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United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division

The United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division is a law enforcement agency responsible for enforcing the antitrust laws of the United States. It has exclusive jurisdiction over American criminal antitrust prosecutions, and shares jurisdiction with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) over civil antitrust cases. The Antitrust Division often works jointly with the FTC to provide regulatory guidance to businesses.

LeadershipEdit

The head of the Antitrust Division is an Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust (AAG-AT) appointed by the President of the United States. Since September 2017, the position of Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust has been held by Iranian-American lawyer Makan Delrahim.

HistoryEdit

On February 25, 1903, Congress earmarked $500,000 for antitrust enforcement. On March 3, 1903, Congress created the position of Antitrust AG, with a salary to be paid out of the funds earmarked for antitrust enforcement. The 1904 DOJ Register identified two professional staffers responsible for enforcement of antitrust laws, but it wasn't until 1919 that the Division was formally established. AG A. Mitchell Palmer “effected the first important reorganization" of DOJ since it was first established in 1870. Palmer organized DOJ into divisions, and placed the AtAG “in charge of the Anti-Trust Division.” Palmer's annual report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919 contained the first public statement that DOJ had a component called the "The Antitrust Division." [1]

OrganizationEdit

The Antitrust Division is overseen by an Assistant Attorney General. The Assistant Attorney General is assisted by six Deputy Assistant Attorneys General (DAAG) who each oversee a different branch of the Division. One of the DAAGs holds the position of "Principal Deputy," that is "first among equals," and "will typically assume the powers of the Assistant Attorney General in the Assistant Attorney General’s absence."[2]

Sections and OfficesEdit

Front Office and OperationsEdit

Office of the Assistant Attorney GeneralEdit

  • Assistant Attorney General
  • Deputy Assistant Attorneys General
  • Chief of Staff and Senior Advisors
  • Directors of Enforcement
  • Office of the Chief Legal Advisor

Office of OperationsEdit

Civil SectionsEdit

  • Defense, Industrials, and Aerospace Section
  • Healthcare and Consumer Products Section
  • Media, Entertainment, and Professional Services Section
  • Technology and Financial Services Section
  • Telecommunications and Broadband Section
  • Transportation, Energy, and Agriculture Section

Criminal Sections and OfficesEdit

  • Chicago Office
  • New York Office
  • San Francisco Office
  • Washington Criminal I Section
  • Washington Criminal II Section

Economic SectionsEdit

  • Economic Analysis Group

Other OfficesEdit

  • Appellate Section
  • Executive Office
  • Foreign Commerce Section
  • Legal Policy Section

Closing of Field OfficesEdit

The closure of four of the Antitrust Division's criminal antitrust offices in January 2013 generated significant controversy within the Division and among members of Congress.[3][4][5] The Attorney General posited that the closure of these offices will save money and not negatively affect criminal enforcement. A significant number of career prosecutors have voiced contrary opinions, noting that the elimination of half of the Division's criminal enforcement offices will increase travel expenses and diminish the likelihood of uncovering local or regional conspiracies.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gregory J. Werden, Establishment of the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice
  2. ^ Antitrust Division Manual. U.S. Dep't of Justice. April 2015. pp. I–4.
  3. ^ "DOJ's Antitrust Plans Unclear Amid Looming Office Closures - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  4. ^ "Kohl Urges DOJ To Reconsider Antitrust Office Closings - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  5. ^ "DOJ Faces Mounting Flak Over Plan To Close Antitrust Offices - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.

External linksEdit