Japanese clans

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This is a list of Japanese clans. The old clans (Gōzoku) mentioned in the Nihon Shoki and Kojiki lost their political power before the Heian Period, during which new aristocracies and families, Kuge, emerged in their place. After the Heian Period, the warrior clans (Samurai) gradually increased in importance and power until they came to dominate the country.

Ancient clan namesEdit

There are ancient-era clan names called Uji-na (氏名) or Honsei (本姓).

Imperial ClanEdit

Four noble clansEdit

Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘), 4 noble clans of Japan:

 
Mon of the Minamoto clan
 
Mon of the Taira clan
 
Mon of the Fujiwara clan
 
Mon of the Tachibana clan

Noble clansEdit

Immigrant clans (Toraijin, 渡来人)Edit

According to the book Shinsen Shōjiroku compiled in 815, a total 326 out of 1,182 clans in the Kinai area on Honshū were regarded as people with foreign genealogy. The book specifically mentions 163 were from China, 104 such families from Baekje, 41 from Goguryeo, 9 from Silla, and 9 from Gaya.[1]

BaekjeEdit

GoguryeoEdit

SillaEdit

GayaEdit

ChinaEdit

Grand Family namesEdit

From the late ancient era onward, the family name (Myōji/苗字 or 名字) had been commonly used by samurai to denote their family line instead of the name of the ancient clan that the family line belongs to (uji-na/氏名 or honsei/本姓), which was used only in the official records in the Imperial court. Kuge families also had used their family name (Kamei/家名) for the same purpose. Each of samurai families is called "[family name] clan (氏)" as follows and they must not be confused with ancient clan names. The list below is a list of Grand aristocratic families, Shugo, Shugodai, Jitō, Daimyo, warlords.

 
Mon of the Akita clan
 
Mon of the Asano clan
 
Mon of the Hōjō clan
 
Mon of the Honda clan
 
Mon of the (Mino) Ikeda clan
 
Mon of the Maeda clan
 
Banner with the Mon of the Matsumae clan
 
Mon of the Mori clan (森氏)
 
Mon of the Takeda clan
 
Mon of the Toki clan
 
Mon 'Mitsuboshi ni ichimonji' of the Watanabe clan

Other clans and familiesEdit

 
Logo of Mitsubishi

Zaibatsu:

Sacerdotal clans:

RyukyuEdit

Ryukyuan people are not Yamato people, but the Ryukyu Islands have been part of Japan since 1879.

 
Mon of the Ryukyu Kingdom

Ryukyuan dynasties:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Saeki, Arikiyo (1981). Shinsen Shōjiroku no Kenkyū (Honbun hen) (in Japanese). Yoshikawa Kōbunkan. ISBN 4-642-02109-4.
  2. ^ Nelson, John K. (2000). Enduring Identities: The Guise of Shinto in Contemporary Japan, pp. 67–69.
  3. ^ Cranston, Edwin A. (1998). A Waka Anthology, p. 513.
  4. ^ Grapard, Allan G. (1992). The protocol of the gods, p. 42.

ReferencesEdit