Marta Cartabia

Marta Cartabia (born 14 May 1963) is an Italian judge. She was Judge of the Constitutional Court of Italy between 2011 and 2020, Vice President from 12 November 2014 to 11 December 2019 and President from 11 December 2019 to 13 September 2020. She is a professor of constitutional law. She was the first woman to hold the office of President of the Constitutional Court.

Marta Cartabia
Marta Cartabia (cropped).jpg
President of the Constitutional Court
In office
11 December 2019 – 13 September 2020
Preceded byGiorgio Lattanzi
Succeeded byMario Rosario Morelli
Vice President of the Constitutional Court
In office
12 November 2014 – 11 December 2019
Judge of the Constitutional Court
In office
13 September 2011 – 13 September 2020
Appointed byGiorgio Napolitano
Preceded byMaria Rita Saulle
Succeeded byEmanuela Navarretta
Personal details
Born (1963-05-14) 14 May 1963 (age 57)
San Giorgio su Legnano, Italy
EducationUniversity of Milan
European University Institute

CareerEdit

Cartabia was born in San Giorgio su Legnano, near Milan, in 1963.[1] In 1987, she graduated with honours at the University of Milan, with the thesis "Does a European constitutional right exist?" with professor Valerio Onida as her supervisor. She obtained a Ph.D. in law from the European University Institute in Florence in 1993.[2][3]

Cartabia worked at the Constitutional Court of Italy as a clerk between 1993 and 1996. In 2005, she was employed by the University of Milano-Bicocca as professor of the Jean Monnet Course of European Constitutional Law.[2] Between 2006 and 2010 she worked as an independent expert for the "Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union".[3] For the academic year 2009–2010 Cartabia was a Straus Fellow at "The Straus Institute for the Advanced Study of Law & Justice" in New York City.[2]

Cartabia was appointed as Judge on the Constitutional Court by the President of Italy, Giorgio Napolitano, on 2 September 2011, and sworn into office on 13 September 2011.[1] At the time of her appointment she was one of the youngest appointees ever, and only the third woman in history.[4][5] She was appointed Vice President of the Court on 12 November 2014.[6] On 11 December 2019 Cartabia succeeded Giorgio Lattanzi as President of the Constitional Court, becoming the first woman to hold the position. Cartabia received all 14 votes.[5] Cartabia's term in office ended on 13 September 2020. She was succeeded as President by Mario Rosario Morelli and as Judge by Emanuela Navarretta.[7][8]

Cartabia was made Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on 24 October 2011.[9]

In December 2017, she was appointed as a substitute member[10] for Italy to the European Commission for Democracy through Law of the Council of Europe, also known as Venice Commission.[5]

WritingsEdit

  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2015). Pope Benedict XVI's legal thought : a dialogue on the foundation of law. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9781316106303. ISBN 9781316106303. OCLC 1008627286.
  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2013). La legge di re Salomone : ragione e diritto nei discorsi di Benedetto XVI. Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli Saggi (in Italian). Milan. p. 256. ISBN 9788817069878. OCLC 856902230.
  • Marta Cartabia; Andrea Simoncini (2009). La sostenibilità della democrazia nel XXI secolo. Percorsi (in Italian). Bologna: Il Mulino. p. 351. ISBN 978-8815133724. OCLC 515405613. Archived from the original on December 18, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  • Aldo Bardusco; Marta Cartabia; Micaela Frulli (February 8–9, 2007). Immunità costituzionali e crimini internazionali : atti del convegno (in Italian). 1 vol. Milan: Giuffrè. pp. X-295. ISBN 8814140383. OCLC 690390197.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  • * Marta Cartabia; Marilena Gennusa (2008). La fonti europee e il diritto italiano. Costituzione e società. Poteri (in Italian). Turino: Giappichelli. p. 121. ISBN 978-8834896808. OCLC 868542938.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Constitutional Court: Composition of the Court". Constitutional Court of Italy. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Marta Cartabia". The Straus institute. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Marta Cartabia". New York Encounter. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Justice Marta Cartabia to Deliver Clynes Chair in Judicial Ethics Lecture". The Law School - University of Notre Dame. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Consulta. Marta Cartabia eletta Presidente, prima donna a guidare la Corte" (in Italian). RAI News. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Alessandro Criscuolo elected to Constitutional court, update". ANSA. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Corte Costituzionale, Mario Morelli nuovo presidente: prende il posto di Marta Cartabia. Ma la Consulta si è divisa" (in Italian). Il Messagero. 16 September 2020. Archived from the original on 17 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Mattarella nomina Emanuela Navarretta nuova giudice della Corte costituzionale. Sostituirà Marta Cartabia che è a fine mandato" (in Italian). Il Fatto Quotidiano. 9 September 2020. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Cartabia Prof.ssa Marta" (in Italian). Office of the Italian President. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Venice Commission :: Council of Europe". www.venice.coe.int. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
Legal offices
Preceded by
Giorgio Lattanzi
President of the Constitutional Court of Italy
2019–2020
Succeeded by
Mario Rosario Morelli