|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||October 16, 930 – May 23, 946|
|Coronation||December 14, 930|
|Born||September 7, 921|
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Died||September 6, 952 (aged 30)|
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Daigo no misasagi (Kyōto)
|Mother||Fujiwara no Onshi|
Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 930 through 946.
Suzaku had two Empresses or consorts and one Imperial daughter.
Events of Suzaku's lifeEdit
Suzaku's older brother died unexpectedly young, as did his brother's son. These untimely deaths opened the way for Suzaku to accede to the throne.
- October 16, 930 (Enchō 8, 22nd day of the 9th month): In the 33rd year of the reign of Daigo-tennō (醍醐天皇三十三年), the emperor abdicated; and the succession (the senso) was received by his eleventh son, Hiroakira-shinnō (also known as Yutaakira-shinnō).
- December 14, 930 (Enchō 8, 22nd day of the 11th month): Emperor Suzaku, who was only 8 years old, acceded to the throne (the sokui).
- May 16, 931 (Enchō 9, 26th day of the 4th month): The era name was changed to mark the beginning of the new emperor's reign.
- August 5, 931 (Jōhei 1, 19th day of the 7th month): The former-Emperor Uda (867–931) died at the age of 65.
- 932 (Jōhei 2, 8th month): The udaijin (Minister of the Right) Fujiwara no Sadakata (873–932) died at the age of 65.
- 933 (Jōhei 3, 8th month): The dainagon (Counselor) Fujiwara no Nakahira is named udaijin. Nakahira is the brother of sesshō (regent) Fujiwara Tadahira.
- 933 (Jōhei 3, 12th month): Ten of the chief dignitaries of the empire went falcon-hunting together in Owari Province. Each of them was magnificent in his formal hunting attire.
- 935 (Jōhei 5): The Great Fundamental Central Hall (kompon chūdō) on Mt. Hiei burned down.
- September 7, 936 (Jōhei 6, 19th day of the 8th month): Fujiwara no Tadahira was named daijō-daijin (Prime Minister); and in this same period, Fujiwara no Nakahira was named sadaijin (Minister of the Left), and Fujiwara no Tsunesuke was named udaijin.
- 937 (Jōhei 7, 12th month): The former-Emperor Yōzei celebrated his 70th birthday.
- 938 (Jōhei 8, 4th month): Serial intermittent ground-tremors were felt in Heian-kyō from the 10th through the 29th days of this month.
- 940 (Tengyō 3): During his reign Taira no Masakado raised a great insurrection in the Kantō region and declared himself the "New Emperor" (新皇), but his forces were defeated by Fujiwara no Hidesato and Taira no Sadamori, and he was decapitated.
- 941 (Tengyō 4): Fujiwara no Sumitomo staged a rebellion, having made a secret agreement with Taira no Masakado, but his army was defeated by Tachibana Tōyasu.
- May 23, 946 (Tengyō 9, 20th day of the 4th month): Suzaku abdicates, having ruled for 16 years. The emperor was succeeded by his younger brother, who would become Emperor Murakami.
- 952 (Tenryaku 6): Suzaku took ordination as a Buddhist monk at Ninna-ji.
- September 6, 952 (Tenryaku 6, 15th day of the 8th month): Suzaku died at the age of 30.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Suzaku's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Sesshō, Fujiwara no Tadahira, 880–949.
- Kampaku, Fujiwara no Tadahira.
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara no Tadahira.
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara no Tadahira .
- Sadaijin, Fujiwara no Nakahira.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Sadakata (藤原定方).
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Nakahira.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Tsunesuke (藤原恒佐).
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Saneyori, 900–970.
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Nakahira.
Eras of Suzaku's reignEdit
Consorts and childrenEdit
- First Daughter: Imperial Princess Masako (昌子内親王) later Kanon'in taigō (観音院太后), married Emperor Reizei
Consort (Nyōgo): Fujiwara no Yoshiko (藤原慶子; d. 951), Fujiwara no Saneyori's daughter
|Ancestors of Emperor Suzaku|
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 朱雀天皇 (61)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 69–70.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 134–139; Brown, Delmer. (1879). Gukanshō, pp. 294–295; Varley, H. Paul (1980) Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 181–183.
- Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Titsingh, p. 134; Varley, p. 181.
- Brown, p. 294.
- Varley, p. 181.
- Brown, p. 295
- Brown, p. 295, Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, p. 295; Varley, p. 181-182.
- Titsingh, p. 135; Brown, p. 295.
- Titsingh, p. 135.
- Titsingh, p. 135; Brown, p. 294.
- Titsingh, p. 136.
- Brown, p. 295; Varley, p. 130.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
- Furugosho: Kugyō of Suzaku-tennō.
- Brown, p. 291.
- Titsingh, p. 134.
- "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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