Humayun Akhtar Khan

Humayun Akhtar Khan is a Pakistani politician and business tycoon. He has been elected as a member of the National Assembly four consecutive times between 1990–2007, having served as Federal Minister for Trade and Commerce from 2002–2007 and as Chairman Board of Investment from 1997–1999. His father General Akhtar Abdur Rehman headed the ISI from 1979–1987, eventually going on to become Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Armed Forces, while his brother Senator Haroon Akhtar Khan served as Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Revenue from 2015–2018. Humayun is the Founder and Chairman of the Institute for Policy Reform and along with his brothers owns one of the largest conglomerates in Pakistan, comprising Tandlianwala Sugar Mills, Superior Textile Mill, and Lotte Akhtar Beverages (PepsiCo Franchise).

Humayun Akhtar Khan
Huak.jpg
Federal Minister for Trade and Commerce
In office
23 November 2002 – 15 November 2007
Preceded byIshaq Dar
Succeeded byShahid Khaqan Abbasi
Member of the National Assembly for Constituency NA-125 (Now NA-131)
In office
23 November 2002 – 15 November 2007
Preceded byMian Abdul Waheed
Succeeded byKhawaja Saad Rafique
Chairman Board of Investment
In office
30 July 1997 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byAsif Ali Zardari
Succeeded byAbdul Hafeez Shaikh
Member of the National Assembly for Constituency NA-150 (Now NA-178)
In office
1 April 1997 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byMakhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Succeeded byJahangir Khan Tareen
Member of the National Assembly for Constituency NA-93 (Now NA-131 and NA-129)
In office
19 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
Preceded byAitzaz Ahsan
Succeeded byMian Abdul Waheed
Member of the National Assembly for Constituency NA-92 (Now NA-123 and NA-127)
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
Preceded byMuhammad Hussain Ansari
Succeeded byNawaz Sharif
Personal details
Political partyPakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
FatherAkhtar Abdur Rahman
RelativesHaroon Akhtar Khan (brother)
Jahangir Khan Tareen (cousin)[1]
Alma materGovernment College University
University of Manitoba
Websitewww.humayunakhtarkhan.com
www.tsmlgroup.com
www.ipr.org.pk
www.facebook.com/HumayunAkhtarKhanOfficial/

BusinessEdit

Lotte Akhtar BeveragesEdit

Humayun along with his brothers decided to move back to Pakistan in 1988 after the death of their father. The Akhtar brothers along with their cousin Jahangir Khan Tareen and his brother in law Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood together bought Riaz Bottlers (Bottling and Distribution Franchise for PepsiCo beverages in Pakistan) from former Chief Minister of Punjab Sadiq Hussain Qureshi. The consortium managed to turn around the fortunes of Riaz Bottlers from bankruptcy to being the standout company in the beverage industry with key sponsorship deals such as that with the Pakistan Cricket Team and a vast portfolio of beverages including Pepsi, Mountain Dew, 7-Up, Aquafina, Mirinda, Slice, Sting.[2][3] In 2018, South Korean chaebol Lotte Chilsung acquired a controlling stake in Riaz Bottlers (now known as Lotte Akhtar Beverages) although the Akhtar brothers maintain a significant minority share and are Lotte's strategic partner in Pakistan.[4]

Tandlianwala Sugar MillsEdit

After years of unprecedented success in the beverage industry, the Akhtar brothers entered the sugar industry and later expanded into production of its downstream products such as ethanol and carbon dioxide. Today, Tandlianwala Sugar Mills is the second largest publicly listed producer of sugar and its allied products on the Pakistan Stock Exchange in terms of revenue, market capitalization, production, and capacity while it is also the largest exporter of ethanol in the country, comprising 17% of Pakistan's total ethanol exports. The group includes three sugar mills in Tandlianwala, Muzaffargarh, and Dera Ismail Khan with a combined crushing capacity of 41,000 Tons of Cane per day (Annual Production of 400,000 M. Tons); two ethanol distilleries in Tandlianwala and Muzaffargarh with production capacity of 255,000 liters per day (Annual Production of 84 Million Liters), and a Carbon Dioxide Recovery plant with capacity of 48 Tons Per Day (Annual Production of 16,000 Tons).[5]

Think TankEdit

In March 2014, the Akhtar Brothers founded a nonprofit, nonpartisan think tank called the Institute for Policy Reform which regularly publishes research reports, analysis, briefs, and fact sheets on key public policy issues concerning Pakistan with a particular focus on economic policy, national security, and international relations.[6] IPR's Board of Advisors includes prominent personalities from various fields of Pakistani society including Diplomats, Lawyers, Legislators, Academic Scholars, Corporate Executives, Military Officers, and Bureaucrats.[7]

PoliticsEdit

Formation of PML-Q (1999–2002)Edit

After the military coup in 1999 in which Nawaz Sharif was overthrown by General Pervez Musharraf, Humayun Akhtar along with many of Nawaz Sharifs close aides were under house arrest for months. For two years the National Accountability Bureau launched thorough investigations against Humayun's family and placed him on the Exit Control List. After being cleared of all allegations leveled against him, Humayun resumed his political career in 2001. In 2002, General Pervez Musharraf who by then had also become the President of Pakistan promised that there would be General Elections in October. Because Nawaz Sharif had been exiled to Saudi Arabia and the military establishment gave the impression that he was gone for good, many of his most prominent party leaders including Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, Ijaz-ul-Haq, Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri, Shaikh Rasheed Ahmad, Mian Azhar and Humayun Akhtar Khan formed a new party called Pakistan Muslim League- Quaid-e-Azam. Humayun contested from constituency NA-125 which was in fact part of what was once called NA-93, the constituency he won from in 1993. This time his main opponents were Akram Zaki of PML (N) and Naveed Chaudhry of PPP.[8]

Prime Ministerial Candidacy (2002–2004)Edit

In 2002 when PML (Q) was forming its government, Humayun Akhtar was one of the candidates considered for the post of Prime Minister. However, President Musharraf and the PML-Q eventually decided to choose the Prime Minister from one of the smaller provinces and hence gave the honor to Zafarullah Khan Jamali of Balochistan.[9] By early 2004, it was clear that Jamali had fallen out of favor with President Musharraf and his own party members.[10] Jamali did not support Musharraf's decision to keep on his uniform amongst other things while Musharraf was fed up of Jamali's incompetence and poor governance. By May 2004, the party decided to sack Jamali and in his place a number of potential candidates were listed. After many high level consultations between the President and his close political and military aides, it was decided that Humayun was the best choice to lead the nation.[11] Although Humayun had strong backing of the Pakistan Army and the ISI as many of the top generals had served under his father who led these institutions in the 1980s, his own party leaders the Chaudhrys of Gujrat proved to be the last hurdle in his nomination as they fought tooth and nail to ensure that he does not become the next Prime Minister.[12] Party President Chaudhry Shujaat went to the extent of asking Musharraf to delay the announcement of the new Prime Minister by three weeks till the budget session concludes.[13] Many political analysts believe that the main reason behind the delay was to postpone Humayun's candidacy as the Chaudhry's felt that he had intentions of hijacking the party from them and as a result threatening Pervaiz Elahi's own political ambitions of eventually becoming Prime Minister after the next election.[14] Eventually Musharraf adhered to the pressure and the only other viable option for Musharraf was Finance Minister Shaukat Aziz who was a Senator, not a Member of Parliament. Eventually, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was made interim Prime Minister for two months and it was decided that Shaukat Aziz would contest an election for the national assembly via by-election. Shortly after contesting and winning the by-election, Shaukat Aziz replaced Chaudhry Shujaat as Prime Minister.[15]

Alliance with PML-N (2012–2013)Edit

In May 2012 the Likeminded Group formed an alliance with the PML (N) in a bid to unite all Muslim League factions under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif, with the aim of defeating the PTI and the ruling coalition of PPP and PML (Q) in the upcoming general elections. According to the seat adjustment formula that would accommodate several leaders of the Likeminded Group, Humayun was to be awarded a PML (N) ticket from NA-124 Lahore instead of NA-125 while his brother Haroon Akhtar was to be awarded a PML (N) senate seat in the 2015 senate elections.[16][17] However, days before the election tickets were finalized, PML (N) violated the agreement it signed in 2012 and Humayun did not receive a PML (N) ticket from either of the two constituencies although his brother Haroon was accommodated in June 2015 as a Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Revenue and was elected as a Senator on a PML (N) ticket in the 2018 Senate Election.[18][19][20] While Humayun has been out of the public eye over the past five years, he has been spearheading new joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions for his family businesses.[21]

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2018–Present)Edit

In July 2018, Humayun Akhtar joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[22] Having served as a Member of the National Assembly several times from all of the areas comprising NA-131, he led PTI Chairman Imran Khan's campaign in the constituency and played an integral role in helping him defeat Khawaja Saad Rafique by a narrow margin of over 600 votes.[23] After Imran Khan decided to keep his MNA seat from Mianwali, Humayun Akhtar was declared PTI's candidate for the by-election from NA-131.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.dawn.com/news/369315
  2. ^ Wright, Tom (20 July 2010). "Coke Gains on Pepsi in Pakistan: 15 Bottles Per Person and Counting". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017 – via Wall Street Journal.
  3. ^ "Food and beverages: Pakistan among PepsiCo's top 10 non-US markets – The Express Tribune". 13 January 2013. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  4. ^ https://propakistani.pk/2017/12/26/pepsi-brands-bottled-supplied-lotte-chilsung-beverage-pakistan/
  5. ^ "Welcome To TSML Group". Welcome To TSML Group.
  6. ^ "Planning ahead: Institute for Policy Reforms launched – The Express Tribune". 9 March 2014. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Institute for Policy Reforms – IPR". ipr.org.pk. Archived from the original on 30 May 2017.
  8. ^ Khan, Ahmad Fraz (1 October 2002). "It's a matter of wealth in NA-125". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Time Up for Jamali – Newsline". Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Double Trouble – Newsline". Archived from the original on 16 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Tariq Aziz Ditches Jamali, Shujaat and Joins Humayun in Bizarre Power Games". antisystemic.org. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Games Generals Play – Newsline". Archived from the original on 7 August 2017.
  13. ^ "How Humayun lost prime minister's slot The story of how Mush picked his PM". www.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Political musings: The kingmakers and their prime ministers – The Express Tribune". 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Musharraf's Men Begin Political Game to Oust Aziz, Bring Humayun". antisystemic.org. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  16. ^ "The many faces of PML: Brothers Humayun and Haroon jumping ship to secure seats? – The Express Tribune". 5 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  17. ^ "With Likeminded by PML-N's side: Nawaz's 'grand alliance' gathers steam – The Express Tribune". 13 May 2012. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017.
  18. ^ "Only one Likeminded to get 'N' ticket". 5 April 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017.
  19. ^ Reporter, From the Newspaper (22 April 2013). "Why PML-N ditched the Likeminded". Archived from the original on 7 August 2017.
  20. ^ Ghumman, Khawar (8 June 2015). "Appointment of PM's new special assistant upsets many in PML-N". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Business Recorder". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  22. ^ https://fp.brecorder.com/2018/07/20180714390646/
  23. ^ https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2018/07/26/na-131-imran-khan-defeats-khawaja-saad-rafique/
  24. ^ https://tribune.com.pk/story/1802579/1-pti-announces-candidates-oct-14-elections/