Puigcerdà (Catalan pronunciation: [ˌputʃsəɾˈða]; Spanish: Puigcerdá)[needs Spanish IPA] is the capital of the Catalan comarca of Cerdanya, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, northern Spain, near the Segre River and on the border with France (it abuts directly onto the French town of Bourg-Madame).
|Coordinates: 42°25′54″N 1°55′42″E / 42.43167°N 1.92833°E|
|• Mayor||Albert Piñeira Brosel (2015) (CiU)|
|• Total||18.9 km2 (7.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,202 m (3,944 ft)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Puigcerdà is located near the site of a Ceretani settlement, which was incorporated into Roman territory. The Roman town was named Julia Libyca.
Puigcerdà was founded in 1178 by King Alfonso I of Aragon, Count of Barcelona. In 1178 Puigcerdà replaced Hix as the capital of Cerdanya. Hix is now a village in the commune of Bourg-Madame, in the French part of Cerdagne.
In the closing stages of the 1672-1678 Franco-Dutch War, the town was captured by a French army under the duc de Noailles but returned to Spain in the Treaties of Nijmegen.
Puigcerdà was unique during the Spanish Civil War in having a democratically elected Anarchist council.
The Portet-Saint-Simon–Puigcerdà railway was opened in 1929, crossing the Pyrenees to France.
- Puigcerdà Pool
- Torre del Campanar (12th century). It is the last remain of a parish church destroyed in 1936
- Romanesque church of Sant Tomàs de Ventajola, known from 958
- Romanesque church of Sant Andreu Vilallobent, dating to the 10th century and later restored
- Convent of St. Dominic, founded in 1291 and finished in the 15th century
- Old Hospital (1190), in Romanesque-Gothic style
- Pere Borrell del Caso (1835-1910), painter
- Gemma Arró Ribot (born 1980), ski mountaineer
- José Antonio Hermida (born 1978), World Champion Cross Country Mountain bike 2010
- ^ "Ajuntament de Puigcerdà". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
- ^ "El municipi en xifres: Puigcerdà". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- ^ De Périni, Hardÿ (1896). Batailles françaises, Volume V. Ernest Flammarion, Paris. p. 215.
- Government data pages (in Catalan)