Open main menu

A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of justice (called minister for justice in only very few countries) or secretary of justice. In countries where this agency is called a department (usually department of justice, sometimes attorney general's department) the head of the department is entitled attorney general, for example in the United States.

Specific duties may relate to organizing the justice system, overseeing the public prosecutor and maintaining the legal system and public order. Some ministries have additional responsibilities in related policy areas overseeing elections, directing the police, law reform. The duties of the ministry of justice may in some countries be split from separate responsibilities of an attorney general (often responsible for the justice system) and the interior minister (often responsible for public order). Sometimes the prison system is separated into another government department called Corrective Services.

There have been 122 female justice ministers since 1952,[citation needed] when Adriana Olguín was appointed by the Chilean government to be justice minister. She was also the first female minister in Latin America.

Sovereign statesEdit

  Denotes incumbent justice minister
  • Italics denotes an acting justice minister and of extinct states
Name Image Country Continent Mandate start Mandate end Term length
Adriana Olguín     Chile America 29 July 1952 3 November 1952 97 days
Ho Jong-suk     North Korea Asia 1957 2 months[1]
Stella Soulioti     Cyprus Europe 1960 1970 10 years, 0 days
Elisabeth Schweigaard Selmer     Norway Europe 12 October 1965 3 October 1970 4 years, 356 days
Svetla Daskalova     Bulgaria Europe 12 March 1966 8 February 1990 23 years, 333 days
Yolanda Myers de Vásquez     El Salvador America 1967 1972 5 years, 0 days
Auður Auðuns     Iceland Europe 10 October 1970 14 July 1971 277 days
Inger Louise Valle     Norway Europe 16 October 1973 8 October 1979 5 years, 355 days
Inkeri Anttila     Finland Europe 13 June 1975 30 November 1975 170 days
Mónica Madariaga     Chile America 20 April 1977 14 February 1983 5 years, 300 days
Colette Flesch     Luxembourg Europe 22 November 1980 20 July 1984 3 years, 241 days
Mona Røkke     Norway Europe 14 October 1981 3 October 1985 3 years, 354 days
Dina Castro de Callejas     El Salvador America 1982 1984 2 years, 0 days
Anna-Greta Leijon     Sweden Europe 11 November 1983 15 November 1983 4 days
Elisabeth Kopp      Switzerland Europe 2 October 1984 12 January 1988 4 years, 102 days
Wenche Frogn Sellæg     Norway Europe 4 October 1985 9 May 1986 217 days
Helen Bøsterud     Norway Europe 9 May 1986 16 October 1989 3 years, 160 days
Pura Luz Núñez Pérez     Dominican Republic America 1986 1987 1 year, 0 days
Anna-Greta Leijon     Sweden Europe 19 October 1987 7 June 1988 232 days
Semiramis Olivo de Pichardo     Dominican Republic America 1988 1990 2 years, 0 days
Laila Freivalds     Sweden Europe 4 October 1988 4 October 1991 3 years, 0 days
Rhina de Rey Prendes     El Salvador America 1989 1990 1 year, 0 days
Mónica de Greiff     Colombia America 16 July 1989 22 September 1989 68 days
Else Bugge Fougner     Norway Europe 16 October 1989 3 November 1990 1 year, 18 days
Mari Eugenia Chacon Pacheco     Costa Rica America 1990 1990 ?
Kim Campbell     Canada America 23 February 1990 3 January 1993 2 years, 315 days
Tarja Halonen     Finland Europe 1 March 1990 26 April 1991 1 year, 56 days
Kari Gjesteby     Norway Europe 3 November 1990 3 September 1992 1 year, 305 days
Elizabeth Odio Benito     Costa Rica America 1991 1994 3 years, 0 days
Hannele Pokka     Finland Europe 26 April 1991 30 April 1994 3 years, 4 days
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger     Germany Europe 18 May 1992 17 January 1996 3 years, 244 days
Grete Faremo     Norway Europe 4 September 1992 25 October 1996 4 years, 51 days
Anna Benaki-Psarouda     Greece Europe 3 December 1992 13 September 1993 284 days
Celin Discua     Honduras America 1993 1994 1 year, 0 days
Máire Geoghegan-Quinn     Ireland Europe 4 January 1993 15 December 1994 1 year, 345 days
Janet Reno     United States America 11 March 1993 20 January 2001 7 years, 315 days
Anneli Jäätteenmäki     Finland Europe 1 May 1994 13 April 1995 347 days
Winnie Sorgdrager     Netherlands Europe 22 August 1994 3 August 1998 3 years, 346 days
Laila Freivalds     Sweden Europe 7 October 1994 21 September 2000 5 years, 350 days
Nora Owen     Ireland Europe 15 December 1994 26 June 1997 2 years, 193 days
Janet Bostwick     Bahamas, The America 1995 1997 2 years, 0 days
Maureen Clark     Costa Rica America 1996 1996 ?
Ritsuko Nagao     Japan Asia 11 January 1996 7 November 1996 301 days
Hawa Sisay-Sabally     Gambia Africa April 1996 31 July 1998 2 years, 121 days
Margarita Mariscal de Gante     Spain Europe 6 May 1996 28 April 2000 3 years, 358 days
Anne Holt     Norway Europe 25 October 1996 4 February 1997 102 days
Vlasta Parkanova     Czech Republic Europe 7 January 1997 22 July 1998 1 year, 196 days
Gerd-Liv Valla     Norway Europe 4 February 1997 17 October 1997 255 days
Alma Beatriz Rengifo López     Colombia America 21 April 1997 7 August 1998 1 year, 108 days
Élisabeth Guigou     France Europe 4 June 1997 18 October 2000 3 years, 136 days
Anne McLellan     Canada America 11 June 1997 14 January 2002 4 years, 217 days
Syuzanna Stanik     Ukraine Europe 21 August 1997 7 May 2002 4 years, 259 days
Amanda Vanstone     Australia Oceania 9 October 1997 30 January 2001 3 years, 113 days
Aud Inger Aure     Norway Europe 17 October 1997 15 March 1999 1 year, 149 days
Monica Nagel Berger     Costa Rica America 8 May 1998 8 May 2002 4 years, 0 days
Fatou Bensouda     Gambia Africa 31 July 1998 March 2000 1 year, 214 days
Herta Däubler-Gmelin     Germany Europe 27 October 1998 22 October 2002 3 years, 360 days
Ingrīda Labucka     Latvia Europe 26 November 1998 16 July 1999 232 days
Januaria Moreira     Cape Verde Africa 1999 2001 2 years, 0 days
Sólveig Pétursdóttir     Iceland Europe 28 May 1999 23 May 2003 3 years, 360 days
Antonieta Rosa Gomes     Guinea-Bissau Africa 19 February 2000 19 March 2001 1 year, 28 days
Soledad Alvear     Chile America 11 March 2000 1 October 2004 4 years, 204 days
Hanne Harlem     Norway Europe 17 March 2000 19 October 2001 1 year, 216 days
Ingrīda Labucka     Latvia Europe 5 May 2000 7 November 2002 2 years, 186 days
Lena Hjelm-Wallen     Sweden Europe 21 September 2000 16 October 2000 25 days
Marylise Lebranchu     France Europe 18 October 2000 6 May 2002 1 year, 200 days
Rodica Stănoiu     Romania Europe 28 December 2000 10 March 2004 3 years, 73 days
Mia Mottley     Barbados America 2001 2003 2 years, 0 days
Cristina Fontes Lima     Cape Verde Africa 2001 2006 5 years, 0 days
Vera Sofia Rubi     Honduras America 2001 27 January 2002 1 year, 26 days
Mayumi Moriyama     Japan Asia 16 April 2001 19 November 2003 2 years, 217 days
Ingrid Antičević-Marinović     Croatia Europe 28 September 2001 23 December 2003 2 years, 86 days
Lene Espersen     Denmark Europe 27 November 2001 10 September 2008 6 years, 288 days
Patricia Vega     Costa Rica America 2002 8 May 2006 4 years, 127 days
Ana Pessoa Pinto     Timor Leste Asia 20 May 2002 2003 226 days
Brigitte Zypries     Germany Europe 22 October 2002 27 October 2009 7 years, 5 days
Kang Kum-sil     South Korea Asia 27 February 2003 29 July 2004 1 year, 153 days
Karin Gastinger     Austria Europe 28 February 2003 11 January 2007 3 years, 317 days
Laurette Onkelinx     Belgium Europe 11 July 2003 21 December 2007 4 years, 163 days
Vesna Škare-Ožbolt     Croatia Europe 23 December 2003 10 February 2006 2 years, 49 days
Vineta Muižniece     Latvia Europe 9 March 2004 2 December 2004 268 days
Monica Macovei     Romania Europe 29 December 2004 5 April 2007 2 years, 97 days
Brigitte Mabandla     South Africa Africa 29 April 2004 25 September 2008 1 year, 149 days
Victoria Iftodi     Moldova Europe 8 July 2004 20 September 2006 2 years, 74 days
Chieko Nōno     Japan Asia 22 September 2004 31 October 2005 1 year, 39 days
Solvita Āboltiņa     Latvia Europe 2 December 2004 7 November 2006 1 year, 340 days
Wu Aiying     China Asia 1 July 2005 24 February 2017 11 years, 266 days
Leena Luhtanen     Finland Europe 23 September 2005 19 April 2007 1 year, 208 days
Allyson Maynard Gibson     Bahamas, The America 2006 2007 1 year, 0 days
Lucia Žitňanská     Slovakia Europe 8 February 2006 4 July 2006 55 days
Ana Lovrin     Croatia Europe 10 February 2006 10 October 2008 2 years, 243 days
Laura Chinchilla     Costa Rica America 8 May 2006 8 October 2008 2 years, 153 days
Rita Verdonk     Netherlands Europe 21 September 2006 22 September 2006 1 day
Beatrice Ask     Sweden Europe 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 7 years, 362 days
Tzipi Livni     Israel Asia 29 November 2006 7 February 2007 70 days
Claire Hepburn     Bahamas, The America 2007 2008 1 year, 0 days
Maria Berger     Austria Europe 11 January 2007 2 December 2008 1 year, 326 days
Carmelita Pires     Guinea-Bissau Africa 13 April 2007 2 January 2009 1 year, 264 days
Tuija Brax     Finland Europe 19 April 2007 22 June 2011 4 years, 64 days
Rachida Dati     France Europe 18 May 2007 23 June 2009 2 years, 36 days
Miglena Tacheva     Bulgaria Europe 19 July 2007 27 July 2009 2 years, 8 days
Dorothy Lightbourne     Jamaica America 11 September 2007 23 October 2011 4 years, 42 days
Marie Saine-Firdaus     Gambia Africa 14 September 2007 19 March 2010 2 years, 186 days
Annette King     New Zealand Oceania 31 October 2007 19 November 2008 1 year, 19 days
Marisa Helena Morias     Cape Verde Africa 2008 2011 3 years, 0 days
Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf      Switzerland Europe 1 January 2008 31 December 2010 2 years, 364 days
Snežana Malović     Serbia Europe 7 July 2008 27 July 2012 4 years, 20 days
Betty Mould-Iddrisu     Ghana Africa 7 January 2009 3 January 2011 1 year, 361 days
Claudia Bandion-Ortner     Austria Europe 15 January 2009 21 April 2011 2 years, 96 days
Ragna Árnadóttir     Iceland Europe 1 February 2009 2 September 2010 1 year, 213 days
Aurelia Frick     Liechtenstein Europe 25 March 2009 Incumbent 10 years, 205 days
Daniela Kovářová     Czech Republic Europe 8 May 2009 13 July 2010 1 year, 66 days
Michèle Alliot-Marie     France Europe 23 June 2009 13 November 2010 1 year, 143 days
Margarita Popova     Bulgaria Europe 27 July 2009 29 November 2011 2 years, 125 days
Keiko Chiba     Japan Asia 16 September 2009 17 September 2010 1 year, 1 day
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger     Germany Europe 28 October 2009 17 December 2013 4 years, 50 days
Simonetta Sommaruga      Switzerland Europe 1 January 2010 31 December 2018 8 years, 364 days
María Encarnación de Contreras     Guatemala America 15 May 2010 25 May 2010 10 days
María Encarnación de Contreras     Guatemala America 11 June 2010 9 December 2010 181 days
Leila de Lima     Philippines Asia 30 June 2010 12 October 2015 5 years, 104 days
Lucia Žitňanská     Slovakia Europe 8 July 2010 4 April 2012 1 year, 271 days
Claudia Paz y Paz     Guatemala America 9 December 2010 17 May 2014 3 years, 159 days
Grete Faremo     Norway Europe 1 January 2011 31 March 2011 89 days
Fiame Naomi Mata'afa     Samoa Oceania 18 March 2011 Incumbent 8 years, 212 days
Marisela Morales     Mexico America 1 April 2011 30 November 2011 243 days
Beatrix Karl     Austria Europe 21 April 2011 16 December 2013 2 years, 239 days
Johana Pesántez     Ecuador America 13 May 2011 18 June 2013 2 years, 36 days
Anna-Maja Henriksson     Finland Europe 22 June 2011 29 May 2015 3 years, 341 days
Grete Faremo     Norway Europe 11 November 2011 16 October 2013 1 year, 339 days
Paola Severino     Italy Europe 16 November 2011 28 April 2013 1 year, 163 days
Diana Kovatcheva     Bulgaria Europe 30 November 2011 21 February 2013 1 year, 83 days
Annemie Turtelboom     Belgium Europe 6 December 2011 25 July 2014 2 years, 231 days
Judith Collins     New Zealand Oceania 12 December 2011 30 August 2014 2 years, 261 days
Ana Pineda     Honduras America 2012 27 January 2014 2 years, 26 days
Ana Isabel Garita Vilchez     Costa Rica America 1 April 2012 8 May 2014 2 years, 37 days
Lucia Freitas Lobato     Timor Leste Asia 8 May 2007 8 August 2012 5 years, 92 days
Allyson Maynard Gibson     Bahamas, The America 10 May 2012 24 May 2017 5 years, 14 days
Christiane Taubira     France Europe 16 May 2012 27 January 2016 3 years, 256 days
Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende     Latvia Europe 21 June 2012 5 July 2012 14 days
Ruth Stella Correa Palacio     Colombia America 12 July 2012 13 September 2013 1 year, 63 days
Mona Pivniceru     Romania Europe 23 August 2012 28 March 2013 217 days
Tea Tsulukiani     Georgia Europe 25 October 2012 Incumbent 6 years, 356 days
Patricia Pérez Goldberg     Chile America 17 December 2012 11 March 2014 1 year, 84 days
Marietta Brew Appiah-Oppong     Ghana Africa 14 February 2013 7 January 2017 3 years, 328 days
Tzipi Livni     Israel Asia 18 March 2013 4 December 2014 1 year, 261 days
Anna Maria Cancellieri     Italy Europe 28 April 2013 22 February 2014 300 days
Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir     Iceland Europe 23 May 2013 4 December 2014 1 year, 195 days
Amie Joof     Gambia Africa 25 May 2013 27 August 2013 94 days
Zinaida Zlatanova     Bulgaria Europe 29 May 2013 6 August 2014 1 year, 69 days
Olena Lukash     Ukraine Europe 4 July 2013 27 February 2014 238 days
Marie Benešová     Czech Republic Europe 10 July 2013 29 January 2014 203 days
Sheila Abed     Paraguay America 15 August 2013 15 August 2018 5 years, 0 days
Mama Fatima Singhateh     Gambia Africa 27 August 2013 27 August 2014 1 year, 0 days
Ledy Zúñiga     Ecuador America 19 November 2013 24 May 2017 3 years, 186 days
Karen Hækkerup     Denmark Europe 12 December 2013 10 October 2014 302 days
Baiba Broka     Latvia Europe 22 January 2014 6 August 2014 196 days
Helena Válková     Czech Republic Europe 29 January 2014 1 March 2015 1 year, 31 days
Cristina Ramirez Chavarria     Costa Rica America 8 May 2014 16 July 2015 1 year, 69 days
Frances Fitzgerald     Ireland Europe 8 May 2014 14 June 2017 3 years, 37 days
Thelma Aldana     Guatemala America 17 May 2014 16 May 2018 3 years, 364 days
Carmelita Pires     Guinea-Bissau Africa 3 July 2014 13 October 2017 3 years, 102 days
Maggie De Block     Belgium Europe 25 July 2014 11 October 2014 78 days
Amy Adams     New Zealand Oceania 30 August 2014 26 October 2017 3 years, 57 days
Midori Matsushima     Japan Asia 3 September 2014 20 October 2014 47 days
Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría     Spain Europe 24 September 2014 29 September 2014 5 days
Mette Frederiksen     Denmark Europe 10 October 2014 28 June 2015 261 days
Yōko Kamikawa     Japan Asia 20 October 2014 7 October 2015 352 days
Vuna Fa'otusia     Tonga Oceania 30 December 2014 Incumbent 4 years, 290 days
Ekaterina Zakharieva     Bulgaria Europe 3 January 2015 27 January 2017 2 years, 24 days
Mama Fatima Singhateh     Gambia Africa 12 January 2015 17 January 2017 2 years, 5 days
Virginia Velasco Condori     Bolivia America 22 January 2015 23 January 2017 2 years, 1 day
Loretta Lynch     United States America 27 April 2015 20 January 2017 1 year, 268 days
Ayelet Shaked     Israel Asia 14 May 2015 2 June 2019 4 years, 19 days
Cecilia Sánchez Romero     Costa Rica America 16 July 2015 1 January 2018 2 years, 296 days
Arpine Hovhannisyan     Armenia Europe 4 September 2015 11 May 2017 1 year, 249 days
Jody Wilson-Raybould     Canada America 4 November 2015 12 February 2019 3 years, 100 days
Raluca Prună     Romania Europe 17 November 2015 4 January 2017 1 year, 48 days
Francisca Van Dunem     Portugal Europe 26 November 2015 Incumbent 3 years, 324 days
Lucia Žitňanská     Slovakia Europe 23 March 2016 22 March 2018 1 year, 364 days
Janice Lelis     Cape Verde Africa 22 May 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 147 days
Nela Kuburović     Serbia Europe 11 August 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 66 days
Milda Vainiutė     Lithuania Europe 13 December 2016 6 March 2018 1 year, 83 days
Sigríður Á. Andersen     Iceland Europe 11 January 2017 14 March 2019 2 years, 62 days
Sally Yates     United States America 20 January 2017 30 January 2017 10 days
Gloria Akuffo     Ghana Africa 21 January 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 268 days
Maria Pavlova     Bulgaria Europe 27 January 2017 4 May 2017 97 days
Ana Birchall     Romania Europe 9 February 2017 23 February 2017 14 days
Tsetska Tsacheva     Bulgaria Europe 4 May 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 165 days
Rosana Alvarado     Ecuador America 24 May 2017 23 August 2018 1 year, 91 days
Nicole Belloubet     France Europe 21 June 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 117 days
Yōko Kamikawa     Japan Asia 3 August 2017 2 October 2018 1 year, 60 days
Thalatha Atukorale     Sri Lanka Asia 25 August 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 52 days
Etilda Gjonaj     Albania Europe 11 September 2017 Incumbent 2 years, 35 days
Sylvi Listhaug     Norway Europe 17 January 2018 20 March 2018 62 days
Karla Cuevas     Honduras America 27 January 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 262 days
Katarina Barley     Germany Europe 14 March 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 216 days
Marcia González Aguiluz     Costa Rica America 8 May 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 161 days
María Consuelo Porras     Guatemala America 17 May 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 152 days
Dolores Delgado     Spain Europe 7 June 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 131 days
Taťána Malá     Czech Republic Europe 28 June 2018 10 July 2018 12 days
Gloria María Borrero     Colombia America 7 August 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 70 days
Andreja Katič     Slovenia Europe 13 September 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 33 days
Karin Keller-Sutter      Switzerland Europe 1 January 2019 Incumbent 288 days
Þórdís Kolbrún R. Gylfadóttir     Iceland Europe 14 March 2019 5 September 2019 175 days
Anna-Maja Henriksson     Finland Europe 6 June 2019 Incumbent 132 days
Christine Lambrecht     Germany Europe 27 June 2019 Incumbent 111 days
Áslaug Arna Sigurbjörnsdóttir     Iceland Europe 5 September 2019 Incumbent 41 days

Unrecognized states, dependent territories, and autonomous regionsEdit

  Denotes incumbent justice minister
  • Italics denotes an acting justice minister and of defunct states/territories/regions
Name Image Country Continent Mandate start Mandate end Term length
Linda Goupil     Quebec Europe 15 December 1998 8 March 2001 2 years, 83 days
Yeh Chin-fong     Taiwan Asia 1 February 1999 20 May 2000 1 year, 109 days
Florinda Chan     Macau Asia 20 December 1999 20 December 2014 15 years, 0 days
Cathy Jamieson     Scotland Europe 20 May 2003 16 May 2007 3 years, 361 days
Alicia Limtiaco     Guam Oceania 3 January 2007 21 June 2010 3 years, 169 days
The Baroness Scotland of Asthal     Northern Ireland Europe 28 June 2007 12 April 2010 2 years, 288 days
Wang Ching-feng     Taiwan Asia 20 May 2008 12 March 2010 1 year, 296 days
Kathleen Weil     Quebec Europe 18 December 2008 11 August 2010 1 year, 236 days
Viviane Reding     European Union Europe 9 February 2010 1 July 2014 4 years, 142 days
Luo Ying-shay     Taiwan Asia 30 September 2013 20 May 2016 2 years, 233 days
Stéphanie Vallée     Quebec America 23 April 2014 18 October 2018 4 years, 178 days
Věra Jourová     European Union Europe 1 November 2014 Incumbent 4 years, 349 days
Sonia Chan     Macau Asia 20 December 2014 Incumbent 4 years, 300 days
Teresa Cheng     Hong Kong Asia 6 January 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 283 days
Rose Toki-Brown     Cook Islands Oceania 10 July 2018 Incumbent 1 year, 98 days
Sonia LeBel     Quebec America 18 October 2018 Incumbent 363 days

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Park, Kyung Ae (1994). "Women and Revolution in South and North Korea". In Tétreault, Mary Ann (ed.). Women and Revolution in Africa, Asia, and the New World. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. Table 7.7. ISBN 978-1-57003-016-1.