Kyoto Station (京都駅 Kyōto-eki) is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyoto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building (after Nagoya Station) and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyoto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.
Kyoto Station Building (Karasuma side)
|Location||Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture|
|Passengers (FY2015)||255 million|
Kyoto Station is served by the following railway lines:
- Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central)
- West Japan Railway Company (JR West)
- Kintetsu Railway
- Kyoto Municipal Subway
In addition to the lines above, the following lines, among others, have through services to Kyoto Station:
JR West/JR CentralEdit
Hachijō-side building of Kyoto station
|Location||901 Higashi-Shiokōjichō (JR West)|
8-3 Higashi-Shiokōji Takakura-chō (JR Central)
Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture
The station has a side platform and four island platforms serving eight tracks for the Tokaido Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line) and Kosei Line at ground level, three dead-end platforms serving four tracks for the Sanin Line (Sagano Line) to the west of platform 0 at ground level, and two dead-end platforms serving 3 tracks to the south of platform 7 at ground level. Two island platforms serving four tracks for the Shinkansen are elevated, above the platforms for the Kintetsu Kyoto Line.
|0||■Hokuriku Line limited express trains||for Fukui, Kanazawa, and Wakuraonsen|
|■Tokaido Line, Chuo Line, Takayama Line limited express trains||for Maibara, Nagano, and Takayama|
|■Biwako Line||part of special rapid trains for Kusatsu and Maibara on weekday mornings|
|■Kosei Line||part of special rapid trains for Katata and Ōmi-Imazu on weekday mornings|
|■Kusatsu Line||for Kibukawa and Tsuge (evening, night)|
|2, 3||■Biwako Line||for Kusatsu and Maibara|
|■Kosei Line||for Katata and Ōmi-Imazu|
|4, 5||■JR Kyoto Line||for Ōsaka and Sannomiya|
|6, 7||■Kinokuni Line limited express trains Kuroshio||for Shirahama and Shingū|
|■Chizu Express Line limited express trains Super Hakuto||for Tottori and Kurayoshi|
|■Kansai Airport Line limited express trains Haruka||from Maibara and Kusatsu for Kansai Airport|
|■limited express trains from the Hokuriku Line, Tokaido Line||for Osaka|
|■JR Kyoto Line||rapid trains and special rapid trains for Osaka and Sannomiya in the morning|
|8, 9, 10||■Nara Line||for Uji and Nara|
|30||■Kansai Airport Line limited express trains Haruka||for Kansai Airport|
|■Sagano-Sanin Line limited express trains (partly)||for Fukuchiyama, Kinosaki Onsen, Higashi-Maizuru, and Amanohashidate|
|31||■Sagano-Sanin Main Line limited express trains||for Fukuchiyama, Kinosaki Onsen, Higashi-Maizuru, and Amanohashidate|
|■Sagano-Sanin Line||part of trains for Kameoka, Sonobe, and Fukuchiyama|
|32, 33||■Sagano-Sanin Line||local trains and rapid trains for Kameoka, Sonobe, and Fukuchiyama|
|34||■ Disembarking only for trains at platform 33|
|11, 12||■Tokaido Shinkansen||for Nagoya and Tokyo|
|13, 14||■Tokaido Shinkansen||for Shin-Osaka and Hakata|
|Hachijō side (South)|
|Brown (2 tracks): Nara Line to Uji and Nara|
|Blue (4 tracks):
Tōkaidō Main Line
to Maibara, Nagoya and Tokyo
to Omi-Imazu and Tsuruga
|Black (1 track):|
to Kyoto Freight Station
|Blue (4 tracks):|
Tōkaidō Main Line
(JR Kyōto Line)
to Ōsaka and Kōbe
|Purple (1 track):|
San'in Main Line
|Karasuma Side (North)|
Limited express trainsEdit
- for the Hokuriku Line
- for the Sanin region via the Chizu Express Chizu Line
- limited express Super Hakuto: Kyoto - Tottori, Kurayoshi
- Kansai Airport limited express Haruka: Maibara, Kyoto - Kansai Airport
- limited express Kuroshio: Kyoto, Shin-Osaka - Shirahama, Shingu
- limited express Kinosaki: Kyoto - Fukuchiyama, Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen
- limited express Hashidate: Kyoto - Miyazu, Amanohashidate, Toyooka
- limited express Maizuru: Kyoto - Higashi-Maizuru
|Tokaido Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line), Kosei Line|
|Kusatsu (JR-A24)||Hida||Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)|
|Yamashina (JR-A30)||Biwako Express||Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)|
|Yamashina (JR-A30/JR-B30)||Special Rapid||Takatsuki (JR-A38)|
|Yamashina (local) (JR-A30/JR-B30)||Rapid (mornings)||Nagaokakyō (JR-A35) (rapid)|
|Yamashina (JR-A30/JR-B30)||Local (JR Kyoto Line daytime rapid)||Nishiōji (JR-A32)|
|Terminus||Miyakoji Rapid||Tōfukuji (JR-D02)|
|Terminus||Regional Rapid||Tōfukuji (JR-D02)|
|Sagano Line (Sanin Line)|
|Location||31-1 Higashi-Shiokoji Kamadonochō, Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture|
|Operated by||Kintetsu Railway|
|Line(s)||Kintetsu Kyoto Line|
|Passengers (FY2015)||37.2 million|
The station has three levels. Four dead-end platforms serving four tracks are located on the second floor. The 1st floor is a shopping street and the 3rd is the platforms for the Shinkansen (JR Central).
|1, 2||■Limited express trains||for Nara, Kashiharajingu-mae, Ise-Shima|
|1～4||■Local trains and express trains||for Tambabashi, Shin-Tanabe, Yamato-Saidaiji, Nara, Tenri, Kashiharajingu-mae|
|Terminus||Semi-Express (only in the morning on weekdays)||Tōji|
Kyoto Municipal SubwayEdit
|Kyoto Municipal Subway station|
Kyoto Subway Station Exit No.1
|Location||Higashi-Shiokōji, Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture|
|Operated by||Kyoto Municipal Subway|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Passengers (FY2016)||123,360 daily|
The station consists of one underground island platform serving two tracks.
|1||■ Karasuma Line||for Takeda, Shin-Tanabe and Nara|
|2||for Shijō, Karasuma Oike, Kokusaikaikan|
|Karasuma Line (K11)|
|Gojō (K10)||-||Kujō (K12)|
The governmental railway from Kobe reached Kyoto on September 5, 1876, but the station was under construction and a temporary facility called Ōmiya-dōri (Ōmiya Street) Temporary Station was used until the opening of the main station. The first Kyoto Station opened for service by decree of Emperor Meiji on February 5, 1877.
In 1889, the railway became a part of the trunk line to Tokyo (Tokaido Main Line). Subsequently, the station became the terminal of two private railways, Nara Railway (1895, present-day Nara Line) and Kyoto Railway (1897, present-day Sagano Line), that connected the station with southern and northern regions of Kyoto Prefecture, respectively.
The station was replaced by a newer, Renaissance-inspired facility in 1914, which featured a broad square (the site of demolished first station) leading from the station to Shichijō Avenue. Before and during World War II, the square was often used by imperial motorcades when Emperor Showa traveled between Kyoto and Tokyo. The station was spacious and designed to handle a large number of people, but when a few thousand people gathered to bid farewell to naval recruits on January 8, 1934, 77 people were crushed to death. This station burned to the ground in 1950, and was replaced by a more utilitarian concrete facility in 1952.
The current Kyoto Station opened in 1997, commemorating Kyoto's 1,200th anniversary. It is 70 meters high and 470 meters from east to west, with a total floor area of 238,000 square meters. Architecturally, it exhibits many characteristics of futurism, with a slightly irregular cubic façade of plate glass over a steel frame. The architect was Hiroshi Hara.
Kyoto, one of the least modern cities in Japan by virtue of its many cultural heritage sites, was largely reluctant to accept such an ambitious structure in the mid-1990s: The station's completion began a wave of new high-rise developments in the city that culminated in the 20-story Kyocera Building.
Aside from the main building on the north side of the station, the Hachijō-guchi building on the south side was built to house Tokaido Shinkansen which started operation in 1964. The underground facilities of the station, including the shopping mall Porta beneath the station square, were constructed when the subway opened in 1981.
In fiscal 2016, the JR West part of the station was used by an average of 200,426 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the second busiest JR West station after Osaka. The Kyoto Municipal Subway station was used by an average of 123,360 passengers daily (in fiscal 2016).
- Kyoto Station Building
- JR Kyoto Isetan
- Kyoto Station Shopping street "The Cube"
- Hotel Granvia Kyoto
- Kyoto Gekijo
- Museum of Art "Eki" Kyoto
- Kyoto Station Underground Mall "Porta"
- Hotel New Hankyu Kyoto
- Kyoto Tower
- Higashi Hongan-ji
- Shimogyo-ku General Building
- Campus Plaza Kyoto
- Kyoto Central Post Office
- Kyoto Bus Station
- Bic Camera JR Kyoto Station (JR Kyoto Station NK Building)
Karasuma Gate Bus TerminalEdit
- Dream / Hiru Tokkyu; For Shinjuku Station and Tokyo Station
- Harbor Light; For Hon-Atsugi Station, Machida Station, and Yokohama Station
- Dream Saitama; For Tachikawa Station, Higashi-Yamatoshi Station, Tokorozawa Station, and Ōmiya Station (Saitama)
- Keihanshin Dream Shizuoka; For Hamamatsu Station, Kakegawa Station, Yaizu, and Shizuoka Station
- Meishin Highway Bus; For Yōkaichi, Taga, Ōgaki, and Nagoya Station
- Hokurikudo Hiru Tokkyu Osaka / Hokuriku Dream Osaka; For Fukui, Komatsu, Kanazawa Station and Toyama Station
- Seishun Dream Shinshu; For Nagano Station, Sakaki, Ueda Station, Tōmi, and Sakudaira Station
- Wakasa Maizuru Express Kyoto; For Nishi-Maizuru Station, Higashi-Maizuru Station, and Obama Station
- For Miyazu Station, Amanohashidate Station, Amino Station, and Taiza
- Tsuyama Express Kyoto; For Katō, Kasai, Shisō, Mimasaka, Shōō, and Tsuyama Station
- Miyako Liner; For Fukuyama Station and Onomichi Station
- Kyoto Express; For Akaiwa, Okayama Station, and Kurashiki Station
- Sanyodo Hiru Tokkyu Hiroshima / Seishun Dream Hiroshima; For Hiroshima University, Nakasuji Station, Hiroshima Bus Center, and Hiroshima Station
- Awa Express Kyoto; For Naruto, Matsushige, and Tokushima Station
- Takamatsu Express Kyoto; For Higashikagawa, Sanuki, Miki, and Takamatsu Station (Kagawa)
- Kochi Express; For Kōchi Station, Harimayabashi Station, Kōchi University, and Susaki Station
- Izumo no Okuni / Izumo Express Kyoto; For Matsue Station, Shinji, and Izumoshi Station
- Tottori Express Kyoto; For Chizu and Tottori Station
- Yonago Express Kyoto; For Yonago Station
Hotel New Hankyu Kyoto bus stopEdit
- Alpen Nagano; For Omi, Chikuma, and Nagano Station
- Alpen Matsumoto; For Okaya Station, Shiojiri, and Matsumoto Bus Terminal(Matsumoto Station)
- Alpen Suwa; For Okaya Station, Kami-Suwa Station, and Chino Station
- Sawayaka Shinshu; For Kamikōchi
- Okesa; For Sanjō-Tsubame, Katahigashi, and Nigata Station
- For Tonami Station, and Toyama Station
- Kyoto Osaka Liner; For Yoshida, Yaizu, Shin-Shizuoka Station, and Shimizu Station
Hotel Keihan Kyoto bus stopsEdit
- Airport Limousine; For Kansai International Airport
- Airport Limousine; For Osaka International Airport
- Tokyo Midnight Express Kyoto; For Shibuya Station and Shinjuku Station
- For Keisei Ueno Station, Asakusa(Kaminarimon), Tokyo Skytree, Nishi-Funabashi Station, Tokyo Disney Resort, Kaihin-Makuhari Station, Chiba Station and Kamatori Station
- Moonlight; For Kokura Station, Hakata Station, and Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station
- For Tsuchiyama and Kintetsu Yokkaichi Station
- For Tsuchiyama, Seki, and Tsu Station
- Kyoto Express; For Kawauchi I.C., Okaido Station, and Matsuyama City Station
- For Kōchi Station, and Harimayabashi Station
Hachijo-Dori Street north side (Kintetsu Bus)Edit
- Arcadia; For KaminoyamaYandamagata Station
- Forest; For Sendai Station (Miyagi)
- Galaxy; For Nishigō, Sukagawa, Kōriyama Station, Nihonmatsu, and Fukushima Station
- Tochinoki; For Kuki Station, Tochigi Station, Kanuma, and Utsunomiya Station
- Seagull; For Hitachi, Takahagi Station, Isohara Station, and Iwaki Station
- Yokappe; For Tsukuba Station, Tsuchiura Station, Ishioka, and Mito Station
- Flying Liner; For Yokohama Station, Tokyo Station, Ueno Station, and Asakusa Station
- Fujiyama Liner; For Higashi-Shizuoka Station, Fuji Station, Fujinomiya Station, Taiseki-ji, Fuji-Q Highland, Kawaguchiko Station and Fujisan Station
- Kintaro; For Shin-Fuji Station, Numazu Station, Mishima Station, Gotemba Station, Shin-Matsuda Station, and Odawara Station
- Crystal Liner; For Hokuto, Nirasaki Station, Ryūō Station, and Kōfu Station
- Chikumagawa Liner; For Chikuma, Sakaki, Ueda Station, Tōmi, Sakudaira Station, and Karuizawa Station
- West Liner; For Gujō and Takayama Station
- Karst; For Ōtake, Iwakuni, Shūnan, Tokuyama Station, Hōfu Station, Yamaguchi, Mitō, and Hagi
- Shimanto Blue Liner; For Kubokawa Station, Tosa-Saga Station, Nakamura Station, and Sukumo Station
- Holland; For Ōmura, Isahaya, Nagasaki Station, and Nagasaki Shinchi Terminal
- Sunrise / Aso☆Kuma; For Kumamoto Bus Terminal and Kumamoto Station
- Ohisama; For Ebino, Kobayashi, Miyakonojō, and Miyazaki Station
Hachijo-Dori Street south side (Kintetsu Bus and Nankai Bus)Edit
This bus stop is in front of Nippon Rent-A- Car Kyoto Station East Exit Office.
- Silk Liner; For Saitama-Shintoshin Station, Ashikagashi Station, Ōta Station, Kiryū Station, Isesaki Station, Takasaki Station, and Maebashi Station
- Southern Cross; For Akihabara Station, Yotsukaidō Station, Tomisato, Keisei Narita Station, Narita International Airport, Sawara Station, and Chōshi Station
- Dream Wakayama; For Shinjuku Station, Tokyo Station, and Shin-Kiba Station
- Let's Go; For Hashimoto Station, Akishima Station, Tachikawa Station, and Tamagawa-Jōsui Station
- Southern Cross; For Odawara Station, Fujisawa Station, Kamakura Station, Ōfuna Station, and Totsuka Station
- Southern Cross; For Nagano Station, Suzaka Station, Shinshu-Nakano Station, Iiyama Station, and Yudanaka Station
- Southern Cross; For Kashiwazaki Station, Nagaoka Station, and Higashi-Sanjō Station
- Honokuni; For Toyokawa Station and Toyohashi Station
- For Yao Station and Kyūhōji Station
- Shirahama Blue Sky; For Inami, Haya Station, Kii-Tanabe Station, and Shirahama
- SORIN; For Nakatsu Station, Usa, Beppu, and Ōita Station
Hachijo-Dori Street south side (Osaka Bus)Edit
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- Kawashima, Ryōzō (2009). Tōkaidō Rain Zensen Zen'eki Zen-Haisen vol. 6 (Maibara eki–Ōsaka eria) (in Japanese). Kōdansha. pp. 17–18. ISBN 978-4-06-270016-0.
- "産業交通水道委員会資料 陳情第81号" (PDF) (in Japanese). Kyoto City Assembly. 25 October 2017.
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- Ishino, supra, pp. 298, 351
- データで見るJR西日本 [JR West viewed through data] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
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