Sollefteå

Sollefteå (Swedish pronunciation: [sʊˈlɛ̌ftɛɔ]) is a locality and the seat of Sollefteå Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden with 8,562 inhabitants in 2010.[1]

Sollefteå
Storgatan in Sollefteå
Storgatan in Sollefteå
Sollefteå is located in Västernorrland
Sollefteå
Sollefteå
Sollefteå is located in Sweden
Sollefteå
Sollefteå
Coordinates: 63°10′N 17°16′E / 63.167°N 17.267°E / 63.167; 17.267Coordinates: 63°10′N 17°16′E / 63.167°N 17.267°E / 63.167; 17.267
CountrySweden
ProvinceÅngermanland
CountyVästernorrland County
MunicipalitySollefteå Municipality
Area
 • Total9.40 km2 (3.63 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total8,562
 • Density911/km2 (2,360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

The earliest written account on Sollefteå is found in a script dating back to 1270. During this time the name of the village was given as De Solatum - a name that can be interpreted as a composition of Sol (sun) and at (property) i.e. literally The sunlit region. De Solatum also can be interpreted as desolation, which means loneliness or remoteness (see Remote and isolated community).

With Sollefteå being located at the lowest rapids of the Ångermanälven thereby making it the last outpost to which it was possible to sail- The village developed into a municipality. The town changed from a commercial town into a town dominated by the military when the two regiments T 3 (Logistics) and I 21 (Infantry) were located there in 1898 and 1911 respectively.

In 1902 Sollefteå obtained the status of market town or köping before finally being granted a town charter in 1917 thereby making it a city.

It is now the seat of the much larger Sollefteå Municipality. Sollefteå is, despite its small population, for historical reasons normally still referred to as a city.

Notable buildingsEdit

The pharmacyEdit

The pharmacy building was erected in 1889. It is a brick building, two and a half storeys high. The style of the building is influenced by the late 19th-century architectural style and is dominated by the neo-Gothic style. The house was designed by the architect Niclas Wahrgren.

The many various architectural styles represented in the building is seen in the medieval inspired crenellated corner tower, Norman arches, North German gothic styles, blind windows with pointed arches and portico supported by columns. There are also renaissance elements in the design, for example the staircase's orientalic/antique and geometric mosaics with meanders. The overall style of the building is reminiscent of the palatial buildings erected on Strandvägen in Stockholm and in the Stenstaden in Sundsvall at the same time.

In 1984, the building was declared a historic building and thereby protected from demolition or major alterations. It is today the home of the local library as well as the city's museum.

Hotel AppelbergsEdit

The hotel is located in the centre of Sollefteå, along the pedestrian district. It is also the oldest hotel in the city, built in 1882 by timberman and innkeeper Erik Appelberg.

The hotel became a hub for timber-merchants as well as local potentates. Notable guests include Crown Princess Stéphanie of Austria, King Oscar II and Gustav V of Sweden, and Kaiser Wilhelm II. The hotel also provided accommodation for King Chulalongkorn of Siam and four of his princes during their tour of Ångermanland in the early 20th century. Their journey is commemorated in the hotel with a plaque, and in the village of Utanede with a royal pavilion.

The building is a good example of the early architecture of Sollefteå, being built of wood.

Multrå transmitterEdit

A facility for FM/TV broadcasting with a 288 metre tall mast.

ClimateEdit

The nearest weather station to Sollefteå is located in Österforse, slightly more than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) by air to its south-west. The station's slightly more southerly latitude is likely even exceeded by a 50–80 metres higher elevation depending on location within Sollefteå. This likely renders Sollefteå slightly milder, particularly in summer and during night.

Österforse has a subarctic climate that is quite moderate in nature considering its inland position and latitude. Summer days are very warm for North Central Sweden, being heavily affected by its low elevation in comparison to areas further west such as Östersund. Temperatures are heavily dependent on wind direction and the convergences of warm southerly and cold northerly air. As a result, cold snaps can be quite extreme, resulting in an all-time low of −43 °C (−45 °F). The all-time heat record is from July 2, 2015 with 32.8 °C (91.0 °F) in an otherwise chilly summer.[2]

Climate data for Österforse (2002–2018; extremes since 1901)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
12.3
(54.1)
17.0
(62.6)
23.0
(73.4)
28.7
(83.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
27.6
(81.7)
22.4
(72.3)
12.1
(53.8)
10.4
(50.7)
32.8
(91.0)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
17.3
(63.1)
24.6
(76.3)
27.0
(80.6)
29.2
(84.6)
27.2
(81.0)
21.6
(70.9)
14.8
(58.6)
8.6
(47.5)
5.8
(42.4)
30.1
(86.2)
Average high °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.3
(37.9)
9.3
(48.7)
15.7
(60.3)
19.5
(67.1)
22.6
(72.7)
20.3
(68.5)
15.0
(59.0)
7.2
(45.0)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
8.8
(47.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
−2.1
(28.2)
3.5
(38.3)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
16.2
(61.2)
14.4
(57.9)
10.0
(50.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
3.7
(38.6)
Average low °C (°F) −12.1
(10.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.2
(36.0)
6.5
(43.7)
9.8
(49.6)
8.5
(47.3)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.3
(29.6)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−10.0
(14.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.4
(38.1)
1.6
(34.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
−9.8
(14.4)
−15.9
(3.4)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−29.3
(−20.7)
Record low °C (°F) −43.0
(−45.4)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−31.4
(−24.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
−9.8
(14.4)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−43.0
(−45.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.2
(1.66)
24.5
(0.96)
22.7
(0.89)
29.6
(1.17)
47.8
(1.88)
54.6
(2.15)
73.4
(2.89)
78.2
(3.08)
54.9
(2.16)
53.2
(2.09)
40.3
(1.59)
51.2
(2.02)
572.6
(22.54)
Source 1: SMHI Open Data[3]
Source 2: SMHI climate data 2002–2018[4]

SportsEdit

The following sports clubs are located in Sollefteå:

Notable people from SollefteåEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ "July 2015 Temperature & Wind" (PDF) (in Swedish). SMHI. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Open Data for Forse" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  4. ^ "SMHI climate data 2002–2018" (in Swedish). SMHI. 10 April 2019.