha||8||8||0||31||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1993–94||Lahore||Karachi Whites||8||8||0||31||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1994–95||Karachi Blues||Lahore||10||10||0||48||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1995–96||Karachi Blues||Karachi Whites||10||10||0||48||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1996–97||Lahore||Karachi Whites||8||8||0||31||round-robin; semi-finals|
|1997–98||Karachi Blues||Peshawar||10||10||0||46||round-robin; final|
|1998–99||Peshawar||Karachi Whites||11||11||0||56||round-robin; final|
|1999–00||PIA||Habib Bank||23||11||12||122||2 round-robin groups; final|
|2000–01||Lahore Blues||Karachi Whites||12||12||0||67||round-robin; final|
|2001–02||Karachi Whites||Peshawar||18||18||0||73||2 round-robin groups; final|
|2002–03||PIA||KRL||24||13||11||75||4 round-robin groups; pre-quarter-finals|
|2006–07||Karachi Urban||Sialkot||7||7||0||22||round-robin; final|
|2007–08||SNGPL||Habib Bank||22||13||9||111||2 round-robin groups; final|
|2008–09||Sialkot||KRL||22||13||9||111||2 round-robin groups; final|
|2009–10||Karachi Blues||Habib Bank||22||13||9||111||2 round-robin groups; final|
|2010–11||Habib Bank||PIA||22||13||9||113||2 round-robin divisions; 2 finals|
|2011–12||PIA||ZTBL||22||13||9||113||2 round-robin divisions; 2 finals|
|2012–13||Karachi Blues||Sialkot||14||14||0||62||2 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; 2 finals|
|2013–14||Rawalpindi||Islamabad||14||14||0||61||2 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; final|
|2014–15||SNGPL||National Bank||26||14||12||116||2 divisions: round-robin, then final in Gold; 2 round-robin groups, quarter-finals in Silver|
|2015–16||SNGPL||United Bank||16||8||8||62||2 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; 2 finals|
|2016–17||WAPDA||Habib Bank||16||8||8||69||2 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final|
|2017–18||SNGPL||WAPDA||16||8||8||69||2 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final|
|2018–19||Habib Bank||SNGPL||16||8||8||69||2 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final|
|2019–20||Central Punjab||Northern||6||6||0||31||round-robin; final|
|2020–21||Central Punjab and
Karachi teams have had the most success, winning the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy 20 times. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) are next with seven wins, followed by National Bank with five. Lahore teams, United Bank, and Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) have four wins each; Habib Bank has 3; and Bahawalpur, Peshawar, Punjab, Railways, Sialkot and Central Punjab (one shared) each have two.
Some team and individual records in the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy are listed in the table below:
|Highest innings total||951 for 7 declared||Sind||vs. Balochistan (18 February 1974)|
|Lowest innings total||29||Dacca University and Education Board||vs. Dacca (3 March 1965)|
|Most runs (season)||1,249||Kamran Ghulam (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)||2020–21 season|
|Most runs (match)||499||Hanif Mohammad (Karachi)||vs. Bahawalpur (8 January 1959)|
|Most runs (innings)|
|Highest partnership||580 (2nd wicket)||Rafatullah Mohmand & Aamer Sajjad (WAPDA)||vs. SSGC (3 December 2009)|
|Best figures (innings)||10 for 28||Naeem Akhtar (Rawalpindi Blues)||vs. Peshawar B (2 December 1995)|
|Best figures (match)||16 for 141||Saad Altaf (Rawalpindi)||vs. FATA (2 November 2017)|
|Most dismissals (match)||12 (all caught)||Kashif Mahmood (Lahore Shalimar)||vs. Abbottabad (29 October 2010)|
|Most catches (match)||8||Naved Yasin (State Bank of Pakistan)||vs. Bahawalpur Stags (18 October 2014)|
- – This was a world record partnership for the second wicket in first-class cricket.
- Cricket associations representing regions, provinces, districts or cities.
- Institutions, corporations or government departments.
- "Total matches" includes matches scheduled but not played.
- Central Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shared the title after the final resulted in a tie.
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- Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1955 to current