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Imatra is a town and municipality in eastern Finland. Imatra is dominated by Lake Saimaa, the Vuoksi River and the border against Russia.

Imatra
Town
Imatran kaupunki
The dam of Imatra
The dam of Imatra
Coat of arms of Imatra
Coat of arms
Imatra.sijainti.suomi.2008.svg
Coordinates: 61°11′N 028°46′E / 61.183°N 28.767°E / 61.183; 28.767Coordinates: 61°11′N 028°46′E / 61.183°N 28.767°E / 61.183; 28.767
Country  Finland
Region South Karelia
Sub-region Imatra sub-region
Charter 1948
Government
 • Town manager Rami Hasu
Area (2016-01-01)[1]
 • Total 155.01 km2 (59.85 sq mi)
 • Land 154.99 km2 (59.84 sq mi)
 • Water 36.29 km2 (14.01 sq mi)
Area rank 274th largest in Finland
Population (2017-08-31)[2]
 • Total 27,357
 • Rank 40th largest in Finland
 • Density 176.51/km2 (457.2/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 97% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 2.9%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.8%
 • 15 to 64 64.1%
 • 65 or older 22.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%
Climate Dfc
Website www.imatra.fi

On the other side of the border, 7 kilometres (4 mi) away from the centre of Imatra, lies the Russian town of Svetogorsk. St Petersburg is situated 210 km (130 mi) to the southeast, Finland's capital Helsinki is 230 km (140 mi) away and Lappeenranta, the nearest Finnish town, is 37 km (23 mi) away. Imatra belongs to the administrative province of Southern Finland and the region of South Karelia.

The main employers are pulp and paper manufacturer Stora Enso Oyj, the Town of Imatra, engineering steel manufacturer Ovako Bar Oy Ab, and the Finnish Border Guard. As of October 2003, total number of employees was 12,423.[6] As of December 2004, 1,868 employees were employed by the Town of Imatra.

As of 24 April 2017, the mayor of Imatra is Rami Hasu.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

An Art Nouveau or Jugend style castle, currently known as Imatran Valtionhotelli, was built near the rapids in 1903 as a hotel for tourists from the Russian Imperial capital Saint Petersburg.

During the Continuation War, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim met with Adolf Hitler in secrecy near the town for the former's 75th birthday.

Imatra was founded in 1948 on the territory of three municipalities – Jääski, Ruokolahti and Joutseno. Finland ceded 11% of its territory to the Soviet Union after the Winter War. Jääski lost 85% of its territory and it was decided that a new municipality, Imatra, should be established on the remaining 15% of Jääski and some areas of Ruokolahti and Joutseno. This is why the Imatra coat of arms has three flashes – in honour of those previous municipalities that granted areas to it. It gained its municipal charter in 1971.

SportEdit

PaSa Bandy is a bandy club in Imatra.

Imatra is the birthplace of National Hockey League players Jussi Markkanen and Petteri Nokelainen.

In motorsport history, Imatra is best known for its road races (former TT-race) from 1963 to 1986. From 1962 to 1982 it was the home of the Finnish motorcycle Grand Prix. Racing on Imatra road circuit ended after fatal accident during the 1986 European Championship event [8]. Racing resumed in 2016 as an International Road Racing Championship event.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Imatra is twinned with:[9]

GalleryEdit

 
Imatrankoski rapids, September 20th 2012

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population density by area 1.1.2016". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Imatra town homepage
  7. ^ https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-9579905
  8. ^ "Imatra (Finland): love and death in a cold GP climate" (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-07-16. 
  9. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit" (in Finnish). Imatran kaupunki. Retrieved 2015-01-23. [permanent dead link]

External linksEdit

  Media related to Imatra at Wikimedia Commons