Leiji Matsumoto (松本零士, Matsumoto Reiji, born Akira Matsumoto 松本晟, January 25, 1938) is a Japanese mangaka, creator of several anime and manga series. His wife Miyako Maki is also a manga artist.
Akira Matsumoto (松本晟, Matsumoto Akira)
January 25, 1938
|Known for||character design, illustration|
Matsumoto was the middle child of a family of seven brothers, and, in his early childhood, Matsumoto was given a 35mm film projector by his father, and watched American cartoons during the Pacific War. During this time, he gained an interest in science fiction novels by authors Unno Juza and H. G. Wells. At 18, he moved to Tokyo, to become a mangaka.
Matsumoto is famous for his space operas such as Space Battleship Yamato and Galaxy Express 999. His style is characterized by mythological and often tragic storylines with strong moral themes, noble heroes, feminine heroines, and a love of strange worlds and melancholy atmosphere.
Matsumoto made his debut under his real name, Akira Matsumoto, in 1953. His wife is shōjo manga artist Miyako Maki (better known as the creator of the doll Licca-chan, the Japanese equivalent of Barbie).
Matsumoto had his big break with Otoko Oidon, a series that chronicled the life of a rōnin (a young man preparing for university entrance exams), in 1971. In 1972 he also created the mature-themed dark comedy Western seinen series, Gun Frontier, for Play Comic magazine, which ran from 1972 to 1975. Around the same time he started a series of unconnected short stories set during World War II, Senjo Manga Series, which would eventually become popular under the title The Cockpit.
He was involved in Space Battleship Yamato (1974) and created the highly popular series Space Pirate Captain Harlock and Galaxy Express 999 (both 1977). In 1978, he was awarded the Shogakukan Manga Award for shōnen for Galaxy Express 999 and Senjo Manga Series. Animated versions of Captain Harlock and Galaxy Express 999 are set in the same universe, which spanned several spin offs and related series, most notably Queen Emeraldas and Queen Millennia.
Matsumoto supervised the creation of several music videos for the French house group Daft Punk, set to tracks from their album Discovery. These videos were issued end-to-end (making a full-length animated movie) on a DVD release titled Interstella 5555: The 5tory of the 5ecret 5tar 5ystem.
About two dozen bronze statues – each perhaps four feet tall – of characters and scenes from Space Battleship Yamato and Galaxy Express 999 were erected in the downtown area of Tsuruga in 1999. Each statue includes a plaque at its base explaining the character, and featuring Matsumoto's signature.
Matsumoto worked with Yoshinobu Nishizaki on Space Battleship Yamato (known outside Japan under various names, but most commonly as Star Blazers). Matsumoto created a manga loosely based on the series, and the Yamato makes cameo appearances (sans crew) in several of his works including the Galaxy Express 999 manga.
A recent work by Matsumoto called Great Yamato featuring an updated Yamato had to be renamed Great Galaxy due to legal issues with Nishizaki. As of 2009, Matsumoto and Nishizaki were working on independent anime projects featuring the acclaimed Space Battleship Yamato, with the conditions that Matsumoto cannot use the name Yamato or the plot or characters from the original, and Nishizaki cannot use the conceptual art, character or ship designs of the original. Since Nishizaki's death in 2010, it is uncertain whether these restrictions will continue to apply.
In August 2014, to celebrate the 60th anniversary of his debut, Matsumoto launched the manga Captain Harlock ~Jigen Kōkai~ (Captain Harlock: Dimensional Voyage), illustrated by Kōichi Shimahoshi, in the pages of Akita Shoten's Champion Red magazine. Dimensional Voyage is a retelling of the original 1978 Space Pirate Captain Harlock manga. It had been licensed in the U.S. by Seven Seas.
On November 15, 2019, Matsumoto suffered severe respiratory problems and collapsed during an event in Turin, Italy, for the 40th anniversary tour celebrating the Captain Harlock anime adaptation. He was taken in hospital in critical condition, and had a breathing tube inserted after he was checked into the emergency unit. However, he was considered to be out of danger two days later.
List of worksEdit
|Arcadia of My Youth||1982||Story|
|Arcadia of My Youth: Endless Orbit SSX||1982-1983||Story|
|Arei no Kagami||1985||Story|
|Captain Harlock: Dimensional Voyage||2014||Story|
|Cosmo Warrior Zero||2001||Story|
|Fire Force DNAsights 999.9||1998|
|Galaxy Express 999||1977–1981||Story|
|Great Yamato No. Zero||2004-2007||Story|
|Interstella 5555: The 5tory of the 5ecret 5tar 5ystem||2003||Production
|Maeterlinck's Blue Bird: Tyltyl and Mytyl's Adventurous Journey||1980||Character
|Planet Robot Danguard Ace||1977–1978||Story|
|Saint Elmo – Hikari no Raihousha||1986||Credited|
|Senjo Manga series||1973–1978|
|Space Battleship Yamato||1974|
|Space Pirate Captain Harlock||1977–1979||Story|
|Space Symphony Maetel||2004-2005||Producer|
|Submarine Super 99||1970-1972||Story|
|The Galaxy Railways||2003-2007||Producer|
|The Ultimate Time Sweeper Mahoroba||1993-1998|
- Great Galaxy (formerly Great Yamato)
- Harlock Saga Der Ring des Nibelungen
- Queen Millennia (aka Queen of 1000 Years)
- Starzinger (part of the Force Five anthology series, as Spaceketeers) (1978–1979)
- The Ultimate Time Sweeper Mahoroba (manga)
- Planet Robot Danguard Ace (part of the U.S. Force Five anthology series, as Dangard Ace; 1977–1978)
Manga collections (American publishers)Edit
Captain Harlock and YamatoEdit
- Captain Harlock: Dimensional Voyage Vol. 1-10 Publisher: Seven Seas (September 5, 2017 – 2019)
- Space Battleship Yamato: The Classic Collection Publisher: Seven Seas; Translation edition (April 9, 2019)
- Captain Harlock: The Classic Collection Vol. 1-3 Publisher: Seven Seas; Illustrated edition (June 12, 2018)
Galaxy Express and EmeraldasEdit
- Queen Emeraldas volume 1 - volume 2 Publisher: Kodansha Comics; Illustrated editions (July 26, 2016)
- Galaxy Express 999, Vol. 1-5 Publisher: VIZ Media LLC; Original edition (March 8, 1999 – 2002)
- Marianne Hold—German actress who is the template for Matsumoto's lead female characters
- "Leiji Matsumoto, Shigeru Mizuki Earn Government Honors – News". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "Celebrated Manga Author Leiji Matsumoto Honored With Prestigious Ordre des Arts et des Lettres At The Rank Of Knight" (Press release). Anime News Network. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "牧美也子のプロフィール". allcinema. July 29, 1935. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "Leiji MATSUMOTO (manga artist)". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- Tatsumi, Mook (2005). The World of Leiji Matsumoto.
- 小学館漫画賞：歴代受賞者 (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
- "Friday, May 1 Tsuruga, Japan". Starblazers. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- "Leiji Matsumoto 1978 Interview". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
- "Leiji Matsumoto 1976 Interview". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
- 宇宙戦艦ヤマト事件判決. law.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved July 20, 2008.
- "Yamato dispute arises again". Anime News Network. July 10, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
- "Cosmoship Yamato Part 1: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on January 5, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
- "Cosmoship Yamato Part 2: The Leiji Matsumoto Manga". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
- "Leiji Matsumoto: A Tribute". StarBlazers.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2009. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
- "Leiji Matsumoto to Launch New Captain Harlock Manga". Anime News Network. July 18, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- "Seven Seas Licenses Captain Harlock: Dimensional Voyage Manga". Anime News Network. January 11, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- Lorenzetti, Simona (November 15, 2019). "Malore a Torino per Matsumoto: il papà di Capitan Harlock è grave". Corriere della Sera.
- "Torino, migliorano condizioni Matsumoto, sveglio e cosciente il creatore di Capitan Harlock". torino.repubblica.it.
- Official website (in Japanese)
- Leiji Matsumoto at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
- Leiji Matsumoto at IMDb
- Leijiverse the world of Leiji Matsumoto
- Entry in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- Leiji Matsumoto manga and anime at Media Arts Database (in Japanese)
- Ozma interview
- Ozma interview with Asahi Shimbun