Transborder agglomeration

A transborder agglomeration is an agglomeration or conurbation that extends into multiple countries (sovereign states or dependent territories). It includes city states that agglomerate with its neighbouring countries.

List of transborder agglomerationsEdit

AfricaEdit

Main municipalities Countries Total population
Kinshasa-Brazzaville Democratic Republic of the Congo-Republic of the Congo 12,000,000
Goma-Gisenyi Democratic Republic of the Congo-Rwanda 1,000,000
Lomé-Aflao Togo-Ghana 1,100,000
N'djamena-Kousséri Chad-Cameroon 1,200,000

AmericasEdit

Main municipalities Countries Total population
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni - Albina French Guiana (France), Suriname
Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock - Oiapoque French Guiana (France), Brazil
Santana do Livramento - Rivera Brazil, Uruguay
Chuí - Chuy Brazil, Uruguay 15,592[1][2]
Corumbá - Puerto Suárez Brazil, Bolivia
Leticia - Tabatinga - Santa Rosa Colombia - Brazil - Peru
Ponta Porã - Pedro Juan Caballero Brazil, Paraguay
Foz do Iguaçu - Ciudad del Este - Puerto Iguazu Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina 800,000
Bernardo de Irigoyen - Barracão - Dionísio Cerqueira Argentina, Brazil
Uruguaiana - Paso de los Libres Brazil, Argentina
Cúcuta - San Antonio del Táchira Colombia, Venezuela 700,000 [3]
Metro Vancouver - Fraser Valley - Whatcom County United States, Canada 3,050,000
Detroit-Windsor United States, Canada 5,700,000
Port Huron - Sarnia/Point Edward United States, Canada 105,776
International Falls - Fort Frances United States, Canada 15,000
Sault Ste. Marie - Sault Ste. Marie United States, Canada 93,944
Edmunston - Madawaska[4] United States, Canada 20,000
San Diego–Tijuana United States, Mexico 5,105,769[5]
Mexicali - Calexico United States, Mexico 1,143,000
San Luis Río Colorado - San Luis United States, Mexico 227,000
Lukeville - Sonoyta United States, Mexico
Sasabe - Sáric United States, Mexico
Nogales - Nogales United States, Mexico 240,000
Naco - Naco United States, Mexico
Douglas - Agua Prieta United States, Mexico
El Paso–Juárez United States, Mexico 2,500,000[6]
Presidio - Ojinaga United States, Mexico
Del Rio - Ciudad Acuña United States, Mexico
Eagle Pass - Piedras Negras United States, Mexico
Laredo–Nuevo Laredo United States, Mexico 775,481[7]
Rio Grande City - Camargo United States, Mexico
Reynosa–McAllen Metropolitan Area United States, Mexico 1,500,000[8]
Matamoros–Brownsville Metropolitan Area United States, Mexico 1,136,995[9]

AsiaEdit

Main municipalities Countries Total population
Astara - Astara Iran, Azerbaijan 100,000
Basra - Khorramshahr - Abadan Iraq - Iran 2,000,000
Blagoveshchensk - Heihe Russia - China 400,000
Dandong - Sinuiju China, North Korea 1,000,000
Dhahran - Jubail - Manama Saudi Arabia - Bahrain 2,000,000
Fergana - Kyzyl-Kiya Uzbekistan - Tajikistan 300,000
Sijori (Singapore - Johor Bahru - Batam - Bintan) Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia 9,000,000
Kara-Suu - Qorasuv Kyrgyzstan - Uzbekistan 40,000
Lahore - Amritsar Pakistan - India 12,000,000
Mukdahan - Savannakhet Thailand - Laos 200,000
Padang Besar - Padang Besar Malaysia, Thailand 20,000
Tashkent - Saryagash Uzbekistan - Kazakhstan 3,000,000 [10]
Vientiane - Nong Khai Laos - Thailand 900,000

EuropeEdit

Main municipalities Countries Total population[citation needed]
Øresund Region (Greater Copenhagen and Malmö) Denmark, Sweden 3,964,522
Baarle-Hertog - Baarle-Nassau Belgium, Netherlands 9,262
Basel - Huningue - Weil am Rhein (Regio TriRhena) Switzerland, France, Germany 2,400,000
Bourg-Madame - Puigcerdà France, Spain
Como - Chiasso (part of the Greater Milan)[11] Italy, Switzerland 189,000[12]
Saarbrücken - Forbach France, Germany 700,000
Geneva - Annemasse - Ferney-Voltaire - Nyon (France-Vaud-Geneva basin or Grand Genève) Switzerland, France 890,000
Gorizia - Nova Gorica Italy, Slovenia
Görlitz - Zgorzelec Germany, Poland 85,000
Guben - Gubin Germany, Poland 35,000
Hendaye - Irun France, Spain
Ivangorod - Narva Russia, Estonia 69,000
Katowice - Ostrava (the Upper Silesian metropolitan area) Poland, Czech Republic 5,300,000
Komárno - Komárom Slovakia, Hungary 56,000
Le Perthus - Els Límits France, Spain 700
Lille - Roubaix - Tourcoing - Mouscron - Tournai - Kortrijk France, Belgium 1,850,000
Longwy - Aubange - Pétange France, Belgium, Luxembourg 80,000
Strasbourg - Kehl France, Germany 700,000
Konstanz - Kreuzlingen Germany, Switzerland 110,000
Kerkrade - Herzogenrath Netherlands, Germany 95,000
Frankfurt (Oder) - Słubice Germany, Poland 75,000
Haparanda - Tornio Sweden, Finland 32,000
Pello - Pello Sweden, Finland 4,500
Karesuando - Karesuvanto Sweden, Finland 500
Imatra - Svetogorsk Finland, Russia 45,000
Rousse - Giurgiu Bulgaria, Romania 250,000
Lifford - Strabane Ireland, United Kingdom 18,500
Valka - Valga Latvia, Estonia 20,000
Slavonski Brod - Brod Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina 110,000
Szczecin Poland, Germany 763,321

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IBGE Cidades (Brazil's Census 2010)".
  2. ^ "INE (Uruguay's Census 2011)".
  3. ^ http://www.lapatilla.com/site/2016/08/15/cucuta-y-san-antonio-dos-ciudades-unidas-pero-separadas-por-cierre-frontera/ "...que une ambas ciudades formando una conurbación, los 650.000 habitantes de Cúcuta y los 50.000 de San Antonio supieron que comenzaban tiempos difíciles."
  4. ^ Wright, Virginia. "In the Shadow of the Border". Down East: The Magazine of Maine (June 2006).
  5. ^ "San Diego - Tijuana". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  6. ^ "The 411 - Fascinating Facts". Guest Life: El Paso/Juarez and Southern New Mexico. Retrieved 17 Feb 2010.
  7. ^ "Nuevo Laredo Metro area". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  8. ^ "McAllen Overview". McAllen Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Matamoros-Brownsville". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Central Asian cities are overgrown with slums". "centre1.com". Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  11. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150924002318/http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/UrbanFunctions/fr-1.4.3_April2007-final.pdf
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150924002318/http://www.espon.eu/export/sites/default/Documents/Projects/ESPON2006Projects/StudiesScientificSupportProjects/UrbanFunctions/fr-1.4.3_April2007-final.pdf