Ōita Station (大分駅, Ōita-eki) is a railway station located in Ōita, Ōita Prefecture, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).

Ōita Station

大分駅
Oita sta funai 2015.JPG
Ōita Station in January 2015
Location1-1 Kanamemachi, Ōita, Ōita
(大分市要町1番1号)
Japan
Coordinates33°13′58″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23264°N 131.606705°E / 33.23264; 131.606705Coordinates: 33°13′58″N 131°36′24″E / 33.23264°N 131.606705°E / 33.23264; 131.606705
Operated byJR logo (kyushu).svg JR Kyūshū
Line(s)
History
Opened1911
Traffic
Passengers (FY2016)19,165 daily
Rank4th (among JR Kyushu stations)
Location
Ōita Station is located in Japan
Ōita Station
Ōita Station
Location within Japan
A 883 series at Ōita Station in July 2008

The station opened on November 1, 1911. It has since undergone renovation, reopening in 2012 — the 'main' area of the station is now the southern, rather than the northern, entrance.

LinesEdit

Limited Express TrainsEdit

LayoutEdit

There are four side platforms and eight island platforms.

1 Limited express trains of Nippō Main Line for Kokura, Hakata and Saiki
Local trains of Nippō Main Line for Tsurusaki and Saiki
2 Limited express trains of Nippō Main Line for Saiki and Miyazaki
Local trains of Nippō Main Line for Tsurusaki and Saiki
3 Limited express trains of Nippō Main Line for Kokura and Hakata
Local trains of Nippō Main Line for Beppu and Nakatsu
4 • 5
Nippō Main Line for Beppu and Nakatsu
Nippō Main Line for Saiki and Miyazaki
Limited express trains of Hohi Main Line for Aso and Kumamoto
6 • 7 • 8 Hohi Main Line for Aso and Kumamoto
Kyudai Main Line for Yufuin and Kurume

The station was under construction to make it elevated. This work was to be finished by 2008 but fell behind schedule. It was completed on March 17, 2012.

HistoryEdit

Japanese Government Railways (JGR) opened the station on 1 November 1911 as the southern terminus of its then Hōshū Main Line (豊州本線) which it had been extending southwards in phases since 1907 when it had acquired the former Kyushu Railway's private track from Kokura south to Usa. Ōita became a through-station on 1 April 1914 when the track was extended further south to Kōzaki. On 15 December 1923, this entire stretch of track was redesignated as the Nippo Main Line.[1]

Separately, on 1 April 1914, JGR opened the Inukai Light Rail Line (犬飼軽便線) from Ōita westwards to Nakahanda. This track later linked up with another built eastwards from Kumamoto and the entire stretch was designated as the Hōhi Main Line on 2 December 1928.[2]

The origin of the third line to serve the station, the Kyudai Main Line lay with the private Daito Railway (大湯鉄道) which opened a track from Ōita westwards to Onoya on 30 October 1915. On 1 December 1922, the Daito Railway was nationalized and JGR designated this stretch of track as the Daito Line. By 1934, the track had linked up with a track built eastwards from Kurume and the entire route was designated the Kyudai Main Line.[3]

With the privatization of Japanese National Railways (JNR), the successor of JGR, on 1 April 1987, Ōita came under the control of JR Kyushu.[4]

Passenger statisticsEdit

In fiscal 2016, the station was used by an average of 19,165 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), and it ranked 4th among the busiest stations of JR Kyushu.[5]

The station in mediaEdit

The JR Ōita City station complex was the main subject of an episode in the NHK World English documentary series Japan Railway Journal. The episode was titled JR Ōita City: The Station Complex that Changed the Game and was first broadcast on 15 February 2018. The episode describes how the station complex, which opened in 2015, contributed to increased ridership at the station and also to the economic revitalization of the surrounding area. The same episode also covered the Bungo-Mori Roundhouse Park, located near Bungo-Mori Station.[6]

EnvironsEdit

 
View from the station
  • North Entrance
    • Oita Prefectural Government Office
    • Oita City Hall
    • Oasis Hiroba 21 and Oita ANA Hotel OASIS Tower
    • Funai Castle
    • Building of Red Brick (Oita Bank)
    • Oita Chūō Post Office
    • Oita Parco and Oita Daiichi Hotel
    • Tokiwa Department Store
    • Chūōcho Centporta
    • Galleria Takemachi
    • Funai 5 Bangai
    • Oita Washington Hotel Plaza
    • Hotel Hokke Club Oita
    • National Route 10
    • National Route 197 (Chūō-dori main street)
    • Oita Station Bus Terminal
  • South Entrance

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ishino, Tetsu; et al., eds. (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). I. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. pp. 228–9. ISBN 4533029809.
  2. ^ Ishino, Tetsu; et al., eds. (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). I. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 228. ISBN 4533029809.
  3. ^ Ishino, Tetsu; et al., eds. (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). I. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 227. ISBN 4533029809.
  4. ^ Ishino, Tetsu; et al., eds. (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). II. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 743. ISBN 4533029809.
  5. ^ "駅別乗車人員上位300駅(平成28年度)" [Passengers embarking by station - Top 300 stations (Fiscal 2016)] (PDF). JR Kyushu. 31 July 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  6. ^ "JR Ōita City: The Station Complex that Changed the Game". Japan Railway Journal. 15 February 2018. NHK World.

External linksEdit