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General elections were held in Japan on 5 December 1976. The result was a victory for the Liberal Democratic Party, which won 249 of the 511 seats,[1] but the election was overshadowed by the Lockheed bribery scandals and became popularly known as the Lockheed Election (ロッキード選挙, rokkīdo senkyo).[2] As a result of the scandals, the LDP lost 22 seats, mainly to the Komeitō Party, and lost its majority control over the House of Representatives. However, the LDP still remained the largest party in the House of Representatives. Voter turnout was 73.45%.

1976 Japanese general election

← 1972 5 December 1976 1979 →

All 511 seats to the House of Representatives of Japan
256 seats needed for a majority
Turnout73.45% (Increase1.69%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Takeo Miki-2-1 Blanksvg.svg
Leader Takeo Miki Tomomi Narita Yoshikatsu Takeiri
Party Liberal Democratic Socialist Komeito
Last election 271 seats, 46.9% 118 seats, 21.9% 29 seats, 8.5%
Seats won 249 123 55
Seat change Decrease22 Increase5 Increase26
Popular vote 23,653,626 11,713,009 6,177,300
Percentage 41.8% 20.7% 10.9%
Swing Decrease5.1% Decrease1.2% Increase2.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Blanksvg.svg Yōhei Kōno cropped.jpg
Leader Kasuga Ikkō Sanzō Nosaka Yōhei Kōno
Party Democratic Socialist Communist New Liberal
Last election 19 seats, 7.0% 38 seats, 10.5% New
Seats won 29 17 17
Seat change Increase10 Decrease21 Increase17
Popular vote 3,554,076 5,878,192 2,363,985
Percentage 6.3% 10.4% 4.2%
Swing Decrease0.7% Decrease0.1% N/A

Prime Minister before election

Takeo Miki
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister

Takeo Miki
Liberal Democratic

The 1976 election was the only post-war general election triggered by an expiration of the term of the House of Representatives; all other post-war elections have been instigated by a dissolution of the House by the Cabinet.[2]

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Liberal Democratic Party 23,653,626 41.8 249 -22
Japan Socialist Party 11,713,009 20.7 123 +5
Komeitō 6,177,300 10.9 55 +26
Japanese Communist Party 5,878,192 10.4 17 -21
Democratic Socialist Party 3,554,076 6.3 29 +10
New Liberal Party 2,363,985 4.2 17 +17
Other parties 45,114 0.1 0 -2
Independents 3,227,463 5.7 21 +7
Total 56,612,765 100 511 +20
Source: http://www.stat.go.jp/data/chouki/27.htm
Vote share
LDP
41.78%
JSP
20.69%
KP
10.91%
JCP
10.38%
DSP
6.28%
NLC
4.18%
Independents
5.70%
Others
0.08%
Parliament seats
LDP
48.73%
JSP
24.07%
KP
10.76%
DSP
5.68%
JCP
3.33%
NLC
3.33%
Independents
4.11%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 第27章 公務員・選挙 http://www.stat.go.jp/data/chouki/27.htm
  2. ^ a b "これまでの衆議院選挙" (PDF). Japan Association of Corporate Executives (Keizai Doyukai). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-31. Retrieved 27 January 2014.