Homework (Daft Punk album)

Homework is the debut studio album by the French electronic music duo Daft Punk, released on 20 January 1997 by Virgin Records and Soma Quality Recordings. The duo produced the tracks without plans to release an album. After working on projects that were intended to be separate singles over five months, they considered the material good enough for an album.

Studio album by
Released20 January 1997 (1997-01-20)
StudioDaft House (Paris)
Daft Punk chronology
Singles from Homework
  1. "Da Funk"
    Released: 10 January 1997
  2. "Around the World"
    Released: 17 March 1997
  3. "Burnin'"
    Released: 15 September 1997
  4. "Revolution 909"
    Released: 16 February 1998

Homework's success brought worldwide attention to French house music. Homework charted in 14 different countries, peaking at number 3 on the French Albums Chart, number 150 on the United States Billboard 200 and at number 8 on the UK Albums Chart. By February 2001, the album had sold more than two million copies worldwide and received several gold and platinum certifications. Overall, Homework received positive critical response. The album features singles that had significant impact in French house and global dance music scenes, including the U.S. Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play number-one singles "Da Funk" and "Around the World", the latter of which reached number 61 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Background and recordingEdit

In 1993, Thomas Bangalter and Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo presented a demo of their electronic music to DJ Stuart Macmillan at a rave at EuroDisney.[1] The contents of the cassette were released on the single "The New Wave" on 11 April 1994, by Soma Quality Recordings, a Scottish techno and house label co-founded in 1991 by MacMillan's band Slam.[2] In 1995 they released "Da Funk" alongside "Rollin' & Scratchin'" under the Soma label.[3][4]

We've got much more control than money. You can't get everything. We live in a society where money is what people want, so they can't get the control. We chose. Control is freedom. People say we're control freaks, but control is controlling your destiny without controlling other people.

– Thomas Bangalter, in regards to the duo's creative control and freedom[5]

The increasing popularity of Daft Punk's singles led to a bidding war among record labels, resulting in the duo's signing to Virgin Records in 1996.[6][7] Their departure was noted by Richard Brown of Soma, who affirmed that "we were obviously sad to lose them to Virgin but they had the chance to go big, which they wanted, and it's not very often that a band has that chance after two singles. We're happy for them."[1] Virgin re-released "Da Funk" with the B-side "Musique" in 1996, a year before releasing Homework. Bangalter later stated that the B-side "was never intended to be on the album, and in fact, 'Da Funk' as a single has sold more units than Homework, so more people own it anyways [sic] than they would if it had been on the album. It is basically used to make the single a double-feature."[8] The album was mixed and recorded in Daft Punk's studio, Daft House in Paris. It was mastered by Nilesh Patel at the London studio The Exchange.[9]

Bangalter stated that "to be free, we had to be in control. To be in control, we had to finance what we were doing ourselves. The main idea was to be free."[10] Daft Punk discussed their method with Spike Jonze, director of the "Da Funk" music video. He noted that "they were doing everything based on how they wanted to do it. As opposed to, 'oh we got signed to this record company, we gotta use their plan.' They wanted to make sure they never had to do anything that would make them feel bummed on making music."[11] Although Virgin Records holds exclusive distribution rights over Daft Punk's material, the duo still owns their master recordings through their Daft Trax label.[6][12]


Daft Punk produced the tracks included in Homework without a plan to release an album. Bangalter stated, "It was supposed to be just a load of singles. But we did so many tracks over a period of five months that we realized that we had a good album."[13] The duo set the order of the tracks to cover the four sides of a two-disc vinyl LP.[8] Homem-Christo remarked, "There was no intended theme because all the tracks were recorded before we arranged the sequence of the album. The idea was to make the songs better by arranging them the way we did; to make it more even as an album."[8] The name Homework, Bangalter explained, relates to "the fact that we made the record at home, very cheaply, very quickly, and spontaneously, trying to do cool stuff".[14]

"Daftendirekt" is an excerpt of a live performance recorded in Ghent, Belgium;[9] it served as the introduction to Daft Punk's live shows and was used to begin the album.[8] The performance took place at the first I Love Techno, an event co-produced by Fuse and On the Rox on 10 November 1995.[17] Homework's following track, "WDPK 83.7 FM", is a tribute to FM radio in the United States.[10] The next song, "Revolution 909" is a reflection on the French government's stance on dance music.[8][18]

"Revolution 909" is followed by "Da Funk", which carries elements of funk and acid music.[1] According to Andrew Asch of the Boca Raton News, the song's composition "relies on a bouncy funk guitar to communicate its message of dumb fun".[19] Bangalter expressed that "Da Funk"'s theme involved the introduction of a simple, unusual element that becomes acceptable and moving over time.[20] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine complimented the song as "unrelenting",[21] and Bob Gajarsky of Westnet called it "a beautiful meeting of Chic (circa "Good Times", sans vocals) and the 90s form of electronica".[22] "Phœnix" combines elements of gospel music and house music.[23] The duo considered "Fresh" to be breezy and light with a comical structure.[24] Ian Mathers of Stylus Magazine criticized the song, stating that it "doesn't feel like the beach just because of the lapping waves heard in the background".[25]

The single "Around the World" carries influences of Gershon Kingsley's hit "Popcorn".[1] Chris Power of BBC Music named it "one of the decade's catchiest singles". He stated that it was "a perfect example of Daft Punk's sound at its most accessible: a post-disco boogie bassline, a minimalist sprinkling of synthetic keyboard melody and a single, naggingly insistent hook".[16] The track "Teachers" is a riff on the Parris Mitchell song "Ghetto Shout Out!!", released in 1995 on Dance Mania.[26] The track is a tribute to several of Daft Punk's house music influences, including future collaborators Romanthony, DJ Sneak and Todd Edwards.[27] The song "Oh Yeah" features DJ Deelat and DJ Crabbe. "Indo Silver Club" features a sample of "Hot Shot" by Karen Young.[9] The final track, "Funk Ad", is a reversed clip of "Da Funk".[8]

Promotion and releaseEdit


The artwork for the front cover and inner sleeve was conceived by Daft Punk, photographed by artist and film producer Nicolas Hidiroglou. He met the duo through a connection at Virgin Records, and recalled that it took a week to complete the artwork. Homem-Christo had previously designed the Daft Punk wordmark, which was the basis for the front image of the logo embroidered onto the back of a satin jacket.[28] Variations of the logo would continue to be the front cover image for all of Daft Punk's studio albums until Random Access Memories in 2013.

To create the inner gatefold photo, various items representing track titles were arranged by Bangalter on a table at his home.[28] He noted that many of the pieces reflect Daft Punk's influences, including: a DJ Funk audio cassette; a card with a logo of The Beach Boys; a Kiss tour poster; and a 1970s compilation record featuring Barry Manilow. Other mementos include a token from the Rex Club, the venue in Paris where Daft Punk first performed as DJs. The wall behind the table contains a photo of Homem-Christo singing as part of the duo's first band Darlin', as well as the Darlin' logo next to a portrait of Homem-Christo as a small child.[29]

The black and white image of the duo in the liner notes was photographed by Phillppe Lévy.[9] It was shot during an event in Wisconsin called Even Furthur in 1996, featuring Daft Punk's first live performance in the United States.[30] Additional artwork and the album layout were done by Serge Nicholas.[9]


Homework features singles that had significant impact in the French house[31] and global dance music scenes.[6] The first single from the album, "Alive", was included as a B-side on the single "The New Wave", which was released in April 1994. The album's second single was "Da Funk"; it was initially released in 1995 by Soma and was re-released by Virgin Records in January 1997.[32] It became the duo's first number-one single on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play chart.[33] The song reached number seven on British[34] and French charts.[35] The third single, "Around the World", was a critical and commercial success, becoming the second number-one single on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play chart,[33] as well as reaching number 11 in Australia,[36] number five in the United Kingdom[37] and number 61 on the Billboard Hot 100.[38] In October 2011, NME placed "Around the World" at number 21 on its list of "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years".[39] The album's fourth single was "Burnin'"; it was released in September 1997 and peaked at number 30 in the UK.[37] The final single from Homework was "Revolution 909". It was released in February 1998 and reached number 47 in the UK[37] and number 12 on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play chart.[38] Prior to its inclusion on Homework, "Indo Silver Club" was released as a single on the Soma Quality Recordings label in two parts.[40] The single lacked an artist credit in the packaging[40] and was thought to have been created by the nonexistent producers Indo Silver Club.[41]

In 1999, the duo released a video collection featuring music videos of tracks and singles from the album under the name of D.A.F.T.: A Story About Dogs, Androids, Firemen and Tomatoes. Although its title derives from the appearances of dogs ("Da Funk" and "Fresh"), androids ("Around the World"), firemen ("Burnin'"), and tomatoes ("Revolution 909") in the videos, a cohesive plot does not connect its episodes.[42]

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic     [43]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music     [44]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[45]
The Guardian     [46]
Q     [50]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [51]

Homework's success brought worldwide attention to French progressive house music,[53] and drew attention to French house music.[31] According to The Village Voice, the album revived house music and departed from the Euro dance formula.[54] In the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, critic Alex Rayner stated that Homework tied the established club styles to the "burgeoning eclecticism" of big beat. He contended that it served as a proof that "there was more to dance music than pills and keyboard presets."[55] Clash described Homework as an entry point of accessibility for a "burgeoning movement on the cusp of splitting the mainstream seam".[56] In 2009, Brian Linder of IGN described Homework as the duo's third-best album. He catalogued as a "groundbreaking achievement" the way they used their unique skills to craft the house, techno, acid and punk music styles into the record.[57] Hua Hsu of eMusic agreed, applauding Homework for how it captured a "feeling of discovery and exploration" as a result of "years of careful study of the finest house, techno, electro and hip-hop records".[58] David Browne, writing in Entertainment Weekly, stated that the duo knew how to use "their playful, hip-hopping ambient techno" to craft the album. He named Homework the "ideal disco for androids".[45] Sean Cooper of AllMusic called the album "an almost certain classic" and "essential".[43]

Chris Power of BBC Music compared Homework's "less-is-more" approach to compression's use as "a sonic tribute" to the FM radio stations that "fed Daft Punk's youthful obsessions".[16] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine wrote that "while a few tracks are more daft than deft," more recent groundbreakers like The Avalanches could never exist without "Da Funk".[21] Ian Mathers of Stylus Magazine noted that "there's a core of unimpeachably classic work on Homework, hidden among the merely good, and when you've got such a classic debut hidden in the outlines of the epic slouch of their debut, it's hard not to get frustrated."[25] Rolling Stone awarded the album three stars out of five, commenting that "the duo's essential, career-defining insight is that the problem with disco the first time around was not that it was stupid but that it was not stupid enough."[51] Rolling Stone ranked Homework at the top on their list of "The 30 Greatest EDM Albums of All Time" while affirming that Daft Punk's debut "is pure synapse-tweaking brilliance".[59] According to Scott Woods of The Village Voice, "Daft Punk [tore] the lid off the [creative] sewer" with the release of Homework.[54] In a retrospective review for Pitchfork, Larry Fitzmaurice awarded it 9.2 out of 10. He stated that "Homework remains singular within Daft Punk’s catalog, the record also set the stage for the duo’s career to this very day—a massively successful and still-going ascent to pop iconography, built on the magic trick-esque ability to twist the shapes of dance music’s past to resemble something seemingly futuristic."[49] By contrast, Robert Christgau of The Village Voice cited "Da Funk" as a "choice cut",[60] indicating "a good song on an album that isn't worth your time or money".[61] Darren Gawle from Drop-D Magazine also gave a negative review, stating that "Homework is the work of a couple of DJs who sound amateurish at best."[62]

Commercial performanceEdit

Daft Punk wanted the majority of pressings to be on vinyl instead of Compact Disc, so only 50,000 albums were initially printed in CD format. After its release, overwhelming sales of Homework caused distributors to accelerate production to satisfy demand. The album was distributed in 35 countries worldwide,[6] peaking at number 150 on the Billboard 200.[63] Homework first charted on the Australian Albums Chart on 27 April 1997; it remained there for eight weeks and peaked at number 37.[64] In France, the album reached number three and stayed on the chart for 82 weeks. In 1999, it reached Gold status in France for selling more than 100,000 copies.[65] On 11 July 2001, the album was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), indicating sales of 500,000 copies in the US.[66] By October 1997, the album had sold 220,000 copies worldwide,[67] although Billboard reported that, according to Virgin Records, two million copies had been sold by February 2001.[68] By September 2007, 605,000 copies had been sold in the United States.[69]

Track listingEdit

All music is composed by Thomas Bangalter and Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo.

2."WDPK 83.7 FM"0:28
3."Revolution 909"5:26
4."Da Funk"5:28
7."Around the World"7:04
8."Rollin' & Scratchin'"7:26
10."High Fidelity"6:00
11."Rock'n Roll"7:32
12."Oh Yeah"2:00
14."Indo Silver Club"4:32
16."Funk Ad"0:51
Total length:73:53



Region Certification Certified units/sales
Belgium (BEA)[96] Platinum 50,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[97] 2× Platinum 200,000^
France (SNEP)[65] Platinum 534,400[98]
Netherlands (NVPI)[99] Gold 50,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[100] Platinum 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[102] Platinum 345,009[101]
United States (RIAA)[66] Gold 674,000[103]

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Collin, Matthew (August 1997). "Do You Think You Can Hide From Stardom?". Mixmag. Retrieved 6 March 2007.
  2. ^ The New Wave (liner notes). Daft Punk. Soma Quality Recordings. 5 024856 620149.
  3. ^ James (2003), p. 273.
  4. ^ Daft Punk in Glasgow: Slam on 'the two quiet wee guys' who used to crash on their sofa, Jules Boyle, Glasgow Live, 24 February 2021
  5. ^ Moayeri, Lily (9 June 2007). "Punk As They Wanna Be". Yahoo. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d RFI Music – Biography – Daft Punk Archived 13 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine Radio France Internationale. Retrieved 3 March 2007.
  7. ^ Woholeski, Peter (May 2001). "One More Time: Four Years After Its Filter Filled Splashdown, Daft Punk Retirns With Discovery – Complete with House Beats, Disco Sweeps and, Yes, Plenty of Vocoders" Archived 22 August 2001 at the Wayback Machine . DJ Times. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Warner, Jennifer. "Interview with Daft Punk" Archived 10 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine . p. 3. DMA. About.com. Retrieved 30 March 2007.
  9. ^ a b c d e Homework (liner notes). Daft Punk. Virgin Records, a division of EMI Group. 42609. 1997.
  10. ^ a b Di Perna, Alan (April 2001). "We Are The Robots", Pulse!. pp. 65–69.
  11. ^ Jonze, Spike (2003). The Work of Director Spike Jonze companion book. Palm Pictures. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  12. ^ James (2003), p. 267.
  13. ^ James (2003), p. 269.
  14. ^ Nickson, Chris (June 1997). "Daft Punk: Parlez-vous da funk?". CMJ New Music Monthly (46). CMJ Network. p. 10. ISSN 1074-6978. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  15. ^ The New Wave (lines notes). Daft Punk. Soma Quality Recordings. 5 024856 620149.
  16. ^ a b c Power, Chris (5 January 2010). "Review of Daft Punk – Homework". BBC Music. BBC. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  17. ^ History - I Love Techno Archived 13 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine (lineup 1995). ilovetechno.be. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  18. ^ Warner, Jennifer. "Interview with Daft Punk" Archived 8 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine . p. 2. DMA. About.com. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  19. ^ Asch, Andrew (18 December 1997). "Daft Punk smashes charts with simplicity". Boca Raton News. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  20. ^ Daft Punk audio commentary for "Da Funk" music video, The Work of Director Spike Jonze (2003).
  21. ^ a b Cinquemani, Sal (2 November 2002). "Daft Punk: Homework". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  22. ^ Gajarsky, Bob (28 April 1997). "Daft Punk, Homework" Archived 10 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine . Westnet. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  23. ^
  24. ^ D.A.F.T.: A Story About Dogs, Androids, Firemen and Tomatoes. Virgin Records. 1999.
  25. ^ a b Mathers, Ian (9 May 2005). "Daft Punk: Homework – Playing God". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  26. ^ Galil, Leor (23 May 2013). "The Return of Dance Mania Records". Chicago Reader.
  27. ^ Gill, Chris (1 May 2001). ROBOPOP. Remix Magazine. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  28. ^ a b "The story behind the cover artwork for Daft Punk's 'Homework'". 909originals.com. 20 January 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  29. ^ Turner, Dave (20 January 2017). "Daft Punk's iconic 'Homework' gatefold sleeve explained". mixmag.com. Mixmag. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  30. ^ Matos, Michaelangelo (13 May 2013). "Discovery: The Oral History of Daft Punk's First American Show". Spin. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  31. ^ a b James (2003). p. 292.
  32. ^ Da Funk - Single by Daft Punk, retrieved 1 March 2021
  33. ^ a b "Daft Punk Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  34. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Official Charts Company. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  35. ^ "Lescharts.com – Daft Punk – Da Funk" (in French). Les classement single. Hung Medien. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  36. ^ "Discography Daft Punk". Australian-Charts.com. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  37. ^ a b c "DAFT PUNK". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 30 April 2012
  38. ^ a b "Daft Punk Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  39. ^ Tim Chester. 150 Best Tracks Of The Past 15 Years – #21 – Daft Punk – Around the World NME. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  40. ^ a b Indo Silver Club (liner notes). Daft Punk. Soma Quality Recordings. SOMA 035.
  41. ^ Silcott, Mireille (3 April 1997). "Personality punks". Montreal Mirror. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
  42. ^ Deming, Mark. "Daft Punk: D.A.F.T. – A Story About Dogs, Androids, Firemen, and Tomatoes (2000)". Allmovie. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  43. ^ a b Cooper, Sean. "Homework – Daft Punk". AllMusic. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  44. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Daft Punk". The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-595-8.
  45. ^ a b Browne, David (23 May 1997). "Homework". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  46. ^ Bennun, David (24 January 1997). "Hip to the trip". The Guardian.
  47. ^ Bush, Calvin (February 1997). "Daft Punk: Homework (Virgin)". Muzik (21): 58.
  48. ^ Dalton, Stephen (18 January 1997). "Daft Punk – Homework". NME. Archived from the original on 11 October 2000. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  49. ^ a b Fitzmaurice, Larry (2 December 2018). "Daft Punk: Homework". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  50. ^ "Daft Punk: Homework". Q (127): 120. April 1997.
  51. ^ a b Wolk, Douglas (2004). "Daft Punk". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 207. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  52. ^ Lawrence, Eddy (February 1997). "Daft Punk: Homework". Select (80): 82.
  53. ^ Carr, Eric (17 November 2003). "Staff Lists: Top 100 Albums of the 1990s". Pitchfork. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  54. ^ a b Woods, Scott (5 October 1999). "Underground Disco?". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  55. ^ Rayner, Alex (2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. p. 812. New York, NY: Universe Publishing. 2006. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  56. ^ Younis, Reef (15 February 2012). "Classic Albums: Daft Punk – Homework". Clash. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  57. ^ Linder, Brian (1 May 2012). "Daft Punk: Worst to Best". IGN. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
  58. ^ Hsu, Hua (8 May 2011). "Daft Punk, Homework". eMusic. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  59. ^ "The 30 Greatest EDM Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2 August 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  60. ^ Christgau, Robert (27 January 1998). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  61. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Key to Icons". RobertChristgau.com. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  62. ^ Gawle, Darren (20 June 1997). "CD Review: Raft Punk, 'Homework'". Drop-D Magazine. Drop-D Digital Publishing. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  63. ^ a b "Daft Punk Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  64. ^ a b "Australiancharts.com – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  65. ^ a b "French album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 1 July 2021. Select DAFT PUNK and click OK. 
  66. ^ a b "American album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework". Recording Industry Association of America.
  67. ^ Reighley, Kurt (October 1997). "Let's Go Discotheque – A Survey of French Dance Music". CMJ New Music Monthly (50). CMJ Network. p. 22. ISSN 1074-6978. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  68. ^ Paoletta, Michael (24 February 2001). "Virgin's Hitmakers Daft Punk Return". Billboard. 113 (8). p. 15. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  69. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (1 September 2007). "One More Time: Left for dead by many". Billboard. 119 (35). p. 32. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  70. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Daft Punk – Homework" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  71. ^ "Ultratop.be – Daft Punk – Homework" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  72. ^ "Ultratop.be – Daft Punk – Homework" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  73. ^ "Daft Punk Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  74. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Daft Punk – Homework" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  75. ^ "Daft Punk: Homework" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  76. ^ "Lescharts.com – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  77. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Daft Punk – Homework" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  78. ^ "Classifica settimanale WK 21 (dal 16.05.1997 al 22.05.1997) - Album & Compilation" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  79. ^ "Charts.nz – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  80. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  81. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  82. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
  83. ^ "Daft Punk Chart History (Heatseekers Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  84. ^ "Irish-charts.com – Discography Daft Punk". Hung Medien. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  85. ^ "Daft Punk Chart History (Top Catalog Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  86. ^ "Lista prodaje 11. tjedan 2021. (08.03.2021. - 14.03.2021.)" (in Croatian). Top Lista HR. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  87. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Daft Punk – Homework" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  88. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Daft Punk – Homework". Hung Medien. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  89. ^ "Daft Punk Chart History (Top Dance/Electronic Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  90. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1997". Ultratop. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  91. ^ "Rapports Annuels 1997". Ultratop. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  92. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1997". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  93. ^ "Year in Focus – European Top 100 Albums 1997" (PDF). Music & Media. Vol. 14 no. 52. 27 December 1997. p. 7. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  94. ^ "Top de l'année Top Albums 1997" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  95. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1997". The Official NZ Music Charts. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  96. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 2007". Ultratop. Hung Medien.
  97. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework". Music Canada.
  98. ^ http://www.infodisc.fr/Ventes_Albums_Tout_Temps?debut=500
  99. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved 22 October 2020. Enter Homework in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  100. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework". Recorded Music NZ.
  101. ^ Jones, Alan (27 May 2013). "Official Charts Analysis: Daft Punk LP sells 165k to hit No.1". Music Week. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  102. ^ "British album certifications – Daft Punk – Homework". British Phonographic Industry.
  103. ^ Paul Grein (29 May 2013). "Week Ending May 26, 2013. Albums: Daft Punk Gets Lucky". Chart Watch. Yahoo. Retrieved 29 May 2013.


  • James, Martin. French Connections: From Discotheque to Discovery. London: Sanctuary Publishing, 2003. (ISBN 1-86074-449-4)

External linksEdit