Fujiwara no Onshi

Fujiwara no Onshi (藤原 穏子, 885 – February 9, 954) was an Empress consort of Japan. The youngest daughter of Kampaku Fujiwara no Mototsune, she was the wife of Emperor Daigo and the mother of emperor Suzaku and Murakami.[1]

Fujiwara no Onshi
Empress consort of Japan
TenureMay 14, 923 – March 19, 931
Empress dowager of Japan
TenureMarch 19, 931 – 946
Grand empress dowager of Japan
TenureMay 29 , 946 – February 9, 954
BornFujiwara no Onshi (藤原 穏子)
DiedFebruary 9, 954(954-02-09) (aged 68–69)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Uji Mausoleum, Uji, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
SpouseEmperor Daigo
IssuePrince Yasuakira
Princess Koushi
Emperor Suzaku
Emperor Murakami
HouseYamato (by marriage)
Fujiwara Hokke (by birth)
FatherFujiwara no Mototsune
MotherDaughter of Imperial Prince Saneyasu


Onshi shared her name with her elder sister, Fujiwara no Onshii (882 – 907), who was the wife of Emperor Uda of Japan and the adoptive mother of Emperor Daigo.

In 930, her spouse, the retired Emperor Daigo, as well as her father-in-law, the retired Emperor Uda, died, leaving Fujiwara no Onshi in a very influential position as the mother of the young Emperor Suzaku as well as the Crown Prince Murakami. This position allowed her to become the Head of the Imperial Family, and she institutionalized the role of the Emperor's mother and her office as synonymous with the caretaker of a child emperor.[2]

She continued to live with Emperor Suzaku after he became an adult and married, retaining her influence. During the reign of her next son, Emperor Murakami, she maintained peace within the Imperial House by acting as a mediator between her sons, the emperor and the retired emperor. In 950, she secured the appointment of prince Noriki as crown prince.


  1. ^ Fr?d?ric, Louis; Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674017535.
  2. ^ Adolphson, Mikael S.; Kamens, Edward; Matsumoto, Stacie (2007). Heian Japan: Centers and Peripheries. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824830137.
Japanese royalty
Preceded by Empress consort of Japan
Succeeded by
Preceded by Empress dowager of Japan
Succeeded by
Fujiwara no Anshi
(granted title posthumously)
Preceded by Grand empress dowager of Japan
Succeeded by
Fujiwara no Anshi
(granted title posthumously)