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List of positions filled by presidential appointment with Senate confirmation

Under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution and law of the United States, certain federal positions appointed by the president of the United States require confirmation (advice and consent) of the United States Senate.

These "PAS" (Presidential Appointment needing Senate confirmation)[1] positions, as well as other types of federal government positions, are published in the United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), which is released after each United States presidential election.[2] A 2012 Congressional Research Service study estimated that approximately 1200-1400 positions require Senate confirmation.[3]

Contents

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and ForestryEdit

Department of AgricultureEdit

Independent agenciesEdit

Committee on Armed ServicesEdit

Department of DefenseEdit

  • Military Officers (commissions and promotions) – Officers receive a commission assigning them to the officer corps from the President (with the consent of the Senate). Promotions of all commissioned military officers are also commissioned by the President (with the consent of the Senate).

Office of the Secretary of DefenseEdit

Department of the Air ForceEdit

Department of the ArmyEdit

Department of the NavyEdit

Joint Chiefs of StaffEdit

Department of EnergyEdit

Independent agenciesEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban AffairsEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentEdit

Department of TransportationEdit

Department of the TreasuryEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Independent agenciesEdit

Committee on the BudgetEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of Management and Budget

  • Director
  • Deputy Director

Committee on Commerce, Science, and TransportationEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of Homeland SecurityEdit

Department of TransportationEdit

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of Science and Technology Policy

  • Director
  • Associate Director for Science
  • Associate Director for Technology
  • Associate Director for National Security & International Affairs
  • Associate Director for Energy & Environment

Independent agenciesEdit

Committee on Energy and Natural ResourcesEdit

Department of EnergyEdit

Department of the InteriorEdit

Committee on Environment and Public WorksEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

  • Assistant Secretary for Economic Development

Department of DefenseEdit

  • Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works)

Department of the InteriorEdit

Department of TransportationEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Environmental Protection AgencyEdit

  • Administrator
  • Deputy Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator for Administration and Resources Management
  • Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation
  • Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance
  • Assistant Administrator for Environmental Information
  • Assistant Administrator for International Affairs
  • Assistant Administrator for Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances
  • Assistant Administrator for Research and Development
  • Assistant Administrator for Solid Waste and Emergency Response
  • Assistant Administrator for Water
  • Chief Financial Officer
  • General Counsel
  • Inspector General

Other independent agenciesEdit

Committee on FinanceEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of Health and Human ServicesEdit

Department of Homeland SecurityEdit

Department of the TreasuryEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of the United States Trade Representative

  • U.S. Trade Representative
  • 3 Deputy U.S. Trade Representatives
  • Chief Agricultural Negotiator
  • Chief Intellectual Property Negotiator

Other independent agenciesEdit

  • Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
  • Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (six-year term of office)
  • Deputy Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (six-year term of office)
  • Inspector General of the Social Security Administration
  • 6 Commissioners of the United States International Trade Commission (political balance required; nine-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Trust Fund and the Disability Insurance Trust Fund (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund, Board of Trustees (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 6 Members of the Internal Revenue Service Oversight Board (five-year terms of office)
  • 3 Members of the Social Security Advisory Board (of 7 total; political balance required; six-year terms of office)

Judicial branchEdit

Committee on Foreign RelationsEdit

Department of StateEdit

United States Mission to the United NationsEdit

United States Agency for International DevelopmentEdit

  • Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator — Asia and Near East
  • Assistant Administrator — Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance
  • Assistant Administrator — Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade
  • Assistant Administrator — Europe and Eurasia
  • Assistant Administrator — Global Health
  • Assistant Administrator — Latin America and Caribbean
  • Assistant Administrator — Legislative and Public Affairs
  • Assistant Administrator — Policy and Program Coordination
  • Assistant Administrator — Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Deputy Administrator
  • Inspector General

International Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentEdit

  • U.S. Executive Director two-year term of office; full-time
  • U.S. Alternate Executive Director
  • Governor
  • Alternate Governor

International Development AssociationEdit

International Finance CorporationEdit

Other independent agenciesEdit

Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and PensionsEdit

Department of EducationEdit

Department of Health and Human ServicesEdit

Department of LaborEdit

Independent agenciesEdit

Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental AffairsEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of Homeland SecurityEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of Management and Budget

Independent agenciesEdit

Legislative branchEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Committee on Indian AffairsEdit

Department of Health and Human ServicesEdit

Department of the InteriorEdit

Select Committee on IntelligenceEdit

Department of JusticeEdit

Department of StateEdit

  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research

Department of the TreasuryEdit

  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis

Central Intelligence AgencyEdit

  • Director
  • General Counsel
  • Inspector General

Office of the Director of National IntelligenceEdit

Committee on the JudiciaryEdit

Department of CommerceEdit

Department of Homeland SecurityEdit

Department of JusticeEdit

Executive Office of the PresidentEdit

Office of National Drug Control Policy

  • Director of National Drug Control Policy ("Drug Czar")
  • Deputy Director of National Drug Control Policy
  • Deputy Director for Demand Reduction
  • Deputy Director for Supply Reduction
  • Deputy Director for State and Local Affairs

Independent agenciesEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Committee on Rules and AdministrationEdit

Independent agenciesEdit

Legislative branchEdit

Committee on Small Business and EntrepreneurshipEdit

Committee on Veterans' AffairsEdit

Department of LaborEdit

  • Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training Service

Department of Veterans AffairsEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Former Senate-confirmed positionsEdit

There are a number of positions that required Senate confirmation of appointees in the past, but do not today. The Presidential Appointment Efficiency and Streamlining Act of 2011 (Pub.L. 112–166), signed into law on August 10, 2012, eliminates the requirement of Senate approval for 163 positions, allowing the president alone to appoint persons to these positions:[6] Parts of the act went into effect immediately, while other parts took effect on October 9, 2012, 60 days after enactment.[6]

The act also eliminated entirely the positions of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ NLRB v. SW General, Inc., no. 15-1251 (March 21, 2017) (U.S. Supreme Court)
  2. ^ "Plum Book: About". Government Publishing Office.
  3. ^ Plumer, Brad (16 July 2013). "Does the Senate really need to confirm 1,200 executive branch jobs?". Washington Post. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  4. ^ "List of Ambassadorial Appointments". American Foreign Service Association. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  5. ^ #113: 03-17-97 - Fy96 U.S. Attorneys' Report Shows Prosecutors Completed More Cases Against More Criminals
  6. ^ a b c Maeve P. Carey, Presidential Appointments, the Senate's Confirmation Process, and Changes Made in the 112th Congress, Congressional Research Service, Oct. 9, 2012.

External linksEdit