Hanif Mohammad (Urdu: حنیف محمد, 21 December 1934 – 11 August 2016) was a Pakistani cricketer. He played for the Pakistani cricket team in 55 Test matches between the 1952–53 season and the 1969–70 season. He averaged 43.98 scoring twelve centuries. At his peak, he was considered one of the best batsmen in the world despite playing at a time when Pakistan played very little Test cricket; Hanif played just 55 Test matches in a career spanning 17 years. In his obituary by ESPNcricinfo, he was honoured as the original Little Master, a title later assumed by Sunil Gavaskar and Sachin Tendulkar. He was the first Pakistani to score a triple hundred in a Test match.
|Full name||Hanif Mohammad|
|Born||21 December 1934|
Junagadh, Junagadh State, British India
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Died||11 August 2016 (aged 81)|
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Height||5 ft 7 in (1.70 m)|
|Bowling||Right-arm off break|
|Relations||Wazir Mohammad (brother)|
Raees Mohammad (brother)
Mushtaq Mohammad (brother)
Sadiq Mohammad (brother)
Shoaib Mohammad (son)
Shehzar Mohammad (grandson)
|Test debut (cap 4)||16 October 1952 v India|
|Last Test||24 October 1969 v New Zealand|
Source: Cricinfo, 3 August 2008
|Pride of Performance Award Recipient|
|Country||Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
|Presented by||Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
Life and careerEdit
Hanif was trained by Abdul Aziz, an Afghan cricket player, who had earlier played in Ranji Trophy for Jamnagar and father of Indian cricketer, Salim Durani. He made his first-class debut playing for Pakistan against the MCC in November 1951. He made 26 in 165 minutes.
The highest of Hanif's Test centuries was a famous 337 made against West Indies in a six-day test at Bridgetown in 1957/58. After Pakistan found itself following on from a first-innings deficit of 473 runs on the afternoon of the third day, Hanif spent more than sixteen hours at the crease compiling his runs, allowing Pakistan to draw the game. It remains the longest innings in Test history (and stood as the longest in all first-class cricket for over 40 years). It was the only Test match instance of a triple century in a team's second innings until it was equaled by New Zealand cricketer Brendon McCullum against India in 2014. Displays such as this earned him the nickname "Little Master". Hanif Mohammad also has the world record for scoring the slowest test triple century in terms of minutes (858) and the only player in test history to have spent over 800 minutes to score a test triple ton.
In 1958–59, he surpassed Don Bradman's record for the highest individual first-class innings. Hanif made 499 for Karachi in a match against Bahawalpur before being run out attempting his five hundredth run; this stood for more than 35 years before being passed by Brian Lara in 1994. In all he made 55 first-class centuries and finished with a strong first-class career average of 52.32. He could bowl with either arm, and kept wicket on a number of occasions. He is known to have played the slowest test innings when he scored 20 off 223 balls at a strike rate of 8.97.
Hanif's career lasted until 1975–76, but he never played in the English County Championship, although he did have an outing for the Northamptonshire Second XI in August 1965 whilst preparing for his appearance for a Rest of the World XI against England at the Scarborough Festival a few days later. Hanif was named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1968 and in January 2009 he was named along with two other Pakistani players, Imran Khan and Javed Miandad, among the inaugural batch of 55 inductees into the ICC's Hall of Fame.
In one Test match against Australia, Hanif scored a century in the first innings. In the second he was given out stumped by Barry Jarman off the bowling of Tom Veivers for 93. Hanif respected the umpire's decision. Later in a press conference Jarman admitted that Hanif was not out.
Many other members of Hanif's family were also cricketers: his brothers Mushtaq, Sadiq and Wazir all played Tests for Pakistan, as did his son Shoaib. Another brother Raees was once twelfth man for Pakistan, and four nephews had first-class careers. His mother Ameer Bee was a national badminton champion in pre-independence British India.
- Mason, Peter (15 August 2016). "Hanif Mohammad obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "The original 'Little Master', Pakistan's Hanif Mohammad dies aged 80". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- "1st Test, Pakistan tour of West Indies at Bridgetown, Jan 17-23 1958". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "Obituary: Hanif Mohammed". Wisden. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- "It's a draw!". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "2nd Test: New Zealand v India at Wellington, Feb 14–18, 2014 | Cricket Scorecard". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- "Wisden – Hanif Mohammad". Cricinfo.com. 21 December 1934. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- "Records | Test matches | Batting records | Slowest triple hundreds | ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "The Unquiet Ones: A History of Pakistani Cricket" by Osman Samiuddin
- "A limpet at the crease". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- "Hanif Mohammad's 84th Birthday". www.google.com. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
| Pakistan Cricket Captain
| Highest individual score in first-class cricket
499 Karachi v Bahawalpur at Karachi 1958–59