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Imagawa clan (今川氏, Imagawa-uji) was a Japanese noble military clan that claimed descent from the Seiwa Genji by way of the Kawachi Genji. It was a branch of the Minamoto clan by the Ashikaga clan.

Imagawa clan
今川氏
Japanese crest Imagawa Akadori.svg
The emblem (mon) of the Imagawa clan
Home provinceMikawa
Suruga
Tōtōmi
Parent houseAshikaga clan
TitlesVarious
FounderImagawa Kuniji (Ashikaga Kuniuji)
Founding year13th century
Cadet branchesHorikoshi clan
Sena clan

OriginsEdit

Ashikaga Kuniuji, grandson of Ashikaga Yoshiuji, established himself in the 13th century at Imagawa (Mikawa Province) and took its name.

Imagawa Norikuni (1295–1384) received from his cousin the shōgun Ashikaga Takauji the province of Tōtōmi, and later that of Suruga.

Located atEdit

Ounami no Kori, Mikawa (modern day Nishio, Aichi) mainly Suruga Province and Tōtōmi Province during the Warring States period

CrestsEdit

  • Two hikiryou
  • Yoshimoto's version of the akaitori (pictured)
  • Two hikiryou and a paulownia planted in white soil

Major figuresEdit

Muromachi eraEdit

Sengoku eraEdit

After the death of Yoshimoto at the Battle of Okehazama in 1560, many Imagawa officers defected to other clans. Within a decade the clan had lost all of its land holdings to the Tokugawa and Takeda clans. The Imagawa subsequently became masters of ceremonies in the service of the Tokugawa clan.[1]

Clan castlesEdit

Edo periodEdit

Imagawa Norinobu, an Imagawa of the late Edo period, was a wakadoshiyori in the Tokugawa administration.

Key genealogiesEdit

Suruga

Tōtōmi

Tōtōmi (Horikoshi branch)

Tōtōmi (Sena branch)

Notable membersEdit

Notable retainersEdit

Popular cultureEdit

Imagawa is a playable nation in Europa Universalis IV.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ (in Japanese) "Suruga Imagawa-shi" on Harimaya.com (12 July 2008)

ReferencesEdit