Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI; Urdu: پاکستان تحريکِ انصاف or پتا, "Pakistan Movement for Justice") is a centrist and populist Pakistani political party and the current ruling party of Pakistan. PTI is one of three major political parties of Pakistan along with PML-N and PPP, and the largest party in terms of representation in National Assembly as of the 2018 Pakistani general election. With over 10 million members in Pakistan and abroad, it claims to be Pakistan's largest party by primary membership and among largest political parties in world.
|Vice Chairman||Shah Mehmood Qureshi|
|Secretary General||Aamir Mehmood Kiani|
|Leader in Senate||Shahzad Waseem|
|Leader in Assembly||Imran Khan|
|Founded||25 April 1996|
|Student Wing||Insaf Student Federation|
|Youth Wing||Insaf Youth Wing|
|Women Wing||Insaf Women Wing|
|Membership (2013)||10 million (worldwide)|
|Slogan||Justice, Humanity and Self Esteem|
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PTI was founded in 1996 by cricketer turned politician Imran Khan with the aim of establishing Pakistan as a welfare state. Despite Khan's popular image, the party had limited initial success. It failed to win a single seat in the 1997 elections and in 2002, only Khan was able to win a seat for the party. The party remained in opposition to the pro-Musharraf government led by PML-Q and later boycotted the 2008 election accusing fraudulent in procedure.
The rise of Third Way during the Musharraf era created a new centrist bloc in Pakistani politics, as opposed to centre-left PPP and centre-right PML-N. When PML-Q began to decline following the end of Musharraf's presidency, much of its centrist vote bank was lost to PTI. As the popularity of PPP started to decrease after the disqualification of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani in 2012, the PTI appealed to many former PPP voters, particularly in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, due its populist outlook.
In 2013 elections, PTI emerged as major party with over 7.5 million votes, making it second in the number of votes and third in the number of seats won. At the provincial level, it was voted to power in KPK. During its time in opposition, PTI, with the help of its slogans like Tabdeeli Arahi Hai (change is coming), mobilised people in rallies over public distress on various issues, most notable of which is the 2014 Azadi March. In 2018, it received 16.9 million votes, the largest for any political party in Pakistan till then. It formed government of Pakistan in coalition with 5 other parties for first time with Imran Khan as prime minister. As of 2020, the party is in government at the national level and governs the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. It is also a part of the coalition government in Balochistan and acts as the largest opposition party in Sindh.
Officially, the party aims to create an Islamic welfare state and to dismantle religious discrimination in Pakistan. The party terms itself an anti-status quo movement advocating egalitarian Islamic democracy. It claims to be the only non-dynastic party of mainstream Pakistani politics. Recently however, the party has been criticised by its political opponents and analysts for its failures to address various economic and political issues and weakening economy. It has also faced backlash for its crackdown on opposition and attempts to curb media outlets and freedom of speech.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was founded by Imran Khan on 25 April 1996 in Lahore. Founded initially as a sociopolitical movement, in June 1996 the first Central Executive Committee of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf was formed under the leadership of Imran Khan, including Naeemul Haque, Ahsan Rasheed, Hafeez Khan, Mowahid Hussain, Mahmood Awan and Nausherwan Burki as founding members. PTI began to grow slowly but did not achieve immediate popularity.
In October 2002, Khan ran for office in the National Elections and became a member of parliament (MP) for Mianwali, his home town. Khan, however, remained deeply critical of the entire political order of Pakistan, which he deemed corrupt, inefficient, and morally bereft of any of the founding principles of Pakistan. In protest, Khan began a grassroots campaign to raise awareness about his political party.
After Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007 and Nawaz Sharif returned from self-exile in Saudi Arabia, pressure increased upon President Musharraf to hold democratic elections. PTI, in conjunction with many political parties, joined the All Parties Democratic Movement, which was opposed to further military rule. The general election in 2008 resulted in a PPP victory. This election was boycotted by PTI. A membership drive in November and December 2008 resulted in 150,000 people joining the party.
Ascent to power
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PTI emerged as a major party in 2013 Pakistani general election. Public distress on various issues against government in following years, led PTI to emerge as single largest political party in 2018 Pakistani general election and subsequent formation of a coalition government.
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Following its ascent to national government of Pakistan, PTI backed off from certain commitments in its manifesto what was criticised by its opponents as U-turns. The PTI also raised issue of religious tolerance and greater representation for minorities. On 20 February 2013 PTI launched its 'Education Policy' with plans to introduce a uniform education system with one curriculum in three languages for Urdu, English and regional languages for entire Pakistan in primary schools. PTI promised to crack down on police brutality, restructure the civil service, reform the electoral system, allow for a truly independent judiciary, decentralise state power, and enforce laws which extend personal liberty. The PTI proposed civilian control of Pakistan's military. The Inter-Services Intelligence service would report directly to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, and the defence budget would be audited by the government. Imran Khan also pledged to resign should any terrorism take place from Pakistani soil following these reforms.
The PTI hopes to have a relationship with the US that would be based on "self dignity and respect" and promised to stop all foreign aid to Pakistan. The PTI also promised to make Kashmir issue a top priority and would try and solve the issue permanently so that Pakistan no longer has any border or territorial disputes with any of its neighbours.
Organization and structure
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The National Council is the PTI governing body. Its members are:
- Office bearers of the provincial organizations
- Presidents of regional organizations
- Presidents of district organizations
- Five members nominated by each of the women, youth, students, labour, farmers, minorities, lawyers and overseas organisations
- Advisors nominated by the chairman
The National Council elects central office bearers.
- Intra-party elections
In March 2012, PTI announced to hold US-style intra-party election, according to a press briefing the US-style candidate nomination and ticket-awarding process, PTI would aim to introduce local caucuses on district levels throughout the country. Aspiring candidates would undertake debates and undergo primaries to win a party ticket for contesting on Provincial Assembly or National Assembly seats. The elections were held from October 2012 and ended on 23 March 2013 where the party finally elected the National Council after a long drawn electoral process with over four million registered members for their electoral college. With these elections PTI has become Pakistan's first political party to hold the largest intra party election from the general electoral base.
- Central functions
|Chairman||Imran Khan||23 March 2013|
|Vice-Chairman||Shah Mehmood Qureshi||23 March 2013|
|Secretary General||Arshad Daad||1 October 2018|
|Deputy Secretary General||Saifullah Niazi||23 March 2013|
|Chief of Staff of Chairman||Naeem ul Haque||23 March 2013|
|Campaign Manager||Asad Umar||23 March 2013|
|Additional Secretary of Information||Faisal Javed Khan||5 April 2015|
|Secretary of Overseas Pakistanis||Vacant||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Commerce & Industry||Firdous Shamim Naqvi||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Education||Moazzam Ali Athar||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Health||Dr. Mohammad Hanif||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Foreign Affairs||Abrar-ul-Haq||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Defence Affairs||Samson Simon Sharaf||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Internal Affairs||Usman ur Rehman Chohan||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Law||Salman Hamid Afridi||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Culture||Akhtar Nawaz||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Religious Affairs||Saad Khursheed Khan||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Minorities||Dr. Sawaran Singh||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Labour||Mohammad Iqbal||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Publicity||Rao Rahat Ali Khan||23 March 2013|
|Secretary of Public Welfare||Syed Aftab Shah||23 March 2013|
Most of PTI's central leadership was elected, Imran Khan and Shah Mehmood Qureshi were elected on 20 March 2013. The Secretary information, Secretary Finance, Secretary Social Media, Secretary Political Training, and Secretary Policy Planning are appointed by the chairman and confirmed by the CEC. The Executive Committee consists of the Central Office bearers (above) and thirty-members to be nominated by the chairman from amongst the members of the National Council.
- Provincial Council
The elected Provincial Council was finalised on 18 March 2013 for a 4-year term by the various districts of each province it is as follows Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan & Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
|President of Punjab||Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhary|
|General Secretary of Punjab||Professor Dr. Yasmin Rashid|
|President of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Azam Khan Swati|
|General Secretary of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Shaukat Ali Yousafzai|
|President of Sindh||Ameer Bux Bhutto|
|General Secretary of Sindh||Haleem Adil Sheikh|
|President of Balochistan||Yar Muhammad Rind|
|General Secretary of Balochistan||Qasim Suri|
- Central Tarbiyati Council (CTC)
In June 2014 a Central Tarbiyati Council was created whose convener is Firdous Shamim Naqvi, Incharge for Curriculum Development Abdul Quayyum Khan Kundi, Incharge Material Production Khawar Shamsul Hasan, Incharge Implementation and Monitoring Col Ejaz Minhas. The Tarbiyati Council will be responsible to train party activists on ideology, election campaign and other organizational matters.
- PTI Women Wing
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf has a dedicated central wing for women, led by Nausheen Hamid as its elected President and Seemi Ezdi as its elected general secretary. PTI strongly declares its recognition of the rightis of women, and undertakes to promote and implement policies that protect women from all strata of society, especially the middle and working classes, recognising urban and rural as equal citizens and encouraging the participation of women in national and political life. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf strongly believes in representation of women at all decision-making levels.
|President||Dr Nausheen Hamid|
|Senior Vice President||Saudia Agha|
|Vice President of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Neelum Toru|
|Vice President of Balochistan||Fehmida Jamali|
|Vice President of Sindh||Kanwal Ejaz Randhawa|
|Vice President of Punjab||Nasrin Tariq|
|Secretary General||Senator Seemi Ezdi|
- Insaf Student Federation (ISF)
The Insaf Student Federation is the official student wing of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. ISF is present in all provinces of Pakistan. ISF has held many protests and rallies in all parts of Pakistan to create awareness about different issues.
- Insaf Youth Wing
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf has a youth wing for people under the age of 40 to help bring attention to their issues and problems. PTI Youth Wing is led by Ali Abbas Bukhari as the elected President.
- People with disabilities
On 18 March 2013 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf became the first political party in Pakistan to announce a comprehensive policy for persons with disabilities (PWD). In its vision PTI would like to ensure the rights of disabled people and they be provided with enough opportunities to play their vital role in society. The party strongly believes in the implementation the 1991 ordinance which ensured a special quota for persons with disabilities. PTI will acknowledge, facilitate and empower all PWDs enabling them to lead independent and self-fulfilling lives. PTI will also raise awareness about integration of persons with disabilities into society would work towards the prevention of certain avoidable disabilities through early diagnosis and medical treatment. Fulfilling its commitment to persons with disabilities, the KPK government led by the PTI has approved a budget of over Rs 59 Million initially to help provide rehabilitation services to handicapped people at the local hospital near to their area, it is initially slated to be launched in all 25 districts of the province but will expand further with additional budgetary provisions.
- Insaf Research Wing
Insaf Research Wing (IRW) was a part of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) created to carry out research to find solutions for problems in Pakistan. IRW was created in 2009 to carry out research to find solutions for problems in Pakistan. The foremost goal of IRW was to keep people of Pakistan and PTI informed and prepared. The wing was composed of 9 committees. Each committee addressed issues related to its field of expertise, which included socio-political, information & technology, economics, energy, healthcare, corruption, foreign affairs, education & environment. The research reports/papers were either commissioned by the central executive committee of PTI or committee members of IRW. The IRW did not follow a preset ideology while carrying out research, nor did it endorse any opinion presented in a published report/paper as an official position. Any published document by the wing did not constitute it as an official position of PTI unless otherwise stated. IRW operated at a national level but its members were located throughout the world bringing in the much needed international experience. IRW practiced an open membership policy valid for all Pakistanis regardless of religion or race.
The IRW has since been replaced by the Insaf Research Team.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf contested the general elections of 1997, 2002, 2013 and 2018. It boycotted the 2008 general elections.
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|2008||Did not contest|
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|2013||Ghulam Sarwar Khan||4,951,216||17.76||
30 / 371
|30||2nd||PML (N) majority|
|2018||Sardar Usman Buzdar||11,141,139||33.65||
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|2018||Yar Muhammad Rind||109,488||6.21||
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|Electoral performance in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa local elections (district seats)|
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1997 and 2002 general elections
2008 general elections
2013 general elections
On 21 April 2013 Khan, the chairman of PTI, launched his campaign for the 2013 elections from Lahore where he addressed supporters at The Mall, Lahore followed by prayers at the Data Durbar Complex. which was followed by large rallies in Karak and Dera Ismail Khan. He also announced that he would pull Pakistan out of the US-led war on terror and bring peace in the Pashtun tribal belt. On 22 April 2013 Khan addressed different public meetings in Malakand, Lower Dir District and Upper Dir District where he announced that PTI will introduce a uniform education system in which the children of rich and poor will have equal opportunities.
On the same day he spoke at a rally in Rawalpindi's Constituency NA-56 accompanied by Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad. On 23 April 2013 Khan addressed large rallies in Renala Khurd, Okara and other parts of Sahiwal Division. He challenged PML-N President Nawaz Sharif to a live debate, a challenge which PML-N was quick to decline. On 24 April, Khan addressed rallies Nankana Sahib District, Sheikhupura and Pattoki where he announced that once he comes to power no parliamentarian will receive development funds as they are misused for achieving political gains.
On 25 April 2013 Khan addressed political gatherings in South Punjab including in Pakpattan, Lodhran and Vehari. On the following day Khan continued his mass campaign in South Punjab, he addressed rallies at Jalalpur Pirwala, Muzaffargarh, Mian Channu, Kabirwala and Khanewal where he promised to end the system of tyranny and announced that once in power he will make law which will allow every village or town to elect its own Station House Officer which he believes will prevent corruption and police brutality, he also promised to eliminate the post of Patwari and make a computerised and professional land record system.
Khan ended his south Punjab campaign by addressing rallies at Bahawalpur, Khanpur, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan and Rajanpur on 27 April. During the campaign he collectively visited over 25 towns and cities and addressed dozens of rallies and corner meetings, at the end he promised to hang the killers behind the assassination of Benazir Bhutto he also said that the local government system is important for prosperity of Pakistan. On 28 April, Khan moved to central Punjab where he addressed large rallies at Mandi Bahauddin, Hafizabad and Sargodha while promising people to bring justice and equality to Pakistan.
On 29 April 2013 Khan addressed rallies at Murree, Talagang, Chakwal, Taxila and Attock. On 30 April, Khan visited his home town of Mianwali where he addressed several rallies, he lashed out on Bhutto's and Sharif's. He is quoted to say 'You can't lead revolution from behind bulletproof glass' he also claimed that he had conquered fear of dying 17 years ago. On 1 and 2 March, Khan addressed gatherings in Sibi, Loralai, Zafarwal, Pasrur, Narowal, Jacobabad and also led a car rally in Rawalpindi. On 3 May Khan continued his campaign at Battagram, Mansehra, Torghar District, Abbottabad and Haripur, followed by rallies at Buner District, Swabi, Charsadda, Mardan, Nowshera and Peshawar on 4th while promising to abandon war on terror.
2013 general election results
Pakistan's 2013 elections were held on 11 May 2013 throughout the country. The elections resulted in a clear majority of the Pakistan Muslim League (N), a strong rival of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf but it did managed to take over the Pakistan Peoples Party as the main opposition to PML-N's candidates in the Punjab Province where the parties popularity was able to push 20 representatives to the Punjab Assembly. PTI also emerged as the second largest party in Karachi.
While according to non-official results announced by Pakistani media and the Election Commission of Pakistan. Imran Khan, Chairman of PTI won three of the four constituencies he contested winning from Constituency NA-1, Constituency NA-56 and Constituency NA-71. While Khan's party PTI won 31 directly elected parliamentary seats which is more than 300 percent more than it got in 2002 elections. PTI was third largest party nationally as well as being the largest in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and second largest in Punjab. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, PTI defeated all mainstream political parties across the province with mostly new candidates. It also won every seat in Peshawar, Nowshera and Mardan district, it is expected that PTI will lead a coalition government in the province. PTI couldn't manage to win a majority in Punjab but made some wins while barely managed to make any inroads in Sindh or Baluchistan. PTI got 34 out of 99 seats in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly.
According to the polling data available, PTI performed considerably well in Central and Southern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, while it ceded ground to Jamaat-e-Islami and Jamiat Ulema (F) in Northern Pakhtunkhwa.
In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa proper, the party failed to get more than 5% of the polled vote in only one constituency, NA-22 Battagram. The party also didn't fare well in FATA which borders the Pakhtunkhwa province. Here PTI won only one constituency, NA-47, out of 12 while failing to win more than 5% of the vote in 3 constituencies NA-36, NA-37, NA-41.
In Punjab, the party performed the best in the North and the South, where its largest share of seats came from. It managed to win more than 5% of the vote in all constituencies of Northern Punjab. While in Southern Punjab its support was mainly concentrated in Multan along with a belt of districts surrounding it, which include Khanewal, Vehari and Pakpattan. Its performance was lackluster in Rajanpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalnagar, and Muzaffargarh.
PTI's performance in Central Punjab was limited to gains in the districts of Mianwali, Lahore, Sahiwal, Nankana Sahib, Sheikhupura and Faisalabad. Mianwali district, from where the party's leader, Imran Khan belongs, saw the highest votes polled in the favor of PTI in Punjab at an average of 59.85% in the district's two constituencies. Among other major districts, it performed the worst in Jhang and Sargodha. In Sargodha it failed to win more than 5% of the vote in 3 out of 5 constituencies, while in Jhang the party failed to field candidates in 3 out of 6 constituencies and got more than 5% vote in only one constituency, NA-86. Hafizabad, Bhakkar and Gujranwala were other weak showings of PTI in Central Punjab.
Apart from Karachi, Sindh was mainly neglected by PTI during much of its election campaign and it shows in the results. The party failed to field its candidates in 19 out of Interior Sindh's 40 constituencies. Where it did field its candidates, it failed to clear the 5% vote benchmark in 18 constituencies. In most such constituencies, the order of the votes was in the hundreds. PTI's only strong showing in interior Sindh was in the constituencies of NA-228 Umerkot and, NA-230 Tharparkar where, the party's vice president, Shah Mehmood Qureshi's spiritual Ghousia Jamaat has a considerable following.
In Karachi, PTI bagged an average of 20.37% across 18 of 20 constituencies it participated in. The constituency NA-250 of Karachi recorded the highest percentage of votes polled in the favor of PTI at 61.38%.
In Balochistan, the situation was similar to that of interior Sindh. PTI failed to field its candidates in 4 out of the province's 13 constituencies. Further on, it didn't receive more than 5% of the vote in 7 of the remaining 9. Votes in most of these cases were mere hundreds. It performed relatively well in NA-259 of Quetta proper and NA-265 Sibi where the party got 14.83% and 6.99% of the vote respectively.
2018 general elections
Pakistan's 2018 elections were held on 25 July 2018 throughout the country. The elections resulted in a clear majority of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf in National assembly with 116 won seats. After 28 women and 5 Minority seats the total number of seats reached 149. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf obtained 0.16 million votes with 31.82% of total cast votes, hence forming a government in the center with the alliance of MQM-P, PML (Q), BAP, BNP-M, GDA, AML and JWP. PTI also formed government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by having 78 seats, Punjab by having 175 seats and a government of alliance in Balochistan. Following Elections Imran Khan was elected as Prime minister obtaining 176 against Mian M. Shehbaz Sharif who obtained 96 votes. PTI was also successful in electing its Speaker and deputy speaker national assembly, Asad Qaiser and Qasim Suri respectively. On 4 September 2018, Arif Alvi got elected as 13th President of Pakistan. PTI nominated Usman Ahmad Khan Buzdar as C.M. Punjab, Mahmood Khan as C.M. KPK and Jam Kamal Khan as C.M. Balochistan. The party also appointed its governors ; Muhammad Sarwar as Governor of Punjab, Pakistan , Imran Ismail as Governor of Sindh and Shah Farman as Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan appointed his cabinet with key appointments of Minister of Finance given to Asad Umar and Minister of Foreign Affairs to Shah Mehmood Qureshi.
Presence across provincial assemblies
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|AJK Legislative Assembly||
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In the northwestern province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the PTI formed a governing coalition with the Jamaat-e-Islami and Qaumi Watan parties. On 13 May 2013, Parvez Khattak was appointed Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Development Advisory Committee includes Asad Umar, Jehangir Khan Tareen, Ali Asghar Khan, Khalid Mehsud and Rustam Shah Mohmand. There are 15 ministers selected from the coalition govt to form the cabinet for Chief Minister Parvez Khattak.
The party since 2013 elections has been involved in several controversies.
Protests and civil disobedience
PTI launched its first dharna on 14 August 2014. The party was involved in laying siege and paralyzing capital of Pakistan, Islamabad in an effort to stop the Government from functioning. PTI was charged with targeting Pakistan television and parliament and also targeting law enforcement.
The party founder Imran Khan burned his utility bills in order to encourage the participants to join his protest against rising electricity prices.
Justice Wajihuddin tribunal
PTi former leader and in charge for party election tribunal to investigate the corruption and fraud and PTI's internal election rigging. His tribunal expelled Secretary general Jahangir Tareen, PTI's KPK Chief Minister Pervez Khattak and senior leader Nadir Laghari after for manipulating intro-party polls and also reported frauds in party funds.
Wajihuddin was later expelled from the party by Imran Khan.
Media attacks and women harassment
PTI has been reported to have attacked media persons during their protest demos. Several female journalists have reported harassment by the party workers. The harassment of women has also been reported in PTI's gatherings.
Allegations of conspiracy to dissolve government using judiciary
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