European Trophy (previously named Nordic Trophy between 2006 and 2009) was an annually held ice hockey tournament, traditionally composed of teams from the higher-level ice hockey leagues in countries across Europe. It was generally considered to be a preseason tournament, although some games were played mid-season. With 32 participating teams from seven countries in 2013, the European Trophy was at the time the biggest active ice hockey tournament in Europe. Starting with the 2014–15 season, the European Trophy was replaced by the Champions Hockey League, a more formal competition which also included all of the champions of Europe's major national leagues.
Official European Trophy logo
|Formerly||Nordic Trophy (2006–2009)|
|Ceased||2013 (turned into Champions Hockey League)|
|No. of teams||32|
|Country|| Austria (2 teams) |
Czech Republic (7 teams)
Finland (7 teams)
Germany (4 teams)
Slovakia (1 team)
Sweden (7 teams)
Switzerland (4 teams)
|European Trophy Junior (defunct)|
Sweden and Finland always participated, and they were the only two countries participating when the tournament was named "Nordic Trophy". The tournament began in 2006 under the name "Nordic Trophy" with eight teams, four from Sweden and four from Finland. In 2010, several teams from other European countries agreed to join the tournament, which changed its name to European Trophy as a result. By the 2013 tournament, eight countries had been represented: Sweden, Finland, Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Switzerland, and Norway. No team ever won the tournament more than one time.
In 2007, the tournament expanded from six to eight teams. A Junior edition was also started, but it was discontinued after 2010. In 2008, the senior tournament was expanded with two teams, Swedish team HV71 and Finnish team Jokerit. It got expanded again in 2009, when Malmö Redhawks from Sweden and Lukko from Finland joined the tournament. However, the Swedish and Finnish teams were split that year and instead, there were two tournaments: a Swedish 2009 Nordic Trophy for the Swedish teams; and a Finnish 2009 Nordic Trophy for the Finnish teams.
In 2010, the tournament became European. Lukko from Finland left, and was replaced by fellow Nordic team Vålerenga from Norway. Adler Mannheim and Eisbären Berlin from Germany, and Czech team Sparta Praha, completed the Capital Division; while Austrian team Red Bull Salzburg, along with SC Bern and ZSC Lions from Switzerland, completed the Central Division. These new teams prompted the changing of the tournament name to European Trophy.
In the 2011 tournament, there were 24 teams. Sweden and Finland were represented by six teams each. Luleå HF replaced the Swedish team Malmö Redhawks. From Finland, KalPa was for the first time included in the tournament. Seven teams from the Czech Republic participated: Slavia Praha, Sparta Praha, Mountfield České Budějovice, Bílí Tygři Liberec, ČSOB Pojišťovna Pardubice, Plzeň 1929, and Kometa Brno. The German teams Eisbären Berlin and Adler Mannheim remained in the tournament. Besides Red Bull Salzburg, there was now a second team from Austria, the Vienna Capitals. Slovakia was for the first time represented in the European Trophy tournament, with Slovan Bratislava. Norway and Switzerland, however, were no longer represented. The tournament's schedule was also changed; instead of having the playoffs in September right after the regulation round in August–September, the playoffs were now played in December.
The 2012 edition of the tournament is expanded further by eight teams, for a total of 32 teams. Another Swedish team, Brynäs IF joins the tournament this year; Switzerland returns with four teams; another two German teams participate; and another team from Finland joins the tournament. The regulation round is played in July–November, while the playoffs were played in December. Slavia Praha, however, announced on 31 May 2012 that they would be pulling out of the European Trophy. On 18 June it was announced that Piráti Chomutov had taken over Slavia Praha's spot in the South Division.
On 14 February 2013, the 2013 tournament was officially announced. It featured exactly the same 32 teams from last year, marking the first time in Nordic/European Trophy history that the teams remained the same from last year. The 32 teams were also divided into exactly the same divisions, and the regulation round schedule (before the playoffs) was similar to last year, the only difference being that the home–away team assignings for each game were switched. Due to the 2014 Winter Olympics, the regulation round ended in September 2013 instead of a spread-out schedule ending in November.
The European Trophy tournament was divided into regular round games between late July and November, where teams played each other in a predefined schedule, and a playoff weekend in December which was an elimination tournament where two teams played against each other to win in order to advance to the next round. The final remaining team was crowned the Red Bulls Salute Champion. If a game was tied after regulation time (60 minutes), an overtime lasting for 5 minutes was played. During overtime, both teams substituted only 4 players on the ice at once (except for 3 when either of the teams had a penalized player). If no team scored during the overtime period, a shootout was played, starting with three penalty shots for both teams. If the shootout remained tied after the first three rounds, sudden death rounds were played until a winning team had been determined.
Regular round gamesEdit
In the regular round, the 32 teams were divided into four divisions and each team played once against each other team in the same division. Additionally, each team was assigned a "local rival" in the same division, against which they played a second game. Thus, each team played a total of 8 regular round games. Points were awarded for each game, with three points awarded for a win in regulation time, two points for winning in overtime or a shootout, one point for losing in overtime or a shootout, and zero points for a loss in regulation time. The two highest-ranked teams in each division qualified for the playoffs.
The European Trophy playoffs, known as the Red Bulls Salute, were the last part of the tournament. It was a single-elimination tournament, where two teams played against each other in order to advance to the next round. In the 2013 tournament, the Red Bull Salute took place in Berlin. There were no classification/placement games, meaning there were only Quarterfinals, Semifinals as well as the Final game. The Red Bulls Salute previously took place in Salzburg and Vienna in 2010 and 2011, and in Vienna and Bratislava in 2012. Before the 2013 tournament, the playoff hosts were always guaranteed a playoff spot (i.e. automatically qualified for the playoffs) and took the playoff spots of the worst 2nd-ranked teams of all divisions in the tournament.
After the regulation round, the four division winners received €25 000 each, the four second-placed teams €20 000, and the third, fourth and fifth team of each division received €15 000, €10 000, and €5 000, respectively. Additionally, in the final of the Red Bulls Salute, the winning team received €50 000, while the losing finalist got €10 000. In total, €360 000 were given out during the entire 2013 European Trophy tournament.
|Year||Regular round winners||Playoff winners|
(Nordic Trophy Champions)
|2006||Färjestad BK||Färjestad BK|
|2007||Oulun Kärpät||Oulun Kärpät|
|2008||Linköpings HC||Linköpings HC|
|2009||HV71 (Swedish tournament)||Djurgårdens IF (Swedish tournament)|
|Lukko (Finnish tournament)||Tappara (Finnish tournament)|
|Year||Regular round winners||Playoff winners|
(European Trophy Champions)
|2011||Plzeň 1929||Red Bull Salzburg|
|2012||Luleå HF||Luleå HF|
Note that due to the divisioning system in the European Trophy tournaments, the regular-round winning team was determined by the best record of all teams.
- "Luleå debuterar i European Trophy". Sportal (in Swedish). 12 August 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "Champions Hockey League opens in August 2014". European Trophy. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- "Nordic Trophy 2009 becomes a Swedish affair". Nordic Trophy. NordicTrophy.com. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
- "Så blir European Trophy 2011" (in Swedish). Hockeysverige. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "Red Bulls Salute moves to Vienna and Bratislava". europeantrophy.com. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- "Slavia Prague pulls out of European Trophy". Europeantrophy.com. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Pirati Chomutov take part in European Trophy 2012". Europeantrophy.com. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "European Trophy 2013: 32 clubs to compete for the title". Europeantrophy.com. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "European Trophy 2012 starts August 17th". Europeantrophy.com. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Berlin to host Red Bulls Salute 2013 – European Trophy Finals debut in Germany". Europeantrophy.com. 17 May 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Csongrádi, Per (17 August 2012). "30 teams in action as this years trophy kick off". europeantrophy.com. Retrieved 17 August 2012.