Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández (locally ['telma espe'ɾansa al'dana eɾ'nanðes]; born 27 September 1955) is a Guatemalan jurist and politician, former President of the Supreme Court and former Attorney General. Aldana was a presidential candidate in the 2019 elections, but was disqualified by the Constitutional Court due to charges of corruption.
|11th Attorney General of Guatemala|
May 17, 2014 – May 16, 2018
|President||Otto Pérez Molina|
|Preceded by||Claudia Paz y Paz|
|Succeeded by||María Consuelo Porras|
|55th President of the Supreme Court of Justice of Guatemala|
October 13, 2011 – October 13, 2012
Otto Pérez Molina
|Preceded by||Arturo Archila|
|Succeeded by||Gabriel Medrano|
Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández
27 September 1955
Gualán, Zacapa, Guatemala
|Awards||Right Livelihood Award|
Aldana was born in Gualán, eastern Guatemala, in 1955. She graduated from the University of San Carlos in Guatemala. She has a Master's degree in Civil and Procedural Law. In 2009, she became a judge in the Supreme Court. She served as the president of the Supreme Court from 2011-2012. In 2014 she replaced the highly effective Claudia Paz y Paz as Guatemala’s attorney general. She is married.
Courts for violence against womenEdit
In 2011, when she was president of the Supreme Court, Aldana started special courts in Guatemala for femicide cases. Killing women, and violence against women are rampant in Guatemala; every year there are on the average 56,000 reports of violence against women. Eleven districts now have the special courts. Judges and police officers receive special gender crime training.
In 2015 Aldana led another investigation into government corruption. In this, she closely cooperated with the Commissioner of the UN International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), Iván Velásquez Gómez. As a result, the President of Guatemala, Otto Pérez Molina, was forced to resign.
In 2019, Aldana entered the presidential election, campaigning on the platform of anti-corruption with new party Semilla. However, on 15 May, the Constitutional Court rejected her candidacy for President, charging her with corruption.
In 2015 Aldana won the Jaime Brunet Prize for the Promotion of Human Rights from the Public University of Navarra. The prize was for her work for women's rights, against gender violence, and for the rights of the indigenous peoples, as well as against political corruption. The prize was 36,000 euros.
- Cuffe, Sandra (15 May 2019). "Guatemala court rules popular anti-corruption crusader ineligible to run for president". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Thelma Aldana Hernandez, gob.gt, Retrieved 14 July 2016
- "Guatemala's attorney-general". The Economist. 22 May 2014.
- "Where women are killed by their own families". BBC News.
- Carlos Dada (4 September 2015). "Corruption Charges Turn Guatemala Upside Down". The New Yorker.
- "AQ Top 5 Corruption Busters: Thelma Aldana - Americas Quarterly".
- "Exfiscal general de Guatemala lanza candidatura presidencial". Telesur. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- EUROPA PRESS. PAMPLONA (10 December 2015). "UPNA - La fiscal general de Guatemala, Premio Brunet de la UPNA". diariodenavarra.es.
- Guatemala’s Women: Moving Their Country Forward « Central America Network, centralamericanetwork.org
Claudia Paz y Paz
| Attorney General of Guatemala
María Consuelo Porras
Luis Arturo Archila
| President of the Supreme Court of Justice
Gabriel Antonio Medrano
|Party political offices|
| Semilla Movement nominee for
President of Guatemala
| President of United Nations Convention
María Consuelo Porras