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General elections were held in Pakistan on 10 October 2002 to elect the National Assembly of Pakistan and the provincial assemblies. The elections were held under the watchful scrutiny of the military government of General Pervez Musharraf.[1] This elections featured the multiparty democracy as it brought an end to the two-party system between the Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Muslim League (N). A right of center Pakistan Muslim League (Q) emerged in the mainstream political spectrum of Pakistan, that supported liberal President Musharraf.

2002 Pakistani general election

← 1997 10 October 2002 2008 →

All 342 seats to the National Assembly
172 seats needed for a majority
Turnout41.8% (Increase5.8pp)
  First party Second party Third party
  Zafarullah Khan Jamali.jpg Makhdoom Amin Faheem - Horasis Global Arab Business Meeting 2012.jpg FazlulRahman (cropped).png
Leader Zafarullah Khan Jamali Ameen Faheem Fazal-ur-Rehman
Leader since 20 July 2002 8 June 2002 2002
Leader's seat Nasirabad Hyderabad-I Dera Ismail Khan
Last election 18 seats, 21.78%
Seats won 126 81 63
Seat change New Increase 63 New
Popular vote 7,500,797 7,616,033 3,335,643
Percentage 25.66% 26.05% 11.41%
Swing Increase 4.27pp

Pakistani general election 2002 result.svg
Results of elections showing political parties.
  • Change from JUI factions total vote share at the 1997 election which JI had boycotted.

Prime Minister before election

(Military Coup)

Elected Prime Minister

Zafarullah Khan Jamali

Around 70 parties took participation in the elections,[citation needed] however, only six parties managed to bag sufficient popular vote namely PML-Q, PPP, MMA, PML-N, MQM and National Alliance.

Parties and candidatesEdit

More than 70 parties, contested the election, the main parties were the Peoples Party Parliamentarians, Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz Group, Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM), Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-i-Azam also called the "King's Party" for its unconditional support to the government, and the Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal (MMA), alliance of six religious political parties. Other known parties contesting at the national level included the six-party National Alliance led by former President Farooq Ahmad Lagari, Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaaf and Tahir-ul-Qadri's Pakistan Awami Tehrik.[1]


e • d Summary of the October 2002 National Assembly elections[2]
Votes % Seats
Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam) 7,500,797 25.66 126
Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians 7,616,033 26.05 81
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal Pakistan 3,335,643 11.41 63
Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) 3,409,805 11.66 19
Muttahida Qaumi Movement 932,166 3.19 17
National Alliance 1,395,398 4.77 16
Pakistan Muslim League (Functional) 328,923 1.13 5
Pakistan Muslim League (Junejo) 283,755 0.97 3
Pakistan Peoples Party (Sherpao) 98,476 0.34 2
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf 242,472 0.83 1
Pakistan Awami Tehreek (Pakistan People's Movement) 202,845 0.69 1
Jamhoori Wattan Party (Republican National Party) 96,240 0.33 1
Pakistan Muslim League (Zia-ul-Haq Shaheed) 78,798 0.27 1
Balochistan National Party 57,865 0.20 1
Pakhtun-khwa Milli Awami Party 96,252 0.33 1
Independents 2,722,669 9.31 3
Non-partisans (most joined one of the above parties) - 14.1 21*
Female elected members (included in party seats above) . . 60*
Minorities (included in party seats above) . . 10*
Total (turnout 41.8%) 29,236,687 100 342
Source: Pakistan Electoral Commission, Free and Fair Election Network and CIA Factbook

Not included in total. Except for three independents, most of these are included in the party-seat numbers