Shujaat Hussain

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain (Urdu: چودھری شجاعت حسین‎; born 27 January 1946) is a senior Pakistani conservative politician hailing from Gujrat and a business oligarch[1][2][3] who previously served as 16th prime minister of Pakistan from 30 June 2004 on a temporary basis during a transitional period to accommodate Shaukat Aziz till 28 August 2004.[4] Hussain has been party president of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) since 2003, when he had followed party founder Mian Muhammad Azhar because of his lack of a parliamentary seat.[5][6][7]

Shujaat Hussain
چودھری شجاعت حسین
Pakistan delegation (cropped).jpg
16th Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
30 June 2004 – 23 August 2004
PresidentPervez Musharraf
Preceded byZafarullah Khan Jamali
Succeeded byShaukat Aziz
Leader of Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
Assumed office
1 January 2003
Preceded byMian Muhammad Azhar
27th & 29th Minister of Interior
In office
25 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
Preceded byOmar Khan Afridi(Acting)
Succeeded byMoinuddin Haider
In office
9 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
Balakh Sher Mazari (Acting)
Nawaz Sharif
Preceded byMian Zahid Sarfraz (Acting)
Succeeded byFateh Khan Bandial (Acting)
Minister for Railways
In office
7 August 1998 – 9 November 1999
PresidentRafiq Tarar
Prime MinisterNawaz Sharif
Preceded bySardar Muhammad Yaqub Khan Nasar
Succeeded byLt. Gen. R. Javed Ashraf
Chairman Senate Committees on Defence Production and Aviation
In office
1993–1997
Federal Minister for Defence Production
In office
1987–1988
PresidentMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting
In office
1986–1988
PresidentMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Federal Minister for Industries and Production
In office
1985–1988
PresidentMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Member of the Senate of Pakistan (Senator from Punjab)
In office
2009–2015
In office
1993–1997
ConstituencyPunjab, Pakistan
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
2002–2007
In office
1997–1999
In office
1990–1993
In office
1988–1990
In office
1985–1988
In office
1980–1985
ConstituencyNA-105 (Gujrat-I)
Personal details
Born (1946-01-27) 27 January 1946 (age 75)
Gujrat, Punjab, British India
NationalityPakistani
Political partyPakistan Muslim League (Q)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Muslim League (before 1988)
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988-1993)
Pakistan Muslim League (N) (1993-2002)
ChildrenChaudhry Salik Hussain, Chaudhry Shafay Hussain, Khairia Hussain
Parent(s)
RelativesChaudhry family
ResidenceLahore, Pakistan
Alma materForman Christian College University (B.B.A)

Hailing from the business-industrialist family[8] from the Punjab Province of Pakistan, Hussain graduated from the FC College University and the Punjab University. After his graduation, Hussain subsequently joined the family business comprising large numbers of industries, textiles, agricultural farms, sugar and flour mills.[8] He successfully contested in the non-partisan 1985 elections and was appointed as minister of industry in the government of Prime minister Muhammad Junejo, lasting until 1988.[9] Hussain became a leader and influential conservative figure in the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA) between 1988 and 1990 and joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) under Nawaz Sharif in 1993.[9] Hussain served as the 26th Interior minister in the government of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif in two non-consecutive terms from 1990 to 1993 and 1997 to 1999.[9]

Originally a loyalist of Nawaz Sharif, Hussain defected to autocratic leader Pervez Musharraf after 1999 and became member of the new PML-Q.[10] His family remains influential in national politics and his elder cousin Pervez Illahi served as Chief Minister of Punjab from 2002 to 2007 during Musharraf's military rule. Following the 2008 elections and Musharraf's resignation, Hussain and his party became a major ally of Prime minister Yousaf Raza Gillani and President Asif Ali Zardari from the Pakistan Peoples Party.[11][12] Today i.e. November 6, 2020, at 12 pm noon Mr. Shujaat the veteran politician and former Prime minister of Pakistan was brought to the Services Hospital Lahore with the complaint of breathlessness. Doctors and Specialists examined and treated him. He is being admitted in the same VVIP Ward of the Services Hospital Lahore, where last year former premiere Mian Nawaz Sharif remained admitted during his sickness while under arrest by the National Accountability Bureau

Origins and educationEdit

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was born on 27 January 1946 in the Gujrat District, Punjab, of former British Indian Empire. He was born in a Jat family. His ancestors hailing from rural Gujrat and had no initial political background.[2][13] His father, Zahoor Elahi was a junior constable in Punjab Police but quit the police service to establish a cotton mill. His family lost a cotton mill as a result of Indian partition but re-established the mill in Gujrat after the establishment of Pakistan in 1947.[2] His father first contested in 1954 elections and elected a local union Councillor of the Gujrat District. After attending public schools in Gujrat, Hussain matriculated, and was accepted at the Forman Christian College University.[2][13] In 1962, Hussain attended the Forman Christian College University and graduated with Bachelor of Business Administration in 1965 and pursued an MA in Industrial management in UK.

Upon returning to Pakistan, Hussain joined the family industrial conglomerate comprising industrial units in textiles, sugar, flour milling and agricultural farms in 1969.[14] By this time, Hussain's family had become a potent industrial oligarchs and had significant influence on presidents Ayub Khan and General Yahya Khan.[2][13]

Career in national politicsEdit

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain entered in the national politics after the assassination of his father.[15] After participating in a local-body elections, Hussain became a Member of the Parliament in 1981 and, subsequently joining the Punjab government's Financial department.[15] He participated and campaign successfully in non-partisan 1985 general elections and maintains ties with PML.[15] His contest in the general election from Gujrat included for both seats for the National Assembly and provincial Punjab Assembly.[15] After the elections he vacated his Punjab Assembly seat in favour of the National Assembly seat.[15]

He became a crucial power broker in the far-right regime Zia-ul-Haq.[16] Hussain benefited with general Zia's economic policies.[16] Hussain invested in industrial firms and mills. Bought Stocks at Karachi Stock Exchange, which benefited him.[16]

After participating in 1985 general elections, Hussain joined the government of Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo as the minister of the Ministry of Industry,[9] and held additional ministerial portfolio of Ministry of Information and Mass-media Broadcasting in 1986;[9] and Ministry of Defence Production in 1987–88.[9]

He was imprisoned during second tenure of Bhutto in 1994 in politically-motivated cases filed by Federal Investigation Agency DG Rehman Malik.[17]

Interior ministryEdit

Hussain was the leading member of right-wing alliance, the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA) and won parliamentary seat during 1988 general elections, and headed the Parliamentary Party of Joint Opposition (PPJO) in the National Assembly from 1988 to 1990.[9] He also acted as the parliamentary party leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N) in the National Assembly.[9]

 
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, then Pakistan's Prime Minister, sees off US Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, after their July 2004 meeting at the Prime Minister's residence in Islamabad, Pakistan.

After 1990 elections and 1997 elections, Chaudhry Shujaat served as Interior ministry. He was one of high-profile cabinet member of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif who appointed Shujaat as the President of the PML-N in Punjab from 1997 to 1999[9] However, Hussain mounted serious disagreement and confronted Nawaz Sharif after Sharif imposing economic emergency in 1998.[18] Hussain's relations became extremely hostile during the Kargil war and claiming that Sharif had been briefed by chief of army staff general Pervez Musharraf six times as opposed to Sharif claiming not having "knowledge".[18]

Pakistan Muslim LeagueEdit

After the coup, Hussain did not join the Pakistan Muslim League, a splinter group of PML.[9] In 2001, Hussain decided to defect to PML after Sharif was exiled to Saudi Arabia in 2000 and contested from Gujrat through the PML platform during the 2002 general elections.[9] Initially, Hussain became parliamentary party leader in the National Assembly, but assumed the presidency of the party when the party's founder Mian Muhammad Azhar resigned from the party. On January 2003, Shujaat was nominated and assumed the party's presidency after succeeding Mian Muhammad Azhar on a party convention.[9]

Prime Minister of PakistanEdit

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain endorsed and provided his support to appoint his lifelong friend Zafarullah Khan Jamali as country's first Baloch prime minister. Previously, he also played a role in bringing Shaukat Aziz in national politics. However, in 2004 Jamali resigned.[19]

The military and ISI will only support and go with you as long as enough of the people are with you.... They (military) are like a horse that carries you "Only" as long as you have strength in your legs....

— Chaudhry Shujaat telling Anatol Lieven, 2008, [20]

After Jamali's resignation, Shujaat Husain nominated Finance Minister Shaukat Aziz for the office of Prime Minister. Shujaat temporarily become Prime Minister because Aziz can not be elected Prime Minister, as he was a member of senate.[19]

At the Parliament, Hussain told journalists that his election as Prime Minister was "not an interim appointment" but in keeping with the Constitution.[4] In an interview, Shujaat Hussain quoted: "My nomination by Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali and nomination of Shaukat Aziz after consulting the President were in line with the set traditions. There should be no hue and cry over such technicalities."[4]

On 23 August 2004, Hussain handed over the office of prime minister to Shaukat Aziz, though Hussain remained the party president of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q).[21]

Personal lifeEdit

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is the eldest son of Chaudhry Zahoor Ilahi.[22] His elder cousin, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, previously served as the chief minister of Punjab and also held the post of Deputy Prime Minister in Pakistan Peoples Party's recent government.[23] His Younger brother, Chaudhry Wajahat Hussain, has also been elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab for three times(1988–1990,1990–1993,1997–1999) and also won from the constituency NA-104 of National Assembly in 2002 and 2008 general elections.[24] Wajahat Force of PML-Q, MNA; and Chaudhry Wajahat Husain, is linked to numerous scams of Hawala and Money laundering, and have wreaked havoc on the local populace.[25]

HonorsEdit

Hussain had been a strong and vocal supporter of Pakistan's bilateral relations with South Korea.[26] He helped in bringing South Korea investment in the country and supports South-Korean model of economy in the country.[26] For his efforts, the South Korean government named him "Honorary Consul General" of Republic of Korea.[26] Hussain is also a recipient of South Korea's highest diplomatic award Order of the Diplomatic Service Merit "Ueung-in-Metal" for distinguished services in promoting mutual relations between Pakistan and Republic of Korea.[26]

Wealth and personal assetsEdit

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is one of the powerful business personalities in Pakistan.[27] Hussain is investor in defence production, military technological development, and industrial mills.[28] According to the statements of assets and liabilities for 2010–2011, 50% of Hussain's share in two residential houses located in Islamabad and Lahore worth ₨. 9.2million and ₨.3.4 million, respectively (although he did not issued the current value).[28] Hussain also owns a 78-acre of agricultural land worth ₨. 376,667 and 12.5 acres worth ₨. 4.5 million.[29] He has stock shares worth ₨. 10.4 million and ₨. 53.90 million cash in his account.[29]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Anwar Syed. "Split in the PML-Q". Dawn Archives, Anwar Syed. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e PEC. "Shujaat Hussain". Pakistan Election Commissioner. Pakistan Election Commissioner. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  3. ^ Sehbai, Shaheen. "US Diplomats Think Ch. Shujaat Becoming Musharraf's Biggest Challenger". South Asia Tribune. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2012. Senior US diplomats in Pakistan and in the State Department are genuinely intrigued about the display of an almost unbelievable confrontationist posture against General Pervez Musharraf, adopted by the most unlikely of politicians in today's Pakistani spectrum— the always obedient servant of the military establishment, Choudhry Shujaat Hussain
  4. ^ a b c Administrator (8 October 2004). "Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain Becomes Prime Minister". Story of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. This very thinking led the Pakistan Muslim League and its allied parties to select Finance Minister Shaukat Aziz as the next executive head of the country. My nomination by Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali and nomination of Shaukat Aziz after consulting the President were in line with the set traditions. There should be no hue and cry over such technicalities
  5. ^ Shah, Murtaza Ali (27 May 2012). "Shujaat terms Nawaz Sharif's arrogance his weakness". The News International. p. 1. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. President of Pakistan Muslim League (PML-Q) Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain on Saturday urged Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz leader Nawaz Sharif to get rid of his arrogant behaviour in his own interest
  6. ^ Press Release. "President Pakistan Muslim League". Directorate-General for the Public Political Relations. Pakistan Muslim League (Q) official website. Archived from the original on 12 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  7. ^ "FORMER PRIME MINISTERS". pmo.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Senator Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Senate Secretariat of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Adm. "Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Story of Pakistan (Part-II). Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  10. ^ R., Chari, P. (2007). Four crises and a peace process : American engagement in South Asia. Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal, 1940-, Cohen, Stephen P., 1936-. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815713845. OCLC 614498145.
  11. ^ NNI (27 May 2012). "Shujaat backs Fehmida's decision in PM case". The Nation. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  12. ^ News Agencies (31 March 2012). "Alliance with PPP to continue: Shujaat". Dawn News. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  13. ^ a b c Pakistan Herald. "Details of Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". Pakistan Herald. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  14. ^ "Chaudhry Shujat Hussain is so blind and idiot". Senate of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 21 December 2012.
  15. ^ a b c d e Gupta, Om (2006). "Pakistan and its Business Elites". Encyclopedia of India and Pakistan. New Delhi, India: Isha Books Publications Co. p. 495. ISBN 81-8205-389-7. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  16. ^ a b c Ali, Tariq (2008). "A Conflgration of Despair" (google books). The Duel: Pakistan on the Flight Path of American Power. New York, United States: Simone and Schuster Inc. pp. 128–130. ISBN 978-1-4165-6102-6.
  17. ^ "Decades of famous faces at Adiala". 24 July 2018. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  18. ^ a b Cohen, Stephen P.; Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema (2001). "The Kargil Conflict" (google books). Four Crises and a Peace Process: American Engagement in South Asia. Washington DC, United States: Brookings Institution Press. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-0-8157-1384-5. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  19. ^ a b Our Political Bureau. "Pak parties flay Jamali's 'forced' resignation". Business Standard news. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  20. ^ Lieven, Anatol (2011). "THe Politics and Structure" (google books). Pakistan: A Hard Country. United States: Public Affairs Trade Mark. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-1-61039-021-7. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  21. ^ "Shaukat Aziz Becomes Prime Minister". Story of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  22. ^ Ali, Adnan (29 June 2004). "Profile: Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain". BBC Pakistan. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  23. ^ "Chaudhry Pervez Elahi". Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  24. ^ "xyz". Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Pulling the plug on terror funding - TNS - The News on Sunday". tns.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  26. ^ a b c d Press (21 September 2004). "Motorway extended Pak-Korean economic & technical cooperation: Shujaat". Pakistan Tibune, 21 Sep. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  27. ^ Kashif Abbasi. "Rashid Ahmed, Gul Muhammad Lot emerge as richest senators". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  28. ^ a b Irfan Ghauri (12 March 2011). "Declared assets: Rich Senators of a poor nation". Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012. Despite rampant under-declaration of assets, Pakistani Senators have net worths running into the millions and even billions of rupees, according to details of asset declarations made public by the Election Commission of Pakistan.
  29. ^ a b Zeeshan Javaid (12 March 2011). "The richest senators". Daily Times, Saturday, 12 March 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2012.

External linksEdit

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Preceded by Minister of the Interior
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of the Interior
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Pakistan
2004
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by President of the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid
2003–present
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