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IIHF European Junior Championships

The IIHF European Junior Championships were an annual ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation and held from 1968 to 1998, with an unofficial tournament being held in 1967.[1] The tournament was played as a U19 tournament from 1968-1976. In 1977, the IIHF created the IIHF World Junior Championships, and the U19 championships became U18. The tournament was dominated by the Russians (and Soviets), Czechs (and Czechoslovaks), Swedes and Finns, winning all but two of the medals in the 31 years it was held.

IIHF European Junior Championships
Statusdefunct
Genresports event
Date(s)March–April
Frequencyannual
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1967 (1967)
Most recent1998 (1998)
Organised byIIHF

The U18 Championships remained strong until 1999, when the new IIHF World U18 Championships were introduced, thus rendering the U18 European Championships redundant. Two European Divisions continued until 2000, but were tiered qualifiers, alongside Asian Divisions, with promotion and relegation to the World Group B.

ChampionsEdit

U19Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1967 (unofficial)   Soviet Union   Finland   Sweden Yaroslavl, Russian SFSR,   Soviet Union
1968   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union   Sweden Tampere,   Finland
1969   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria,   West Germany
1970   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden Geneva,    Switzerland
1971   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia Prešov, Slovak SR,   Czechoslovakia
1972   Sweden   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia Boden, Luleå, Skellefteå,   Sweden
1973   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia Leningrad, Russian SFSR,   Soviet Union
1974   Sweden   Soviet Union   Finland Herisau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden,    Switzerland
1975   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden Grenoble,   France
1976   Soviet Union   Sweden   Finland Koprivnice, Opava, Czech SR,   Czechoslovakia

U18Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1977   Sweden   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union Bremerhaven, Bremen,   West Germany
1978   Finland   Soviet Union   Sweden Helsinki, Vantaa,   Finland
1979   Czechoslovakia   Finland   Soviet Union Tychy, Katowice,   Poland
1980   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden Hradec Králové, Czech SR,   Czechoslovakia
1981   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden Minsk, Belorussian SSR,   Soviet Union
1982   Sweden   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union Ängelholm, Tyringe,   Sweden
1983   Soviet Union   Finland   Czechoslovakia Oslo,   Norway
1984   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden Rosenheim, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Füssen, Bad Tölz, Bavaria,   West Germany
1985   Sweden   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia Anglet,   France
1986   Finland   Sweden   Czechoslovakia Düsseldorf, Ratingen, Krefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia,   West Germany
1987   Sweden   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union Tampere, Kouvola, Hämeenlinna,   Finland
1988   Czechoslovakia   Finland   Soviet Union Frýdek-Místek, Vsetín, Olomouc, Prerov, Czech Socialist Republic,   Czechoslovakia
1989   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Finland Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR,   Soviet Union
1990   Sweden   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia Örnsköldsvik, Sollefteå,   Sweden
1991   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union   Finland Spišská Nová Ves, Prešov, Slovakia,   Czechoslovakia
1992   Czechoslovakia   Sweden   Russia Lillehammer, Hamar,   Norway
1993   Sweden   Russia   Czech Republic Nowy Targ, Oswiecim,   Poland
1994   Sweden   Russia   Czech Republic Jyväskylä,   Finland
1995   Finland   Germany   Sweden Berlin,   Germany
1996   Russia   Finland   Sweden Ufa,   Russia
1997   Finland   Sweden    Switzerland Znojmo, Trebic,   Czech Republic
1998   Sweden   Finland   Russia Malung, Mora,   Sweden

Medal tableEdit

Country   Gold   Silver   Bronze Medals
  Russia
  Soviet Union
 
1
11
12
2
7
9
2
5
7
5
23
28
  Sweden 10 7 9 26
  Czech Republic
  Czechoslovakia
 
0
5
5
0
9
9
2
8
10
2
22
24
  Finland 4 5 4 13
  Germany 0 1 0 1
   Switzerland 0 0 1 1

European Division I (Qualifier for World Group B)Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1999   Latvia   Slovenia   Lithuania   Romania
2000   Kazakhstan   Estonia   Slovenia   Slovenia

Overall participation totalsEdit

Over the history of the tournament there were 31 'A', 30 'B', 21 'C', and 4 'D' championships
In 1976 Group 'A' grew from six members to eight.

Team Group A Group B Group C Group D Total
  Austria 1 25 3 29
  Belarus 2 3 1 6
  Belgium 1 9 1 11
  Bulgaria 1 13 8 4 26
  Croatia 4 1 5
  Czech Republic 6 6
  Czechoslovakia 25 25
  Denmark 27 1 28
  East Germany 1 1 2
  Estonia 6 6
  Finland 31 31
  France 5 22 27
  Germany 27 3 30
  Great Britain 5 15 20
  Greece 1 1
  Hungary 17 10 27
  Iceland 2 2
  Israel 4 4
  Italy 2 24 1 25
  Kazakhstan 1 1
  Latvia 6 6
  Lithuania 5 1 6
  Luxembourg 1 1
  Netherlands 1 14 6 3 24
  Norway 16 13 29
  Poland 18 13 31
  Romania 4 23 2 29
  Russia 7 7
  Serbia and Montenegro 1 3 4
  Slovakia 3 1 2 6
  Slovenia 1 5 6
  Soviet Union 24 24
  Spain 7 10 2 19
  Sweden 31 31
   Switzerland 24 5 29
  Turkey 3 3
  Ukraine 2 1 3 6
  Yugoslavia 22 1 23
  • Former nations are italicized and listed separately from nations that continued in their stead.
  • In Group A participation totals include withdrawals (or forfeitures) by Bulgaria, Poland and Romania. Likewise Greece's only appearance is listed despite not being official because of forfeit.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dupalcey page 528
  • Year by year complete results with notes and commentary in french at Passionhockey.com
  • Duplacey, James (1998). Total Hockey: The official encyclopedia of the National Hockey League (pgs 528-32). Total Sports. ISBN 0-8362-7114-9. Description of tournament and tabled results up to 1997.