Kujō family

Kujō family (九条家, Kujō-ke) is a Japanese aristocratic kin group.[1] The family is a branch of Hokke and,[2] by extension, a main branch of the Fujiwara clan.[3]

Kujō family
九条家
Kujokamon.svg
The emblem (mon) of the Kujō clan
Parent houseFujiwara clan (Hokke)
TitlesVarious
FounderKujō Michiie
Founding year13th century
Dissolutionextant
Cadet branches

HistoryEdit

The family claims descent from Fujiwara no Kanezane, third son of Fujiwara no Tadamichi.[4] After the fall of the Taira clan in 1185, Kanezane became Sesshō and Kampaku with the support from Minamoto no Yoritomo;[5] Kanezane then founded an independent family as of 1191,[6] and the family name Kujō was named after a residence located on the road "Kujō-Ōji" (九条大路), where his family lived, built by his ancestor, Fujiwara no Mototsune.[7] Since then, the Kujō became one of the five Fujiwara families from which the Sesshō and Kampaku could be chosen, later known as Five regent houses.[1] The fourth and fifth shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate, Kujō Yoritsune and Kujō Yoritsugu, came from this family as well.[8]

After the Meiji Restoration, members of the Kujō clan were elevated to princedom and given the title Prince.

Family TreeEdit

adoption
Fujiwara no Tadamichi
(1097-1164)
Konoe family
Konoe Motozane
(1143-1166)
Kanezane(1)
(1149-1207)
Yoshitsune(2)
(1169-1206)
Michiie(3)
(1193-1252)
Nijō familyIchijō family
Norizane(4)
(1211-1235)
Nijō Yoshizane
(1216-1271)
Ichijō Sanetsune
(1223-1284)
Tadaie(5)
(1229-1275)
Tadanori(6)
(1248-1332)
Nijō Kanemoto
(1267-1334)
Moronori(7)
(1273-1320)
Fusazane(8)
(1290-1327)
Nijō Michihira
(1287-1335)
Michinori(9)
(1315-1349)
Nijō Yoshimoto
(1320-1388)
Nijō Morotsugu
(1356-1400)
Tsunenori(10)
(1331-1400)
Nijō Mochimoto
(1390-1445)
Tadamoto(11)
(1345-1398)
Nijō Mochimichi
(1416-1493)
Mitsuie(12)
(1394-1449)
Nijō Masatsugu
(1443-1480)
Masatada(13)
(1440-1488)
Masamoto(14)
(1445-1516)
Nijō Hisamoto
(1471-1497)
Hisatsune(15)
(1469-1530)
Nijō Tadafusa
(1496-1551)
TsunekoTanemichi(16)
(1507-1594)
Nijō Haruyoshi
(1526-1579)
Kanetaka(17)
(1553-1636)
Takatsukasa Nobufusa
(1565-1658)
Yukiie(18)
(1586-1665)
Takatsukasa Nobuhisa
(1590-1621)
Michifusa(19)
(1609-1647)
Takatsukasa Norihira
(1609-1668)
Tokihime
(d. 1669)[9]
Kaneharu(20)
(1641-1677)
Sukezane(21)
(1669-1730)
Morotaka(22)
(1688-1713)
Yukinori(23)
(1700-1728)
Tanemoto(24)
(1725-1743)
Nijō Munemoto
(1727-1754)
Naozane(25)
(1717-1787)
Nijō Harutaka
(1754-1826)
Michisaki(26)
(1746–1770)
Sukeie(27)
(1769–1785)
Suketsugu(28)
(1784–1807)
Hisatada(29)
(1798-1871)
Takatsukasa Masamichi
(1789-1868)
Yukitsune [ja](30)
(1823-1859)
Michitaka(31)
(1839-1906)
Matsuzono Hisayoshi
(1840-1903)
Tsurudono Tadayoshi [ja]
(1853-1895)
Michizane [ja](32)
(1870-1933)
Tsurudono family
Michihide [ja](33)
(1895-1961)
Michihiro [ja](34)
(1933-2017)
Michinari [ja](35)
(b. 1968)

[10]

Tsurudono familyEdit

The Tsurudono family (鶴殿家, Tsudono-ke) was founded by the fifth son of Kujō Hisatada, Tsurudono Tadayoshi (1853-1895), in 1888. The kanji used in the family name was originally "靏殿" but later changed to "鶴殿", both names are pronounced "Tsurudono".[11][12]

  1. Tsurudono Tadayoshi (1853-1895), becoming baron since December 18, 1889 until his death.[11][13]
  2. Tsurudono Iekatsu [ja] (1891-1956), son of Tadayoshi, succeeding baron, after his father's death, in 1895–1947.[11][14][15]
  3. Tsurudono Sumiie (b. 1924), son of Iekatsu, and he has three sons.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Konoe," Nobiliare du Japon, p. 24; retrieved 2013-8-13.
  2. ^ Amimoto, Mitsuyoshi (2014-07-01). カラー版 イチから知りたい! 家紋と名字. SEITOSHA. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-4791623075.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Go-sekke" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 260.
  4. ^ Ueda, Kazutoshi; Mikami, Sanji (1934). 『姓氏家系大辞典』第2巻. pp. 2081–2084. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ Amimoto, Mitsuyoshi (2014-07-10). カラー版 イチから知りたい! 家紋と名字. 西東社 (SEITOSHA). pp. 13, 28. ISBN 9784791623075.
  6. ^ Niwa, Motoji (1981). 姓氏の語源. KADOKAWA. p. 57. ISBN 978-4040614007.
  7. ^ Saeki, Umetomo; Mabuchi, Kazuo (1969). 講談社古語辞典. 講談社. p. 300.
  8. ^ Morrell, Robert E. (2002-01-01). Early Kamakura Buddhism: A Minority Report. Asian Humanities Press. pp. 23, 37. ISBN 978-0895818508.
  9. ^ "藤原氏家系 -九條家". 花筐館. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  10. ^ "九条(九條)家(摂家)". Archived from the original on 27 April 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  11. ^ a b c 『平成新修旧華族家系大成』下巻. Kasumi Kaikan. 1996. p. 120. ISBN 978-4642036719.
  12. ^ 大植, 四郎 (1971). 明治過去帳―物故人名辞典. Tokyo Bijutsu. ISBN 978-4808701192.
  13. ^ "官報. 1889年12月19日". 国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  14. ^ 杉, 謙二 (2011). 華族畫報 上. 吉川弘文館. p. 310. ISBN 9784642038065.
  15. ^ "官報. 1895年04月06日". 国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  16. ^ "鶴殿家". Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2019.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)