Weil am Rhein
Weil am Rhein (High Alemannic: Wiil am Rhii) is a German town and commune. It is on the east bank of the River Rhine, and extends to the point at which the Swiss, French and German borders meet. It is the most southwesterly town in Germany and a suburb of the Swiss city Basel. Weil am Rhein is part of the "trinationale Agglomeration Basel" with about 830,000 inhabitants.
Weil am Rhein, Germany
Townhall and market place of Weil am Rhein
|• Mayor||Wolfgang Dietz (CDU)|
|• Total||19.47 km2 (7.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||281 m (922 ft)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Weil am Rhein is located at Lörrach in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg. The city limits border France to the west and Switzerland to the south including the triple border of the three countries. Locally, Weil is situated in the region referred to as Markgräflerland.in the district of
The town is first documented in the year 786 as Willa, a name which is thought to be of Roman origin. The duc de Villars crossed the Rhine here in October 1702 to fight the Battle of Friedlingen during the War of the Spanish Succession. Weil was severely damaged as a result of the conflict.
Agriculture dominated local industry until the 19th century, when the city began to grow, aided by its favourable transport connections. A railway marshalling yard linking Weil am Rhein to Basel was built in 1913. Swiss textile factories were established in the Friedlingen quarter. 1934 saw the construction of a harbour on the Rhine.
After the Second World War the population again grew rapidly due to the influx of refugees and stateless persons. Between 1971 and 1975 the communities of Ötlingen, Haltingen and Märkt were incorporated and Weil am Rhein became a substantial town.
Since 2014, line 8 of the Basel tram system has extended across the border from Switzerland to terminate in Weil am Rhein.
The former municipalities were merged into Weil am Rhein:
- Coat of arms of the former municipalities
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Tourism and leisureEdit
- Enjott Schneider (born 1950), composer and writer
- Patrik Köbele (born 1962), politician, President of the German Communist Party (DKP)
- Christian Streich (born 1965), football player and manager
Associated with Weil am RheinEdit
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
- Portrait of Ötlingen (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Portrait of Haltingen (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Portrait of Märkt (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Partnerstädte". weil-am-rhein.de (in German). Weil am Rhein. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- 1999 Landesgartenschau Weil am Rhein Archived 8 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in German). Retrieved 30 June 2014.