|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||July 5, 967 – September 27, 969|
|Coronation||November 15, 967|
|Born||June 12, 949|
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Died||November 21, 1011 (aged 62)|
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Sakuramoto no misasagi (櫻本陵) (Kyoto)
|Mother||Fujiwara no Anshi|
Reizei's reign spanned the years from 967 through 969, ending with his abdication and retirement.
Norihira-shinnō was the second son of Emperor Murakami. His mother, Empress Yasuko, was a daughter of minister of the right Fujiwara no Morosuke. Soon after his birth he was appointed as crown prince, displacing the Emperor's first-born son with the daughter of Fujiwara no Motokata. This decision was supposedly made under the influence of Morosuke and his brother Fujiwara no Saneyori who had seized power in the court. Motokata soon died, in despair at having lost the prospect of being grandfather to the next emperor. The malevolent influence of Motokata's vengeful spirit (怨霊, onryō) was blamed for Norihira-shinnō's mental illness, which resulted in Saneyori acting as regent for the duration of his short reign.
From ancient times, there have been four noble clans, the Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘). One of these clans, the Minamoto clan (源氏) are also known as Genji, and of these, the Reizei Genji (冷泉源氏) are descended from 63rd emperor Reizei.
Events of Reizei's reignEdit
Questions about mental illness made Norihira-shinnō's succession somewhat problematic.
In 967 his father Murakami died and Reizei ascended to the throne at the age of eighteen.
- July 5, 967 (Kōhō 4, 25th day of the 5th month): In the 16th year of Emperor Murakami's reign (村上天皇十六年), he died; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his second son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Reizei is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
- 969 (Anna 2): Reizei abdicated; and he took the honorific title of Reizei-in Jōkō. His reign lasted for just two years; and he lived another 44 years in retirement.
- November 21, 1011 (Kankō 8, 24th day of the 10th month): Daijō-tennō Reizei-in Jōkō died at age 62.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Toba's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Kampaku, Ōno-no-miya Fujiwara no Saneyori (藤原実頼), 900–970.
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara Saneyori.
- Sadaijin, Minamoto no Takaakira (源高明) (relegated in 969 by Anna Incident)
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara Morotada (藤原師尹)
- Udaijin, Fujiwara Morotada (藤原師尹), 920–969.
- Naidaijin (not appointed)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Arihira (藤原在衡)
- Dainagon, Minamoto no Kaneakira (源兼明)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Koretada (藤原伊尹)
Eras of Reizei's reignEdit
Consorts and childrenEdit
- Adopted Son: Imperial Prince Nagahira (永平親王; 965–988)
- First Daughter: Imperial Princess Sōshi (宗子内親王; 964–986)
- Second Daughter: Imperial Princess Sonshi (尊子内親王; 966–985), 15th Saiin in Kamo Shrine 968–975; later, married to Emperor En'yū in 980
- First Son: Imperial Prince Morosada (師貞親王) later Emperor Kazan
- Third Daughter: Imperial Princess Mitsuko (光子内親王; 973–975)
- Second Son: Imperial Prince Okisada (居貞親王) later Emperor Sanjō
- Third son: Imperial Prince Tametaka (為尊親王; 977–1002)
- Fourth Son: Imperial Prince Atsumichi (敦道親王; 981–1007)
|Ancestors of Emperor Reizei|
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 冷泉天皇 (63)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 71.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 142–143; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 298–300; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 190–191.
- Titsingh, p. 142; Varely, p. 190; Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors (their imina) were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Varley, p. 190.
- Usami, Hirokuni (2004). Social crises and religious change in pre-medieval Japan (PhD thesis). SOAS University of London. p. 377. doi:10.25501/SOAS.00029220.
- Titsingh, p. 142; Brown, p. 298; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, p. 298.
- Titsingh, p. 155; Brown, p. 306; Varley, p. 190.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
- Titsingh, p. 142.
- "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 17 February 2018.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Kitagawa, Hiroshi and Bruce T. Tsuchida. (1975). The Tale of the Heike. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press. OCLC 262297615
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842