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List of free economic zones

  (Redirected from List of free ports)

In special economic zones business and trades laws differ from the rest of the country. The term, and a number of other terms, can have different specific meanings in different countries and publications. Often they have relaxed jurisdiction of customs or related national regulations. They can be ports or other large areas or smaller allocated areas.

Terms include free port (porto Franco), free zone (zona franca), bonded area (US: foreign-trade zone), free economic zone, free-trade zone, export processing zone and maquiladora.

Most commonly a free port is a special customs area or small customs territory with generally less strict customs regulations (or no customs duties and/or controls for transshipment). Earlier in history, some free ports like Hong Kong enjoyed political autonomy. Many international airports have free ports, though they tend to be called customs areas, customs zones, or international zones.

Contents

AfricaEdit

TanzaniaEdit

Mtwara Freeport Zone

LibyaEdit

Misrata Free Zone

LiberiaEdit

Free Port of Monrovia

EgyptEdit

EritreaEdit

MoroccoEdit

MauritiusEdit

NigeriaEdit

Registered Free Zones in Nigeria

Although the enabling act came into effect in 1992, the pioneer Free Zone (the Calabar Free Trade Zone) was not fully completed until 1999, and commenced operation after official commissioning in November 2001. Since then, the Free Zones Scheme has been used as a vehicle for industrial and commercial development of the country. Private Sector participation and partnership with the Federal Government and other tiers of government has helped spread the scheme. This has culminated in the establishment of specialised Free Zones and other types of Zones, namely:

S/N NAME LOCATION STATUS OWNERSHIP
1 Calabar Free Trade Zone (CFTZ) CRS Operational Fed. Govt.
2 Kano Free Trade Zone (KFTZ) Kano State Operational Fed. Govt.
3 Onne oil & Gas Free Zone River State Operational Under Parallel Authority
4 Tinapa Free Zone & Tourism Resort CRS Operational Private/Public
5 Snake Island Integrated Lagos Operational Private
6 Maigatari Border Free Zone Jigawa State Operational State
7 LADOL Free Zone Lagos Operational Private
8 Airline Services Export Proc. Zone Lagos State Operational Private
9 ALSCON Export Processing Zone Akwa Ibon Operational Private
10 Ogun Guangdong Free Trade Zone Ogun State Operational Public/ Private
11 Sebore Farms Export Processing Zones Adamawa State Operational Private
12 Ibom Science & Tech. Park Free Zone Akwa Ibom Under Cons. Public/Private
13 Living Spring Free Zone Osun State Under Cons. State
14 Lekki Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. State/ Private
15 Brass LNG Free Zone Bayelsa Under Cons. Public/Private
16 Abuja Technological Village Free Zone Abuja Under Cons. Public/Private
17 Specialized Railway Industrial FTZ - Kajola Ogun State Under Cons. Public/Private
18 Imo Guangdong FTZ Imo State Under Cons. Public/Private
19 OK Free Trade Zone Ondo & Ogun Under Cons. States/ Private
20 Lagos Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. Private
21 Kwara Free Zone Kwara State Declaration State Govt.
22 Oluyole Free Trade Zone Oyo State Declaration State Govt.
23 Koko Free Trade Zone Delta State Declaration State Govt.
24 OILSS Logistics Free Zone Lagos Declaration Private
25 Banki Border Free Zone Borno State Declaration State

The introduction of free zones has played a large role in increasing the amount of investment into Nigeria. When all the free zones are fully operational, Nigeria is projected to play a large role in expanding export-driven manufacturing activities in Africa.[1]

AsiaEdit

BahrainEdit

ChinaEdit

Hong KongEdit

IndonesiaEdit

IranEdit

IsraelEdit

JapanEdit

ThailandEdit

  • Port of Laem Chabang
  • Port of Bangkok
  • Port of Chieng Saen
  • Port of Chiang Kong
  • Port of Ranong

LebanonEdit

MacauEdit

MalaysiaEdit

MongoliaEdit

PakistanEdit

PhilippinesEdit

SingaporeEdit

South KoreaEdit

TaiwanEdit

TurkeyEdit

United Arab EmiratesEdit

EuropeEdit

AlbaniaEdit

AndorraEdit

AustriaEdit

(member of the European Union)

BelarusEdit

CroatiaEdit

(member of the European Union)

  • Rijeka, 1723
  • Zadar, 1922-1947 (Porto Franco della città di Zara)

DenmarkEdit

(member of the European Union)

FinlandEdit

(member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Lappeenranta (Lappeenrannan Vapaa-alue)
  • Freeport of Hanko (Hangon Vapaasatama)

FranceEdit

(member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Le Verdon - Port de Bordeaux (Zone franche du Verdon — Port de Bordeaux)

GermanyEdit

(member of the European Union)

GeorgiaEdit

GibraltarEdit

GreeceEdit

(member of the European Union)

IrelandEdit

(member of the European Union)

Isle of ManEdit

ItalyEdit

(member of the European Union)

LatviaEdit

(member of the European Union)

LithuaniaEdit

LuxembourgEdit

MaltaEdit

(member of the European Union)

MonacoEdit

  • Monaco Freeport

PortugalEdit

(member of the European Union)

RomaniaEdit

(member of the European Union)

RussiaEdit

  • Nakhodka
  • Odessa, Russian-Turkish War, 1768-1774, During Catherine the Great reign, a few new cities including Odessa were founded in the Black Sea Region by her decree of 1794. From 1819 to 1858, Oddessa was a free trading port. It was also the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union time.
  • Vladivostok, 1861–1909,[7] 2015 (Free port of Vladivostok)[8]

SerbiaEdit

Serbia has 14 free economic zones as of September 2017;[9] these are:[9]

SpainEdit

(member of the European Union)

SwedenEdit

(member of the European Union)

SwitzerlandEdit

CyprusEdit

(member of the European Union)

  • Limassol Free Zone
  • Larnaca Free Zone

UkraineEdit

United KingdomEdit

(member of the European Union)[15]

The AmericasEdit

ArgentinaEdit

The BahamasEdit

BermudaEdit

BrazilEdit

CanadaEdit

Foreign Trade Zones:[17]

ChileEdit

ColombiaEdit

  • San Andrés
  • Zona Franca
  • Zona Franca de Bogota
  • Zona Franca del Pacifico
  • Zona Franca Palermo

Dominican republicEdit

  • Mega Port of Punta Caucedo

JamaicaEdit

PanamaEdit

Costa RicaEdit

  • Zona Franca Saret

UruguayEdit

  • Carrasco International Airport (Free Airport)
  • Zona Franca Colonia
  • Zona Franca de Montevideo
  • Puerto de Montevideo (Free Port)
  • Zona Franca Rivera

United StatesEdit

VenezuelaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority - Home". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Law on Economic Zones - Invest Mongolia". Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-document/66546/36027-07-reg-tacr.pdf
  4. ^ "Gazzetta Ufficiale Serie Generale n.81 del 6-4-2013".
  5. ^ Studios, ICON. "Malta Freeport". Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Tax Benefits". www.ibc-madeira.com. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  7. ^ Руднев Д. Д., Кулик Н. А. (1915). Материалы к изучению Северного морского пути из Европы в Обь и Енисей. Петроград: Тип. А. Э. Коллинс. pp. 3–4, 57–59.
  8. ^ "Федеральный закон Российской Федерации от 13 июля 2015 г. N 212-ФЗ "О свободном порте Владивосток"". Российская Газета. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
  9. ^ a b Mikavica, A. (3 September 2017). "Slobodne zone mamac za investitore". politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  10. ^ Segal, David (21 July 2012). "Swiss Freeports Are Home for a Growing Treasury of Art". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Ports Francs & Entrepôts de Genève SA - Rte du Grand Lancy 6a - Genève". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  12. ^ Magazzini Generali con Punto Franco SA
  13. ^ Techgroup Schweiz AG. "For global requests". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  14. ^ sev_webmaster. "SEV". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  15. ^ "HM Revenue & Customs". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  16. ^ "Zona Franca General Pico". Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  17. ^ https://www.taxandtradelaw.com/Tax-Trade-Blog/geographically-flexible-foreign-trade-zones-in-canada.html

External linksEdit