List of countries by wealth inequality

This is a list of countries by distribution of wealth, including Gini coefficients. Wealth distribution can vary greatly from income distribution in a country (see List of countries by income equality).

A map showing Gini coefficients for Wealth within countries for 2019.[1]

Higher Gini coefficients signify greater inequality in wealth distribution, with 0 being complete equality, whereas a value near 1 can arise in a situation where everybody has zero wealth except a very small minority.

It is also important to note, however, that Wealth Inequality measurements can greatly vary based on the quality of data presented. Countries that have high-quality wealth taxes and honest reporting from financial institutions, such as the Netherlands and Norway, tend to have more reliable wealth inequality statistics.[2]

ListEdit

The table below is for 2018. The GDP data is based on data from the World Bank.[3] The population data is based on data from the UN.[4] The Wealth Gini coefficients from 2008 are based on a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research.[5] The Wealth Gini numbers come from the Global Wealth Databook 2018 by Credit Suisse.[6] Also the Gini Wealth coefficients for 2019 are shown.[1]


* indicates "Wealth inequality in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Income inequality in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

Country Wealth Gini Population Nominal GDP GDP per capita
2008 2018 2019 % of world (in millions) % of world
 World 0.804 0.904 0.885 7,958,851,000 100 93,863,851 100 11,258
  Afghanistan N/A N/A 0.655 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Albania 0.642 0.629 0.637 2,882,740 0.036 15,103 0.016 5,239
  Algeria 0.67 0.758 0.749 42,228,420 0.53 0.55 0 4,115
  Angola N/A N/A 0.731 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Antigua and Barbuda 0.747 0.838 0.823 96,280 0.0012 1,611 0.0017 16,732
  Argentina * 0.74 0.792 0.768 44,361,150 0.56 0.58 0 11,719
  Armenia 0.684 0.645 0.663 2,951,740 0.037 12,433 0.013 4,212
  Aruba N/A N/A 0.703 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Australia 0.622 0.658 0.656 24,898,150 0.31 1,433,904 1.5 57,591
  Austria 0.646 0.764 0.739 8,891,380 0.11 455,286 0.49 51,205
  Azerbaijan 0.678 0.643 0.654 9,949,540 0.13 46,940 0.050 4,718
  Bahamas N/A N/A 0.828 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Bahrain N/A N/A 0.747 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Bangladesh 0.66 0.671 0.678 161,376,710 2.0 2.11 0 1,698
  Barbados 0.706 0.788 0.778 285,720 0.0036 4,990 0.0053 17,465
  Belarus 0.628 0.614 0.621 9,452,620 0.12 59,662 0.064 6,312
  Belgium 0.662 0.659 0.603 11,482,180 0.14 542,761 0.58 47,270
  Belize 0.763 0.815 0.803 383,070 0.0048 1,871 0.0020 4,884
  Benin 0.713 0.689 0.707 11,485,040 0.14 10,354 0.011 902
  Bolivia 0.762 0.779 0.764 11,050,000 0.14 40,288 0.043 3,646
  Bosnia and Herzegovina N/A N/A 0.642 3,301 0 21,023 0.022 6,056
  Botswana 0.751 0.783 0.8 2,254.07 0 18,616 0.020 8,259
  Brazil * 0.62 0.823 0.849 209,469,320 2.6 2.74 0 8,921
  Brunei N/A N/A 0.787 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Bulgaria 0.652 0.647 0.659 7,051,610 0.089 65,133 0.069 9,237
  Burkina Faso 0.728 0.674 0.688 19,751,470 0.25 14,125 0.015 715
  Burundi 0.699 0.654 0.681 11,175,380 0.14 3,037 0.0032 272
  Cambodia 0.714 0.704 0.718 16,249,800 0.20 24,542 0.026 1,510
  Cameroon 0.711 0.725 0.743 25,216,260 0.32 38,675 0.041 1,534
  Canada 0.688 0.726 0.728 37,074,560 0.47 1,713,342 1.8 46,213
  Central African Republic 0.782 0.768 0.777 4,666,380 0.059 2,220 0.0024 476
  Chad 0.681 0.715 0.73 15,477,730 0.19 0.2 0 728
  Chile 0.777 0.773 0.798 18,729,170 0.24 331,250 0.35 15,923
  China * 0.55 0.714 0.702 1,427,647,790 18 15,710,960 17 9,532
  Colombia 0.765 0.807 0.77 49,661,060 0.62 0.65 0 6,666
  Comoros 0.711 0.766 0.783 832,320 0.010 1,178 0.0013 1,415
  DR Congo N/A N/A 0.755 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Congo N/A N/A 0.769 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Costa Rica 0.732 0.769 0.75 4,999,440 0.063 0.07 0 12,027
  Croatia 0.654 0.631 0.645 4,156,410 0.052 60,972 0.065 14,669
  Cyprus N/A N/A 0.801 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Czech Republic 0.626 0.758 0.725 10,649,800 0.13 245,226 0.26 23,026
  Denmark * 0.808 0.835 0.838 5,752,130 0.072 355,675 0.38 61,834
  Djibouti N/A N/A 0.729 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Dominica 0.763 0.84 0.823 71,630 0.00090 0 0 7,693
  Dominican Republic 0.723 N/A N/A 10,627.15 0.00013 85,555 0.091 8,051
  Ecuador * 0.76 0.776 0.759 17,084,360 0.21 0.22 0 6,345
  Egypt 0.689 0.909 0.756 99,581,200 1.3 250,895 0.27 2,520
  El Salvador 0.746 0.759 0.743 6,420,740 0.081 26,057 0.028 4,058
  Equatorial Guinea 0.688 0.781 0.793 1,308,970 0.016 13,432 0.014 10,262
  Eritrea N/A N/A 0.621 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Estonia 0.675 0.715 0.716 1,322,910 0.017 30,732 0.033 23,231
  Eswatini 0.78 N/A N/A 1,136.27 0 4,711 0.0050 4,146
  Ethiopia 0.652 0.612 0.62 109,224,410 1.4 1.43 0 772
  Fiji 0.709 0.694 0.702 883,490 0.011 5,537 0.0059 6,267
  Finland 0.615 0.767 0.742 5,522,590 0.069 276,743 0.29 50,111
  France * 0.73 0.687 0.696 64,990,510 0.82 3,135,267 3.3 42,738
  Gabon 0.784 0.7 0.719 2,119.28 0 16,854 0.018 7,953
  Gambia 0.723 0.755 0.771 2,051,360 0.026 1,633 0.0017 796
  Georgia 0.725 0.678 0.687 4,002,950 0.050 17,600 0.019 4,397
  Germany * 0.667 0.816 0.816 83,124,410 1.0 3,947,620 4.2 47,491
  Ghana 0.692 0.682 0.699 29,767,110 0.37 65,556 0.070 2,202
  Greece 0.654 0.682 0.654 10,522,240 0.13 218,032 0.23 20,721
  Grenada 0.763 0.842 0.827 111,450 0.0014 1,186 0.0013 10,642
  Guatemala * 0.779 N/A N/A 17,247.86 0.00022 78,460 0.084 4,549
  Guinea 0.693 0.716 0.741 12,414,290 0.16 10,907 0.012 879
  Guinea-Bissau 0.71 0.697 0.712 1,874,300 0.024 0.02 0 778
  Guyana 0.707 0.75 0.734 779,010 0.0098 0.01 0 4,979
  Haiti 0.755 0.82 0.801 11,123,180 0.14 0.15 0 868
  Honduras * 0.743 0.804 N/A 9,587.52 0.00012 23,970 0.026 2,500
  Hong Kong 0.740 N/A 0.777 7,482.5 0 362,682 0.39 48,471
  Hungary * 0.651 0.662 0.663 9,707,500 0.12 157,883 0.17 16,264
  Iceland 0.664 0.731 0.694 336,710 0.0042 25,878 0.028 76,855
  India * 0.669 0.854 0.832 1,352,642,280 17 2,718,732 2.9 2,010
  Indonesia * 0.764 0.84 0.833 267,670,550 3.4 3.51 0 3,893
  Iran 0.707 0.705 0.705 82,531,700 1.0 454,013 0.48 5,501
  Iraq N/A N/A 0.633 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Ireland 0.581 0.83 0.796 4,818,690 0.061 511,458 0.54 102,394
  Israel 0.677 0.766 0.777 8,381,510 0.11 370,588 0.39 44,215
  Italy 0.609 0.689 0.669 60,627,290 0.76 2,083,864 2.2 34,372
  Ivory Coast 0.712 N/A N/A 25,069.23 0.00031 43,007 0.046 1,716
  Jamaica 0.686 0.788 0.775 2,934,850 0.037 15,714 0.017 5,354
  Japan 0.547 0.631 0.626 127,202,190 1.6 4,971,323 5.3 39,082
  Jordan 0.678 0.677 0.696 9,965,320 0.13 42,231 0.045 4,238
  Kazakhstan 0.655 0.952 0.772 18,319,620 0.23 179,340 0.19 9,790
  Kenya 0.699 0.732 0.745 51,392,570 0.65 87,908 0.094 1,711
  Kuwait N/A N/A 0.763 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Kyrgyzstan 0.68 0.673 0.681 6,389,500 0.080 0.08 0 1,267
  Laos N/A N/A 0.794 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Latvia 0.67 0.788 0.789 1,928,460 0.024 0.03 0 17,843
  Lebanon * 0.762 0.889 0.819 6,859,410 0.086 56,639 0.060 8,257
  Lesotho 0.767 0.795 0.805 2,108,330 0.026 2,739 0.0029 1,299
  Liberia N/A N/A 0.727 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Libya N/A N/A 0.659 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Lithuania 0.666 0.655 0.663 2,801,270 0.035 53,429 0.057 19,073
  Luxembourg 0.65 0.663 0.67 604,240 0.0076 0.01 0 117,312
  Macau 0.58 N/A N/A 667.4 0 55,084 0.059 82,535
  Madagascar 0.722 0.702 0.722 26,262,310 0.33 13,853 0.015 527
  Malawi 0.736 0.733 0.751 18,143,220 0.23 7,065 0.0075 389
  Malaysia * 0.733 0.82 0.796 31,528,030 0.40 0.41 0 11,373
  Maldives * N/A N/A 0.724 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Mali 0.75 0.682 0.707 19,077,760 0.24 0.25 0 900
  Malta 0.664 0.631 0.64 439,260 0.0055 0.01 0 33,131
  Mauritania 0.686 0.667 0.681 4,403,310 0.055 5,235 0.0056 1,189
  Mauritius 0.661 0.64 0.662 1,267,180 0.016 0.02 0 11,222
  Mexico * 0.749 0.8 0.777 126,190.78 0.0016 1,220,699 1.3 9,673
  Moldova N/A N/A 0.645 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Mongolia N/A N/A 0.668 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Montenegro N/A N/A 0.648 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Morocco 0.69 0.802 0.766 36,029,090 0.45 0.47 00 3,273
  Mozambique 0.689 0.7 0.716 29,496 0.00037 14,717 0.016 499
  Myanmar N/A N/A 0.597 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Namibia 0.847 0.776 0.788 2,448,300 0.031 14,522 0.015 5,931
  Nepal N/A N/A 0.71 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Netherlands * 0.65 0.789 0.902 17,059,560 0.21 912,242 0.97 53,557
  New Zealand * 0.651 0.708 0.672 4,743,130 0.060 204,924 0.22 43,204
  Nicaragua 0.755 0.778 0.759 6,465,500 0.081 13,118 0.014 2,029
  Niger 0.729 0.66 0.682 22,442,830 0.28 0.29 0 414
  Nigeria 0.729 0.894 0.809 195,874,690 2.5 397,270 0.42 2,028
  North Macedonia 0.661 0.655 N/A 2,082.96 0 12,672 0.014 6,084
  Norway 0.633 0.791 0.798 5,337,960 0.067 434,167 0.46 81,336
  Oman N/A N/A 0.786 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Pakistan 0.698 0.65 0.665 212,228,290 2.7 2.78 00 1,482
  Panama 0.766 0.795 0.78 4,176,870 0.052 0.05 0 15,575
  Papua New Guinea 0.738 0.76 0.766 8,606,320 0.11 0.11 0 2,730
  Paraguay 0.766 0.785 0.768 6,956,070 0.087 40,497 0.043 5,822
  Peru 0.738 0.795 0.788 31,989,270 0.40 222,045 0.24 6,941
  Philippines * 0.717 0.826 0.837 106,651,390 1.3 330,910 0.35 3,103
  Poland * 0.657 0.722 0.677 37,921,590 0.48 585,664 0.62 15,444
  Portugal 0.667 0.736 0.692 10,256,190 0.13 240,675 0.26 23,466
  Puerto Rico 0.753 N/A N/A 3,039.6 0 101,131 0.11 33,271
  Qatar N/A N/A 0.633 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Romania 0.651 0.728 0.647 19,506,110 0.25 239,553 0.26 12,281
  Russia * 0.699 0.875 0.879 146,801,930 1.8 1,657,555 1.8 11,291
  Rwanda 0.714 0.728 0.742 12,301,970 0.15 9,509 0.010 773
  Samoa N/A N/A 0.747 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  São Tomé and Príncipe N/A N/A 0.674 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Saudi Arabia 0.737 0.81 0.834 33,702,760 0.42 0.44 0 23,337
  Senegal 0.697 0.705 0.726 15,854,320 0.20 24,130 0.026 1,522
  Serbia N/A N/A 0.676 6,963.76 0 55,437 0.059 7,992
  Seychelles 0.76 0.679 0.704 97,090 0.0012 0 0 16,376
  Sierra Leone 0.687 0.671 0.694 7,650,150 0.096 4,085 0.0044 534
  Singapore * 0.689 0.758 0.757 5,757,500 0.072 364,157 0.39 63,249
  Slovakia 0.629 0.498 0.498 5,453,020 0.069 105,905 0.11 19,421
  Slovenia 0.626 0.646 0.662 2,077,840 0.026 54,008 0.058 25,992
  Solomon Islands N/A N/A 0.7 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  South Africa * 0.763 0.806 0.806 57,792,520 0.73 368,289 0.39 6,373
  South Korea * 0.579 0.67 0.606 51,709,100 0.65 1,823,852 1.9 35,196
  Spain 0.57 0.697 0.694 46,692,860 0.59 0.61 0 30,391
  Sri Lanka 0.665 0.687 0.7 21,228.76 0.00027 88,901 0.095 4,188
  Saint Lucia N/A N/A 0.728 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines N/A N/A 0.818 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Sudan N/A N/A 0.687 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Suriname N/A N/A 0.832 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Sweden * 0.742 0.865 0.867 9,971,630 0.13 556,086 0.59 55,767
  Switzerland 0.803 0.741 0.705 8,570,150 0.11 705,140 0.75 82,279
  Syria N/A N/A 0.699 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Taiwan N/A N/A 0.751 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Tajikistan N/A N/A 0.656 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Tanzania 0.676 0.65 0.661 56,313,440 0.71 0.74 0 1,030
  Thailand 0.71 0.902 0.846 69,428,450 0.87 0.91 0 7,274
  East Timor N/A N/A 0.565 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Togo 0.711 0.719 0.734 7,889,100 0.099 5,359 0.0057 679
  Tonga N/A N/A 0.682 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Trinidad and Tobago 0.689 0.748 0.732 1,389,840 0.017 23,808 0.025 17,130
  Tunisia 0.693 0.683 0.705 11,565,200 0.15 39,871 0.042 3,447
  Turkey 0.718 0.871 0.794 82,340,090 1.0 771,350 0.82 9,368
  Turkmenistan N/A N/A 0.63 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Uganda 0.723 0.714 0.729 42,729,030 0.54 27,461 0.029 643
  Ukraine 0.667 0.955 0.847 44,246,160 0.56 130,832 0.14 2,957
  United Arab Emirates N/A N/A 0.796 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  United Kingdom 0.697 0.747 0.746 67,141,680 0.84 2,855,297 3.0 42,526
  United States * 0.801 0.852 0.852 327,096,260 4.1 20,544,343 22 62,808
  Uruguay 0.708 0.741 0.721 3,449,290 0.043 59,597 0.063 17,278
  Vanuatu N/A N/A 0.688 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Venezuela N/A N/A 0.743 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  Vietnam 0.682 0.708 0.761 95,545,960 1.2 245,214 0.26 2,566
  Yemen 0.613 0.801 0.798 28,498,680 0.36 26,914 0.029 944
  Zambia 0.766 0.787 0.798 17,351,710 0.22 26,720 0.028 1,540
  Zimbabwe 0.845 0.707 0.719 14,438,810 0.18 31,001 0.033 2,147

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Global wealth databook 2019" (PDF). Credit Suisse.
  2. ^ Zucman, Gabriel (March 2016). "State of the Union 2016: Wealth Inequality" (PDF). Stanford.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Gross Domestic Product 2018" (PDF). World Bank. 2018. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  4. ^ "World Population Prospects, the 2019 revision". United Nations. June 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-18.
  5. ^ The Level and Distribution of Global Household Wealth. April 2008. By James B. Davies, Susanna Sandström, Anthony Shorrocks, and Edward N. Wolff.
  6. ^ "Global Wealth Databook 2018" (PDF). Credit Suisse. Retrieved 2020-01-15.

External linksEdit