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Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández (locally ['telma espe'ɾansa al'dana eɾ'nanðes]; born 27 September 1955) is a Guatemalan jurist and politician, former President of the Supreme Court and former Attorney General. Aldana was a presidential candidate in the 2019 elections, but was disqualified by the Constitutional Court due to charges of corruption.[1]

Thelma Aldana
Reunión Subsecreatrio Adjunto Creamer con Fiscal General (cropped) (cropped).jpg
11th Attorney General of Guatemala
In office
May 17, 2014 – May 16, 2018
PresidentOtto Pérez Molina
Alejandro Maldonado
Jimmy Morales
Preceded byClaudia Paz y Paz
Succeeded byMaría Consuelo Porras
55th President of the Supreme Court of Justice of Guatemala
In office
October 13, 2011 – October 13, 2012
PresidentÁlvaro Colom
Otto Pérez Molina
Preceded byArturo Archila
Succeeded byGabriel Medrano
Personal details
Born
Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández

(1955-09-27) 27 September 1955 (age 63)
Gualán, Zacapa, Guatemala
Political partySemilla
ResidenceGuatemala City
AwardsRight Livelihood Award

Contents

LifeEdit

Aldana was born in Gualán, eastern Guatemala, in 1955. She graduated from the University of San Carlos in Guatemala. She has a Master's degree in Civil and Procedural Law.[2] In 2009, she became a judge in the Supreme Court. She served as the president of the Supreme Court from 2011-2012. In 2014 she replaced the highly effective Claudia Paz y Paz as Guatemala’s attorney general. She is married.[3]

Courts for violence against womenEdit

In 2011, when she was president of the Supreme Court, Aldana started special courts in Guatemala for femicide cases. Killing women, and violence against women are rampant in Guatemala; every year there are on the average 56,000 reports of violence against women.[4] Eleven districts now have the special courts. Judges and police officers receive special gender crime training.

Against corruptionEdit

In 2015 Aldana led another investigation into government corruption.[5] In this, she closely cooperated with the Commissioner of the UN International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), Iván Velásquez Gómez. As a result, the President of Guatemala, Otto Pérez Molina, was forced to resign.[6]

Presidential campaignEdit

In 2019, Aldana entered the presidential election, campaigning on the platform of anti-corruption with new party Semilla.[7] However, on 15 May, the Constitutional Court rejected her candidacy for President, charging her with corruption.[1]

AwardsEdit

In 2015 Aldana won the Jaime Brunet Prize for the Promotion of Human Rights from the Public University of Navarra. The prize was for her work for women's rights, against gender violence, and for the rights of the indigenous peoples, as well as against political corruption. The prize was 36,000 euros.[8]

In 2016 she was recognised with an International Women of Courage Award by the US Secretary of State.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Cuffe, Sandra (15 May 2019). "Guatemala court rules popular anti-corruption crusader ineligible to run for president". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  2. ^ Thelma Aldana Hernandez, gob.gt, Retrieved 14 July 2016
  3. ^ "Guatemala's attorney-general". The Economist. 22 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Where women are killed by their own families". BBC News.
  5. ^ Carlos Dada (4 September 2015). "Corruption Charges Turn Guatemala Upside Down". The New Yorker.
  6. ^ "AQ Top 5 Corruption Busters: Thelma Aldana - Americas Quarterly".
  7. ^ "Exfiscal general de Guatemala lanza candidatura presidencial". Telesur. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  8. ^ EUROPA PRESS. PAMPLONA (10 December 2015). "UPNA - La fiscal general de Guatemala, Premio Brunet de la UPNA". diariodenavarra.es.
  9. ^ Guatemala’s Women: Moving Their Country Forward « Central America Network, centralamericanetwork.org
Legal offices
Preceded by
Claudia Paz y Paz
Attorney General of Guatemala
2014–2018
Succeeded by
María Consuelo Porras
Preceded by
Luis Arturo Archila
President of the Supreme Court of Justice
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Gabriel Antonio Medrano
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
Semilla Movement nominee for
President of Guatemala

2019
Incumbent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Aleksandr Konovalov
President of United Nations Convention
against Corruption

2017–2018
Succeeded by
María Consuelo Porras