List of countries by wealth inequality

This is a list of countries by distribution of wealth, including Gini coefficients. Wealth distribution can vary greatly from income distribution in a country (see List of countries by income equality).

A map showing Gini coefficients for Wealth within countries for 2019.[1]

Higher Gini coefficients signify greater inequality in wealth distribution, with 0 being complete equality, whereas a value near 1 can arise in a situation where everybody has zero wealth except a very small minority.[citation needed]

ListEdit

The table below is for 2018. The GDP data is based on data from the World Bank.[2] The population data is based on data from the UN.[3] The Wealth Gini coefficients from 2008 are based on a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research.[4] The Wealth Gini numbers come from the Global Wealth Databook 2018 by Credit Suisse.[5] Also the Gini Wealth coefficients for 2019 are shown.[1]

Note: This list is sortable in various ways. Click the sort button   at the top of the column you wish to sort. Click again to reverse the order of sorting. The list can be displayed in numerical order by clicking the button at the top of a number column. The table can be put in forward or reverse alphabetical order by clicking the sort button at the top of the country column.

Country Wealth Gini (2008) Wealth Gini (2018) Wealth Gini (2019) Population (in thousands) Percentage of population Nominal GDP (in millions) Percentage of world GDP GDP per capita
 World 0.804 0.904 0.885 7,631,091.11 100.00% 85,909,816 100.00% 11258
  Afghanistan 0.655
  Albania 0.642 0.629 0.637 2,882.74 0.04% 15,103 0.02% 5239
  Algeria 0.67 0.758 0.749 42,228.42 0.55% 173,758 0.20% 4115
  Angola 0.731
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.747 0.838 0.823 96.28 0.00% 1,611 0.00% 16732
  Argentina 0.74 0.792 0.768 44,361.15 0.58% 519,872 0.61% 11719
  Armenia 0.684 0.645 0.663 2,951.74 0.04% 12,433 0.01% 4212
  Aruba 0.703
  Australia 0.622 0.658 0.656 24,898.15 0.33% 1,433,904 1.67% 57591
  Austria 0.646 0.764 0.739 8,891.38 0.12% 455,286 0.53% 51205
  Azerbaijan 0.678 0.643 0.654 9,949.54 0.13% 46,940 0.05% 4718
  Bahamas 0.828
  Bahrain 0.747
  Bangladesh 0.66 0.671 0.678 161,376.71 2.11% 274,025 0.32% 1698
  Barbados 0.706 0.788 0.778 285.72 0.00% 4,990 0.01% 17465
  Belarus 0.628 0.614 0.621 9,452.62 0.12% 59,662 0.07% 6312
  Belgium 0.662 0.659 0.603 11,482.18 0.15% 542,761 0.63% 47270
  Belize 0.763 0.815 0.803 383.07 0.01% 1,871 0.00% 4884
  Benin 0.713 0.689 0.707 11,485.04 0.15% 10,354 0.01% 902
  Bolivia 0.762 0.779 0.764 11,050.00 0.14% 40,288 0.05% 3646
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.642 3,301.00 0.04% 21,023 0.02% 6056
  Botswana 0.751 0.783 0.8 2,254.07 0.03% 18,616 0.02% 8259
  Brazil 0.62 0.823 0.849 209,469.32 2.74% 1,868,626 2.18% 8921
  Brunei 0.787
  Bulgaria 0.652 0.647 0.659 7,051.61 0.09% 65,133 0.08% 9237
  Burkina Faso 0.728 0.674 0.688 19,751.47 0.26% 14,125 0.02% 715
  Burundi 0.699 0.654 0.681 11,175.38 0.15% 3,037 0.00% 272
  Cambodia 0.714 0.704 0.718 16,249.80 0.21% 24,542 0.03% 1510
  Cameroon 0.711 0.725 0.743 25,216.26 0.33% 38,675 0.05% 1534
  Canada 0.688 0.726 0.728 37,074.56 0.49% 1,713,342 1.99% 46213
  Central African Republic 0.782 0.768 0.777 4,666.38 0.06% 2,220 0.00% 476
  Chad 0.681 0.715 0.73 15,477.73 0.20% 11,273 0.01% 728
  Chile 0.777 0.773 0.798 18,729.17 0.25% 298,231 0.35% 15923
  China 0.55 0.714 0.702 1,427,647.79 18.71% 13,608,152 15.84% 9532
  Colombia 0.765 0.807 0.77 49,661.06 0.65% 331,047 0.39% 6666
  Comoros 0.711 0.766 0.783 832.32 0.01% 1,178 0.00% 1415
  Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.755
  Congo, Rep. 0.769
  Costa Rica 0.732 0.769 0.75 4,999.44 0.07% 60,130 0.07% 12027
  Croatia 0.654 0.631 0.645 4,156.41 0.05% 60,972 0.07% 14669
  Cyprus 0.801
  Czech Republic 0.626 0.758 0.725 10,649.80 0.14% 245,226 0.29% 23026
  Denmark 0.808 0.835 0.838 5,752.13 0.08% 355,675 0.41% 61834
  Djibouti 0.729
  Dominica 0.763 0.84 0.823 71.63 0.00% 551 0.00% 7693
  Dominican Republic 0.723 NA 10,627.15 0.14% 85,555 0.10% 8051
  Ecuador 0.76 0.776 0.759 17,084.36 0.22% 108,398 0.13% 6345
  Egypt 0.689 0.909 0.756 99,581.20 1.30% 250,895 0.29% 2520
  El Salvador 0.746 0.759 0.743 6,420.74 0.08% 26,057 0.03% 4058
  Equatorial Guinea 0.688 0.781 0.793 1,308.97 0.02% 13,432 0.02% 10262
  Eritrea 0.621
  Estonia 0.675 0.715 0.716 1,322.91 0.02% 30,732 0.04% 23231
  Eswatini 0.78 NA 1,136.27 0.01% 4,711 0.01% 4146
  Ethiopia 0.652 0.612 0.62 109,224.41 1.43% 84,356 0.10% 772
  Fiji 0.709 0.694 0.702 883.49 0.01% 5,537 0.01% 6267
  Finland 0.615 0.767 0.742 5,522.59 0.07% 276,743 0.32% 50111
  France 0.73 0.687 0.696 64,990.51 0.85% 2,777,535 3.23% 42738
  Gabon 0.784 0.7 0.719 2,119.28 0.03% 16,854 0.02% 7953
  Gambia 0.723 0.755 0.771 2,051.36 0.03% 1,633 0.00% 796
  Georgia 0.725 0.678 0.687 4,002.95 0.05% 17,600 0.02% 4397
  Germany 0.667 0.816 0.816 83,124.41 1.09% 3,947,620 4.60% 47491
  Ghana 0.692 0.682 0.699 29,767.11 0.39% 65,556 0.08% 2202
  Greece 0.654 0.682 0.654 10,522.24 0.14% 218,032 0.25% 20721
  Grenada 0.763 0.842 0.827 111.45 0.00% 1,186 0.00% 10642
  Guatemala 0.779 NA 17,247.86 0.23% 78,460 0.09% 4549
  Guinea 0.693 0.716 0.741 12,414.29 0.16% 10,907 0.01% 879
  Guinea-Bissau 0.71 0.697 0.712 1,874.30 0.02% 1,458 0.00% 778
  Guyana 0.707 0.75 0.734 779.01 0.01% 3,879 0.00% 4979
  Haiti 0.755 0.82 0.801 11,123.18 0.15% 9,659 0.01% 868
  Honduras 0.743 0.804 9,587.52 0.13% 23,970 0.03% 2500
  Hong Kong 0.740 NA 0.777 7,482.50 0.10% 362,682 0.42% 48471
  Hungary 0.651 0.662 0.663 9,707.50 0.13% 157,883 0.18% 16264
  Iceland 0.664 0.731 0.694 336.71 0.00% 25,878 0.03% 76855
  India 0.669 0.854 0.832 1,352,642.28 17.73% 2,718,732 3.16% 2010
  Indonesia 0.764 0.84 0.833 267,670.55 3.51% 1,042,173 1.21% 3893
  Iran 0.707 0.705 0.705 82,531.70 1.08% 454,013 0.53% 5501
  Iraq 0.633
  Ireland 0.581 0.83 0.796 4,818.69 0.06% 382,487 0.45% 79376
  Israel 0.677 0.766 0.777 8,381.51 0.11% 370,588 0.43% 44215
  Italy 0.609 0.689 0.669 60,627.29 0.79% 2,083,864 2.43% 34372
  Ivory Coast 0.712 NA 25,069.23 0.33% 43,007 0.05% 1716
  Jamaica 0.686 0.788 0.775 2,934.85 0.04% 15,714 0.02% 5354
  Japan 0.547 0.631 0.626 127,202.19 1.67% 4,971,323 5.79% 39082
  Jordan 0.678 0.677 0.696 9,965.32 0.13% 42,231 0.05% 4238
  Kazakhstan 0.655 0.952 0.772 18,319.62 0.24% 179,340 0.21% 9790
  Kenya 0.699 0.732 0.745 51,392.57 0.67% 87,908 0.10% 1711
  Kuwait 0.763
  Kyrgyzstan 0.68 0.673 0.681 6,389.50 0.08% 8,093 0.01% 1267
  Laos 0.794
  Latvia 0.67 0.788 0.789 1,928.46 0.03% 34,409 0.04% 17843
  Lebanon 0.762 0.889 0.819 6,859.41 0.09% 56,639 0.07% 8257
  Lesotho 0.767 0.795 0.805 2,108.33 0.03% 2,739 0.00% 1299
  Liberia 0.727
  Libya 0.659
  Lithuania 0.666 0.655 0.663 2,801.27 0.04% 53,429 0.06% 19073
  Luxembourg 0.65 0.663 0.67 604.24 0.01% 70,885 0.08% 117312
  Macau 0.58 NA 667.40 0.01% 55,084 0.06% 82535
  Madagascar 0.722 0.702 0.722 26,262.31 0.34% 13,853 0.02% 527
  Malawi 0.736 0.733 0.751 18,143.22 0.24% 7,065 0.01% 389
  Malaysia 0.733 0.82 0.796 31,528.03 0.41% 358,582 0.42% 11373
  Maldives 0.724
  Mali 0.75 0.682 0.707 19,077.76 0.25% 17,163 0.02% 900
  Malta 0.664 0.631 0.64 439.26 0.01% 14,553 0.02% 33131
  Mauritania 0.686 0.667 0.681 4,403.31 0.06% 5,235 0.01% 1189
  Mauritius 0.661 0.64 0.662 1,267.18 0.02% 14,220 0.02% 11222
  Mexico 0.749 0.8 0.777 126,190.78 1.65% 1,220,699 1.42% 9673
  Moldova 0.645
  Mongolia 0.668
  Montenegro 0.648
  Morocco 0.69 0.802 0.766 36,029.09 0.47% 117,921 0.14% 3273
  Mozambique 0.689 0.7 0.716 29,496.00 0.39% 14,717 0.02% 499
  Myanmar 0.597
  Namibia 0.847 0.776 0.788 2,448.30 0.03% 14,522 0.02% 5931
    Nepal 0.71
  Netherlands 0.65 0.736 0.902 17,059.56 0.22% 913,658 1.06% 53557
  New Zealand 0.651 0.708 0.672 4,743.13 0.06% 204,924 0.24% 43204
  Nicaragua 0.755 0.778 0.759 6,465.50 0.08% 13,118 0.02% 2029
  Niger 0.729 0.66 0.682 22,442.83 0.29% 9,291 0.01% 414
  Nigeria 0.729 0.894 0.809 195,874.69 2.57% 397,270 0.46% 2028
  North Macedonia 0.661 0.655 2,082.96 0.03% 12,672 0.01% 6084
  Norway 0.633 0.791 0.798 5,337.96 0.07% 434,167 0.51% 81336
  Oman 0.786
  Pakistan 0.698 0.65 0.665 212,228.29 2.78% 314,588 0.37% 1482
  Panama 0.766 0.795 0.78 4,176.87 0.05% 65,055 0.08% 15575
  Papua New Guinea 0.738 0.76 0.766 8,606.32 0.11% 23,498 0.03% 2730
  Paraguay 0.766 0.785 0.768 6,956.07 0.09% 40,497 0.05% 5822
  Peru 0.738 0.795 0.788 31,989.27 0.42% 222,045 0.26% 6941
  Philippines 0.717 0.826 0.837 106,651.39 1.40% 330,910 0.39% 3103
  Poland 0.657 0.722 0.677 37,921.59 0.50% 585,664 0.68% 15444
  Portugal 0.667 0.736 0.692 10,256.19 0.13% 240,675 0.28% 23466
  Puerto Rico 0.753 NA 3,039.60 0.04% 101,131 0.12% 33271
  Qatar 0.633
  Romania 0.651 0.728 0.647 19,506.11 0.26% 239,553 0.28% 12281
  Russia 0.699 0.875 0.879 146,801.93 1.92% 1,657,555 1.93% 11291
  Rwanda 0.714 0.728 0.742 12,301.97 0.16% 9,509 0.01% 773
  Samoa 0.747
  Sao Tome and Principe 0.674
  Saudi Arabia 0.737 0.81 0.834 33,702.76 0.44% 786,522 0.92% 23337
  Senegal 0.697 0.705 0.726 15,854.32 0.21% 24,130 0.03% 1522
  Serbia NA NA 0.676 6,963.76 0.09% 55,437 0.06% 7992
  Seychelles 0.76 0.679 0.704 97.09 0.00% 1,590 0.00% 16376
  Sierra Leone 0.687 0.671 0.694 7,650.15 0.10% 4,085 0.00% 534
  Singapore 0.689 0.758 0.757 5,757.50 0.08% 364,157 0.42% 63249
  Slovakia 0.629 0.498 0.498 5,453.02 0.07% 105,905 0.12% 19421
  Slovenia 0.626 0.646 0.662 2,077.84 0.03% 54,008 0.06% 25992
  Solomon Islands 0.7
  South Africa 0.763 0.806 0.806 57,792.52 0.76% 368,289 0.43% 6373
  South Korea 0.579 0.67 0.606 51,709.10 0.68% 1,619,424 1.89% 31318
  Spain 0.57 0.697 0.694 46,692.86 0.61% 1,419,042 1.65% 30391
  Sri Lanka 0.665 0.687 0.7 21,228.76 0.28% 88,901 0.10% 4188
  St. Lucia 0.728
  St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.818
  Sudan 0.687
  Suriname 0.832
  Sweden 0.742 0.865 0.867 9,971.63 0.13% 556,086 0.65% 55767
   Switzerland 0.803 0.741 0.705 8,570.15 0.11% 705,140 0.82% 82279
  Syria 0.699
  Taiwan 0.751
  Tajikistan 0.656
  Tanzania 0.676 0.65 0.661 56,313.44 0.74% 58,001 0.07% 1030
  Thailand 0.71 0.902 0.846 69,428.45 0.91% 504,993 0.59% 7274
  Timor-Leste 0.565
  Togo 0.711 0.719 0.734 7,889.10 0.10% 5,359 0.01% 679
  Tonga 0.682
  Trinidad and Tobago 0.689 0.748 0.732 1,389.84 0.02% 23,808 0.03% 17130
  Tunisia 0.693 0.683 0.705 11,565.20 0.15% 39,871 0.05% 3447
  Turkey 0.718 0.871 0.794 82,340.09 1.08% 771,350 0.90% 9368
  Turkmenistan 0.63
  Uganda 0.723 0.714 0.729 42,729.03 0.56% 27,461 0.03% 643
  Ukraine 0.667 0.955 0.847 44,246.16 0.58% 130,832 0.15% 2957
  United Arab Emirates 0.796
  United Kingdom 0.697 0.747 0.746 67,141.68 0.88% 2,855,297 3.32% 42526
  United States 0.801 0.852 0.852 327,096.26 4.29% 20,544,343 23.91% 62808
  Uruguay 0.708 0.741 0.721 3,449.29 0.05% 59,597 0.07% 17278
  Vanuatu 0.688
  Venezuela 0.743
  Vietnam 0.682 0.708 0.761 95,545.96 1.25% 245,214 0.29% 2566
  Yemen 0.613 0.801 0.798 28,498.68 0.37% 26,914 0.03% 944
  Zambia 0.766 0.787 0.798 17,351.71 0.23% 26,720 0.03% 1540
  Zimbabwe 0.845 0.707 0.719 14,438.81 0.19% 31,001 0.04% 2147

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Global wealth databook 2019" (PDF). Credit Suisse.
  2. ^ "Gross Domestic Product 2018" (PDF). World Bank. 2018. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects, the 2019 revision". United Nations. June 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  4. ^ The Level and Distribution of Global Household Wealth. April 2008. By James B. Davies, Susanna Sandström, Anthony Shorrocks, and Edward N. Wolff.
  5. ^ "Global Wealth Databook 2018" (PDF). Credit Suisse. Retrieved 2020-01-15.

External linksEdit