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Parlophone Records Limited (also known as Parlophone Records or just simply Parlophone) is a German-British major record label founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as Parlophon. The British branch of the label was founded on 8 August 1923 as The Parlophone Company Limited (The Parlophone Co. Ltd.), which developed a reputation in the 1920s as a jazz record label. On 5 October 1926, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired Parlophone's business, name, logo, and release library, and merged with the Gramophone Company on 31 March 1931 to become Electric & Musical Industries Limited (EMI). George Martin joined Parlophone in 1950 as assistant label manager, taking over as manager in 1955. Martin produced and released a mix of product, including comedy recordings of the Goons, pianist Mrs Mills, and teen idol Adam Faith.
|Parlophone Records Ltd.|
|Founded||1896Carl Lindström Company until 1926)(as Parlophon Parlograph Company) (subsidiary of the|
(In the UK/Most of Europe)
(In the US)
(Outside the UK/Europe and the US)
Rhino Entertainment Company (re-issues)
|Country of origin||Germany|
In 1962, Martin signed the Beatles, at the time a struggling band from Liverpool. During the 1960s, when Cilla Black, Billy J. Kramer, the Fourmost, and the Hollies also signed, Parlophone became one of the world's most famous labels. For several years, Parlophone claimed the best-selling UK single, "She Loves You", and the best-selling UK album, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, both by the Beatles. The label placed seven singles at No. 1 during 1964, when it claimed top spot on the UK Albums Chart for 40 weeks. Parlophone continued as a division of EMI until it was merged into the Gramophone Co. on 1 July 1965. On 1 July 1973, the Gramophone Co. was renamed EMI Records Limited.
On 28 September 2012, regulators approved Universal Music Group (UMG)'s planned acquisition of EMI on condition that its EMI Records group would be divested from the combined group. EMI Records Ltd. included Parlophone and other labels to be divested and were for a short time operated in a single entity known as the Parlophone Label Group (PLG), while UMG pended their sale. Warner Music Group (WMG) acquired Parlophone and PLG in 7 February 2013, making Parlophone their third flagship label alongside Warner and Atlantic. PLG was renamed Parlophone Records Limited in May 2013. Parlophone is the oldest of WMG's "flagship" record labels.
Parlophone was founded "Parlophon" by Carl Lindström Company in 1896. The name Parlophon was used for gramophones before the company began making records of their own. The label's ₤ trademark is a German L that stands for Lindström. (It coincidentally resembles the British pound sign £, which itself is derived from the letter L for the Ancient Roman unit of measurement libra, which means pound in Latin.) On 8 August 1923, the British branch of "Parlophone" (with the "e" added) was established, led by A&R manager Oscar Preuss. In its early years, Parlophone established itself as a leading jazz label in Britain.
EMI years and initial successEdit
In 1927, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired a controlling interest in the Carl Lindström Company, including Parlophone. Parlophone became a subsidiary of Electric & Musical Industries (EMI), after Columbia Graphophone merged with the Gramophone Company in 1931.
In 1950, Oscar Preuss hired producer George Martin as his assistant. When Preuss retired in 1955, Martin succeeded him as Parlophone's manager. Parlophone specialized in mainly classical music, cast recordings, and regional British music. Musicians signed to the label included Humphrey Lyttelton and The Vipers Skiffle Group.
One of the label's consistently successful acts was teen idol Adam Faith, who was signed to the label in 1959. The label gained significant popularity in 1962 when Martin signed Liverpool band the Beatles. Parlophone gained more attention after signing the Hollies, Ella Fitzgerald, and Gerry and the Pacemakers in the 1960s. Martin left to form Associated Independent Recording (AIR) Studios in 1965.
Parlophone became dormant in 1973 when most of the heritage labels were phased out in favor of EMI Records. Parlophone was revived in 1980. During the next decades the label signed Pet Shop Boys, Duran Duran, Roxette, Radiohead, Supergrass, Guy Berryman, The Chemical Brothers, Blur, Coldplay, Kylie Minogue, Damon Albarn, Conor Maynard, Gabrielle Aplin, and Gorillaz.
EMI merging with UMG and WMG acquisitionEdit
On 28 September 2012, regulators approved Universal Music Group's planned acquisition of Parlophone's parent group EMI for £1.2 billion, subject to conditions imposed by the European Commission requiring that UMG sell off a number of labels, including Parlophone itself (aside from the Beatles' catalogue, which was kept by UMG and moved to Universal's newly formed Calderstone Productions), Chrysalis, Ensign, Virgin Classics, EMI Classics, and EMI's operations in Portugal, Spain, France, Belgium, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland. These labels and catalogues were operated independently from Universal as Parlophone Label Group to prepare for a transaction early in 2013. UMG received several offers for PLG, including those from Island founder Chris Blackwell, Simon Fuller, a Sony/BMG consortium, Warner Music Group, and MacAndrews & Forbes.
On 7 February 2013, it was confirmed that Warner Music Group would acquire Parlophone Label Group for US$765 million. The deal was approved in May 2013 by the European Union, which saw no concerns about the deal because of WMG's smaller reach compared to the merged UMG and Sony. Warner Music closed the deal on July 1. Parlophone Label Group was the old EMI Records label that included both the Parlophone and the eponymous EMI labels. The EMI name was retained by Universal (as Virgin EMI Records) while the old EMI Records was defunct and renamed Parlophone Records.
Soon after acquiring Parlophone, WMG signed an agreement with IMPALA and the Merlin Network (two groups which opposed the EMI/Universal deal) to divest $200 million worth of artists to independent labels in order to help offset the consolidation triggered by the merger. In April 2016, the back catalogue of British rock band Radiohead, who had sued Parlophone and EMI over a dispute in music royalties, was transferred to XL Recordings.
WMG treats Parlophone as its third "frontline" label group with Atlantic and Warner Bros. In the US, most of Parlophone's artists are now distributed under Warner Bros. Coldplay and Tinie Tempah are distributed under Atlantic, and David Guetta is distributed under Atlantic's electronic music imprint Big Beat.
Parlophone released the Beatles' albums up to Magical Mystery Tour. Subsequent releases – The Beatles (the White Album), Yellow Submarine, Abbey Road and Let It Be – were issued on the Beatles' Apple record label, distributed by EMI, and bearing Parlophone catalogue numbers.
The Beatles deal is one of the cheapest made by Parlophone.
Despite the separation of Parlophone from EMI as a condition of EMI's acquisition by UMG, Universal was allowed to keep the Beatles' recorded music catalogue, which was assigned to the subsidiary Calderstone Productions.
Parlophone's roster includes Lily Allen, Coldplay, David Guetta, Gorillaz, Conor Maynard, Aya Nakamura, Soprano, Synapson, Two Door Cinema Club, and Paul Weller. Its contemporary HMV was more of a classical music label and ceased issuing popular music recordings in 1967; later known as EMI Classics, it was absorbed into Warner Classics in 2013; English Columbia was replaced by the EMI pop label. Parlophone also operates Regal, a contemporary revival of the historic Columbia Graphophone budget/reissue label founded in 1914. Because Parlophone Records Ltd. absorbed the catalogues of EMI Records UK, the Columbia Graphophone Company, His Master's Voice, the archives of non-U.S. former artists of Harvest, and some European divisions of EMI Music (with new reissues bearing the Parlophone label), only artists whose recordings were originally issued by Parlophone are listed here, either during its time as a subsidiary of EMI (1931–2012) or as a Warner Music sub-label (2013–present).
- Ilkka Alanko
- Damon Albarn
- Pablo Alboran
- Alice in Chains
- All Saints
- Lily Allen
- Marc Almond
- Gabrielle Aplin
- Athlete (The band's back catalogue is controlled by Chrysalis Records and Kobalt.)
- Jean-Louis Aubert
- John Barry Seven
- Bat for Lashes
- The Beatles
- Belouis Some
- Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers
- Cilla Black
- Steve Booker
- The Chemical Brothers
- Chiddy Bang
- Club Cheval
- Joe Cocker
- Avishai Cohen
- Graham Coxon
- Bernard Cribbins
- Jim Dale
- Danger Mouse
- Deep Purple
- Dilated Peoples
- Dinosaur Pile-Up
- Dirty Vegas
- Divine Comedy
- Eliza Doolittle
- Duran Duran
- Idris Elba
- Adam Faith
- Shane Fenton
- Sky Ferreira
- Shane Filan
- Neil Finn
- The Finn Brothers
- Flanders & Swann
- The Fourmost
- David Fray
- The Good, the Bad and the Queen
- The Good Natured
- The Goons
- David Guetta
- George Harrison
- Richard Hawley
- Heroes del Silencio
- Becky Hill
- The Hollies
- Hot Chip
- Hyphen Hyphen
- Iron Maiden
- Thomas Jack
- Dick James
- Georgi Kay
- Keith Kelly
- The King Brothers
- Beverley Knight
- Billy J. Kramer and The Dakotas
- Kay Kyser
- Late of the Pier
- John Lennon
- Bobby Lewis
- Lasse Lindh
- Laurie London
- Bonnie Lou
- Love Sculpture
- Humphrey Lyttelton
- Conor Maynard
- Paul McCartney
- Kylie Minogue
- Matt Monro
- Matrix & Futurebound
- Mickey 3D
- Morning Parade
- Mrs Mills
- Aya Nakamura
- The Paramounts
- Bob and Alf Pearson
- Pet Shop Boys
- Matt Pokora
- Duffy Power
- Queen (the band's catalogue is controlled by Island Records internationally and by Hollywood Records in US and Canada.)
- Queen + Paul Rodgers (the same as the previous band)
- Radiohead (As of 2016, the band's back catalogue is controlled by XL Recordings., a Beggars Group sub-label.)
- Rainbow Ffolly
- Rat Boy
- Sigur Rós
- Neljä Ruusua
- Saint Motel
- Mike Sarne
- Scarlet Party
- Peter Sellers
- Silver Bullet
- Luke Sital-Singh
- Spandau Ballet
- Dusty Springfield
- Dorothy Squires
- St. Germain
- Supergrass (As of 2017, the band's catalogue is controlled by BMG Rights Management through The Echo Label.)
- Talk Talk
- Vince Taylor
- The Temperance Seven
- Tinie Tempah
- Bobby Tench
- Teresa Teng
- Gyllene Tider
- Tina Turner
- Two Door Cinema Club
- The Verve
- The Vipers Skiffle Group
- Otis Waygood
- Paul Weller
- Keith West
- Hindi Zahra
Artists whose recordings are controlled by Parlophone and Warner Music but were distributed by other labels:
- Air (The duo's entire back catalogue, originally released under Virgin France and EMI Music France from 1998 -"Moon Safari"- to 2012 -"Le voyage dans la lune"-, is now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music. The greatest hits album "Twentyears", released in 2016 in celebration of the duo's 20th anniversary, marked their first release on Parlophone France.)
- Akhenaton (All of the rapper's albums originally released from 1995 -"Métèque et Mat"- to 2002 -"Black Album"- under labels such as Delabel, Hostile Records and EMI Music France, are now re-issued and copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Ärsenik (The hip-hop duo's two studio albums, originally released in 1998 -"Quelques Gouttes Suffisent..."- and 2002 -"Quelque Chose A Survécu..."- under labels such as Delabel, Hostile Records and EMI Music France, are now re-issued and copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Charles Aznavour
- Syd Barrett (The two original studio albums "The Madcap Laughs" and "Barrett", both originally released under labels Harvest and EMI in 1970, are now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone UK and Warner Music, alongside the 1988 outtakes compilation "Opel", the 1993 "Crazy Diamond" boxset and the 2010 greatest-hits album "An Introduction to Syd Barrett", also released under Capitol in the USA and Harvest in Europe.)
- Jeff Beck (Beck's first two albums, originally distributed under Odeon and EMI Records in Europe in 1968 -"Truth"- and 1969 -"Beck-Ola", which was released under the alias of the Jeff Beck Group-, are now copyrighted in Europe and Japan by Parlophone UK and Warner Music. Epic Records and Sony Music Entertainment still handle the albums' reissues in North-America.)
- Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band
- David Bowie (Since 2014, Parlophone Records and Warner Music handle the worldwide distribution and re-issues of Bowie's entire 1969-2000 back catalogue, that was either originally released under labels such as RCA Victor, EMI Records and Virgin Records America, or remained unpublished until the catalogue's transfer over Warner Music. Parlophone also absorbed the 1989 self-titled debut album of Tin Machine, one of the Bowie's many sideprojects. That being said, all of the other post-2001 releases, starting with the 2002 studio album "Heathen", remain copyrighted by Bowie's vanity label "ISO Records", Columbia Records and Sony Music Entertainment, whereas his 1967 self-titled debut album is copyrighted under the namesake of Deram and Universal Music.)
- Burning Spear
- Kate Bush
- Matthieu Chedid (All of Chedid's albums released on Delabel, Virgin France and EMI Music France from 1997 -"Le baptême"- to 2005 -"Au Spectrum (Live)"- are now re-issued and copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Joe Cocker
- Count Basie
- Daft Punk (All of the duo's material originally released on Virgin and EMI Music France from 1995 -"Da Funk"- to 2007 -"Alive 2007"- is now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music. The duo's 2013 album "Random Access Memories" has been released on Columbia Records and Sony Music Entertainment.)
- Étienne Daho (All of Daho's albums originally released on Virgin and EMI Music France from 1981 -"Mythomane"- to 2010 -his collaboration album with Jeanne Moreau entitled "Le condamné à mort"- are now copyrighted by the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Kiki Dee
- Doc Gynéco (All of the rapper's first albums originally released on Virgin and EMI Music France from 1996 -"Première Consultation"- to 2002 -"Solitaire"- are now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Dominique A.
- Diam's (The rapper's entire back catalogue, originally released on Hostile Records, Capitol France and EMI Music France from 2003 -"Brut de Femme"- to 2009 -"S.O.S"-, is now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Dr. Feelgood
- The Dubliners
- Baxter Dury (2011's "Happy Soup" remains the only Dury's album to be currently copyrighted by Parlophone UK and Warner Music. It was originally released under the label EMI Records.)
- Gabinete Caligari
- Gang of Four (All of the band's releases originally distributed in the UK and Europe via EMI from 1979 -"Entertainment!"- to 1990 -"A Brief History Of The 20th Century"- are now re-issued in that territory under the namesake of Parlophone and Warner Music. In the USA and Canada, Warner Records still handles the albums' reissues.)
- David Gilmour (All of Gilmour's albums released in Europe on labels EMI and Harvest from 1978 -"David Gilmour"- to 2008 -"Live in Gdańsk"- are now copyrighted by Parlophone UK and Warner Music internationnaly. Since 2015 and the release of the album "Rattle That Lock", David Gilmour has joined the Columbia Records and Sony Music Entertainment roster.)
- Geri Halliwell (Halliwell's entire back catalogue, originally released on Virgin UK and EMI Records from 1999 -"Schizophonic"- to 2005 -"Passion"-, is now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone UK and Warner Music.)
- Barclay James Harvest (In 2014, Parlophone and Warner Music owned all of the band's albums originally released under Harvest and EMI Records UK -ranging from the 1970 self-titled album to 1972's "Baby James Harvest"-. However, since 2017, independent label Cherry Red Records acquired all of the mentionned albums' copyrights.)
- Hercules and Love Affair
- Jacques Higelin
- Hot Chocolate
- IAM (All of the band's albums released by Delabel, Hostile, Virgin, and EMI Music France from 1991 to 2003 are reissued and copyrighted by Parlophone France and Warner Music. Since 2007 band has joined the Def Jam France and Universal Music.)
- Jethro Tull (All of the band's albums released under other from 1968 to 1995 are reissued and copyrighted under Parlophone UK and Warner Music.)
- Larusso (Larusso's first two albums for Odeon and EMI Music France are copyrighted by Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- LCD Soundsystem (All of the band's albums originally released under labels DFA and EMI UK from 2005 -"LCD Soundtsystem"- to 2010 -"London Sessions"-, are now copyrighted under the namesake of DFA, Parlophone and Warner Music. During the band's hiatus -lasting from 2011 to 2015-, a live album has been released in 2014 under DFA, Parlophone and Warner Records, entitled "The Long Goodbye : Live at Madison Square Garden". Since 2017 and the release of the album "American Dream", the band has joined the Columbia Records and Sony Music Entertainment roster.)
- Louisiana Red
- Gérard Manset
- Jeanne Mas
- Nick Mason
- Milk Inc. (The band's 1996-2006 back catalogue, originally released on EMI Music Belgium/Alter Subway, is now copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone Belgium and Warner Music.)
- The Move
- Róisín Murphy
- Beth Orton
- Phœnix (All of the band's first albums released from 2000 -"United"- to 2009 -"Wolfgang Amadeus Phœnix"- on EMI Music France, Glassnote and V2 are now owned by Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Pink Floyd (Parlophone and Warner Music owns the whole catalogue of Pink Floyd in Europe, meanwhile Columbia Records and Sony Music owns the whole catalogue around the world.)
- The Proclaimers
- Suzi Quatro
- Dick Rivers
- Röyksopp (All of the duo's albums released on Virgin France, Labels, Astralwerks, EMI Music France and Wall of Sound from 2001 -"Melody A.M."- to 2009 -"Junior"- are now re-issued and copyrighted under the namesake of Parlophone France, Warner Music and Wall of Sound.)
- Kate Ryan
- Nina Simone
- Starsailor (The band's back catalogue released from 2001 to 2009 -"All the Plans" is copyright by Parlophone UK and Warner Music. In 2017, the band joined Cooking Vinyl)
- The Seekers
- The Shadows
- Alain Souchon (Albums released from 1985 to 2011 are copyrighted by Parlophone France and Warner Music.)
- Al Stewart
- The Stranglers
- Talking Heads
- Jake Thackray
- Peter Tosh
- Dinah Washington
- Whitesnake (All of the band's albums released on EMI, United Artists Records, Liberty and Geffen Records from 1978 -"Trouble"- to 1989 -"Slip of the Tongue"- are now re-issued and copyrighted by Parlophone UK, Warner Music and the vanity label Sunburst. Since 2011 and the release of the album "Forevermore", Whitesnake has joined the Frontiers Records roster. That being said, Warner Music still issues with sub-label Rhino Entertainment Company new compilations of the band's back catalogue -for example, in 2018, with the release of "Unzipped", a limited-edition boxset that includes various acoustic-based concerts recorded by the band-.)
- Kim Wilde
- Roy Wood
Parlophone record labelsEdit
With the Beatles (side 1) – Parlophone yellow and black label
West End Blues, British Parlophone record
The labels shown here include those used for 78s and LPs. The label design for 7" singles had the same standard template as several other EMI labels, with the large "45" insignia to the right. In recent years, design uniformity has relaxed from release to release.
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