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The National People's Party (NPP) (Urdu: نیشنل پیپلز پارٹی‎) was a political party located in Pakistan (most active in the province of Sindh and southern parts of Punjab). It was founded in 1986 by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi after he had a disagreement with Benazir Bhutto, subsequently leaving the Pakistan Peoples Party.[1]

National People's Party

نیشنل پیپلز پارٹی
ChairmanGhulam Murtaza Khan Jatoi
Founded1986
Dissolved2013
Merged intoPakistan Muslim League (N)
HeadquartersKarachi
Student wingNational People's Students Federation (NPSF)
ColorsRed, white and green             
Election symbol
Tractor
CH-Zusatztafel-Traktor.svg
Party flag
NPPflag.png

In the 2008 Pakistani general elections the party only managed to win one seat in the National Assembly. Ghulam Mustafa's son Ghulam Murtaza Khan Jatoi won the election in NA-211 Naushahro Feroze-I, holding the seat won in 2002 elections by Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Khan Jemms under the National Alliance banner. The party also won four provincial seats, all in the Sindh province.

In May 2013, the party merged with the Pakistan Muslim League (N).[2][3] For the 2018 Pakistani general elections, the NPP joined the Grand Democratic Alliance ticket.

Contents

FormationEdit

The National People's Party was founded in 1986 by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, who brought together a number of political heavyweights from all over Pakistan under its banner. Among them were former Pakistan People's Party stalwarts and Punjab Chief Ministers Ghulam Mustafa Khar and Hanif Ramay, as well as former federal ministers: S.M. Zafar, Hamid Raza Gilani, Malik Hamid Sarfraz, Nawab Ghaus Bux Raisani, Kamal Azfar, Mian Sajid Pervaiz, Nafees Siddiqui, Rana Muhammad Hanif Khan, Akhtar Hussain Shah, Rabbani Khar and Aftab Shah Gilani. A manifesto was prepared and the party was expected to rise to prominence quickly due to the declining popularity of the People's Party. Now, it is declining due to insufficient leadership. Irfan Abbasi was the media coordinator of the National People's Party He had also worked in the Sukkur Division as an information secretary. Soon after, he was kicked out of the party due to allying with the Pakistan People's Party.

IJI CoalitionEdit

In September 1988, the newly formed NPP, the center-right Pakistan Muslim League headed by Muhammad Khan Junejo, and the religious-political Jamaat-e-Islami headed by Qazi Hussain Ahmad along with six other political parties formed an anti-PPP coalition called Islami Jamhoori Ittehad or simply IJI. It was believed that the Pakistan Army intelligence agency, the ISI, under Lt Gen Hamid Gul, had a major role in the formation of IJI, as the army was always at odds with the left-leaning PPP.

The 1988 elections were still won by the PPP but with a thin majority. However, only 20 months into office, the PPP government was dismissed by the President Ghulam Ishaq Khan on corruption charges, and IJI won the next elections comfortably leading Nawaz Sharif from IJI to be the next prime minister. The coalition ended in 1993 when a major chunk of IJI became PML (Nawaz).

Founding National AllianceEdit

For the 2002 general elections, NPP joined the pro-Musharraf government's loose political coalition, the National Alliance. The other alliance members were the Millat Party, the Sindh Democratic Alliance and the Sindh National Front. The alliance won 16 out of 342 seats, mainly in the interior Sindh and lower Punjab region, or 4.78% of the total votes.[4]

Merger and separation with PMLEdit

In May 2004, various PML factions and other political parties, including the National Alliance, merged with the PML-Q to form a united Pakistan Muslim League (PML).[5] However, the understanding did not last long and NPP separated from the ruling PML and contested the 2008 elections on a its own platform.

The party won three seats in the 2008 elections in the Sindh Provincial Assembly and one National Assembly seat.

In May 2013, National People's Party announced its merger with the Pakistan Muslim League (N).[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Crossette, Barbara (13 November 1988). "Election Wednesday; After Zia, Pakistan Takes Well To Politics". The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b "Partners in Sindh: NPP merges with PML-N". Express Tribune. 17 May 2013. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Arbab Ghulam Rahim's PPML merges with PML-N". Express Tribune. 26 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013.
  4. ^ Mansoor, Hasan (February 2003). "The pathology of military democracy: Manufacturing a government in Sindh". Himal South Asia. Archived from the original on 10 January 2008.
  5. ^ Mumtaz, Ashraf (20 May 2004). "Parties to inform EC about merger with PML". Dawn. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008.