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Rachida Dati (French pronunciation: ​[ʁaʃida dati]; 27 November 1965) is a French politician who served as Member of the European Parliament, representing Île-de-France. Prior to her election, she held the cabinet post of Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice. She was a spokesperson for Nicolas Sarkozy during the French presidential election of 2007. After his victory, Sarkozy appointed her to his Government on 18 May 2007. She was elected mayor of the 7th arrondissement of Paris on 29 March 2008.

Rachida Dati
Festival automobile international 2016 - Photocall - 043 (cropped).jpg
Dati in 2016
Mayor of the 7th arrondissement of Paris
Assumed office
29 March 2008
Member of the European Parliament
In office
14 July 2009 – 1 July 2019
ConstituencyÎle-de-France
Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice
In office
18 May 2007 – 23 June 2009
PresidentNicolas Sarkozy
Prime MinisterFrançois Fillon
Preceded byPascal Clément
Succeeded byMichèle Alliot-Marie
Personal details
Born (1965-11-27) 27 November 1965 (age 53)
Saint-Rémy, Burgundy, France
NationalityFrench
Political partyUMP, LR
ChildrenZohra (b. 2009)
Alma materUniversity of Burgundy
Panthéon-Assas University

Early life and educationEdit

Rachida Dati was born on 27 November 1965 in Saint-Rémy, Saône-et-Loire, to a Moroccan father, a bricklayer named Mbarek, and an Algerian mother, named Fatima-Zohra. She is the second child of twelve children in an impoverished family, and she spent her childhood in Chalon-sur-Saône in Burgundy.[citation needed]

Even though Dati was raised in a devout Islamic environment, she attended Catholic schools. She studied at the University of Burgundy, where she received a master's degree in Economics, and at Panthéon-Assas University, where she received a Law degree.[1]

CareerEdit

Early beginningsEdit

At the age of sixteen, Dati started working as a paramedical assistant. She then worked for three years as an accountant at Elf Aquitaine while at university.

After meeting Jean-Luc Lagardère in 1990, Dati entered the audit management team of Matra Nortel communication. She later spent a year in London at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, in the records management and archiving department. In 1994, she was an auditing supervisor and secretary-general of the bureau of urban development studies at Suez (then Lyonnaise des Eaux). From 1995 to 1997, she worked as a technical advisor at the legal management division of the Ministry of Education.[citation needed]

In 1997, Dati was admitted to the École nationale de la magistrature, a public educational institution which offers courses necessary to become a magistrate. Upon leaving in 1999, she became a legal auditor at the Bobigny tribunal de grande instance (high court). She went on to become judge for collective procedures[2] at the tribunal de grande instance in Péronne and eventually an assistant to the attorney general of the Évry tribunal.

Career in politicsEdit

In 2002, Dati became Nicolas Sarkozy's advisor, working for him on an anti-delinquency project. In 2006, she joined the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party. On 14 January 2007, she was named spokesperson for Sarkozy on the day he was chosen as UMP candidate for the presidential elections of April 2007. After Sarkozy's victory on 6 May 2007, she was appointed Minister of Justice. Her rationalization of the court system was publicly opposed by judicial professionals.[3] Later on, it was recognised by the French Court of Auditor as one of the most ambitious reform of the judicial institution.[4] When the Sarkozys' marriage began to break up, Dati frequently went on official presidential trip to accompany Nicolas Sarkozy.[5]

On 23 January 2009 Sarkozy announced that Dati would take the second position on the UMP candidate list for Île-de-France constituency in the European Parliament election in June 2009, to which she was elected.[6] She left her post as minister after being elected as a European deputy.

Career in the private sectorEdit

Soon after she left the government, in summer 2009, Dati switched to law, becoming a junior magistrate and assistant prosecutor.[7] She also founded a consulting company called "La Bourdonnais consultant,"[8] which she had to dissolve at the beginning of 2010 to be able to resume the profession of lawyer, which she had to do by special dispensation (like other former magistrates).[9] She sits on the editorial board of the French version of the Huffington Post, where she writes a weekly column about women's issues.[10]

On the local level, Dati is the Mayor of the 7th district of Paris and Member of Paris City Council.[11] On 9 February 2013, Dati announced she was a candidate for mayor of Paris in the 2014 local elections but she later withdrew because "the press has already chosen Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet".

Member of the European Parliament, 2009–2019Edit

A member of the European People's Party group in the European Parliament,[12] Dati served on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs and on the parliament's delegations for relations with the Mashreq countries, to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean, and for relations with the Arab Peninsula. She was the Parliament's rapporteur on several texts dealing with countering terrorism and the prevention of radicalisation and recruitment of European citizens by terrorist organisations.[13] Her parliamentary work also included dealing with the prison systems and conditions in the European Union, and finding solutions to face the migration crisis with an EU common list of safe countries of origin.[14]

In early 2019, Dati announced her plan to run for the Paris municipal election in 2020.[15]

ControversyEdit

Soon after Dati left the government in 2009 to stand for the European Parliament, she was hired by the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance as a legal adviser.[16] In 2019, France’s financial prosecutor launched an investigation into consulting fees she received from the alliance.[17]

In December 2013, French media reported that Dati had received payments from French energy utility GDF-Suez. In early 2014, the President of the European Parliament Martin Schulz asked parliamentary services to look into conflict-of-interest concerns, but the inquiry was interrupted by the 2014 election campaign. At the same time, the French high authority for transparency in public life, France's anti-corruption watchdog, also opened a file on the case.[18]

Other activitiesEdit

  • PlaNet Finance, Member of International Advisory Board

Personal lifeEdit

In September 2008, Dati announced that she was pregnant and would be a single mother. She revealed her pregnancy to a group of reporters who questioned her about mounting rumours. "I want to remain careful, because . . . I am still in the risky stage. I am 42", she was quoted as saying.[19] Her daughter, Zohra, was born in early 2009. As the name of the father was not revealed, many names circulated in gossip magazines.[20]

However, in 2012, she started legal action against Dominique Desseigne, the chief executive of Groupe Lucien Barrière a casino market leader in France, Switzerland and Europe, to recognise paternity.[21][22] In December 2012, a French court ordered Desseigne to undergo a paternity test to see if he fathered Dati's child.[23] After Desseigne refused to undergo the test, a French court decision of 7th Jan. 2016 ruled that Desseigne was indeed the father.[24] In November 2016, she was listed as one of BBC's 100 Women.[25]

DistinctionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Remy, Jacqueline (2009). Du Rimmel et des larmes (in French). Seuil. p. 52.
  2. ^ Equivalent to bankruptcy courts in the U.S.
  3. ^ Kerdreux, Gilles "Mme Dati affronte un mécontentement croissant sur la carte judiciaire", LeMonde.fr 11 November 2007
  4. ^ "La carte judiciaire érigée en modèle de réforme par la Cour des comptes - Les Echos". www.lesechos.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  5. ^ Angelique Chrisafis (November 20, 2008), The rise and fall of Rachida Dati The Guardian.
  6. ^ France's Dati to quit government, BBC News Retrieved on 23 January 2009
  7. ^ David Keohane (June 5, 2019), Ex-minister probed over Renault-Nissan payments Financial Times.
  8. ^ François Labrouillère, [1] "Rachida Dati crée sa société de consultants", Paris Match, 23 juillet 2009
  9. ^ https://parislightsup.com/2019/09/15/whats-happening-in-the-paris-mayoral-elections/
  10. ^ Renaud Revel, 'Rachida Dati: "Arianna Huffington est venue me voir à la mairie"', in L'Express, 24/01/2012 [2]
  11. ^ https://parislightsup.com/2019/09/15/whats-happening-in-the-paris-mayoral-elections/
  12. ^ "Parlement Européen | Rachida Dati". www.rachida-dati.eu (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Rachida DATI | Accueil | Députés | Parlement européen". www.europarl.europa.eu (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Rachida DATI | Activités parlementaires | Députés | Parlement européen". www.europarl.europa.eu (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  15. ^ Emmanuel Jarry (June 4, 2019), Former French Justice minister Dati probed over fees paid by Renault-Nissan Reuters.
  16. ^ Laurence Frost (February 1, 2019), Renault-Nissan payments to political advisers draw scrutiny Reuters.
  17. ^ Emmanuel Jarry (June 4, 2019), Former French Justice minister Dati probed over fees paid by Renault-Nissan Reuters.
  18. ^ Quentin Ariès and James Panichi (September 9, 2015), Ex-MEP speaks out on decision not to pursue Dati allegations Politico Europe.
  19. ^ "Sarkozys Liebling Rachida Dati ist schwanger". Die Welt. 3 September 2008.
  20. ^ Lauter, Devorah (4 November 2012). "Rachida Dati 'had string of lovers in 2008'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  21. ^ Zemouri, Jean-Michel Décugis, Aziz (4 October 2012). "EXCLUSIF. Reconnaissance de paternité Desseigne/Dati : la machine judiciaire est lancée". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  22. ^ "Dominique Desseigne face à Rachida Dati : "Je ne lâcherai rien"". Le Monde.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Victory for France's single-mother minister Rachida Dati as court rules billionaire businessman must have DNA test to find out if he is father of her child". Daily Mail. London.
  24. ^ "Dominique Desseigne est bien le père de Zohra Dati, confirme la justice". L'Express. Paris.
  25. ^ "BBC 100 Women 2016: Who is on the list?". BBC News. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  26. ^ Élisabeth Chavelet, Rachida ne meurt jamais, éditions du Moment, octobre 2013, p. 62.
  27. ^ "Heir to the French Throne and former French Minister invested into the Order". constantinian.org.uk. May 2011.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Pascal Clément
Minister of Justice
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Michèle Alliot-Marie