Kankō (寛弘) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Chōhō and before Chōwa. This period spanned the years from July 1004[1] through December 1012.[2] The reigning emperors were Ichijō-tennō (一条天皇) and Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇).[3]

Change of EraEdit

  • 1004 Kankō gannen (寛弘元年): The era name was changed to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kankō 6, on the 20th day of the 7th month of 1004.[4]

Events of the Kankō EraEdit

  • March 17, 1008 (Kankō 5, 8th day of the 2nd month): The former-Emperor Kazan died at the age of 41.[5]
  • July 16, 1011 (Kankō 8, 13th day of the 6th month): In the 5th year of Emperor Ichijō's reign (一条天皇5年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Sanjō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[6]
  • July 15, 1011 (Kankō 8, 22nd day of the 6th month ): Daijō-tennō Ichijō died at the age of 32.[7]
  • November 21, 1011 (Kankō 8, 24th day of the 10th month): Daijō-tennō Reizei, who was Emperor Sanjō's father, died at age 62.[8]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chōhō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 119, p. 119, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at archive.today.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Chōwa" at p. 124., p. 124, at Google Books
  3. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 150-155; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 302-307; Varley, Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 192-195.
  4. ^ Brown, p. 305.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 306
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 154; Brown, p. 307; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.]
  7. ^ Brown, p. 306.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 155; Brown, p. 306.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by