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Government debt as a percentage of national GDP

These are lists of countries by public debt, based on data from the CIA's World Factbook and the IMF. Net debt figure is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.[further explanation needed]

Contents

ConceptEdit

Gross government debt is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings. It is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities.

The public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set.

Public debt as % of GDPEdit

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product.

Sortable table (not available on mobile)
Country Gross public debt
as % of GDP

(CIA)[1]
Date Total (gross) government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)
Net government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)[2]
Date Region
  Afghanistan 8.3 2016 7.346 2016 Asia
  Albania 71.3 2017 71.244 65.472 2017 Europe
  Algeria 19.9 2017 25.802 20.487 2017 Africa
  Andorra 41.1 2012 Europe
  Angola 87.8 2017 65.266 2017 Africa
  Antigua and Barbuda 92.7 2016 86.823 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Argentina 53.7 2017 52.615 2017 South America
  Armenia 56.7 2017 53.467 2017 Europe
  Aruba 67.0 2013 Central America/Caribbean
  Australia 47.1 2017 41.592 19.094 2017 Oceania
  Austria 78.8 2017 78.833 54.320 2017 Europe
  Azerbaijan 48.8 2017 54.702 2017 Europe
  Bahamas 66.9 2016 57.205 2017 North America
  Bahrain 82.7 2017 90.335 2017 Middle East
  Bangladesh 28.1 2017 32.414 Asia
  Barbados 108.3 2017 132.876 76.284 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Belarus 46.2 2017 50.962 2017 Europe
  Belgium 104.3 2017 103.184 90.324 2017 Europe
  Belize 86.3 2016 99.023 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Benin 56.4 2017 54.597 2017 Africa
  Bhutan 93.7 2017 102.398 2017 Asia
  Bolivia 51.5 2017 50.860 35.369 2017 South America
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.2 2017 40.972 33.735 2017 Europe
  Botswana 18.5 2017 15.646 -2.683 2017 Africa
  Brazil 78.4 2017 83.980 51.583 2017 South America
  Brunei 3.1 2016 2.689 2017 Southeast Asia
  Bulgaria 28.6 2017 23.927 10.878 2017 Europe
  Burkina Faso 32.5 2016 38.327 2017 Africa
  Burma 36.75 2017 34.725 2017 Southeast Asia
  Burundi 40.9 2017 56.690 2017 Africa
  Cambodia 28.2 2017 35.134 2017 Southeast Asia
  Cameroon 32.3 2017 33.832 30.418 2017 Africa
  Canada 89.7 2017 87.3 27.793 2017 North America
  Cape Verde 127.0 2017 126.029 116.538 2017 Africa
  Central African Republic 42.5 2016 53.441 2017 Africa
  Chad 60.8 2017 52.533 2017 Africa
  Chile 25.2 2017 23.593 5.257 2017 South America
  China 18.6 2017 65.680 2016 Asia
  Colombia 53.0 2017 49.414 41.270 2017 South America
  Comoros 26.3 2016 28.381 2017 Africa
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 14.6 2017 15.664 2017 Africa
  Congo, Republic of the 92.2 2017 119.073 2017 Africa
  Costa Rica 66.2 2017 49.098 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Cote d'Ivoire 51.4 2017 46.391 2017 Africa
  Croatia 81.5 2017 78.414 66.534 2017 Europe
  Cuba 35.8 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Cyprus 104.5 2017 99.258 81.236 2017 Europe
  Czech Republic 35.1 2017 34.663 22.869 2017 Europe
  Denmark 35.1 2017 36.413 16.273 2017 Europe
  Djibouti 32.3 2017 30.649 28.101 2017 Africa
  Dominica 81.0 2016 87.570 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Dominican Republic 47.1 2017 37.743 28.556 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Ecuador 41.0 2017 44.979 2017 South America
  Egypt 104.4 2017 103.261 94.005 2017 Africa
  El Salvador 68.1 2017 59.319 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Equatorial Guinea 23.4 2017 42.676 22.347 2017 Africa
  Eritrea 113.7 2017 131.244 2017 Africa
  Estonia 9.3 2017 8.772 -0.572 2017 Europe
  Ethiopia 60.2 2017 56.223 52.228 2017 Africa
  European Union 86.8 2014 83.211 68.516 2017 Europe
  Fiji 50.4 2017 46.623 42.332 2017 Oceania
  Faroe Islands 35.0 2014 Europe
  Finland 63.8 2017 61.369 22.574 2017 Europe
  France 98.5 2017 96.956 87.651 2017 Europe
  Gabon 42.8 2017 61.065 2017 Africa
  Gambia, The 116.1 2016 123.239 2017 Africa
  Georgia 44.2 2017 45.099 44.918 2017 Europe
  Germany 64.1 2017 59.8 45.099 2017 Europe
  Ghana 76.8 2017 71.839 65.273 2017 Africa
  Gibraltar 7.5 2008 Europe
  Greece 180.0 2017 181.906 2017 Europe
  Grenada 84.4 2016 71.448 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Guatemala 30.1 2017 24.375 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Guinea 56.0 2016 39.669 2017 Africa
  Guinea-Bissau 46.3 2016 41.971 2017 Africa
  Guyana 52.3 2017 50.676 50.676 2017 South America
  Haiti 33.5 2016 31.087 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Honduras 51.9 2017 43.949 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Hong Kong 43.4 2016 0.055 2017 East Asia
  Hungary 73.9 2017 69.906 66.413 2017 Europe
  Iceland 47.4 2017 40.906 33.344 2017 Europe
  India 50.1 2017 70.200 2017 Asia
  Indonesia 33.1 2017 28.913 24.802 2017 Southeast Asia\Oceania
  Iran 14.2 2017 40.866 29.741 2017 Middle East
  Iraq 63.7 2016 57.980 2017 Middle East
  Ireland 69.5 2017 68.520 59.829 2017 Europe
  Israel 59.5 2017 60.971 57.928 2017 Middle East
  Italy 131.2 2017 131.454 119.885 2017 Europe
  Jamaica 117.8 2017 104.074 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Japan 223.8 2017 236.388 153.040 2017 Asia
  Jordan 86.0 2017 95.557 88.490 2017 Middle East
  Kazakhstan 27.5 2017 21.184 -11.784 2017 Asia
  Kenya 52.6 2017 55.646 50.364 2017 Africa
  Kiribati 26.8 2016 26.315 2017 Oceania
  Korea, North Asia
  Korea, South 43.3 2017 39.782 6.609 2017 Asia
  Kosovo 20.6 2016 20.940 2017 Europe
  Kuwait 26.2 2017 20.641 2017 Middle East
  Kyrgyzstan 58.4 2017 59.092 2017 Asia
  Laos 67.3 2017 62.769 2017 Southeast Asia
  Latvia 38.9 2017 34.835 26.918 2017 Europe
  Lebanon 142.2 2017 152.846 147.164 2017 Middle East
  Lesotho 47.8 2016 34.703 -0.944 2017 Africa
  Liberia 46.5 2017 34.434 31.997 2017 Africa
  Libya 5.1 2017 Africa
  Lithuania 38.9 2017 36.520 29.717 2017 Europe
  Luxembourg 19.3 2017 23.032 -8.284 2017 Europe
  Macedonia 47.3 2017 39.254 38.446 2017 Europe
  Madagascar 42.3 2016 37.276 2017 Africa
  Malawi 54.6 2017 59.318 2017 Africa
  Malaysia 52.5 2017 54.157 2017 Southeast Asia
  Maldives 81.5 2017 68.051 2017 Asia
  Mali 28.0 2017 35.557 29.866 2017 Africa
  Malta 46.0 2018 45.08 40.452 2017 Europe
  Marshall Islands 32.2 2016 27.969 2017 Oceania
  Mauritania 99.6 2017 91.086 90.799 2017 Africa
  Mauritius 66.0 2017 60.150 2017 Africa
  Federated States of Micronesia 24.8 2016 24.489 2017 Oceania
  Mexico 51.5 2017 54.181 46.120 2017 North America
  Moldova 43.4 2017 24.489 2017 Europe
  Mongolia 91.4 2017 Asia
  Montenegro 71.3 2016 67.493 2017 Europe
  Morocco 77.2 2017 64.407 64.042 2017 Africa
  Mozambique 119.4 2017 102.243 2017 Africa
  Namibia 43.0 2017 46.103 43.643 2017 Africa
  Nauru 65.0 2016 60.147 2017 Oceania
    Nepal 27.3 2017 27.150 2017 Asia
  Netherlands 52.4 2018 56.658 46.173 2017 Europe
  New Zealand 32.0 2017 26.428 4.649 2017 Oceania
  Nicaragua 46.0 2017 33.562 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Niger 45.9 2016 46.528 40.894 2017 Africa
  Nigeria 15.3 2017 23.401 19.608 2017 Africa
  Norway 37.0 2017 36.655 -90.469 2017 Europe
  Oman 41.3 2017 44.220 -10.776 2017 Middle East
  Pakistan 67.2 2017 67.173 61.608 2017 Asia
  Palau 24.1 2016 Oceania
  Panama 38.8 2017 38.158 35.881 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Papua New Guinea 39.8 2017 32.609 2017 Oceania
  Paraguay 22.5 2017 25.566 20.437 2017 South America
  Peru 25.7 2017 25.507 10.118 2017 South America
  Philippines 41.9 2017 37.825 2017 Southeast Asia
  Poland 46.2 2017 51.382 46.668 2017 Europe
  Portugal 127.7 2017 125.619 108.098 2017 Europe
  Puerto Rico 91.6 2016 54.573 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Qatar 56.8 2017 53.962 2017 Middle East
  Romania 38.5 2017 36.878 28.341 2017 Europe
  Russia 11.8 2017 17.437 2017 Europe
  Rwanda 47.2 2017 40.599 2017 Africa
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 65.8 2016 62.378 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Saint Lucia 82.9 2016 71.262 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 79.2 2016 80.813 77.860 2017 Central America/Caribbean
  Samoa 52.6 2016 49.121 2017 Oceania
  San Marino 25.8 2013 56.569 2017 Europe
  Sao Tome and Principe 60.2 2017 83.300 2017 Africa
  Saudi Arabia 30.0 2017 17.289 -7.723 2017 Middle East
  Senegal 61.3 2017 61.152 2017 Africa
  Serbia 71.0 2017 61.476 58.684 2017 Europe
  Seychelles 56.8 2017 63.315 48.427 2017 Africa
  Sierra Leone 57.6 2017 58.428 2017 Africa
  Singapore 114.6 2017 110.864 2017 Southeast Asia
  Slovakia 51.6 2017 50.427 2017 Europe
  Slovenia 78.6 2017 75.367 49.159 2017 Europe
  Solomon Islands 9.0 2016 10.011 -1.101 2017 Oceania
  Somalia 76.7 2017 Africa
  South Africa 50.1 2017 52.673 47.896 2017 Africa
  South Sudan 33.0 2017 66.341 2017 Africa
  Spain 96.7 2017 98.364 86.344 2017 Europe
  Sri Lanka 79.6 2017 79.424 2017 Asia
  Sudan 54.8 2017 126.022 2017 Africa
  Suriname 64.6 2016 72.053 2017 South America
  Swaziland 27.5 2016 29.173 23.673 2017 Africa
  Sweden 39.0 2017 40.943 9.014 2017 Europe
   Switzerland 32.9 2017 42.779 23.053 2017 Europe
  Syria 58.4 2017 Middle East
  Taiwan 29.9 2017 35.172 33.291 2017 East Asia
  Tajikistan 41.5 2017 47.784 2017 Asia
  Tanzania 36.6 2016 38.243 2017 Africa
  Thailand 44.1 2017 41.882 2017 Southeast Asia
  Togo 68.6 2017 78.633 2017 Africa
  Tonga 45.1 2013 Oceania
  Trinidad and Tobago 61 2016 41.340 -10.968 2017 Central America/Caribbean[3]
  Tunisia 66.5 2017 71.275 21.269 2017 Africa
  Turkey 29.6 2017 28.482 22.736 2017 Europe
  Turkmenistan 23.9 2016 28.820 2017 Asia
  Tuvalu 53.7 2016 49.186 2017 Oceania
  Uganda 38.2 2017 38.955 2017 Africa
  Ukraine 89.0 2017 75.602 2017 Europe
  United Arab Emirates 60.3 2017 17.619 -79.486 2017 Middle East
  United Kingdom 87.0 2018 87.029 78.166 2017 Europe
  United States 82.30 2017 107.785 82.268 2017 North America
  Uruguay 62.5 2017 66.190 32.300 2017 South America
  Uzbekistan 15.1 2017 24.539 2017 Asia
  Vanuatu 31.3 2016 48.412 2017 Oceania
  Venezuela 25.8 2017 34.866 2017 South America
  Vietnam 62.3 2017 58.231 2017 Southeast Asia
  Wallis and Futuna 5.6 2004 Oceania
  Yemen 135.5 2017 141.014 139.372 2017 Middle East
  Zambia 62.8 2017 62.209 56.349 2017 Africa
  Zimbabwe 75.5 2017 78.360 2017 Africa
World 59.9 2017

Public debt per CapitaEdit

The figures here are represented per Capita.

Country Public debt per Capita (Purchasing Power Parity - CIA) Public debt per Capita (Official Exchange Rate - CIA) Date
  Japan $102,503 $91,768 2017
  Singapore $97,852 $60,016 2017
  Qatar $77,278 $37,990 2017
  Greece $50,562 $33,905 2017
  Italy $49,060 $41,056 2017
  Ireland $47,822 $44,871 2017
  Belgium $47,291 $44,119 2017
  United States $46,645 $46,645 2017
  Canada $44,348 $41,323 2017
  Bahrain $43,659 $21,673 2017
  France $41,040 $37,189 2017
  Austria $39,419 $37,310 2017
  United Kingdom $39,311 $35,320 2017
  Portugal $38,127 $26,462 2017
  Bermuda $37,015 $37,015 2016
  Spain $35,466 $26,210 2017
  Germany $33,349 $29,394 2017
  Aruba $30,674 $19,918 2016
  Netherlands $30,452 $27,415 2017
  Barbados $28,001 $26,777 2017
  Finland $27,111 $27,986 2017
   Switzerland $26,367 $34,225 2017
  Norway $25,900 $27,095 2017
  Cyprus $25,047 $17,103 2017
  Slovenia $24,939 $17,110 2017
  Luxembourg $23,582 $23,742 2017
  Israel $22,922 $25,351 2017
  Malta $21,746 $14,204 2017
  Antigua and Barbuda $21,709 $13,796 2017
  Australia $21,695 $23,990 2017
  Hungary $21,693 $10,427 2017
  Lebanon $21,238 $13,039 2017
  Iceland $21,169 $28,505 2017
  Sweden $21,048 $21,763 2017
  Kuwait $20,462 $8,525 2017
  Puerto Rico $20,360 $16,320 2017
  Bahamas $19,796 $19,960 2017
  Oman $19,326 $7,196 2017
  United States Virgin Islands $19,292 $25,819 2017
  Croatia $18,601 $9,976 2017
  Seychelles $18,482 $10,068 2017
  Saint Kitts and Nevis $18,363 $11,420 2017
  Taiwan $18,027 $8,682 2017
  Denmark $17,487 $19,784 2017
  Slovakia $16,798 $8,970 2017
  Andorra $15,915 $12,973 2016
  Malaysia $15,873 $5,313 2017
  Korea, South $15,633 $11,830 2017
  Uruguay $15,241 $11,540 2017
  Poland $14,829 $6,912 2017
  Equatorial Guinea $14,783 $5,858 2017
  Trinidad and Tobago $14,735 $7,834 2017
  San Marino $14,726 $11,722 2017
  United Arab Emirates $14,133 $7,769 2017
  Faroe Islands $13,728 $18,969 2015
  Mauritius $13,262 $6,253 2017
  New Zealand $13,180 $14,045 2017
  Brazil $13,064 $8,265 2017
  Lithuania $13,000 $6,717 2017
  Egypt $12,474 $2,450 2017
  Czech Republic $12,206 $7,007 2017
  Montenegro $12,122 $5,234 2017
  Argentina $11,884 $8,217 2017
  Mongolia $11,701 $3,281 2017
  Maldives $11,236 $7,335 2017
  Saint Lucia $10,859 $7,202 2017
  Gabon $10,847 $4,418 2017
  Mexico $10,618 $4,962 2017
  Panama $10,353 $6,150 2017
  Grenada $10,252 $7,021 2017
  Nauru $10,235 $7,293 2017
  Latvia $10,194 $5,724 2017
  Suriname $10,069 $3,963 2017
  Belarus $10,055 $3,051 2017
  Bhutan $9,993 $3,336 2017
  Sri Lanka $9,663 $3,060 2017
  Iraq $9,644 $2,858 2017
  Jamaica $9,360 $5,305 2017
  Serbia $9,333 $3,658 2017
  Azerbaijan $9,273 $2,190 2017
  Saudi Arabia $9,226 $3,569 2017
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $9,167 $5,688 2017
  Dominica $8,747 $6,223 2017
  Albania $8,457 $3,070 2017
  Tunisia $8,406 $2,439 2017
  Cabo Verde $8,360 $3,931 2017
  Romania $8,291 $3,634 2017
  Belize $8,257 $4,757 2017
  Costa Rica $8,230 $5,713 2017
  Jordan $8,161 $3,680 2017
  China $7,878 $4,077 2017
  Iran $7,802 $2,049 2017
  Guam $7,631 $7,631 2017
  Turkey $7,613 $2,966 2017
  Congo, Republic of the $7,594 $2,253 2017
  Thailand $7,548 $2,781 2017
  South Africa $7,342 $3,343 2017
  Colombia $7,298 $3,225 2017
  Curacao $6,912 $12,375 2014
  Dominican Republic $6,249 $2,748 2017
  Ukraine $5,970 $1,811 2017
  Chile $5,952 $3,647 2017
  Cuba $5,879 $4,024 2017
  North Macedonia $5,755 $2,109 2017
  Morocco $5,665 $2,074 2017
  El Salvador $5,615 $2,723 2017
  Turkmenistan $5,519 $2,019 2017
  Greenland $5,437 $5,005 2016
  Ecuador $5,311 $2,870 2017
  Kazakhstan $5,311 $1,769 2017
  Gibraltar $5,203 $5,203 2014
  India $5,202 $1,429 2017
  Bulgaria $5,198 $1,928 2017
  Sudan $5,003 $1,292 2017
  Armenia $4,990 $2,032 2017
  Venezuela $4,684 $2,579 2017
  Bosnia and Herzegovina $4,600 $1,864 2017
  Fiji $4,555 $2,582 2017
  Guyana $4,441 $2,510 2017
  Russia $4,380 $1,721 2017
  Mauritania $4,347 $1,241 2017
  Laos $4,338 $1,492 2017
  Namibia $4,337 $2,159 2017
  Algeria $4,159 $1,106 2017
  Angola $4,145 $2,709 2017
  Vietnam $3,911 $1,329 2017
  Georgia $3,632 $1,382 2017
  Bolivia $3,628 $1,637 2017
  Indonesia $3,562 $1,112 2017
  Peru $3,488 $1,737 2017
  Ghana $3,424 $1,201 2017
  Pakistan $3,420 $983 2017
  Philippines $3,305 $1,182 2017
  Eswatini $3,030 $1,154 2017
  Estonia $3,013 $1,878 2017
  Sao Tome and Principe $2,966 $1,699 2017
  Palau $2,957 $3,271 2017
  Samoa $2,773 $2,051 2017
  Tonga $2,666 $2,053 2017
  Zambia $2,645 $986 2017
  Paraguay $2,468 $1,081 2017
  Syria $2,450 $1,199 2016
  Botswana $2,428 $1,082 2017
  Gambia $2,336 $623 2017
  Kyrgyzstan $2,216 $724 2017
  Kosovo $2,178 $788 2017
  Moldova $2,173 $876 2017
  Brunei $2,105 $754 2017
  Eritrea $2,066 $1,277 2017
  Guatemala $2,057 $1,126 2017
  Anguilla $2,024 $2,024 2013
  Zimbabwe $2,010 $1,035 2017
  Burma $1,992 $406 2017
  Nicaragua $1,992 $756 2017
  Honduras $1,992 $988 2017
  Yemen $1,913 $813 2017
  West Bank $1,850 $857 2015
  Kenya $1,833 $887 2017
  Uzbekistan $1,805 $395 2017
  Senegal $1,762 $679 2017
  Cote d'Ivoire $1,739 $724 2017
  Northern Mariana Islands $1,696 $1,696 2017
  Tajikistan $1,665 $418 2017
  Papua New Guinea $1,585 $1,041 2017
  American Samoa $1,579 $1,579 2017
  Bangladesh $1,433 $543 2017
  Tuvalu $1,394 $1,328 2017
  Somalia $1,392 $480 2017
  Mozambique $1,391 $472 2017
  Djibouti $1,309 $730 2017
  Vanuatu $1,297 $1,462 2017
  Cameroon $1,289 $504 2017
  South Sudan $1,229 $188 2017
  Benin $1,222 $445 2017
  Nigeria $1,201 $403 2017
  Togo $1,201 $441 2017
  Cambodia $1,187 $408 2017
  Sierra Leone $1,169 $366 2017
  Lesotho $1,143 $472 2017
  Tanzania $1,084 $345 2017
  Ethiopia $1,003 $404 2017
  Chad $949 $327 2017
  Guinea-Bissau $932 $397 2017
  Guinea $894 $328 2017
  Uganda $873 $261 2017
  Micronesia, Federated States of $823 $775 2017
  Rwanda $820 $304 2017
  Mali $792 $295 2017
    Nepal $703 $221 2017
  Burkina Faso $692 $243 2017
  Malawi $669 $186 2017
  Marshall Islands $660 $748 2017
  Haiti $576 $248 2017
  Madagascar $559 $161 2017
  Kiribati $546 $474 2017
  Comoros $520 $257 2017
  Niger $498 $188 2017
  Liberia $437 $235 2017
  Libya $431 $213 2017
  Burundi $349 $148 2017
  Central African Republic $312 $178 2017
  Timor-Leste $213 $80 2017
  Solomon Islands $189 $185 2017
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the $146 $88 2017
  Afghanistan $139 $41 2017
  Hong Kong $63 $47 2017
  Falkland Islands $0 $0 2015
  Macau $0 $0 2017

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Public debt Archived 2007-06-13 at the Wayback Machine, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency, accessed on April 21, 2017.
  2. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]

External linksEdit