Nijō family

Nijō family (二条家, Nijō-ke) is a Japanese aristocratic kin group.[1] The Nijō was a branch of the Fujiwara clan,[2] founded by Kujō Michiie's son Nijō Yoshizane.[1] The Nijō was one of the Five regent houses; from which, the Sesshō and Kampaku were chosen.[1]

Nijō family
二条家
Nijō Fuji.png
Parent houseKujō family (Fujiwara clan)
TitlesVarious
FounderNijō Yoshizane
Founding year13th century
Dissolutionstill extant
Cadet branches
  • Matsuzono family

HistoryEdit

The family name Nijō derived from Yoshizane's residence in Kyoto, where is believed to locate between two roads, the south of "Nijō-Ōji" (二条大路) and the east of "Higashi no Tōin-Ōji" (東洞院大路).[3] As of the Muromachi and Edo period, Nijō family had a relative close relationship comparing with other four regent houses, and the leaders of the Nijō were given names (henki, 偏諱) from that of incumbent shōguns'.[4] Nijō Nariyuki, the last Sesshō and Kampaku, regent from the Fujiwara clan, also came from this family.[5]

In 1526, Tominokōji Sukenao (富小路資直, d. 1535) was promoted to the rank dōjō (堂上) of Kuge, and the ancestor of the Tominokōji family, Tominokōji Michinao (富小路道直), was claimed to be a son of Nijō Michihira.[6]

Family TreeEdit

adoption
Kujō Michiie
(1193-1252)
Yoshizane(1)
(1216-1271)
Morotada(2)
(1254-1341)
Kanemoto(3)
(1267-1334)
Michihira(4)
(1287-1335)
Yoshimoto(5)
(1320-1388)
Moroyoshi(6)
(1345-1382)
Morotsugu(7)
(1356-1400)
Mitsumoto(8)
(1383-1411)
Mochimoto(9)
(1390-1445)
Mochimichi(10)
(1416-1493)
Masatsugu(11)
(1443-1480)
Hisamoto(12)
(1471-1497)
Tadafusa(13)
(1496-1551)
Haruyoshi(14)
(1526-1579)
Kujō Kanetaka
(1553-1636)
Akizane(15)
(1556-1619)
Takatsukasa Nobufusa
(1565-1658)
Kujō Yukiie
(1586-1665)
Takatsukasa Nobuhisa
(1590-1621)
Yasumichi(16)
(1609-1647)
Takatsukasa Norihira
(1609-1668)
Mitsuhira(17)
(1625-1682)
Kujō Kaneharu
(1641-1677)
Kujō Sukezane
(1669-1730)
Tsunahira(18)
(1672-1732)
Kujō Yukinori
(1700-1728)
Yoshitada(19)
(1700-1728)
Munehira(20)
(1718-1738)
Munemoto(21)
(1727-1754)
Shigeyoshi [ja](22)
(1751-1768)
Harutaka(23)
(1754-1826)
Narimichi [ja](24)
(1781-1798)
Narinobu(25)
(1788–1847)
Kujō Hisatada
(1798-1871)
Mastsuzono Ryū’on
(1811-1875)
Nariyuki(26)
(1816–1878)
Matsuzono family
Motohiro(27)
(1859-1928)
Masamaro
(1872-1929)
Atsumoto(28)
(1883-1927)
Tanemoto [ja](29)
(1910-1985)
Motoyuki [ja](30)
(b. 1944)
Takamoto
(b. 1983)

[7]

Matsuzono familyEdit

The Matsuzono family (松園家, Matsuzono-ke) was founded by Ryū’on (隆温), the 19th son of Nijō Harutaka, and he was a Buddhist monk in Daijō-in [ja] from 1830 to 1868; during the Meiji era, Ryū’on took the family name Matsuzono as of 1869; he also adopted Hisayoshi, third son of his cousin Kujō Hisatada, as his heir.[8]

Nijō Harutaka
(1754-1826)
Kujō Hisatada
(1798-1871)
Ryū’on(1)
(1811-1875)
Hisayoshi(2)
(1840-1903)
Takatsukasa Hiromichi
(1855-1918)
Harutada(3)
(1881-1905)
Nobuatsu(4)
(1893-1941)
Matsudaira Norinaga [ja]
(1868-1928)
Yanagisawa KentaroNorimitsu(5)
(b. 1923)
Hiroshi(6)
(b. 1923)
Noriko
(b. 1931)

[9][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Nijō," Nobiliare du Japon, p. 42; retrieved 2013-7-7.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nijō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 711.
  3. ^ Mashimo, Saburō (1985). 書簡用語の研究. 渓水社. p. 453. ISBN 978-4874401477.
  4. ^ 湯川, 敏治 (2005). 戦国期公家社会と荘園経済. 続群書類従完成会. pp. 273, 281. ISBN 978-4797107449.
  5. ^ Iechika, Yoshiki (2007-10-01). 幕末の朝廷―若き孝明帝と鷹司関白. Chuokoron-Shinsha. p. 115. ISBN 978-4120038839.
  6. ^ Hattori, Toshirō (1981). 日本医学史研究余話. 科学書院. p. 83. ISBN 978-4760301003.
  7. ^ a b "九条(九條)家(摂家)". Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ 『平成新修旧華族家系大成』下巻. Kasumi Kaikan. 1987. p. 582. ISBN 978-4642036719.
  9. ^ "松園家". Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2019.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)