Daft Punk

Daft Punk were a French electronic music duo formed in 1993 in Paris by Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter. Widely regarded as one of the most influential acts in dance music history, they achieved popularity in the late 1990s as part of the French house movement. They garnered critical acclaim and commercial success in the years following, combining elements of house music with funk, techno, disco, indie rock and pop.

Daft Punk
Thomas Bangalter and Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo at the premiere of Tron: Legacy in 2010
Background information
OriginParis, France
Genres
Years active1993–2021
Labels
Associated acts
Websitedaftpunk.com
Past members

After Bangalter and Homem-Christo's indie rock band Darlin' disbanded, they began experimenting with drum machines, synthesisers and the talk box. Their debut studio album Homework was released by Virgin Records in 1997 to positive reviews, backed by singles "Around the World" and "Da Funk". From 1999, they assumed robot personas with helmets, outfits and gloves for public appearances to preserve their identities; they made few media appearances.[1] They were managed from 1996 to 2008 by Pedro Winter, the head of Ed Banger Records.

Daft Punk's second album, Discovery (2001), had further success, supported by hit singles "One More Time", "Digital Love" and "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger". The album became the basis for an animated film, Interstella 5555, supervised by a Japanese animator Leiji Matsumoto. Daft Punk's third album, Human After All (2005), received mixed reviews, though the singles "Robot Rock" and "Technologic" achieved success in the United Kingdom. The duo directed their first film, Electroma, an avant-garde science fiction film, in 2006. They toured throughout 2006 and 2007 and released the live album Alive 2007, which won a Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album; the tour is credited for popularising dance music in North America. Daft Punk composed the score for the 2010 film Tron: Legacy.

In 2013, Daft Punk left Virgin for Columbia Records and released their fourth album, Random Access Memories, to acclaim; lead single "Get Lucky" reached the top 10 in the charts of 32 countries. Random Access Memories won five Grammy Awards in 2014, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year for "Get Lucky". In 2016, Daft Punk gained their only number one on the Billboard Hot 100 with "Starboy", a collaboration with the Weeknd. Rolling Stone ranked them the 12th greatest musical duo. They announced their split in 2021.

HistoryEdit

1987–1992: Early career and Darlin'Edit

 
Daft Punk wordmark

Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter met in 1987 while attending the Lycée Carnot secondary school in Paris.[2][3] The two became friends and recorded demos with others from the school.[4][5] In 1992, they formed a guitar group, Darlin', with Bangalter on bass, Homem-Christo on guitar,[4][5] and additional guitarist and drummer Laurent Brancowitz.[6] The trio named themselves after the Beach Boys song "Darlin'", which they covered along with an original composition.[6] Both tracks were released on a multi-artist EP under Duophonic Records, a label owned by the London-based band Stereolab, who invited Darlin' to open for shows in the United Kingdom.[6]

Bangalter felt that "The rock n' roll thing we did was pretty average, I think. It was so brief, maybe six months, four songs and two gigs and that was it."[7] A negative review in Melody Maker by Dave Jennings[8] dubbed the music "a daft punky thrash".[9] The band found the review amusing.[3] As Homem-Christo stated, "We struggled so long to find [the name] Darlin', and this happened so quickly."[10] Darlin' soon disbanded, leaving Brancowitz to pursue other efforts with Phoenix. Bangalter and Homem-Christo formed Daft Punk and experimented with drum machines and synthesisers.

1993–1999: HomeworkEdit

 
Mixmag cover feature in August 1997

In September 1993, Daft Punk attended a rave at EuroDisney, where they met Stuart Macmillan of Slam, co-founder of the label Soma Quality Recordings.[3][11] The demo tape given to Macmillan at the rave formed the basis for Daft Punk's debut single, "The New Wave", a limited release in 1994.[7] The single also contained the final mix of "The New Wave" called "Alive", which was to be featured on Daft Punk's first album.[12]

Daft Punk returned to the studio in May 1995 to record "Da Funk". It became their first commercially successful single the same year. After the success of "Da Funk", Daft Punk looked to find a manager. The duo eventually settled on Pedro Winter, who regularly promoted them and other artists at his Hype nightclubs.[5] The band signed with Virgin Records in September 1996 and made a deal through which the duo licensed its tracks to the major label through its production company, Daft Trax.[2][5] Bangalter stated that while the duo received numerous offers from record labels, they wanted to wait and ensure that Daft Punk did not lose creative control. He ultimately considered the deal with Virgin to be more akin to a partnership.[13]

In the mid-to-late nineties, Daft Punk performed live without costumes at various venues. In 1996, they were featured at an Even Furthur event in Wisconsin, their first public performance in the United States.[14] In addition to live original performances, they performed in clubs using vinyl records from their collection. They were known for incorporating numerous styles of music into their DJ sets at that time.[15]

"Da Funk" and "Alive" were later included on Daft Punk's 1997 debut album, Homework.[11] In February that year, the UK dance magazine Muzik published a Daft Punk cover feature and described Homework as "one of the most hyped debut albums in a long long time".[16] According to The Village Voice, the album revived house music and departed from the Eurodance formula.[17] Critic Alex Rayner wrote that it combined established club styles and the "burgeoning eclecticism" of big beat.[18] In 1997, Daft Punk performed the Daftendirektour to promote Homework in cities throughout the world, using their home equipment for the live stage.[7] On 25 May, Daft Punk headlined the Tribal Gathering festival at Luton Hoo, England, with Orbital and Kraftwerk.[19]

The most successful single from Homework was "Around the World", which is known for the repeating chant of the song's title. "Da Funk" was also included on The Saint film soundtrack. Daft Punk produced a series of music videos for Homework directed by Spike Jonze, Michel Gondry, Roman Coppola and Seb Janiak. The collection of videos was released in 1999 as D.A.F.T.: A Story About Dogs, Androids, Firemen and Tomatoes. In 1998, Bangalter's side project Stardust released the chart hit "Music Sounds Better With You".[20]

1999–2003: DiscoveryEdit

In 1998, Daft Punk began recording their second album.[21][22] The 2001 release of Discovery took on a slicker and distinctly synthpop-oriented style, surprising fans. The duo said that Discovery was conceived as an attempt to reconnect with a playful, open-minded attitude associated with the discovery phase of childhood.[6] This accounts for the heavy use of themes and samples from the late '70s to early '80s era on the album. The album reached No. 2 in the United Kingdom, and its single, "One More Time", was a major club and mainstream hit. The song is heavily autotuned and compressed.[6]

Discovery created a new generation of Daft Punk fans. It also saw Daft Punk debut their distinctive robot costumes; they had previously worn Halloween masks or bags for promotional appearances.[23] The singles "Digital Love" and "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger" were also successful in the UK and on the United States dance chart. The song "Face to Face" hit No. 1 on the USA club play charts. A 45-minute excerpt from a Daftendirektour performance recorded was released in 2001 as Alive 1997.[24]

Daft Punk partnered with Japanese animator Leiji Matsumoto to create Interstella 5555, a feature-length animation set to Discovery. The first four "episodes" were shown on Toonami in 2001, and the finished film was released on DVD in 2003.[25] In December, Daft Punk released the remix album Daft Club.[26]

2004–2007: Human After All and Alive 2007Edit

 
Daft Punk performing on the Alive 2006/2007 tour in July 2007

In March 2005, Daft Punk released their third album, Human After All, the result of six weeks of writing and recording.[27] Reviews were mixed, with criticism for its repetitiveness and darker mood.[28] The singles were "Robot Rock", "Technologic", "Human After All", and "The Prime Time of Your Life". A Daft Punk anthology CD/DVD, Musique Vol. 1 1993–2005, was released on 4 April 2006. It contains music videos for "Robot Rock (Maximum Overdrive)" and "The Prime Time of Your Life" directed by Daft Punk and Tony Gardner, respectively. Daft Punk also released a remix album, Human After All: Remixes.

On 21 May 2006, Daft Punk premiered a film, Daft Punk's Electroma, at the Cannes Film Festival sidebar Director's Fortnight.[29] The film does not include Daft Punk's music. Midnight screenings of the film were held in Paris theaters starting from March 2007.[30]

For 48 dates across 2006 and 2007, Daft Punk performed the Alive 2006/2007 world tour, performing a "megamix" of their music from a large LED-fronted pyramid. The tour was acclaimed,[31] and is credited for bringing dance music to a wider audience, especially in North America.[32][33] Guardian chief music critic Alex Petridis likened it to the Beatles' 1964 performance on The Ed Sullivan Show, which had brought British rock and roll to the mainstream.[32]

Daft Punk's performance in Paris was released as a second live album, Alive 2007, on 19 November 2007.[34] The live version of "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger" was released as a single,[35] with a video directed by Olivier Gondry comprising audience footage of their performance in Brooklyn.[36] In 2009, Daft Punk won Grammy Awards for Alive 2007 and its single "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger".[37]

2008–2011: Tron: LegacyEdit

 
Daft Punk in DJ Hero

Daft Punk made a surprise appearance at the 50th Grammy Awards on 10 February 2008, and appeared with rapper Kanye West to perform a reworked version of "Stronger" on stage at the Staples Center in Los Angeles.[38] For the appearance, Daft Punk used four JazzMutant Lemur controllers.[39] It was the first televised Daft Punk live performance.[38] Bangalter's wife Élodie Bouchez also attended the event.[40]

In 2008, Daft Punk returned to Paris to work on new material. Winter also stepped down as their manager to focus attention on his Ed Banger Records label and his work as Busy P.[41] He stated in a later interview that Daft Punk were working with an unspecified management company in Los Angeles. The duo held its Daft Arts production office at the Jim Henson Studios complex in Hollywood.[42] In 2008, Daft Punk placed 38th in a worldwide official poll of DJ Mag after debuting at position 71 in the year before.[43] Daft Punk provided new mixes for the video game DJ Hero, and appeared in the game as playable characters.[44]

At the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con, it was announced that Daft Punk had composed 24 tracks for the film Tron: Legacy.[45] Daft Punk's score was arranged and orchestrated by Joseph Trapanese.[46] The band collaborated with him for two years on the score, from pre-production to completion. The score features an 85-piece orchestra, recorded at AIR Lyndhurst Studios in London.[47] Joseph Kosinski, director of the film, referred to the score as a mixture of orchestral and electronic elements.[48] Daft Punk also make a cameo as disc jockey programs wearing their trademark robot helmets within the film's virtual world.[49] The soundtrack album of the film was released on 6 December 2010.[50] A music video for "Derezzed" premiered on the MTV Networks on the same day the album was released.[51] The video, which features Olivia Wilde as the character Quorra in specially shot footage, along with images of Daft Punk in Flynn's Arcade, was later made available for purchase from the iTunes Store and included in the DVD and Blu-ray releases of the film. Walt Disney Records released a remix album, Tron: Legacy Reconfigured, on 5 April 2011.[52]

In 2010, Daft Punk were admitted into the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, an order of merit of France. Bangalter and Homem-Christo were individually awarded the rank of Chevalier (knight).[53] On October of that year, Daft Punk made a surprise guest appearance during the encore of Phoenix's show at Madison Square Garden in New York City. They played a medley of "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger" and "Around the World" before the song segued into Phoenix's song "1901". The duo also included elements of their tracks "Rock'n Roll", "Human After All", as well as one of Bangalter's side projects, "Together".[54]

2011–2015: Random Access MemoriesEdit

 
Billboard in New York City promoting Random Access Memories in March 2013

In 2011, Soma Records released a previously unpublished Daft Punk track, "Drive", recorded while they were signed to Soma in the 1990s. The track was included in a twentieth anniversary multi-artist compilation of the Soma label.[55][56] In October 2012, Daft Punk provided a fifteen-minute mix of songs by blues musician Junior Kimbrough for Hedi Slimane's Yves Saint Laurent fashion show.[57] Daft Punk recorded their fourth studio album, Random Access Memories, with musicians including Paul Williams, Chic frontman Nile Rodgers, and Giorgio Moroder.[58][59][60][61][62][63] They left Virgin for Sony Music Entertainment through the Columbia Records label.[64] The album was released on 21 May 2013.[65] The lead single, "Get Lucky", became Daft Punk's first UK number-one single,[66] and became the most-streamed new song in the history of Spotify.[67] At the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards, Daft Punk debuted a trailer for their single "Lose Yourself to Dance," and presented the award for "Best Female Video" alongside Rodgers and Pharrell.[68] In December, the duo revealed a music video for the song "Instant Crush", directed by Warren Fu and featuring Julian Casablancas.[69]

At the 56th Annual Grammy Awards, Random Access Memories won the Grammy for Best Dance/Electronica Album, Album of the Year and Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical, while "Get Lucky" received the Grammy for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and Record of the Year. Daft Punk performed at the ceremony with Stevie Wonder, Rodgers, Williams as well as Random Access Memories rhythm section players Nathan East, Omar Hakim, Paul Jackson, Jr. and Chris Caswell.[70]

Daft Punk co-produced Kanye West's sixth studio album, Yeezus (2013),[71] creating the tracks "On Sight," "Black Skinhead," "I Am a God," and "Send It Up".[72] They provided additional vocals for Pharrel's 2014 single "Gust of Wind".[73] On 10 March 2014, an unreleased Daft Punk song, "Computerized", leaked online; it features Jay-Z and contains of "The Son of Flynn" from the Tron: Legacy soundtrack,[74] and was once intended to be a single promoting Tron: Legacy.[75]

In April 2015, Daft Punk appeared in a short tribute to Rodgers as part of a documentary on his life, Nile Rodgers: From Disco to Daft Punk.[76] Later in 2015, a documentary, Daft Punk Unchained, was released.[77]

2016–2021: Final projects and disbandmentEdit

 
Light-up outfits worn at the encore of the Alive 2007 tour performances

Daft Punk appeared on the 2016 singles "Starboy" and "I Feel It Coming" by Canadian R&B singer the Weeknd;[78][79] "Starboy" topped the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Daft Punk's only US number-one song, and "I Feel It Coming" reached number four.[80][81] In 2017, Soma Records released previously unreleased remix of the Daft Punk track "Drive", as part of a compilation featuring various artists.[82][83]

In February 2017, Daft Punk launched a pop-up shop in Hollywood, California, featuring memorabilia, artwork, and a display of the various costumes the duo has worn over the years.[84] The duo also performed with the Weeknd at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards on 12 February 2017.[85] Throughout the years following the Starboy collaborations, Bangalter and Homem-Christo worked solo as producers appearing on several projects.[86][87][88][89] On 21 June 2017, the Australian band Parcels released the song "Overnight", produced and co-written by Daft Punk.[90] In February 2019, it was announced that Daft Punk would launch an electronic art exhibition at the Philharmonie de Paris featuring various costumes, guitars, and other fixtures based on the theme of the duo's song "Technologic"; the exhibition ran from April 9 up until August 11 of that year.[91]

In April 2020, Italian filmmaker Dario Argento claimed that Daft Punk asked to score his upcoming film Black Glasses (Italian: Occhiali neri).[92] The producers of the film clarified that no deal had been made,[93] and Daft Punk's public relations team confirmed that they were not involved.[94]

On 22 February 2021, Daft Punk released a video on their YouTube channel titled "Epilogue".[95] The video features a scene from their 2006 film Electroma in which one robot explodes and the other walks away; a title card created with Warren Fu reads "1993–2021" while an excerpt of Daft Punk's song "Touch" plays.[95][96] Later that day, Daft Punk's longtime publicist Kathryn Frazier confirmed that the duo had split, but did not give a reason.[96] The news led to a surge in Daft Punk sales, with digital album purchases rising by 2,650 percent.[97] Friend and collaborator Todd Edwards clarified that Bangalter and Homem-Christo remain active separately, and that the end of Daft Punk did not mean the end of their solo output.[98]

ArtistryEdit

Musical styleEdit

Daft Punk's musical style has mainly been described as house,[99][100] French house,[100] electronic,[23] dance,[100][101] and disco.[100][23] Sean Cooper of AllMusic describes their musical style as a blend of acid house, techno, pop, indie rock, hip hop, progressive house, funk, and electro.[100] They incorporated extensive sampling; Guardian chief critic Alex Petridis described their approach to music and art as "magpie"-like.[32]

In the early 1990s, Daft Punk drew inspiration from rock and acid house in the United Kingdom. Homem-Christo referred to Screamadelica by Primal Scream as the record that "put everything together" in terms of genre.[102] In 2009, Bangalter named Andy Warhol as one of Daft Punk's early influences.[103] On the Homework track "Teachers", Daft Punk list musicians who influenced them, including funk musician George Clinton, rapper and producer Dr Dre, and Chicago house and Detroit techno artists including Paul Johnson,[32] Romanthony and Todd Edwards.[6] Homem-Christo said: "Their music had a big effect on us. The sound of their productions—the compression, the sound of the kick drum and Romanthony's voice, the emotion and soul—is part of how we sound today."[6]

Discovery saw Daft Punk integrating influences from 70s disco and 80s crooners, and featured collaborations with Romanthony and Edwards. A major inspiration was the Aphex Twin single "Windowlicker", which was "neither a purely club track nor a very chilled-out, down-tempo relaxation track", according to Bangalter.[22] The duo used vintage equipment to recreate sounds from older artists, such as the use of a Wurlitzer piano to evoke Supertramp on "Digital Love".[104]

For the Tron: Legacy soundtrack, Daft Punk drew inspiration from Wendy Carlos, the composer of the original Tron film, as well as Max Steiner, Bernard Herrmann, John Carpenter, Vangelis, Philip Glass and Maurice Jarre.[105][106] For Random Access Memories, Daft Punk sought a "west coast vibe", referencing acts such as Fleetwood Mac, the Doobie Brothers and the Eagles,[107] and the French electronic musician Jean Michel Jarre.[108]

ImageEdit

 
Bangalter performing in 2006

During promotional appearances in the 1990s, Daft Punk wore black bags on their heads or Halloween masks.[23] In one early magazine appearance, Homem-Christo said: "We don't want to be photographed. [...] We don't especially want to be in magazines. We have a responsibility." Although they allowed a camera crew to film them for a French television arts program at the time, Daft Punk did not wish to speak on screen "because it is dangerous".[109] In 1997, Bangalter said the duo had a "general rule about not appearing in videos".[110]

In 2001, for Discovery, Daft Punk began wearing robotic helmets and gloves for promotional appearances and performances. The helmets were produced by Paul Hahn of Daft Arts and the French directors Alex and Martin.[111] With engineering by Tony Gardner and Alterian, Inc., they are capable of various LED effects.[112] Wigs were originally attached to both helmets, but Daft Punk removed them moments before unveiling them.[23] According to Bangalter, "The mask gets very hot, but after wearing it as long as I have, I am used to it."[113] Later helmets were fitted with ventilators to prevent overheating.[114]

 
Homem-Christo performing in 2007

Daft Punk introduced the costumes during a special presentation of Discovery videos during Cartoon Network's Toonami block.[115] Bangalter said of their transformation, "We did not choose to become robots. There was an accident in our studio. We were working on our sampler, and at exactly 9:09 am on September 9, 1999, it exploded. When we regained consciousness, we discovered that we had become robots."[6]

Bangalter said Daft Punk wanted the focus to be on their music,[110] and that the use of masks allowed them to control their image while retaining their anonymity and protecting their personal lives.[7] They used the robot outfits to merge the characteristics of humans and machines.[116] Bangalter said that the costumes were initially the result of shyness: "But then it became exciting from the audience's point of view. It's the idea of being an average guy with some kind of superpower."[102] He described it as an "advanced version of glam, where it's definitely not you".[102] With the release of Human After All, Daft Punk wore simplified helmets and black leather jackets and trousers. The attire was designed by Hedi Slimane.[102] Bangalter said: "We never like to do the same thing twice. It's more fun and entertaining for us to do something different, whether it's wearing masks or developing a persona that merges fiction and reality. We're happy to give back to the masses."[6]

 
Daft Punk being interviewed on the Icelandic television show Kastljós on Sjónvarpið

On the set of Electroma, Daft Punk were interviewed with their backs turned, and in 2006 they wore black cloths over their heads during a televised interview.[117] They said the use of cloth bags had been a spontaneous decision, reflecting their willingness to experiment with their image in the media.[118] It is believed that the mystery of their identity and the elaborate nature of their disguises have added to their popularity.[102] The robot costumes have been compared to the makeup of Kiss and the leather jacket worn by Iggy Pop.[113] Daft Punk wore the robot costumes in their performances at the 2008, 2014 and 2017 Grammy Awards. During the 2014 ceremony, they also accepted their awards on stage in the outfits, with Pharrell and Paul Williams speaking on the duo's behalf.[119][85] In both their appearance at the 2017 Grammy Awards[120] and in the Weeknd's "I Feel It Coming" music video,[121] the duo wore long black capes and chrome-plated gloves along with their customary helmets.

Bangalter noted that "the foundation for a lot of what we're about artistically" is the 1974 film Phantom of the Paradise, in which the title character prominently wears a mask.[122] Daft Punk were also fans of the 1970s band Space, known for wearing space suits with helmets that hid the performers' appearance.[123]

Appearances in mediaEdit

 
Daft Punk's cameo in Interstella 5555

Daft Punk's popularity has been partially attributed to their appearances in mainstream media.[102] The duo appeared with Juliette Lewis in an advertisement for The Gap, featuring the single "Digital Love", and were contractually obliged to appear only in Gap clothing. In the summer of 2001, Daft Punk appeared in an advertisement on Cartoon Network's Toonami timeslot, promoting the official Toonami website and the duo's animated music videos for their album Discovery.[115] The music videos later appeared as scenes in the feature-length film Interstella 5555: The 5tory of the 5ecret 5tar 5ystem, in which Daft Punk make a cameo appearance as their robot alter-egos. The duo later appeared in a television advertisement wearing their Discovery-era headgear to promote Sony Ericsson's Premini mobile phone. Their robotic costumes also make an appearance in the "Masterclass" section on Chilly Gonzales' 2006 DVD release From Major to Minor. In 2010, Daft Punk appeared in Adidas advertisements promoting a Star Wars-themed clothing line.

Daft Punk have also produced music for other artists. They produced the Teriyaki Boyz's debut single "HeartBreaker" on the album Beef or Chicken?. The song contains a sample of "Human After All". Daft Punk later produced N.E.R.D.'s song "Hypnotize U".[124] Daft Punk are featured on the cover of the December 2010 issue of British publication Dazed & Confused to promote the film Tron: Legacy, for which the duo composed the score. They also made a cameo appearance within the film as masked DJs at the "End of Line" nightclub.

In 2011, Coca-Cola distributed limited edition bottles designed by Daft Punk, called Daft Coke. They were only sold in France. A newer version of these themed bottles now exist as collectors items, some parts of the bottles such as the cap and Coke logo being plated in gold. Daft Punk, along with Courtney Love were photographed for the "Music Project" of fashion house Yves Saint Laurent. The duo appear in their new sequined suits custom made by Hedi Slimane, holding and playing their new instruments with bodies made of lucite.[125] In 2013, Bandai Tamashii released a S.H. Figuarts (SHF) action figure for Daft Punk coinciding with the release of Random Access Memories in Japan.[126] Following a series a teaser trailers, Daft Punk made a rare public appearance at the 2013 Monaco Grand Prix in May on behalf of the Lotus F1 Team, who supported the duo by racing in specially-branded cars emblazoned with the band's logo.[127][128]

Footage of Daft Punk's 2006 performance at the Coachella Festival was featured in the documentary film Coachella: 20 Years in the Desert, released on YouTube in April 2020.[129] In the 2020 animated film Trolls World Tour, Daft Punk's song "One More Time" was featured in a musical number sung by the Techno Troll, King Trollex, voiced by Anthony Ramos.

Daft Punk were scheduled to appear on the August 6, 2013 episode of The Colbert Report to promote Random Access Memories. They were unable to do so because of contractual obligations regarding the duo's later appearance at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards. According to Stephen Colbert, Daft Punk were unaware of any exclusivity agreement and were halted by MTV executives the morning prior to the taping.[130] In 2015, Daft Punk appeared alongside several other musicians to announce their co-ownership of the music service Tidal at its relaunch.[131]

Eden, a 2014 French drama film, has as its protagonist a techno fan-turned-DJ-turned recovering addict. It features Daft Punk (portrayed by actors) during different stages of their careers.[132] An hour-long documentary entitled Daft Punk Unchained was televised on 24 June 2015 in France and on 9 February 2016 in the UK.[133] It uses pre-existing Daft Punk footage along with new interviews of their colleagues to document the rise to fame and the lives of the duo and their pioneering influence on the electronic music scene.

LegacyEdit

Daft Punk are regarded by music journalists as one of the most influential acts in dance music history.[134][135] They have been acknowledged in works by other artists. In "Losing My Edge", the first single by LCD Soundsystem, lead singer James Murphy jokingly bragged about being the first to "play Daft Punk to the rock kids." LCD Soundsystem also recorded the song "Daft Punk Is Playing at My House", which reached No. 29 in the UK and was nominated for Best Dance Recording at the 2006 Grammy Awards. The Soulwax remix of the song also contains samples of many Daft Punk tracks as well as tracks by Thomas Bangalter.

Daft Punk tracks have been sampled or covered by other artists. "Technologic" was sampled by Swizz Beatz for the Busta Rhymes song "Touch It". In a later remix of "Touch It" the line "touch it, bring it, pay it, watch it, turn it, leave it, start, format it" from "Technologic" was sung by R&B and rap artist Missy Elliott. Kanye West's 2007 song "Stronger" from the album Graduation borrows the melody and features a vocal sample of Daft Punk's "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger". Daft Punk's robotic costumes make an appearance in the music video for "Stronger".[35] The track "Daftendirekt" from Daft Punk's album Homework was sampled for the Janet Jackson song "So Much Betta" from her 2008 album Discipline.[136] The track "Aerodynamic" was sampled for Wiley's 2008 single "Summertime".[137] "Veridis Quo" from the album Discovery was sampled for the Jazmine Sullivan song "Dream Big" from her 2008 album Fearless.[138] Daft Punk's "Around the World" was sampled for JoJo's 2009 song "You Take Me (Around the World)". The song "Cowboy George" by The Fall contains a clip of "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger".[139] A cappella group Pentatonix performed a medley of Daft Punk songs, released as a YouTube video.[140] As of June 2020, the video had been viewed over 330 million times. The medley won for Best Arrangement, Instrumental or a Cappella of the 57th Grammy Awards.[141] In 2015, Rolling Stone ranked Daft Punk the 12th greatest musical duo of all time.[142]

A Daft Punk medley was played at the 2017 Bastille Day parade by a French military band, in front of French President Emmanuel Macron and his many guests, who included US President Donald Trump.[143][144] Baicalellia daftpunka, a species of flatworm, was named after Daft Punk in 2018 because part of the organism resembles a helmet.[145]

In June 2021, the cover of a book about their Discovery album, written by Ben Cardew, was unveiled with the book titled Daft Punk's Discovery: The Future Unfurled announced for release on 1 October 2021.[146] It includes almost 25 interviews with producers, journalists and artists.

DiscographyEdit

Studio albums

Soundtracks

Concert toursEdit

Awards and nominationsEdit

In October 2011, Daft Punk placed 28th in a "top-100 DJs of 2011" list by DJ Magazine after placing in the 44th position the year before.[147] [148]On 19 January 2012, Daft Punk ranked No. 2 on Mixmag's Greatest Dance Acts of All Time, with The Prodigy at No. 1 by just a few points.[149]

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b Daft Punk Musique Vol. 1 Official Website. Archived from 10 April 2006.
  3. ^ a b c "Daft Punk" (in French). RFI Musique. 3 December 2007. Archived from the original on 29 July 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
  4. ^ a b Daft Punk : De l'école des "raves" à Homework Archived 29 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine (French). metamusique.fr. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d James, Martin (2003). French Connections: From Discotheque to Discovery. London: Sanctuary Publishing. pp. 265, 267, 268. ISBN 1-86074-449-4.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Chris Gill, "ROBOPOP" Archived 3 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine (May 2001) Remix Magazine Online. Retrieved 6 March 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d Matthew Collin, "Do You Think You Can Hide From Stardom?" Archived 16 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine (August 1997) Mixmag. Retrieved 6 March 2007.
  8. ^ Raggett, Ned (14 May 2013). "Blog post by Ned Raggett". Ned Raggett's Blog. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Review of Shimmies in Super 8." Melody Maker Apr.-May 1993: n. pag. Web. 6 April 2013.
  10. ^ Alan Di Perna, "We Are The Robots" Pulse!, April 2001, pp. 65–69.
  11. ^ a b Daft Punk in Glasgow: Slam on 'the two quiet wee guys' who used to crash on their sofa Archived 27 February 2021 at the Wayback Machine, Jules Boyle, Glasgow Live, 24 February 2021
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