United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division
The United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division is a law enforcement agency that enforces the U.S. antitrust laws. It has exclusive jurisdiction over American criminal antitrust prosecutions, and shares jurisdiction with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) over civil antitrust cases. The Antitrust Division often works jointly with the FTC to provide regulatory guidance to businesses.
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of the United States|
|Headquarters||Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building|
950 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, D.C., United States
|Parent department||U.S. Department of Justice|
The head of the Antitrust Division is an Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust (AAG-AT) appointed by the President of the United States. From September 2017 to January 2020, the position of Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust was held by Iranian-American lawyer Makan Delrahim, and in February 2021, the sitting Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard Powers became Acting Assistant Attorney General of the Antitrust Division.
On February 25, 1903, Congress earmarked $500,000 for antitrust enforcement. On March 3, 1903, Congress created the position of Antitrust AG, with a salary to be paid out of the funds earmarked for antitrust enforcement. The 1904 DOJ Register identified two professional staffers responsible for enforcement of antitrust laws, but it wasn't until 1919 that the Division was formally established. AG A. Mitchell Palmer “effected the first important reorganization" of DOJ since it was first established in 1870. Palmer organized DOJ into divisions, and placed the AtAG “in charge of the Anti-Trust Division.” Palmer's annual report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919 contained the first public statement that DOJ had a component called the "Antitrust Division."
This section needs to be updated.(April 2015)
The Antitrust Division is overseen by an Assistant Attorney General. The Assistant Attorney General is assisted by six Deputy Assistant Attorneys General (DAAG) who each oversee a different branch of the Division. One of the DAAGs holds the position of "Principal Deputy," that is "first among equals," and "will typically assume the powers of the Assistant Attorney General in the Assistant Attorney General’s absence."
Sections and OfficesEdit
Office of the Assistant Attorney GeneralEdit
- Assistant Attorney General
- Deputy Assistant Attorneys General
- Chief of Staff and Senior Advisors
- Directors of Enforcement
- Office of the Chief Legal Advisor
Office of OperationsEdit
- Civil Conduct Task Force
- Defense, Industrials, and Aerospace Section
- Financial Services, Fintech, and Banking Section
- Healthcare and Consumer Products Section
- Media, Entertainment, and Communications Section
- Technology and Digital Platforms Section
- Transportation, Energy, and Agriculture Section
Criminal Sections and OfficesEdit
- Chicago Office
- New York Office
- Procurement Collusion Strike Force
- San Francisco Office
- Washington Criminal I Section
- Washington Criminal II Section
- Economic Analysis Group
- Appellate Section
- Competition Policy and Advocacy Section
- Executive Office
- International Section
Closing of Field OfficesEdit
The closure of four of the Antitrust Division's criminal antitrust offices in January 2013 generated significant controversy within the Division and among members of Congress. The Attorney General posited that the closure of these offices will save money and not negatively affect criminal enforcement. A significant number of career prosecutors have voiced contrary opinions, noting that the elimination of half of the Division's criminal enforcement offices will increase travel expenses and diminish the likelihood of uncovering local or regional conspiracies.
- Competition Bureau — Canadian counterpart
- "Meet the Acting Assistant Attorney General". www.justice.gov. June 11, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
- Gregory J. Werden, Establishment of the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice
- Antitrust Division Manual. U.S. Dep't of Justice. April 2015. pp. I–4.
- "Sections And Offices". www.justice.gov. June 25, 2015. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
- "DOJ's Antitrust Plans Unclear Amid Looming Office Closures - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "Kohl Urges DOJ To Reconsider Antitrust Office Closings - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "DOJ Faces Mounting Flak Over Plan To Close Antitrust Offices - Law360". www.law360.com. Retrieved January 28, 2017.